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Medal of Honor recipients, American Civil War

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  • Maj. Gabriel Grant (USA) (1826 - 1909)
    Prior to the Civil War, Maj. Gabriel Grant, a prominent physician from Newark, N.J., served on a special health commission to battle the cholera epidemic then spreading throughout the city. At the ou...
  • 1st Lieutenant Martin Jones Hawkins (USA) (1830 - 1886)
    Participated in the Great Locomotive Chase, or Andrews' Raid, a military raid that occurred April 12, 1862 in northern Georgia during the American Civil War. Six feet tall, dark complexion, black e...
  • Private Samuel Slavens (USA) (1831 - 1862)
    Participated in the Great Locomotive Chase, or Andrews' Raid, a military raid that occurred April 12, 1862 in northern Georgia during the American Civil War. Hanged as a spy; received Medal of Honor ...
  • Private George Davenport Wilson (USA) (1830 - 1862)
    Participated in the Great Locomotive Chase, or Andrews' Raid, a military raid that occurred April 12, 1862 in northern Georgia during the American Civil War. Hanged as a spy; a Medal of Honor was aut...
  • 2nd Lieutenant Robert Buffum (USA) (1828 - 1871)
    Robert Buffum (July 7, 1828 to July 20, 1871) was an American soldier who fought in the American Civil War. Buffum was the third person to receive the country's highest award for bravery during comba...

Many of the awards during the Civil War were for capturing or saving regimental flags. During the Civil War, regimental flags served as the rallying point for the unit, and guided the unit's movements. Loss of the flag could greatly disrupt a unit, and could have a greater effect than the death of the commanding officer

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government and is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States…" Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously