Swarzedz is located at 52°25' N 17°05' E 166 mi W of Warszawa. It is a small town about 13 km from Poznan. Jewish settlers were living there for many years. A web site at http://www.swarzedz.pl offers some insight into the present day town. The Jewish population in the 1800's was limited, with many people moving to the larger cities by the early 1900's.
Yad Vashem records 154 people who were born in Swarzedz who perished in the Holocaust. These people were mostly living in large cities such as Berlin.
This town may be called by slightly different names depending on the time frame. Most recently, in Poland, it is Swarzedz. During the German period of 1940 it was called Schwaningen. During the Prussian period and around 1900 it was called Schwersenz, part of Posen, Prussia, Germany.
SWARZEDZ: US Commission No. POCE000459 Alternate Yiddish name: Schwersenz. The town is located in region Poznanskie at 52°25 17°05, 13 km from Poznan. Cemetery: by main road EB, Poznan-Warszawa. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews. o Local: Urzad Miasta I Gminy, ul. Rynek 1, tel. 172411. o Regional: region Konserwator Zabytkow, 61-716 Poznan, ul. Kosciuszki 93, tel. 69 64 64.
1921 Jewish population was 61 (1.8%.) The unlandmarked Conservative Jewish cemetery was about 0.5 km from the congregation. The isolated suburban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall, fence or gate. No stones are visible. The municipality owns the property used as a nursery. It was vandalized during World War II. Within the limits of the cemetery are a nursery house, a scout house, and a water collector pipe. Stawomir Pniewski, Poznan, ul. Prybyszewskiego 37/4 completed survey in August 1991 using a 1940 German map. He visited in 1990 but conducted no interviews. [possible error below: same number repeated several times]