Image Right - Aristotle ((384 BC – 322 BC)
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- Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was the first famous educator to stress a well-rounded education. He believed in balance, including knowledge of the arts, sciences, mathematics, physical education and philosophy.
- Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. He was the founder of the humanistic school of philosophy known as the Ju or Confucianism, which taught the concepts of benevolence, ritual, and propriety.
- Euclid (fl. 300 BC), also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "Father of Geometry," who taught in Alexandria circa 300 BC, and who was probably the founder of its mathematical school.
- Hypatia (b. ca. AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. As head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, she also taught philosophy and astronomy.
- Plato (428/427 BC – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece. He was also a mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
- Pythagoras of Samos (b. about 570 – d. about 495 BC) Philosopher and mathematician, born in Samos, Greece. He settled at Crotona, Southern Italy (c.530 BC) where he founded a moral and religious school.
- Socrates taught a method of rational inquiry instead of mere information, Socrates is considered one of the most important teachers in history.
Born 14th Century - 1301-1400
- John Cornewaille, 1st Baron Fanhope and Milbroke, KG, also known as Sir John Cornwall, (c. 1364 — 1143) and Sir John Cornouayl, was an English nobleman, soldier and one of the most respected chivalric figures of his era.
Born 15th Century - 1401-1500
Born 16th Century - 1501-1600
- Johann Amos Coménius (1592 – 1670) was a Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer. He challenged the traditional schools of the 1600s, saying they crushed a person's innate desire to learn. He was an advocate of natural learning and an opponent of education limited to books and classrooms. He felt that all children deserved an education and also believed a person is a student for the entirety of his life, not just during the traditional years of school.
- Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642), was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. He in 1588 attained an instructor position in the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno in Florence, teaching perspective and chiaroscuro
Born 17th Century - 1601-1700
widely known as the Father of Classical Liberalism, was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. He believed that all knowledge had to be taught. Following that logic, at birth, people's minds were a "tabula rasa." Since people were not born with a distinct character, Locke insisted upon teaching character first and academics second, saying the value of good character far exceeded the value of learning to read, write, complete calculations and memorise facts.'
- James Madison (1749 – 1812) was the first bishop of the Diocese of Virginia of The Episcopal Church in the United States, one of the first bishops to be consecrated to the new church after the American Revolution. He also served as the eighth president of the College of William and Mary.
- Reverend Ralph Wheelock (1600-1683) Puritan minister, America's first public school teacher, and founder of the Massachusetts towns of Dedham and Medfield.
Born 18th Century - 1701-1800
- Amos Bronson Alcott (1799 – 1888) was an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, Alcott pioneered new ways of interacting with young students, focusing on a conversational style, and avoided traditional punishment.
- George Birkbeck (1776 – 1841) was a British doctor, academic, philanthropist, pioneer in adult education and founder of Birkbeck College.
- Joseph Brown (1733 - 1785) was an early United States industrialist and astronomer, and professor at Brown University.
- John Dalton FRS (1766 – 1844) was an English chemist, meteorologist and physicist. He is best known for his pioneering work in the development of modern atomic theory, and his research into colour blindness (sometimes referred to as Daltonism, in his honour)
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (or Froebel) (1782 – 1852) was a German pedagogue, a student of Pestalozzi who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. He created the concept of the “kindergarten” and also coined the word now used in German and English. He also developed the educational toys known as Froebel Gifts.
- Reverend Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, LL.D., (1787 – 1851) was a renowned American pioneer in the education of the Deaf. Along with Laurent Clerc and Mason Cogswell, he co-founded the first institution for the education of the Deaf in North America, and he became its first principal.
- Diantha Eloise Gray (1799 - 1880) who was eminent as a teacher, poet, and as an advocate for woman suffrage.
- John Hiram Lathrop (1799 – 1866) was a well-known American educator during the early 19th century. He served as the first President of both the University of Missouri and the University of Wisconsin as well as president of Indiana University.
- Horace Mann (1796 – 1859) was an American education reformer, and a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1827 to 1833.
- Josiah Meigs (1757 – 1822) was an American academic, journalist and government official.
- Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746 – 1827) was a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer who exemplified Romanticism in his approach. He founded several educational institutions both in German- and French-speaking regions of Switzerland and wrote many works explaining his revolutionary modern principles of education. His motto was "Learning by head, hand and heart".
- Jared Sparks (1789 – 1866) was an American historian, educator, and Unitarian minister. He served as President of Harvard University from 1849 to 1853.
- Moses B. Stuart (1780–1852), an American biblical scholar, was born in Wilton, Connecticut. Yale tutor and pastor of the Centre (Congregational) Church of New Haven, being appointed professor of sacred literature in the Andover Theological Seminary in 1809.
- Horace Webster (1794 - 1871) was an American educator who graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1818.
- The Abbé Charles-Michel de l'Épée (1712 - 1789) was a philanthropic educator of 18th-century France who has become known as the "Father of the Deaf".
Born 19th Century and later - 1800 onwards
- Herbert Baxter Adams (1850 – 1901) was an American educator and historian.
- Stella Adler (1901 – 1992) was an American actress and an acclaimed acting teacher, who founded the Stella Adler Studio of Acting in New York City (1949) and the The Stella Adler Academy of Acting in Los Angeles (1985) with long-time protégé Joanne Linville, who continues to teach and furthers Adler's legacy.
- Eben Alexander (1851 -1910) was an American scholar, educator, dean and ambassador.
- Maybanke Anderson also known as Maybanke Wolstenholme (1845 - 1927) was a Sydney reformer involved in women's suffrage and education.
- James Burrill Angell (1829 – 1916) was an American educator, academic administrator, and diplomat. He is best known for being the longest-serving president of the University of Michigan (1871–1909).
- James Rowland Angell (1869 – 1949) was an American psychologist and educator. He served as the president of Yale University between 1921 and 1937.
- Richard Armstrong (1805–1860) was a missionary from Pennsylvania who arrived in Hawaii in 1832. Along with his wife Clarissa, he served in mission fields of the Marquesas Islands and in the Kingdom of Hawaii. He established several churches and schools, and was Kahu (shepherd) of Kawaiahaʻo Church after the departure of Hiram Bingham I.
- Milton Byron Babbitt (1916 – 2011) was an American composer, music theorist, and teacher. He is particularly noted for his serial and electronic music.
- Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard (1809 – 1889) was an American scientist and educationalist.
- Paul Brandon Barringer (1857 – 941) was the sixth president of Virginia Tech, serving from September 1, 1907 through July 1, 1913. He was also chairman of the faculty at the University of Virginia from 1895 through 1903.
- Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (1883 – 1969) was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School, who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture.
- James Phinney Baxter III (1893 – 1975) was an American historian, educator and academic. He won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for history, for his book Scientists Against Time.
- Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone.
- Douglas Joseph “Doug” Bennet, Jr. (born 1938) is a former national political official and college president. He was the fifteenth president of Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Connecticut, from 1995 to 2007.
- Elizabeth Blackwell (1821 – 1910) was the first female doctor in the United States and the first on the UK Medical Register. She was the first openly identified woman to graduate from medical school, a pioneer in educating women in medicine in the United States, and was prominent in the emerging women's rights movement.
- Cecil Maurice Bowra (1898 – 971) was an English classical scholar and academic, known for his wit. He was Warden of Wadham College, Oxford, from 1938 to 1970, and served as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford from 1951 to 1954.
- Louis Braille (1809 – 1852) was the inventor of braille, a system of reading and writing used by people who are blind or visually impaired.
- Sophonisba Preston Breckinridge (1866 – 1948) was an American activist, Progressive Era social reformer, social scientist and innovator in higher education.
- [http://www.geni.com/people/Kingman-Brewster/6000000009494870996 Kingman Brewster, Jr., (1919 – 1988) was an educator, president of Yale University, and American diplomat.
- John William Burgess (1844 – 1931) was a pioneering American political scientist. He spent most of his career at Columbia University and is regarded as having been "the most influential political scientist of the period.
- Barclay Godfrey Buxton MC (1895 –1986) was a casualty of World War I, who compensated for his inability to follow the family tradition of missionary service by founding and running missionary training colleges.
- John Tyler Caldwell (1911 – 1995) was an American educator who presided over three universities, including North Carolina State University.
- Warren Akin Candler (1857 - 1941) was an American Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, elected in 1898. He was the tenth president of Emory University.
- Zechariah Chafee, Jr. (1885 – 1957) was an American Professor of Law, judicial philosopher and civil rights advocate.
- John Bates Clark (1847 - 1938) was an American neoclassical economist. He was one of the pioneers of the marginalist revolution and opponent to the Institutionalist school of economics, and spent most of his career teaching at Columbia University.
- John Maurice Clark (1884 - 1963) was an American economist whose work combined the rigor of traditional economic analysis with an "institutionalist" attitude.
- Kim B. Clark (Private Profile) (born 1949) has been the president of Brigham Young University–Idaho since 2005.
- William Smith Clark (1826 - 1886), Union soldier, scientist, and college president
- Louise Helen Coburn (1856—F1949) was one of the five founders of Sigma Kappa sorority, a pioneer for women's education at Colby College, where she served as the first female trustee, and an accomplished scientist and writer known for writing the two volumes of "Skowhegan on the Kennebec."
- Katharine Coman (1857 – 1915) was a social activist and distinguished economist who specialised in teaching about the development of the American West. Wellesley College named a professorship in her honour.
- James Bryant Conant (1893 – 1978) was a chemist, educational administrator, and government official. As the President of Harvard University he reformed it as a research institution.
- Christa McAuliffe born Corrigan (1948 – 1986) was an American teacher from Concord, New Hampshire, and was one of the seven crew members killed in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
- Wilbur Lucius Cross, Ph. D. (1862 – 1948) was an American educator and political figure who was the 71st Governor of Connecticut for eight years.
- Colgate Whitehead Darden, Jr. (1897 - 1981) was a Democratic Congressman from Virginia (1933-37, 1939-41), the 54th Governor of Virginia (1942-46), Chancellor of the College of William and Mary (1946-47) and the third President of the University of Virginia (1947-59). The Darden Graduate School of Business Administration of the University of Virginia was named for him.
- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; (1886 – 1969) was a German-American architect. He is commonly referred to, and was addressed, as Mies, his surname. He served as the last director of Berlin's Bauhaus, and then headed the department of architecture, Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago, where he developed the Second Chicago School.
- John Dewey (1859 – 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Dewey was an important early developer of the philosophy of pragmatism and one of the founders of functional psychology.
- Melvil Dewey (1851 - 1931) was an American librarian and educator, inventor of the Dewey Decimal system of library classification, and a founder of the Lake Placid Club.
- Theodosius Grygorovych Dobzhansky (1900 – 1975) was a prominent geneticist and evolutionary biologist, and a central figure in the field of evolutionary biology for his work in shaping the unifying modern evolutionary synthesis. He immigrated to the U.S. and worked as a professor and researcher before publishing in 1937 Genetics and the Origin of Species, a pioneering examination of the interplay between genetics and evolution.
- William Edward Burghardt "W. E. B." Du Bois (1868 – 1963) was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author and editor.
- Raymond Smith Dugan (1878 - 1940) was an American astronomer.
- Edmund B. Delabarre (1863 - 1945) was a researcher and professor of psychology at Brown University. He graduated from Amherst College in 1886.
- Dorothy DeLay (1917 – 2002) was an American violin instructor, primarily at the Juilliard School.
- Rev. Timothy Dwight, IV, President of Yale (1752 - 1817) was an American academic and educator, a Congregationalist minister, theologian, and author.
- Desdia Neva Egan (1914 – 2011) was an American educator who served as the first First Lady of Alaska from the state's creation in 1959 to 1966, and again from 1970 to 1974.
- Charles William Eliot (1834 – 1926) was an American academic who was selected as Harvard's president in 1869. He transformed the provincial college into the preeminent American research university. Eliot served the longest term as president in the university's history.
- Benjamin Stoddert Ewell (1810 – 1894) was a United States and Confederate army officer, civil engineer, and educator from James City County, Virginia. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1832 and served as an officer and educator.
- Catherine Drew Gilpin Faust (born September 18, 1947) is an American historian, college administrator, and the president of Harvard University. Faust is the first woman to serve as Harvard's president and the university's 28th president overall.
- Edward Miner Gallaudet (1837 – 1917) famous early educator of the deaf in Washington, DC.
- Kenneth J. Gergen (born 1935) is an American psychologist and professor at Swarthmore College. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts from Yale University (1957) and his Ph.D. from Duke University (1962).
- Julian Howard Gibbs (1924 – 1983) was an American educator and the fifteenth President of Amherst College.
- Oliver Wolcott Gibbs (1822 – 1908) was an American chemist. He is known for performing the first electrogravimetric analyses, namely the reductions of copper and nickel ions to their respective metals.
- Daniel Coit Gilman (1831 - 1908) was an American educator and academician, who was instrumental in founding the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale College, and who subsequently served as one of the earliest presidents of the University of California, the first president of Johns Hopkins University, and as founding president of the Carnegie Institution.
- Frank Johnson Goodnow Ph.D., LL.B. (1859 - 1939) was an American educator and legal scholar, born in Brooklyn, New York.
- Isaac Tichenor Goodnow (1814-1894) was an abolitionist and co-founder of Kansas State University and Manhattan, Kansas. Goodnow was also elected to the Kansas House of Representatives and as Superintendent of Public Instruction for the state, and is known as "the father of formal education in Kansas."
- Alice Gordon Gulick (1847-1903) taught philosophy at Mount Holyoke College from 1868 to 1870. After marrying the Reverend William H. Gulick in 1871, she traveled to Spain as a missionary. While there, she founded a school for girls, the International Institute for Girls in San Sebastian (later known as the International Institute for Girls in Spain).
- Denny Gulick, born Sidney Lewis Gulick III, is a professor of mathematics at University of Maryland, College Park. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denny_Gulick
- Horatio Balch Hackett (1808 - 1875), American biblical scholar, was born in Salisbury, Massachusetts.
- Wynn Handman, (Born 1922) is the Artistic Director of The American Place Theatre, which he co-founded with Sidney Lanier and Michael Tolan in 1963. His role in the theatre has been to seek out, encourage, train, and present new and exciting writing and acting talent and to develop and produce new plays by living American writers.
- Arthur Sherburne Hardy(usually: Arthur S. Hardy) (1847 – 1930) was an American engineer, educator, editor, diplomat, novelist, and poet.
- Charles Custis Harrison (1844 – 1929) was an American university provost.
- Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA (1942) is a British theoretical physicist and cosmologist He was born and studied at Oxford, then spent his career in Cambridge, holding a chair there from 1977.
- Charlotte Hawkins "Lottie" (1883-1961), was a northern-educated granddaughter of former slaves. She returned to her home state as a teacher in 1901, and the following year established the Alice Freeman Palmer Memorial Institute at Sedalia, near Greensboro. The African American school evolved from an agricultural and manual training facility to a fully accredited, nationally recognised preparatory school. More than 1,000 students graduated during Brown's 50-year presidency. She died in 1961. Ten years and three administrations later the school closed its doors.
- Martha Hillard (1856-1947) was a graduate of Vassar College, a college professor who had served as president of Rockford College, and was influenced by the writings of Millicent Washburn Shinn.
- Mark Hopkins (1802 – 1887) was an American educator and theologian.
- Douglas Horton (1891 - 1968) was an American Protestant clergyman and academic leader who was noted for his work in ecumenical relations among major Protestant bodies of his day.
- Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (1866 – 1944) was an influential Russian painter and art theorist born in Moscow. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. He taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture in Germany from 1922 until the Nazis closed it in 1933. He moved to France where he lived for the rest of his life, becoming a French citizen in 1939 and producing some of his most prominent art.
- Helen Adams Keller (1880 – 1968) was an American author, political activist, and lecturer. She was the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree
- Alpheus Wheelock Kellogg (1810-1895) was an American educator and state legislator.
- Paul Klee (1879 – 1940) was a painter born in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland, and is considered to be a German-Swiss who taught at the German Bauhaus school of art, design and architecture.
- Rep. John Mercer Langston (1829-1897) Abolitionist - served as dean of Howard University's law school; it was the first black law school in the country.
- Rev. Dr. John McDowell Leavitt (1824 - 1909) was an early Ohio lawyer, Episcopal clergyman, poet, novelist, editor and professor.
- Charles Wesley Leffingwell (1840 – 1928) was an author, educator, and Episcopal priest born in Ellington, Connecticut.
- Jean Ogilvie Christie Lien (1891–1984) was an educator. She received a degree from Wellesley College, taught in Turkey, Occidental College and University of California at Berkeley with her husband.
- Franz Liszt (1811 – 1886),] was a 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, teacher, and Franciscan.
- Abbott Lawrence Lowell lecturer, and in 1898, professor of government at Harvard.
- Dennis Hart Mahan (1802 – 1871) was a noted American military theorist and professor at the United States Military Academy at West Point from 1824-1871.
- Francis Andrew March (1825 – 1911) was an American polymath, academic, philologist, and lexicographer. He is considered the principal founder of modern comparative linguistics in Anglo-Saxon.
- Richmond Mayo-Smith (1854 - 1901) was an American economist noted for his work in statistics.
- Mildred Helen McAfee married name Horton (1900 - 1994) was an American academic who served during World War II as first director of the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) in the United States Navy.
- James Lukens McConaughy (1887 - 1948) was an American politician and the 76th Governor of Connecticut.
- William Holmes McGuffey (1800 – 1873) was an American professor and college president who is best known for writing the McGuffey Readers, one of the nation's first and most widely used series of textbooks.
- Hans Emil "Hannes" Meyer (1889 – 1954) was a Swiss architect and second director of the Bauhaus in Dessau from 1928 to 1930.
- Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori (1870 – 1952) was an Italian physician and educator, a noted humanitarian and devout Roman Catholic best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. Her educational method is in use today in public and private schools throughout the world.
- Edward Duffield Neill (1823–1893) was an American author and educator.
- William Sanford "Bill" Nye (born 1955), popularly known as Bill Nye the Science Guy, is an American science educator, comedian, television host, actor, mechanical engineer and scientist.
- William Fielding Ogburn (1886 – 1959) was an American sociologist who was born in Butler, Georgia and died in Tallahassee, Florida. He was also a statistician and an educator.
- Alice Freeman Palmer, President of Wellesley College (1855 - 1902) was an American educator. Born Alice Elvira Freeman in Colesville, New York and brought up in Windsor, New York.
- Talcott Parsons (1902 – 1979) was an American sociologist who served on the faculty of Harvard University from 1927 to 1973.
- Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804 – 1894) was an American educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States. Long before most educators, Peabody embraced the premise that children's play has intrinsic developmental and educational value.
- Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, (1807 - 1887) one of the Peabody sisters, champions of reform movements, pioneers in modern educational theory, founders of the kindergarten movement in America and supporters of the arts.
- Sophia Amelia Peabody Married name Hawthorne (1809 - 1871) one of the Peabody sisters, champions of reform movements, pioneers in modern educational theory, founders of the kindergarten movement in America and supporters of the arts.
- Austin Phelps (1820—1890), was an American Congregational minister and educator. He was for 10 years President of the Andover Theological Seminary and his writings became standard textbooks for Christian theological education and remain in print today.
- Savitribai Jyotirao Phule (1831 – 1897) was a social reformer, who, along with her husband, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, played an important role in improving women's rights in India during the British Rule. Savitribai was the first female teacher of the first women's school in India is considered the pioneer of modern Marathi poetry. In 1852 she opened a school for Untouchable girls.
- Maria Louise Sanford (1836 – 1920) was an American educator.
- Vincent Joseph Scully, Jr. (born 1920) is Sterling Professor Emeritus of the History of Art in Architecture at Yale University, and the author of several books on the subject.
- Julius Hawley Seelye (1824 – 1895) was a missionary, author, United States Representative, and former president of Amherst College. The system of Latin Honors in use at many universities worldwide is said to have been created by him.
- Laurenus Clark Seelye (1837–1924), known as L. Clark Seelye, was the first president of Smith College, serving from 1873-1910.
- Norman Selfe (1839 - 1911) was an Australian engineer, naval architect, inventor, urban visionary and controversial advocate of technical education.
- Platt Rogers Spencer (also Platt R. Spencer) (1800-1864) Spencer is credited as being the originator of Spencerian penmanship, a popular system of cursive handwriting.
- Ellen Gates Starr (1859 - 1940, in Suffern, New York) was an American social reformer and activist.
- Marion Talbot (1858 – 1948) was Dean of Women at the University of Chicago from 1895 to 1925, and an influential leader in the higher education of women in the United States during the early 20th century.
- Joseph Marion ("Jay") Tanner (1859 – 1927) was an American educator and a leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). He has been described as "one of the most gifted teachers and writers in the [LDS] Church in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries".
- Eli Todd Tappan (1824–1888) was an American educator, mathematician, author, lawyer and newspaper editor who served as president of Kenyon College, among other public distinctions.
- Martha Carey Thomas (1857-1935) President of Bryn Mawr College
- Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), although best known for his writings, was a teacher first. He developed his own curriculum in which he refused to emphasise ordinary memorisation and instead promoted the development of critical thinking skills through writing and natural study opportunities facilitated through field trips.
- Charles Adelle Lewis Totten (1851 - 1908) was an American military officer, a professor of military tactics, a prolific writer, and an influential early advocate of British Israelism.
- James Hayden Tufts (1862 - 1942) an influential American philosopher, who was a professor of the then newly founded Chicago University.
- John Bullock Van Petten (1827 – 1908) was an American educator, Union Army General and politician from New York.
- Oswald Garrison Villard, Jr. (1916 - 2004) was a prominent professor of electrical engineering at Stanford University.
- Francis Amasa Walker (1840 – 1897) was an American economist, statistician, journalist, educator, academic administrator, and military officer in the Union Army.
- Joseph Ward (1838 – 1889) was an American educator.
- Booker Taliaferro Washington (1858 or 59] – 1915) was an African-American educator, author, orator, advisor to Republican presidents, and black political leader.
- Alexander Stewart Webb (1835 – 1911) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War who received the Medal of Honour for gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg.
- Andrew Dickson White (1832 – 1918) was a U.S. diplomat, historian, and educator, who was the co-founder of Cornell University.
- Helen Magill White (1853 - 1944) was the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in the United States.
- Dwight Locke Wilbur (1904 – 1997) was a medical doctor and president of the American Medical Association. During his 1968-69 tenure, he was instrumental in convincing that organization to accept Medicare after many years of opposition.
- Ray Lyman Wilbur (1875 – 1949) was an American medical doctor who served as the third president of Stanford University and the 31st United States Secretary of the Interior.
- Richard Purdy Wilbur (born 1921) is an American poet and literary translator. He was appointed the second Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1987, and twice received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, in 1957 and again in 1989.
- Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard (1839 – 1898) was an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist. Her influence was instrumental in the passage of the Eighteenth (Prohibition) and Nineteenth (Women Suffrage) Amendments to the United States Constitution.
- Samuel Williston (1861 - 1963) was an American lawyer and law professor.
- Theodore Dwight Woolsey (1801 - 1889) was an American academic, author and president of Yale College from 1846 through 1871.
- Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, 1867 – 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 532 works.
- John Henry Wright (1852 – 1908) was an American classical scholar, born at Urumiah, Persia.