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Katz / Katzenellenbogen

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KATZ - KOHEN TZEDEK - Sacerdote Justo (Spanish)

También hay apellidos derivados de iniciales hebreas, como Katz o Kac, que en polaco se pronuncia Katz. Son dos letras en hebreo, K y Z iniciales de las palabras Kohen Zedek, que significa "sacerdote justo".

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KATZ - KOHEN TZEDEK - Righteous Priest (English)

There are also names derived from Hebrew initials as Katz or Kac, which in Polish is pronounced Katz. There are two Hebrew letters, K and Z initials of the words Kohen Zedek, which means '"Righteous Priest"

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KOLOMEA RESEARCH GROUP SURNAMES OF INTEREST ORIGINS AND/OR MEANINGS

Researched & Authored By: Saul Zeichner

27 November 2000

Revised 3 November 2010

HISTORY OF JEWISH FAMILY NAMES

Hereditary family names developed at different times for different groups of people. The Chinese, for example, had hereditary family names dating back to 4th century, before the Common Era. Scandinavian countries developed mandatory family names as recently as mid-1800s (Kagnaoff, 1977). Jewish family names became more common in the 10th and 11th century as more Jews moved to the cities (Kagnaoff, 1977). The Jews of Spain, Portugal, and Italy had hereditary family names starting in the 14th century. In 1781 Emperor Joseph II of Austria promulgated the Edict Of Toleration for the Jews, which established the requirement for mandatory hereditary surnames. The Jews of Galicia did not adopt family names until 1785. Family names were then required throughout the Austrian Empire by the year 1787, with the exception of Hungary (Kaganoff, 1977 & Rottenberg, 1977). The great bulk of the Jews in Germany and Eastern Europe continued to follow the tradition of using the personal name plus the father’s name (patronymic system). For example, Yisrul ben Zalman, Avraham ben Zevi (Rottenberg, 1977).

SURNAME SOURCES

In Galicia the name a family received was often determined by the size of the registration fee that a particular family could afford to pay. Those families who were wealthy and/or could afford to pay a large fee received names that in Gerrman either denoted some form of wealth or related to something pleasant. For example, a precious metal like gold in Goldstein, or a flower like rose in Rosenthal. A lesser sum paid woud get a name based on more common items like Stahl (steel) or Eisen (iron). Those who were poor and could pay the lowest fee received names often related to nonsense syllables (Rottenberg, 1977). Most Jewish surnames were derived from one or more of the patterns listed in Table 1(Kaganoff, 1977) :

KATZ :

Acronym for Kohen Tzedek, Priest of Righteousness, Psalm 132.9. Lineage

             to 17th Century as a family name. First appearance in 10th Century Gaon
             of Pumbedita. (Beider, 2004). ''

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24 Teves - R' Naftali ben R' Yitzchok Hakohen Katz (1719, some have the date as 26 Teves), author of Semichas Chachomim and Rov of Ostraha and Frankfurt-on-Main. He is buried in Istanbul, where he died, en route to Eretz Yisroel. He was a descendant of the Maharal of Prague. R' Nachman of Breslov was one of his descendants

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