This project seeks to list representatives of the Jewish families from the Moravian town of Uherský Ostroh (Ungarsich Ostra until 1846) in what is now the Czech Republic (as Ostroh).
Also called Ostroh Uherský, Uherský Ostroh, Ungarisch-Ostra, Ungarisch-Ostroh
LOCATION: Uherský Ostroh lies in Moravian Slovakia, at 48.59 longitude and 17.23 latitude, 75 km E of Brno, 9 km ENE of Bzenec (see map, then click on your browser's "Back" button to return to this page).
HISTORY: The earliest known Jewish community in this town dates from 1592. In 1635 there were 22 Jewish houses. In 1671 there were 16 Jewish houses with more than 30 Jewish families, including
- Isak Schulklopper
- Salamon Lateiner
- Israel Isak
- Salamon Chaska
- Friedrich Kojeteiner
- Jekl Fleischhacker
- Salamon Mojses, Rabiner
- Mojses Stanjetz
- Jakob Gutman
- Israel Strimpfstricker
- Loebl Isak
From 1798-1848 there were 89 Jewish families (official Familianten) in Uherský Ostroh. The list of Uherský Hradiště Familianten (which contains the 89 from Uherský Ostroh) went online in July 2014. Its title page was signed in 1798, and the entries were updated from then on. Ages given for original Uherský Ostroh Familianten are as of 1798. The first page of entries (Image #2) shows column headers for the left-hand side of the book; column headings for the right-hand side of the book are found only at the end of the online file, in Image #34 of 34. (Images #32 and 33 in the online file are for other nearby towns.)
In 1848 the Uherský Ostroh Jewish community numbered 478 members, but dropped to 220 after the First World War. The Jewish population was 70 in 1930. The present town population is 5,000-25,000, with fewer than 10 Jews.
Noteworthy historical events involving or affecting the Jewish community were the separation of a Jewish quarter in 1727 and the existence of a self-standing political community from 1890-1920. The old Jewish cemetery was established in 17th century, with the last known Jewish burial in 1862. The Jewish congregation was Conservative.
Birth, Death and Marriage records for the region are online at two Badatelna websites: Badatelna/Fond/1073 (the original set of "Czech Registers") and Badatelna/Fond/241, with newly available records for localities in the Czech lands. In both cases, go to the INVENTAR tab to start a search. Be prepared to put in the correct "ý" character when you enter "Uherský" in the search box. Entering Uherské Hradiště instead of Uherský Ostroh brings up 1940s-era data. Information on using these valuable records is here.
For Uherský Ostroh, the volumes online contain Indexes, but it pays to review the pages themselves. Some things to note:
- it's a good idea to start with a look through the Index handwritten in the back of Uherský Ostroh Z (Deaths) 1830-1846. Names are written clearly, and one can get an idea of some of the surnames in this community.
- Marriage register Uherský Ostroh O (Marriages) 1784-1830 actually contains Marriages, Births and Deaths (in that order), and three Indexes: for Marriages at Images 16-20, for Births at Images 65-76, for Deaths at Images 103-111.
- Birth register Uherský Ostroh (Ungarische Ostra, o. Uherské Hradiště) N (Births) 1830-1846 contains a handwritten Index at the back of the volume, Images 47-53 on the screen. The numbers to the right of each name are in two parts, for ex. 1/9, which means Page No. 1, Line/Entry No. 9.
- Birth register Uherský Ostroh (Ungarische Ostra, o. Uherské Hradiště) N (Births) 1849-1875; 1876-1879, 1880-1881(i) contains a handwritten Index at the front of the volume, Images 2-6 on the screen. The numbers to the right of each name are individual entry numbers, not page numbers.
- while Marriage records show Witnesses' names, those men (always) were not necessarily the couple's fathers. Bride & Groom Parents [Eltern] per se are not listed.
- womens' names often are written with feminizing endings such as "-ina
A useful aid is the guide to Kurrentschrift.
The Birth, Death and Marriage record books for Uherský Ostroh reside in the Czech State Archives in Prague, Statni istredni archiv, tr. Milady Horokove 133, CZ-166 21 Praha 6, Czech Republic, tel/fax: +42 (2) 333-20274.
Search JewishGen Internet resources for Ostroh.
NOTABLE RESIDENTS AND DESCENDANTS:
According to the Ostroh entry in the International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies Cemetery Project database, Chaim Weizmann, president of the State of Israel, once lived in Ostroh.
The following rabbis served Ostroh:
- Salomo Mose (1592)
- David b. Samuel Halevy (1659)
- Mose b. Hakadosch Elchanan from Fuerth (1655)
- Jesaja b. Sabatai Scheftel (1659)
- Joel b. Samuel from Krakau (1668)
- Mhrr Pinchas (after 1700)
- Mhrr Salomo (before 1719)
- Kolonimos b. mhrr Baruch (from 1720)
- Loeb Steiniz (d. 1760)
- Mhrr Pinchas b. mhrr Aaron (1766)
- Jakob Hirsch b. Mose Loeb (Biach) Pfeilbogen (1790-1853)
- Mose Loeb b. mhrr JA ha-Kohen Mueller (d. 1853)
- Dr. Joel Mueller
- Dr. S. Wolfsohn (1876-1878)
- Dr. Israel Taglicht (1883-1893)
- Dr. Emanuel Lenke
- Dr. D. Herzog (1897-1900)
- Dr. Simon Friedmann
- Dr. Michael Halberstamm (from 1919)
Other notables include:
- Mordechai b. Schalom (community elder and author of the statutes of the chevra kadisha in 1650)
- Schalom b. Jecheskel (landowner 1668)
- Mandl Salamon Steinitzer (land deputy 1732)
- Michl b. R. Sch. David (judge)
- Moises Singer (judge 1835)
- Mandl Duschak (judge 1858)
- Löbl Winter (judge 1860)
- Jesajas Braun (judge 1864)
- Sal. Kihn (judge 1876)
- Salamon Winter (judge 1880-1888)
- Jonatan Lamberg (judge)
- Max Kihn (judge 1898)
- Dr. Eduard Stern (judge 1902)
- Jehuda Diamand (judge 1903)
- Sigmund Klein (judge 1909)
- Loeb Nussbaum
- Samuel Kornblueh
- Sal. Sommer
- Jakob Hahn
- Jakob Strauss
- Jechiel Gruenbaum
Rabbi Dr. Moritz Grünwald was born 29 March 1853 in Uherský Ostroh. He studied at the Universities of Vienna and Leipzig. He founded the Jüdische Centralblatt in Belovar. In 1883 he became rabbi of Pisek and later Jungbunzlau. He was the chief rabbi of Sofia from 1893 until his death in London on 10 June 1895.
Tom Beer contributed an interesting piece at JewishGen about his great-grandfather, Adolf Beer, (b. Ung. Ostra). He writes, "Uherský Ostroh, as it is now called, is on the River Morava. The bridge over the river is at the district capital, Hradiste, and the main roads bypass the place. It is now a forgotten small village in Moravia. At the beginning of the nineteenth century it was an important town for two reasons: it had a castle and had been an important town in the defense of the region in bygone days; and, it was on the river. In 1800 railroads did not exist, the road system was crude and primitive so that travel in carriages was bumpy and uncomfortable. Rivers and waterways were the trade routes, and the most comfortable conveyances of the time. Viewed in this light, Ostroh offered excellent connections with both Vienna and with Budapest. The River Morava (known in German as the March) flows into the Danube, and Ostroh was the first large town along its banks. The traveler could drift downstream to the Danube and continue downstream to Budapest, or turn right and get to Vienna."
CEMETERIES: There are two Jewish cemeteries in Uherský Ostroh. The older cemetery location is urban, on flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, and not identified by any sign or marker. It is reached by turning directly off a public road. It is open to all. The cemetery is surrounded by no wall or fence and there is no gate. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII and now is 0.1277 hectares. The cemetery contains no special memorial monuments. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Within the limits of the cemetery there are no structures. The municipality is the present owner of the cemetery property, which is now utilized for recreation (park, playground, sports field). Adjacent properties are commercial or industrial. The cemetery boundaries have not changed since 1939. Private visitors come rarely to the cemetery. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II and between 1945 and 1981. No maintenance has been done. Now there is occasional clearing or cleaning by authorities. There is a slight threat posed by pollution and proposed nearby development.
The new cemetery is located at 1.5 km to the E, Veselska-Str. This Jewish cemetery was established in 1862. The website Jewish Cemetery in Uherský Ostroh contains many photographs of gravestones in Židovský hřbitov Uherský Ostroh. Located on the eastern outskirts of the Municipal Cemetery in Veselské Street, the Jewish cemetery was founded in 1862. Today it has about 200 tombstones from its more modern period, along with approximately 100 which were relocated to the cemetery from an old, obsolete one. The last known Jewish burials here were in the 1950s and 1960s. The cemetery's location is urban, on flat land, separate, but near other cemeteries, and not identified by any sign or marker. It is reached by crossing the public property of the town cemetery. It is open to all. A continuous masonry wall surrounds the cemetery. There is a gate that does not lock. The approximate size of the cemetery is now 0.27 hectares; before WWII it was about 0.47 hectares. The cemetery has no special sections. The tombstones and memorial markers are made of marble, granite and sandstone. The tombstones vary among flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration and obelisks. The cemetery has tombstones with bronze decorations or lettering and metal fences around graves. Inscriptions on tombstones are in Hebrew, German and Czech. The cemetery contains special memorial monuments to Holocaust victims. There are no known mass graves. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. The present owner of the cemetery property is the local Jewish community of Brno. The adjacent properties are other cemeteries. The current Jewish cemetery boundaries are smaller now than in 1939 because of the town cemetery. Private visitors come occasionally to the cemetery. The cemetery has been vandalized occasionally, mostly between 1981-91. No maintenance has been done. Local/municipal authorities and Jewish groups from within the country did restoration work, finally completed in 1991. Now there is occasional clearing or cleaning by authorities. There is a moderate threat posed by pollution, vegetation and vandalism; and slight threats are posed by uncontrolled access, weather erosion, and existing and proposed nearby development.
These surveys were completed on 1.3.1992 by Ing. Arch. Jaroslav Klenovsky, Zebetinska 13, 623 00 Brno.
- Town officials: Magistrate Jiri Chmelar, Mestsky urad Hradistska 305, 687 24 Uherský Ostroh, tel. 0632/91116.
- Regional officials: PhDr. Jana Spathova, Okresni urad, Referat Kultury, 686 01 Uherské Hradiště, tel. 0632/432.
- Interested parties: Slovacke muzeum, dir. PhDr. Ivo Frolec, Smetanovy sady, 686 01 Uherské Hradiště, tel. 0632/2262.
- Other sources: Bohumil Gelbkopf, Rybare 198, 687 24 Uherský Ostroh, Tel. 0.
- Gedenkbuch der Untergegangenen Judengemeinden Mährens, Hugo Gold ed. (1974), pp. 116-117
- Die Juden und JudengemeindenMährens in Vergangenheit unde Gegenwart, Hugo Gold ed. (1929), pp: 563-570 (pictures)
- Jiri Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia (1991), pp. 53-54
- International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies Cemetery Project, Czech Republic, Ostroh.