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Medal of Honor recipients, American Civil War

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  • Drummer Boy, Orion Howe, Medal of Honor (1848 - 1930)
    A drummer boy, 14 years of age, and severely wounded and exposed to a heavy fire from the enemy, he persistently remained upon the field of battle until he had reported to Gen. W. T. Sherman the nece...
  • Corp. Abner Peeler Allen (USA), Medal of Honor (1839 - 1905)
    Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. Served in the Civil War as a Corporal in Company K, 39th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was awarded the CMOH for his bravery at Petersburg, Virginia o...
  • Eugene B. Beaumont, Medal of Honor, (USA) (1837 - 1916)
    Citation Obtained permission from the corps commander to advance upon the enemy's position with the 4th U.S. Cavalry, of which he was a lieutenant; led an attack upon a battery, dispersed the enemy, ...
  • John Gregory Bishop Adams (1841 - 1900)
    Find a Grave Birth: Oct. 6, 1841 Groveland Essex County Massachusetts, USA Death: Oct. 19, 1900 Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He served during the Civil War in the 19th Mass...
  • James Frank Adams (1844 - 1922)
    Find a Grave Birth: Aug. 26, 1844 Death: Mar. 12, 1922 Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He served during the Civil War as a Private in Company D, 1st West Virginia Volunteer Ca...

Many of the awards during the Civil War were for capturing or saving regimental flags. During the Civil War, regimental flags served as the rallying point for the unit, and guided the unit's movements. Loss of the flag could greatly disrupt a unit, and could have a greater effect than the death of the commanding officer

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government and is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States…" Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously