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Kings of Scotland: House of Stewart (1371-1567)

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  • Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll (1466 - 1513)
    "Gillespie Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll (died 9 September 1513) was a Scottish nobleman and politician who was killed at the Battle of Flodden." ============================================...
  • Lady Elizabeth Stuart (1465 - 1529)
    [ ] Elizabeth Stuart was the daughter of John Stuart, 1st Earl of Lennox and Margaret Montgomerie.2,1 She married Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll, son of Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll a...
  • Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran (1452 - 1488)
    SOURCES: 1) GENEALOGY: Calhoun; Hamilton; Baskin and Related Families; Page 115; No 17 on Chart; FHL film 0896933 2) GENEALOGY: IMPRINTS 1608-1980; Hamilton; Allied Families; Page 1; Sister Mar...
  • Annabella Drummond, Queen Consort of Scotland (1350 - 1401)
    Links: Peerage Geneall Wikipedia Medieval Lands
  • Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan (1320 - c.1354)
    Elizabeth Mure (died before May 1355) was mistress and then wife of Robert, High Steward of Scotland, and Guardian of Scotland (1338–1341 and from October 1346), who later became King Robert I...

Scope of Project

  • To build out and document the "about" section of the Master Profiles and meet "best practices."
  • collaborators welcome!

Overview

The House of Stuart, also known as the House of Stewart, is an European royal house. Founded by Robert II of Scotland, the Stewarts first became monarchs of the Kingdom of Scotland during the late 14th century. Their direct ancestors (from Brittany) had held the title High Steward of Scotland since the 12th century, after arriving by route of Norman England. The dynasty inherited further territory by the 17th century which covered the entire British Isles, including the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Ireland, also upholding a claim to the Kingdom of France.

In total, nine Stewart monarchs ruled just Scotland from 1371 until 1603. After this there was a Union of the Crowns under James I of England|James VI & I who had become the senior genealogical claimant to all of the holdings of the extinct House of Tudor. Thus there were six Stuart monarchs who ruled both England and Scotland as well as Ireland (although the Stuart era was interrupted by an English Interregnum|interregnum lasting from 1649–1660, as a result of the English Civil War). Additionally at the foundation of the Kingdom of Great Britain after the Acts of Union 1707|Acts of Union, which politically united England and Scotland, the first monarch was Anne of Great Britain. After her death, all the holdings passed to the House of Hanover, under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701.

During the reign of the Stewarts, Scotland developed from a relatively poor and feudal country into a prosperous, fairly modern and centralised state. They ruled during a time in European history of transition from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Monarchs such as James IV of Scotland|James IV were known for sponsoring exponents of the Northern Renaissance such as poet Robert Henryson. After gaining control of all of Great Britain the arts and sciences continued to develop; William Shakespeare's best known plays were authored during the Jacobean era, while institutions such as the Royal Society and Royal Mail were established during the reign of Charles II of England|Charles II.

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Profiles

  • House of Stewart (1371-1567)
  1. Robert II b. 1316 son of Walter Stewart & Marjorie Bruce m. Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan ruled 1371-1390
  2. Robert III b. c1340 son of Robert II & Elizabeth Mure m. Annabella Drummond Ruled 1390-1406
  3. James I, King of Scots b. 1394 son of Robert III & Annabella Drummond m. Joan Beaufort Ruled 1406-1437
  4. James II b.1430 son of James I & Joan Beaufort m. Mary of Gueldres Ruled 1437 - 1460
  5. James III b.1451 son of James II & Mary of Gueldres m. Margaret of Denmark Ruled 1460-1488
  6. James IV b.1473 son of James III & Margaret of Denmark m. Margaret Tudor b. 1473 son of James III and Queen Margaret of Scotland m. Margaret Tudor, princess of England Ruled 1488-1513
  7. James V son of King James IV and Queen Margaret of Scotland b 1512 m (1) Madeleine of France m (2) Mary de Guise Ruled 1513-1542
  8. Mary, Queen Of Scots b.1543 daughter of James V & Mary of Guise m. (1)Francis II of France (2)Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (3)James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell Ruled 1542-1567

Naming Conventions

  • from Scottish Kings Naming Conventions
  • Name as close to original name as possible, language, geography and time period to be taken into consideration.
    • Gaelic names for Scottish/Gaelic speaking people as far as possible. CORRECT TO: Historical Period dependent. The House of Stewart most likely had English as their spoken language and Latin as their official language of record.
    • Patronymics in the Middle Name field. n.b. not used by House of Stewart.
    • Titles usually go in the Last Name field. CORRECT TO: Suffix Field.
    • Adjust First Name field to avoid misunderstandings or mistaken identity where necessary, by adding order/number or byname. CORRECT TO: Middle Name Field as first choice, First Name field as second choice.
    • Maiden names are normally avoided as there were none at the time.
    • All names a person is known by in any source listed in Nicknames: bynames (especially in English), additional titles, variations. ADD TO: Also listed at the top of the "about me" text box.

The Master Profile

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First Name Last Name <vitals>. He was also known as 'Nickname.' <possible keywords>

Family

Parents: son of / daughter of <Name, dates>

Married:

Children:

Biography

<here is the narrative description of who he was and what his life was like>

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Citations

  • Example

James V, King of Scotland was born on 10 Apr 1512 at Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, Scotland, and died on 14 Dec 1542 at Falkland Palace, Fife, Scotland. He is buried in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh.

Summary

He ruled as King of Scotland from 9 September 1513 – 14 December 1542, preceded by James IV (1488-1513), and succeeded by Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1567).

Family

Parents: King James IV of Scotland (1473-1513) and his queen, Margaret Tudor of England (1489-1541).

Married:

  1. on 1 January 1537 in Notre Dame de Paris to Madeleine of Valois (1520-1537), daughter of Francis l of Spain and Claude, Duchess of Brittany.
  2. on 12 June 1538 by proxy to Mary of Guise

Children of James V and Mary of Guise:

  1. ....
  2. ....

Biographical Summary

  • from [referring site]

....

Notes

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