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Minsk Ghetto גטו מינסק

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  • Martha Borchardt (1890 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Borchardt, Martha geborene Biskupitzer geboren am 22. April 1890 in Hamburg / - / Hansestadt Hamburg wohnhaft in Hamburg Deportationsziel: a...
  • Hans Borchardt (1908 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Borchardt, Hans geboren am 19. Februar 1908 in Hamburg / - / Hansestadt Hamburg wohnhaft in Hamburg Deportationsziel: ab Hamburg 18. Novembe...
  • Lily Wollisch (1902 - 1941)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Lilli Last Name Wollisch Date of Birth 06.11.1902 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 3, Reisnerstrasse 34/7 Deport...
  • Paul Wollisch (1895 - 1941)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Paul Last Name Wollisch Date of Birth 18.06.1895 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 3, Reisnerstrasse 34/7 Deporta...
  • Erika Bein (1922 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Bein, Erika geboren am 05. Juli 1922 in Aschaffenburg / - / Bayern wohnhaft in Nürnberg, Hamburg und Ahlem Deportationsziel: ab Ham...

The Minsk Ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It was one of the largest in Eastern Europe, and the largest in the German-occupied territory of the Soviet Union. It housed close to 100,000 Jews, most of whom perished in The Holocaust.

The ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union and capture of the city of Minsk, capital of the Belorussian SSR, on 28 June 1941.

On the fifth day after the occupation, 2,000 Jewish intelligentsia were massacred by the Germans; from then on, murders of Jews became a common occurrence. About 20,000 Jews were murdered within the first few months of the German occupation, mostly by the Einsatsgruppen squads.

The ghetto was liquidated on 21 October 1943, with many Minsk Jews perishing in the Sobibor extermination camp.

Several thousands were massacred at Maly Trostenets extermination camp (before the war, Maly Trostenets was a village a few miles to the east of Minsk). By the time the Red Army retook the city on 3 July 1944, there were only a few Jewish survivors.

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer