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Members of the Propaganda Movement

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  • Pedro Ignacio Paterno (1857 - 1911)
    Pedro Paterno was a Filipino politician who earned infamy as "the greatest turncoat in Philippine history." He was also a poet and novelist. Reference: Pedro Paterno's letter to Jose Rizal. . Dat...
  • Juan Novicio Luna (1857 - 1899)
    Juan Novicio Luna was an Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of the first internationally recognized Philippine ...
  • Antonio Novicio Luna (1866 - 1899)
    Antonio Luna was a Filipino reformist and revolutionary. While studying pharmacy at the Central University of Madrid, he wrote for "La Solidaridad" under the pseudonym "Taga-ilog". He was among those...
  • Marcelo H. del Pilar (1850 - 1896)
    Marcelo H. del Pilar was a celebrated figure in the Philippine Revolution and a leading propagandist for reforms in the Philippines. Popularly known as Plaridel, he was the editor and co-publisher of t...

The Propaganda Movement was a cultural organization formed in 1872 by Filipino expatriates in Europe. Composed of the Filipino elite called "ilustrados", exiled liberals and students attending Europe's universities gravitated to the movement.

La Solidaridad, a bi-weekly Spanish language broadsheet, became the platform for intelligent discourse on economic, cultural, political, and social conditions of the country.

This sub-project aims to organize genealogical data on these historical figures who contributed to the fight for independence. Find similar projects at the master project page, Families of the Philippines.

Image: Expatriated members of the Propaganda Movement in Spain.

The organization aimed to increase Spanish awareness of the needs of its colony, the Philippines and labored to bring about:

  1. Recognition of the Philippines as a province of Spain;
  2. Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes Generales, the Spanish parliament;
  3. Secularization of Philippine parishes;
  4. Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality;
  5. Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spanish to enter government service;
  6. Creation of a public school system independent of the friars;
  7. Abolition of the polo (labor service) and vandala (forced sale of local products to the government);
  8. Guarantee of basic freedoms of speech and association;
  9. Recognition of human rights

The Propagandists

  • José Alejandrino
  • Anastacio Carpio
  • Graciano López Jaena, publisher of La Solidaridad
  • Marcelo H. del Pilar - the editor and co-publisher of the La Solidaridad and wrote under the name "Plaridel"
  • Eduardo de Lete
  • Antonio Luna - wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Taga-Ilog"
  • Juan Luna - painter and sculptor
  • Miguel Moran
  • Jose Maria Panganiban - wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Jomapa"
  • Pedro Paterno - served as prime minister of the first Philippine Republic
  • Mariano Ponce - wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Tikbalang"
  • Antonio Maria Regidor
  • Isabelo delos Reyes
  • José P. Rizal - author of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Laon Laan"

Friends of the Movement

  • Ferdinand Blumentritt - Austrian ethnologist
  • Miguel Sagrario Morayta - Spanish historian, university professor and statesman)

How to Contribute

  1. Please click the "Join Project" button on the upper right of the project page.
  2. After adding yourself as a "Follower" or "Collaborator", select the profile of the accomplished individual you wish to add.
  3. Navigate to that profile. Under the "More Actions" link, choose "Add to Project" and select sub-project to which that profile should be included in.
  4. Include in the "About Me" section a brief biographical sketch, summarizing the person's significant contributions and accomplishments. (Required)
  5. Include a photograph, if one exists.
  6. Mark the profile as "public" and not "private". (Required)