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Majdanek Concentration Camp

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  • Bertha Cohn (1884 - 1942)
  • Dr. Ernst Emanuel Bachrich (1892 - 1942)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Ernst Last Name Bachrich Date of Birth 30.05.1892 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 2, Konradgasse 1/9 Date of de...
  • Cilly Hahn (1900 - 1943)
  • Paul Kubie (1909 - 1942)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Paul Last Name Kubie Date of Birth 13.02.1909 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 13, Meytensgasse 36 Date of death...
  • Leo Grossmann (1908 - 1942)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Leo Last Name Grossmann Date of Birth 29.09.1908 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 2, Fugbachgasse 10 Date of dea...

Majdanek Concentration Camp was a German Nazi concentration camp on the outskirts of Lublin, Poland, established during the German Nazi occupation of Poland. The camp operated from October 1, 1941 until July 22, 1944, when it was captured nearly intact by the advancing Soviet Red Army. Although conceived as a forced labor camp and not as an extermination camp, over 79,000 people died there (59,000 of them Polish Jews) during the 34 months of its operation.

The name 'Majdanek' ("little Majdan") derives from the nearby Majdan Tatarski ("Tatar Maidan") district of Lublin, and was given to the camp in 1941 by the locals, who were aware of its existence. In Nazi documents, and for reasons related to its funding, Majdanek was initially "Prisoner of War Camp of the Waffen-SS in Lublin". It was renamed "Konzentrationslager Lublin" (Concentration Camp Lublin) in February 1943.

Among German Nazi concentration camps, Majdanek was unusual in that it was located near a major city, not hidden away at a remote rural location.

It is also notable as the best-preserved concentration camp of the Holocaust - there had been too little time for the Nazis to destroy the evidence before the Red Army arrived.

El Moley Rachamim Holocaust Prayer