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Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

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  • Karl Gerhard* Fischbein (1924 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Fischbein, Karl Gerhard geboren am 11. März 1924 in Berlin / - / Stadt Berlin wohnhaft in Berlin Emigration: Belgien Deportationszi...
  • Margot E. Fischbein (1894 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Fischbein, Margot geborene Ewer geboren am 06. Juli 1894 in Berlin / - / Stadt Berlin wohnhaft in Berlin Emigration: 21. Februar 1940, Bel...
  • Margarethe / Grete Bondy (1904 - 1943)
    Margarethe / Grete and her husband Otto were arrested and deported from the assembly camp Malines in Belgium. She was prisoner # 4 Eventually they were deported to Auschwitz. Neither of them survived. ...
  • Otto Bondy (1897 - 1943)
    Otto was a Leather salesman. He sold belts, wallets, pouches etc. He and his wife Margarethe / Grete were arrested and deported from the assembly camp Malines in Belgium. Eventually they were deporte...
  • Albert Rosenthal (1873 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Rosenthal, Albert geboren am 11. April 1873 in Waltrop / Recklinghausen / Westfalen wohnhaft in Recklinghausen und Berlin Emigration: 26. Ja...

Mechelen/Malines

In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels, two cities which contained most of the Jewish population of Belgium, the city had good rail connections to the east.

The first group of Jews arrived in the camp from Antwerp on July 27, 1942. Between August and December 1942, two transports with about 1,000 Jews each left the camp every week for Auschwitz-Birkenau. Between August 4, 1942, and July 31, 1944, a total of 28 trains carrying 25,257 Jews left Mechelen for Poland; most of them went to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Transport XXwas attacked between Boortmeerbeek and Haacht (which is about 15km from Mechelen) by brave Belgians and thanks to these Belgians (Jean Franklemon, Georges Livschitz and Robert Maistriau) 231 deportees out of 1631 succeeded to escape the train.

"'USHMM"'

"'Kazerne Dossin"'

"'Transport XX"'