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Majdanek Concentration Camp

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  • Naftali Natan Benjamin Ehrentreu (1900 - 1942)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes Vorname Nathan Nachname Ehrentreu Geburtstag 04.11.1900 Geburtsort Wien Sterbedatum 06.08.1942 Sterbeort Majdanek
  • Ernst David Wertheimer (1925 - 1942)
  • Georg Riemer (1893 - 1942)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes Vorname Georg Nachname Riemer Geburtstag 04.12.1893 Geburtsort Wien Wohnort Wien 2, Grosse Stadtgutgasse 28 Sterbedatum 01.07...
  • Otto Fillinger (1894 - 1942)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes Vorname Otto Nachname Fillinger Geburtstag 13.03.1894 Geburtsor tWien Wohnort Wien 2, Praterstrasse 12 Sterbeort Majdanek D...
  • Berthold Bender (1876 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Bender, Berthold geboren am 15. April 1876 in Trier / - / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Düren Inhaftierungsort: Gerstenmühle / D&#x...

Majdanek Concentration Camp was a German Nazi concentration camp on the outskirts of Lublin, Poland, established during the German Nazi occupation of Poland. The camp operated from October 1, 1941 until July 22, 1944, when it was captured nearly intact by the advancing Soviet Red Army. Although conceived as a forced labor camp and not as an extermination camp, over 79,000 people died there (59,000 of them Polish Jews) during the 34 months of its operation.

The name 'Majdanek' ("little Majdan") derives from the nearby Majdan Tatarski ("Tatar Maidan") district of Lublin, and was given to the camp in 1941 by the locals, who were aware of its existence. In Nazi documents, and for reasons related to its funding, Majdanek was initially "Prisoner of War Camp of the Waffen-SS in Lublin". It was renamed "Konzentrationslager Lublin" (Concentration Camp Lublin) in February 1943.

Among German Nazi concentration camps, Majdanek was unusual in that it was located near a major city, not hidden away at a remote rural location.

It is also notable as the best-preserved concentration camp of the Holocaust - there had been too little time for the Nazis to destroy the evidence before the Red Army arrived.

El Moley Rachamim Holocaust Prayer