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Jewish Families from Kojetín, Moravia, Czech Republic

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KOJETIN (Czech Kojetín; Ger. Kojetein; Heb. גויט״ן ,גוט״ן), town in central Moravia, Czech Republic. Jews apparently lived in Kojetin from the 13th century, but their first documented mention dates from 1566, when 52 families lived in the Judengasse. The consecration of a cemetery is recorded in 1574. The synagogue, then seating 300, was renovated in 1614 (and restored again in 1718). In 1657 only 16 houses were owned by Jews, but the community absorbed many refugees from the Chmielnicki massacres (1648) and some of those expelled from Vienna (1670). The Minhag Polin, the Polish prayer rite, was introduced in Kojetin in 1648. When the Jews were segregated in a special sector of the town in 1727, 500 of them lived in 40 houses. Kojetin was then in the possession of the Prague archbishop, who treated the Jewish community fairly. There was a scandal in Kojetin, echoed in rabbinical literature of the period, when a Frankist was accused of making the sign of the cross when blessing the community. The Familiants Law allotted 76 Jewish families to Kojetin in 1798. In 1829 there were 443 Jews in the town, living in 45 houses. The community flourished in the 19th century but began to decline after 1860 when many of its members were attracted to the larger cities. It numbered 162 in 1869.

Only 72 Jews (1.1% of the total population), 30 of them of declared Jewish nationality, were left in the town in 1930. The remnant of the community was deported to Nazi extermination camps in 1942 and the synagogue equipment transferred to the Central Jewish Museum in Prague. A small congregation, affiliated with Olomouc, was established after World War II. The burial hall in the cemetery was still standing in 1970.

Among the rabbis who officiated in Kojetin were Eleazer Fleckeles (1779–83), Jacob Bruell (1843–89), and Richard Feder (1903–06). Several Jewish families – Goitein, Guttein, Kojeteiner, etc. – took their names from the town. The scholar David Kaufmann was a native of Kojetin.

The Jews of Kojetin

History of the Jews in Kojetin

In 1829 the following persons held Familianten status in Kojetin:

  1. Jakob Arely
  2. Jelinek Singer
  3. Isak Gramisch
  4. Israel Grünhut
  5. Jakob Haas
  6. Isak Sonnenschein
  7. Markus Schmeidler
  8. Zacharias Polak
  9. Philipp Liebmann
  10. Michael Deutsch
  11. Hermann Seidl
  12. Isak Seidl
  13. Hermann Steiner
  14. Bernhard Gutmann
  15. Salomon König
  16. Jakob Fuchs
  17. Jakob Gramisch
  18. Bernard Kaufmann
  19. Pinkas Kirschner
  20. Bernard Kurz
  21. Isak Zimlich
  22. Samuel Kaufmann
  23. Jakob Löwenthal
  24. Jakob Reichsfeld
  25. Jakob Turadt
  26. Abraham Liebmann
  27. Aron Löwenthal
  28. Lazar Pollak
  29. Jakob Seidl
  30. Isak Blum
  31. Philipp Langer
  32. Markus Weiskopf
  33. Jakob Zimlich
  34. Markus Schiller
  35. Wolf Löwenthal
  36. Lazar Gottlieb
  37. Moses Stern
  38. Jakob Löwenthal
  39. Samuel Kurz
  40. Joseph König
  41. Lazar Weiskopf
  42. Ludwig Hochberg
  43. Michel Sonne
  44. Isak Kaufmann
  45. Isak Eisler
  46. Markus Kaufmann
  47. Israel Bick
  48. Jakob Klopfer
  49. Jakob Hausner
  50. Löbl Langer
  51. Moses Krasny
  52. Jakob Sonne
  53. Jakob Blum
  54. Bernard Schmeidler
  55. Isak Stern
  56. Jakob Brunner
  57. Jakob Hausner
  58. Markus Steiner
  59. Jonas Schiller
  60. Markus Krasny
  61. Samuel Hochberg
  62. Simon Löwy
  63. Joachim Sauerbrunn
  64. Abraham Zimlich
  65. Joachim Pollak
  66. Jakob Glückselig
  67. Abraham Schiller
  68. Joseph Vogl
  69. Moses Brunner
  70. Abraham Gramisch
  71. Jakob Seidl
  72. Aron Kirschner
  73. Markus Eisler
  74. Joachim Langer
  75. Jakob Pfefferkorn
  76. Löbl Schein