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Jewish Families of Zamość (Poland)

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Zamość is a town in what is currently the south-east of the Lublin Voivodeship in Poland. The first mention of Jews in Zamość dates from 1583 who were chiefly merchants from Turkey and Italy who had come to Zamość by way of Lwów. After 1620, another group arrived from Holland and Flanders, while the largest migration of Sephardic Jews to Zamość occurred in the 1630s. By the early twentieth century, two synagogues and nine prayer houses functioned in Zamość, and a new cemetery was established in 1906. Jewish political life also flourished. The Bund was active by 1905, and before World War I. By 1921, the Jewish population of Zamość was 9,383 (49.3% of the total population). At the start of World War II, many left the city, where the Germans forcibly resettled Jews from western Poland, Germany, and Czechoslovakia. In April and May 1942, the Germans deported some of Zamość’s Jews to the death camp at Bełżec, while on 16 October the remaining Jews were forced to march 25 miles to Izbica, to be transported to Bełżec.

This project seeks to identify all of the Jewish families of Zamość. From the earliest residents in the 16th Century through the 20th Century.