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Military Order of Maria Theresa / Vojni Red Marije Terezije

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  • ban Josip Jelačić (1801 - 1859)
    Josip Jelačić Bužimski (Petrovaradin, 16. oktobar 1801. - Zagreb, 20. maj 1859.), general i hrvatski ban od 1848. do 1859., član plemićke porodice Jelači�...

The Military Order of Maria Theresa (Militär-Maria-Theresien-Orden in German, Katonai Mária Terézia-rend in Hungarian, Vojenský řád Marie Terezie in Czech, Vojaški red Marije Terezije in Slovenian, Croatian: Vojni Red Marije Terezije) was an Order (decoration) of the Austro-Hungarian Empire founded on June 18, 1757, the day of the Battle of Kolin, by the Empress Maria Theresa to reward especially meritorious and valorous acts by commissioned officers, including and especially the courageous act of defeating an enemy, and thus, serving their monarch.

Originally, the order had two classes: the Knight's Cross and the Grand Cross. On October 15, 1765, Emperor Joseph II added a Commander's Cross and a breast star to be worn by holders of the Grand Cross.