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Jewish Families from Dolni Kubin, Slovakia

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This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Dolni Kubin, Slovakia.

DOLNI KUBIN (Slovak Dolný Kubin; Hung. Alsókubin), town in N. Slovakia, now Slovak Republic. According to existing documentation, Jews arrived in the city of Dolni Kubin, and in the Orava region, by the beginning of the 18th century, though it can be assumed that they were in the area earlier.

Moravian Jews were the pioneers of Jewish settlement in the entire region of northern upper Hungary, from Čadca to Bardejov. Holešov Jewry, in northern Moravia, settled in many Jewish cities of this region, including Dolni Kubin in 1710.

During their initial years in the city, the Jews rented houses from local inhabitants and were quick to exploit the city's strategic location between Cracow and Vienna for business purposes. In 1775 the Jews built their first synagogue. They also acquired land for a cemetery.

In 1780 there were 112 Jews in the Orava region; in 1801, 668; in 1840, 2,333; and in 1900, 3,197 (probably the peak). In the town of Dolni Kubin the Jewish population rose from 124 in 1835 to 680 in 1921 but then dropped to 248 in 1940 (of a total 2,005).

In 1870 the community split into an Orthodox and a Neolog congregation. It was reunited as a status quo community in 1886. The Zionist movement in Dolni Kubin was one of the first in Hungary. Moric Greunwald was among the founders of the World Mizrachi movement and was a personal friend of Theodor Herzl. He participated in the second and third World Zionist Congresses. At the end of World War I a wave of pogroms shook the region. Jewish war veterans fought off threatening mobs.

In September 1938 Slovak autonomy was proclaimed, and on March 14, 1939, the independent Slovak state came under German protection. From the outset Jews were persecuted.

On June 5, 1942, the Jews of Dolni Kubin and the vicinity were dispatched to the Zilina transit camp, and from there to extermination camps in Poland. In 1947, 27 Jews lived in Dolni Kubin, most of them leaving in 1948–49. The synagogue became a movie house. In 1991, a memorial to the victims of the Holocaust was erected in the presence of President Vaclav Havel. It was the first such ceremony since the fall of Communism in Slovakia.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Magyar Zsidó Lexikon (1929), 32, S.V. Alsókubin; M. Lányi and H. Propperné Békefi, A szlovenszkói zsidó hitközségek története (1933), 225–9; Monumenta Hungariae Judaica, 7 (1963), 323–5; J. Bató, in: Uj Kelet (Feb. 11, 12, 13, 1969); B. Tomaschoff, ibid. (May 15, 1970).

[Yeshayahu Jelinek (2nd ed.)]

Holocaust victims from Dolni Kubin.

Adrianyiová Aurelia 3.2.1904, Altmann Arpád 9.12.1901, Altmann Zikmund 6.8.1870, Altmannová Izabella 11.11.1909, Altmannová Margita 27.11.1903, Arjeová Eva 26.7.1910, Arjeová Kitty Adela 17.8.1937, Arjeová Zuzana Renata 19.11.1935, Balgha Peter 27.5.1935, Balghová Gizella 9.12.1903, Balghová Kornelia 10.5.1871, Bauker Alžbeta 1901, Berger Koloman 27.3.1880, Berger Adolf 1905, Bergerová Alica 13.5.1912, Berkešová Edita 28.5.1924, Bettelheim Vojtech 1919, Biel Berta 1878, Biel Eszter 1912, Biel Henrich 1900, Biel Hermina 1898, Blitz Edith, Blitzová Ella 3.11.1887, Brand Berta 1875, Brandová Alžbeta 15.6.1876, Brandová Alžbeta 15.6.1876, Braun Arpad 1912, Braun Gustav 1859, Bronner Frida 1888, Bronner Josef 1886, Brossmannová Kornelia 16.8.1870, Čechová Cecilia 19.6.1875, Čechová Malvina 21.1.1900, Donat Selma 1878, Druckerová Júlia 2.2.1882, Duschnitz Fridrich 28.9.1865, Duschnitz Margita 26.4.1905, Duschnitz Móric 10.1.1895, Duschnitz Ruth 20.1.1933, Duschnitz Eugen 23.3.1902, Eckstein Max 28.11.1872, Eckstein Martin 1893, Ecksteinová Janka 25.1.1903, Eisler Tzipora 1889, Eislerova Helena 1889, Faber Dezider 1908, Feiner Armín 8.3.1883, Feiner Otto 31.12.1914, Feiner Arthur 1883, Feinerová Alica 17.8.1917, Feinerová Edita 22.2.1924, Feinerová Irma 24.8.1893, Feinerová Kata 6.7.1926, Feinerová Klára 29.7.1920, Feuersteinová Margita 3.7.1903, Fischer Armin 26.5.1879, Fischerová Zuzana 25.1.1917, Fonfeder Koloman 28.7.1881, Fonfederová Alica 26.7.1922, Fonfederová Eleonora 9.5.1888, Frantz Imrich 1901, Freundlich Zofia 1877, Fridlib Shimon 1895, Friedman Tzvi 1904, Friedmann Konštantín 16.10.1910, Friedmann Alexander 13.2.1872, Friedmann Berthold 1906, Friedmann Edith 1921, Friedmann Ernest 1903, Friedmann Eugen 1901, Friedmann Jolla 1904, Friedmannová Ružena 21.9.1918, Friedmannová Estera 1.3.1874, Fuchs Alexander 28.2.1902, Fuchs Jozef 3.10.1899, Fuchs Móric 5.7.1871, Fuchs Thomáš 1.10.1937, Fuchs Ferdinand 13.4.1904, Fuchsová Elvíra 21.7.1876, Fuchsová Margita 28.8.1909, Fuchsová Hana 29.10.1907, Furcht Bedrich 1912, Gabor Jeno 1919, Gelley Leopold 3.12.1869, Gelleyová Ernestina 1.1.1880, Goldmann Emanuel 1856, Gross Richard 16.3.1925, Gross Albert 1888, Grossová Lujza 13.2.1890, Grünbaum Dezider 8.12.1922, Grünbaum Leopold 21.8.1895, Grünbaumová Hana 26.8.1893, Grunwald Ilus Ilus 1906, Grünwald - Riegelhaupt Julia 1884, Guttmann Rozalia 1862, Harc Leonard 1891, Harc Terezia 1899, Haupt Bella 1875, Héda Pinkus 29.3.1876, Hédová Hermina 8.5.1876, Heller Michal 1897, Herczová Emilia 14.8.1856, Herskovics Samuel 27.2.1898, Herz Leonard, 30.10.1891, Herzogová Matilda 20.10.1921, Herzová Terezia 5.6.1889, Hoffmann Gejza 8.10.1921, Hoffmann Max 4.10.1888, Hoffmann Miroslav 8.9.1922, Hoffmann Sigmund 15.4.1886, Hoffmannová Edita 6.9.1907, Hoffmannová Maria 10.6.1872, Hocheles Ignác 9.12.1872, Chocheles Alfred 20.11.1906, Chocheles Ignác 12.12.1872, Chochelesová Alžbeta 17.12.1904, Chochelesová Eva 27.3.1939, Ianosh Georg, Immergut Josef 1881, Jenas Zoltán 4.12.1904, Jonas Juraj 28.10.1941, Jonasová Edita 13.11.1901, Kandl Estera 1893, Karplus Rozsi 1904, Katz Nelly 1893, Katz Salamon 1898, Katz Zlata 1936, Kemplerová Ilona 16.1.1928, Kemplerová Lídia Roberta 30.9.1933, Kemplerová Tekla 3.4.1897, Kemplerova Katar 1925, Klein Móric 9.10.1884, Kleinová Klára 19.10.1872, Klopshtok Jeoshua 1925, Klopstock Abraham 1890, Klopstock Edit 1925, Klopstock Egon 1926, Klopstock Eugen 1925, Klopstock Karol 1883, Klopstock Viliam 1922, Kohn Eugen 2.7.1893, Kohn Michal Samuel 17.9.1930, Kohn Roza 1913, Kohnová Margita 17.7.1907, Kontošová Františka 20.4.1901, Kopp Eduard Ing. 2.1.1871, Koppová Margita 15.3.1882, Kornreich Anna 1903, Kraus Vilma 1884, Kuffler Jozef 26.2.1885, Kuffler Jozef 14.6.1884, Kufflerová Malvina 15.7.1889, Landa Ladislav 16.7.1929, Landa Zoltán 6.10.1899, Landau Edita 1926, Landová Elizabeta 26.3.1931, Landová Etela 9.8.1923, Landová Eva 10.11.1897, Landová Iva 9.2.1928, Landová Ilonka 5.3.1937, Landová Margita 28.4.1933, Lednerova Alice 1922, Lednerova Katarina 1918, Lemberger Fanny 1880, Lilental Ladislaw, Liliental Yosef, Lilienthal Alexander 29.5.1916, Lilienthalová Jolana 23.9.1907, Lilienthalová Šarlota 18.11.1903, Löwyová Magdalena Léni 15.6.1861, Mandel Hermann 1883, Markovics Lazar 1909, Mechner Bedrich 21.4.1891, Mechnerová Sidonia 8.6.1891, Meisel Eugenie 22.10.1874, Meisel Móric 31.8.1867, Meisel Julius Dr. 13.2.1882, Meiselová Eugenia 23.10.1874, Meiselová Margita 25.4.1889, Meiselová Maria 11.3.1908, Mittelmann Ernst 1896, Mittelmann Magda 1928, Monori Alvira 1919, Monori Jolana 1908, Neufeld Elsa 1924, Neumann David 1873, Neumann Leopold 1897, Neumann Moritz 1894, Nussbaecher Frida 1904, Nussbächer Ignác 10.9.1878, Pauker Arnold 18.7.1878, Pauker Ladislav 12.12.1914, Pauker Dezider 24.3.1906, Paukerová Alžbeta 4.1.1910, Paukerová Katarina 9.2.1913, Paukerová Oľga 18.5.1910, Paukerová Valeria 18.2.1936, Platzner Robert 1889, Polačeková Alica 24.6.1924, Pollaček Móric 11.5.1895, Pollačeková Šarlota 31.5.1897, Polláková Frida 1.9.1904, Rauchmann Hermine 1882, Reinitzová Margita 29.12.1904, Reisler Sandor ALSOKUBIN, Reissová Berta 28.8.1883, Rendel Eugen 14.2.1907, Rezel 1914, Riegelhaupt Fridrich 10.1.1907, Riegelhaupt Regina 27.1.1883, Riegelhaupt – Klein 1905, Riegelhauptová Estera 3.3.1920, Richerová Julia 6.11.1882, Rosenbaum Ernestina 1868, Rosenberg Anna 1913, Rosenfeld Janka 1869, Rychter Julia 1882, Salzberger Alexander 2.4.1892, Salzberger Dezider 26.2.1888, Salzberger Emil 4.6.1886, Salzberger Jozef 4.7.1867, Salzberger Juraj 21.9.1931, Salzberger Leopold 26.7.1867, Salzberger Pavel 4.3.1923, Salzberger Peter 29.8.1927, Salzberger Vojtech 10.5.1899, Salzberger Ludvik 4.1.1878, Salzbergerová Aranka 17.7.1897, Salzbergerová Malvina 3.10.1871, Salzbergerová Olga 24.5.1920, Salzbergerová Valeria 27.1. 1904, Salzbergerová Irma 27.11.1888, Samek Edit, Samek Vera, Samek Yolan 1906, Sarkadi Otto 1892, Shifer Jone 1923, Shlezinger Bela 1892, Schiffer Aron 23.7.1874, Schiffer Ernest 25.10.1916, Schiffer Eugen 3.6.1908, Schiffer František 13.4.1940, Schiffer Gejza 8.8.1909, Schiffer Gisela 22.8.1927, Schiffer Jeremiaš Áron, 6.8.1874, Schiffer Julius 22.3.1927, Schiffer Ladislav 10.3.1916, Schiffer Móric 10.6.1869, Schiffer Robert 23.7.1921, Schifferová Alica 14.7.1930, Schifferová Alžbeta 26.10.1914, Schifferová Bella 16.1.1914, Schifferová Edita 30.4.1921, Schifferová Elvíra 7.7.1923, Schifferová Gizella 27.1.1893, Schifferová Janka 14.11.1902, Schifferová Johana 10.2.1871, Schifferová Jolán 27.12.1912, Schifferová Lia 9.1.1937, Schifferová Magda 17.3.1918, Schifferová Magda 23.12.1928, Schifferová Maria 9.12.1885, Schifferova Janka 1887, Schlaenger Wilma 1934, Schlanger Isidor 1891, Schlänger Eduard 19.5.1930, Schlängerová Ilona 18.7.1903, Schlängerová Noema 28.4.1934, Schlesinger Tibor 11.7.1917, Schlesinger Vojtech 24.3.1885, Schlesingerová Magda 30.10.1921, Schlesingerová Júlia, Schoenstein Ivan 1927, Schoenstein Judita 1930, Schönfeld Leopold Dr.11.6.1878, Schönfeldová Hermina 7.6.1888, Schreier Leopold 1876, Schreyer Ladislav 1.10.1906, Schreyer Lepold 1.7.1876, Schreyer Zikmund 29.11.1873, Schteiner Aliz 1921, Schteiner Anna 1867, Schteiner Frida 1898, Schteiner Kamil 1896, Schwarcz Aladar 1907, Schwartz Aurelia 1881, Sifer Aron 1881, Sifer Ganendl 1893, Sifer Jirmijahu 1884, Sifer Rachel 1915, Sifer Rivka, Sifer Sara, Sifer Yehuda, Sigmund Desider 1894, Sigmund Gyula 1896, Singer Margarete 1897, Sipos Koloman 1887, Sonfeld Leibl 1878, Spiegelová Ernestina 21.1.1896, Spitz Ernestina 16.7.1927, Spitz Jozef 17.12.1902, Spitz Tibor 28.8.1899, Spitz Felicia 1878, Spitzová Eva 14.2.1931, Spitzová Terezia 19.11.1904, Spitzer Blanka 11.5.1928, Spitzer Desider 14.4.1890, Spitzer Arpad 1902, Spitzer Berta 1904, Spitzer Emil 1906, Spitzer Margit 1891, Spitzer Maria 1846, SpitzerSigfried 1891, Spitzerová Blanka 11.4.1927, Spitzerová Ella Estera 6.3.1905, Sreiner Martin, Stangel Ervin 11.12.1913, Stangelová Marta 13.8.1913, Stark Eduard 5.9.1880, Stark Jeno 1904, Starková Edita 7.1.1937, Starková Irena 10.1.1895, Steiner Adolf 1.11.1857, Steiner Gejza 23.2.1876, Steiner Ignác 13.11.1895, Steiner Jozef 21.2.1891, Steiner Kamil 30.7.1888, Steiner Ľudovít 30.7.1926, Steiner Martin 19.3.1918, Steiner Mikuláš, 7.11.1916, Steiner Viliam 17.2.1886, Steinerová Alica 16.12.1921, Steinerová Berta 14.3.1898, Steinerová Estera 21.3.1935, Steinerová Eva 23.3.1934, Steinerová Frida 14.1.1890, Steinerová Irma 4.3.1884, Steinerová Lea 21.3.1935, Steinerová Priska 7.1.1915, Steinerová Rozália 9.2.1932, Steinerová Ružena 22.9.1905, Steinerová Sidonia 19.3.1886, Steinová Roza 14.11.1868, Stiglitzová Anna 2.8.1957, Storch Vilmosh 1905, Strelinger Jozef 1896, Strelinger Theresia 1867, Strelinger Viliam 1899, Strelingerová Irena 25.1.1891, Strelingerová Terezia 21.4.1892, Stromf Helena 1891, Šefránek Julius 15.7.1906, Švehlová Etela 14.3.1910, Tandlich Ľudovít 14.9.1899, Tandlich Mirjam 1929, Tandlichová Anna 16.1.1898, Tandlichová Edita 10.10.1929, Tomaschoff Alfred 30.12.1926, Tomaschoff Alois Leo 4.4.1894, Tomaschoff Marek 17.7.1891, Tomaschoff Adolf 1884, Tomaschoff Florian 1878, Tomaschoff Hermus 1882, Tomaschoff Max, Tomaschoff Sidonia 1882, Tomaschoff Viliam 1913, Tomaschoff Zeev 1913, Tomaschoffová Lina 10.2.1866, Tomaschofová Julia 16.11.1899, Tomaschov Berta 1909, Tukocz Kornelia 1880, Uj Ernest Dr. 12.6.1912, Uj-ová Františka 13.8.1909, Uj-ová Zuzana Iluša 31.1.1943, Ungar Jakob 1876, Ungar Olga 1878, Vajda Selma 1884, Valentin Teodor Dr. 23.12.1901, Valentinová Lucia 16.4.1936, Valentinová Renata Anna 10.5.1938, Valentinová Vilma 4.3.1909, Weinrub Eduard, Weinrub Ernest 1911, Weinrub Poula, Weinwurm Alzbeta 1914, Weinwurm Johanna 1937, Weinwurm Alzbeta 1914, Weinwurm Johanna 1937, Weiss Ján Manfred 18.12.1896, Weiss Móric 25.12.1878, Weiss Oskár 19.11.1897, Weiss Otto 17.6.1913, Weissová Aranka 26.2.1900, Weissová Etel 12.11.1912, Weissová Gizella 31.8.1878, Weissová Klára 2.4.1906, Weissová Maria Viktoria 16.12.1899, Weissová Valeria 3.1.1923, Weissová Amanda 6.12.1881, Weissova Gustav 1889, Weisz Arnold 1898, Wienerová Julia 2.2.1885, Wilhelm Ignác 31.12.1880, Wilhelmová Leontina 1.10.1877, Willner Henrik 1902, Winter Jolana 1901, Winter Julia 1883, Zeidler Aranka 1895.

Zdroj: Mestské kultúrne stredisko Dolný Kubín, expozícia židovskej kultúry. Obsah je dostupný pod GNU Free Documentation License 1.2. (The content is accessible under the GNU Free Documentation License 1.2. see - http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)