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Jewish Families of Kolbuszowa, Poland

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This project aims to assemble all of the Jewish families from the town of Kolbuszowa, now situated in Poland. For further information on Kolbuszowa see Wikipedia - Kolbuszowa or see JewishGen's Kolbuszowa page. Also see "The Holocaust In Kolbuszowa" - by Naftali (Norman) Salsitz .

We welcome collaborators. There are a lot of families to find and enter. Feel free to join the project and enter the names of families who lived in Kolbuszow. Go to ACTIONS (top right of the profile) click on ADD TO PROJECT. Select the project name that appears from the responsive check box and then DONE.

If you have any queries or require assistance please contact Pam Karp, or start a discussion on the project.

See also the project with variations of the family name at: Saleshutz-Saleshitz-Saleschetz-Saleschitz For more information contact Ken Heiferman

Location of Kolbuszowa

Kolbuszowa is a small town in south-eastern Poland, with 9,190 inhabitants (02.06.2009). Situated among the forests of Sandomierz Wilderness in the Subcarpathian Voivodship, it is the capital of Kolbuszowa County and belongs to historic Lesser Poland, near its border with another historic region Red Ruthenia. The name of the town comes from the land owner Kolbusz. It appeared for the first time in 1503 in place where Poręby Wielkie used to exist.

The official name of the town before being declared a city (it was a village and before that a mere hamlet) was Kolbuszowa. The spelling changed at different times:

  • in 1513 it was Colbuschowa
  • in 1565 it was Kolbussowa
  • from 1581 onwards it was Kolbuszowa and so it has remained to this day.

In 1536 Kolbuszowa was being mentioned together with Verynia, as a single blooming, successful village. In 1581 it had over 600 inhabitants.

In a nutshell

The city was located at a great crossroads leading across the country's borders: on one side was the "Cracow Road' which passed Tarnow and Krseszow in the direction of Ruthenia, and on the other side--the "Madyar Road" which stretched from Sandomierz through Rzeszow and Dukla to Hungary.

Before ww1, Kolbuszowa was situated in Galicia and was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, after the war becoming part of Poland. A thriving and vibrant Jewish Community had their homes in a great number of small villages (known as shtetls) and towns in the south eastern section of Poland.

  • With travel limited to the horse and cart, marriages were often local affairs with families originating from the same or nearby towns or villages.
  • Master-craftsmen produced 'violins, the famous "'Kolbuszowa violins'" that became a household word in the whole region and beyond due to the superlative and artistic carpentry.
  • Before the war Kolbuszowa had been a prime example of Jewish shtetl life in Poland, however by 1945 almost all traces of these communities had disappeared, the inhabitants brutally murdered by the Nazis and their Polish sympathisers.

The horror builds

In 1941 the Germans established a ghetto and interned 2500 people in Kolbuszowa. Very few Jews fled in advance of their arrival, being warned against flight by the refugees who after traversing hundreds of miles on foot were caught by the enemy. Jews were forbidden to pray on the High Holy Days; whatever men were discovered participating in a service (in a private home) were dragged off to hard labor still wrapped in the tallis.

The work was extremely hard, moving by hand 240 pound boxes of food from the bet midrash to the synagogue. Those who were very sick and weak were butted by the Germans with their guns and forced bleeding and near collapse, to carry the heavy boxes with their failing bodies. The German army and police required 150-200 Jewish workers daily. This precipitated in the creation of the "'Judenrat'" (Jewish Council), a bleak chapter in the period of the Nazi conquest.

  • Hunger became widespread. Formerly wealthy people now begged for a morsel of food, and many gathered up potato peelings for cooking as a soup. At this time the Judenrat opened a public kitchen where for a small payment many obtained their main or only meal of the day, bean soup or potatoes. Children received also a slice of black bread and what passed for milk in those days.

On March 12, 1942 the district experienced the first expulsion of Jews. This was inflicted on the town of Mielec whose population numbered 8,000. They remained in their own homes and conducted their business to the envy of the other towns. With only a day’s notice to leave the city they were gathered as commanded at the railroad station, loaded down with heavy bundles, where without warning some 1,800 of the children and the aged were shot down. The others were taken to the neighborhood of Lublin.

The transports originating in Rzeszow were sent to Belzec the location of an extermination camp. They were brought in crowded freight cars like cattle, all standing pressed together. In the stifling heat, deprived of air and water, many, especially children, died on the way. Escapees were immediately shot by the Germans.

The Holocaust cut short the lives of thousands of men, women and children who called this small section of Poland home. None of these unfortunate people could have conceived that this was an official government program minutely calculated in every detail, a satanic, German death machine.

The Rabbis of Kolbuszowa

  1. Rabbi Yeshayah Rubin
  2. Rabbi Yitzhak Apta Dynasty
  3. Rabbi Josef Of Kolbuszowa Apta Dynasty
  4. Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heschel Admore of Apta - Rabbi of Apt (Opatow)
  5. Rabbi Yakkele - son of Rabbi Naftali of Ropshitz
  6. Rabbi Yehiel Rubin - grandson of Rabbi Naftali of Ropshitz
  7. Reb Yaakov Horowitz- son of Rabbi Naftali of Ropshitz
  8. Reb Hilisz Rubin
  9. Reb Avram-Aaron Teitelbaum
  10. Rabbi Yekutiel Yehuda Teitelbaum - (author of Yetev Lev)
  11. Reb Wolf Kreizman of Rzeszow (acted as rabbi)
  12. Rabbu Yossef - served from 1782-1785
  13. Hiel-Shyje's - son of Yehoshua Weinman
  14. Reb Lazer - Rabbi of Glogow

Families from Kolbuszowa

  1. Anderman - Leon Dr
  2. Anfang - Yossef -Hayyim
  3. Auschhisiger - Shalom
  4. Auchhisiger - Kiva
  5. Beck - Leib
  6. Berle - Moshe - Yossef
  7. Bilfeld - Mendl
  8. Blitzer - Mateus
  9. Binstock - Moshe
  10. Birenbaum - Kalman
  11. Birenfeld - Aaron
  12. Birnbaum - David
  13. Bryk - Salomon
  14. Dershowitz - Osher
  15. Ehaus - Dr
  16. Elbaum - Shlomo
  17. Feingold - Moshe
  18. Feld - Avraham
  19. Fenichel - Moshe
  20. Feuer - Boaz
  21. Feuer - Benjamin
  22. Feuer - Israel
  23. Feuer - Yudel
  24. Geldzeiler - Yossef
  25. Gerstel - David
  26. Gerstel - Leon
  27. Gewirtz - Hersch
  28. Ginsberg - Hendl
  29. Glants - Levi
  30. Goldklang - Chaskiel
  31. Groshaus - Chune
  32. Haar - Don
  33. Hoffert - Israel
  34. Insel - Sara
  35. Januszewski - Mayor
  36. Kanner - David
  37. Kinstlich - Hersh
  38. Kirschenbaum - Yaakov
  39. Kleinhaus - Dr
  40. Kleinman - Hirsch
  41. Krulik - Zissele
  42. Kurtz - Moshe
  43. Lampell - Leib
  44. Lampbell- Motl
  45. Landau - Moshe
  46. Landau - Herzl
  47. Leidner - David
  48. Leistner - Kivche
  49. Lishe - Szaja-David
  50. Mayer - Leizer
  51. Mund - Henryk
  52. Neiman - Yohanan
  53. Notowitz - Shya
  54. Notowitz - Szyja
  55. Nussbaum - Moshe
  56. Nussbaum - Pinnie
  57. Nussbaum - Shlomo
  58. Nussbaum - Yosef
  59. Nussbaum - Yossel
  60. Orgel - Majer
  61. Plafker - Naftali
  62. Rapaport - Paszek
  63. Rapaport - Yancze
  64. Rapoport - Hayyim
  65. Rapoport - Pinnie
  66. Rapoport - Psachya
  67. Reich - Pinchas
  68. Rosenbaum - Bynim
  69. Rosenbaum - Moshe
  70. Rosenfeld- Shmuel
  71. Rubin - Simcha and Lisha
  72. Saleschutz - Itsche
  73. Saleschutz - Leibush
  74. Sher - Shulem
  75. Scherr - David
  76. Schmidt - Kiva
  77. Shapiro - Moshe
  78. Shul - Mendl
  79. Silber - Sanel
  80. Silber - Hirch - Yaakov
  81. Silber - Zelig
  82. Silber - Izaak
  83. Spielman - Lajser
  84. Streiter - Aaron - Szyja
  85. Tentzer - David
  86. Tiefenbrun - Berish
  87. Trompeter - Itchele
  88. Ullan - Esther
  89. Unger - Hirsch
  90. Unger - Mendl
  91. Wagshall - Tzipa
  92. Wakspress - Melech
  93. Waldman - Leibush
  94. Weinstein - Reuven
  95. Weiss - Shmuel
  96. Weiss - Psachja
  97. Weissman - Szyja
  98. Winter - Reuben