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Medal of Honor recipients, American Civil War

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  • Qrt. Mr. Serg. Stephen Edwin Chandler (1841 - 1919)
    Stephen E. Chandler/From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Stephen E. Chandler Born November 20, 1841, Battle Creek, Michigan Died February 1, 1919 (aged 77) Minneapolis, Minnesota Buried at ...
  • Sergeant John Morehead Scott (1839 - 1862)
    Participated in the Great Locomotive Chase, or Andrews' Raid, a military raid that occurred April 12, 1862 in northern Georgia during the American Civil War. Hanged as a spy; received Medal of Honor ...
  • Marion Andrew Ross (1832 - 1862)
    Marion Ross was a Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He served as a Sergeant Major in Company B, 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Union Army. He was member of the Andrews Raiders. I...
  • John Kiggins (USA), Medal of Honor (1837 - 1914)
    John Kiggins (February 2, 1837 – September 29, 1914) was a Union Army soldier in the American Civil War who received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions...
  • Sgt. Theodore Hyatt, Medal of Honor (1830 - 1900)
    Citation Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party." George Theodore Hyatt (1830 – 1900) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of H...

Many of the awards during the Civil War were for capturing or saving regimental flags. During the Civil War, regimental flags served as the rallying point for the unit, and guided the unit's movements. Loss of the flag could greatly disrupt a unit, and could have a greater effect than the death of the commanding officer

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government and is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States…" Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously