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NOTES AND LINKS ON MY JAMAICA, USA PROJECTS

for Planters, Migration, Emigration, immigration etc

Here I have added useful Links and info for some/ most of the Projects that myself and others are working on. Sometimes i find info that will be usefull later so i leave them here so we dont have to go looking for them again later.

some are snippets or parts of rticle pulled for relevance so read carefully ...

http://www.geni.com/projects/Jamaica-Graves

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The Slave History of Barbados started after Captain Powell brought the 10 slaves in 1627. The slave population in 1629 was still diminutive with not more than 50 Amerindian and African slaves working the land, in construction and in homes. This low slave population was due to few persons being able to buy slaves at that time.

Slaves brought into Barbados came from various tribes out of the forest region of West Africa, during village raids. Some of the African tribes were Eboes, Paw-paws and Igbo. They came via slave trade forts on the African west coast, set up by Europeans. Such forts were the Axim and El Mina. After being traded for trinkets, the slaves were sent to the Caribbean and sold to Plantation owners. The First Slave Rebellion (1649) This included two plantations, and the trigger was insufficient food. It was quickly subdued with not much damage.

The Second Slave Rebellion (1675) This one was island-wide and took over three years to plan but was uncovered when a one of the slaves named Fortuna leaked the information out. Over 100 slaves were arrested and tortured, while over 40 were executed after being found guilty of rebellion. Some committed suicide before being executed, while others were beheaded or burnt alive.

The Third Slave Rebellion (1692) This was also island-wide with over 200 slaves arrested and over 90 executed after being found guilty of rebellion.

Rebellions simmered in Barbados until 1816 due to an increase in free blacks and slaves born on the island (called Creole Slaves), there were also more frequent visits to the island by British Military Ships for supplies and a colonial militia which was becoming more powerful during the 1800's.

Creole Slaves were believed to be more submissive than African born slave and therefore were placed over the Africans. The Bussa Rebellion (The Easter Rebellion - Sun 14th April 1816) During the 1816 rebellion more than 800 slaves were killed while fighting and over 100 executed. This was the first rebellion of this size in Barbados and the Caribbean, and took part for (3) days on the southern part of the island. This rebellion caused reform to ease the hardships of slavery.

In 1825 the 'Amelioration Policy' was changed to 'the Consolidated Slave Law' legislation (The Emancipation Act) which consist of (3) Rights for Slaves; The right to own property / The right to testify in all court cases / Reduction of fees charged for Manumission (a fee charged to slaveowners for emancipating their slaves

http://www.funbarbados.com/ourisland/history/slavery.cfm

North East Story

Slaving ships did not sail from Aberdeen and few enslaved Africans were sent to North East Scotland. But North East merchants were responsible for shipping thousands of Africans to the Americas as slaves.

One slaving venture involved Sir Alexander Grant of Dalvey. In 1748, with Richard Oswald of Caithness and others, he bought an old slaving fort on Bance Island , at the mouth of the Sierra Leone River. they imported guns, alcohol [2B2], metal and cloth to exchange with local kings who brought captives to sell at Bance Island.

http://www.abdn.ac.uk/slavery/6p2.htm

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Found this link to Look up indentured servants, dont know how valid it is feel free..

http://www.virtualjamestown.org/indentures/search_indentures.html

Africa

USA

books and tidbits

Edmund Morgan's American Slavery, American Freedom.

Stanley Elkins's thesis 

http://uncpress.unc.edu/browse/page/308

American Slavery

Civil records

http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records-civil.html

realize that Spanish and Mexican naming practices are complex, and the "rules" are often not followed, but can anyone shed some light on the practices in this time period.

http://www.nuestrosranchos.com/en/node/17966

surnames in the Indians, first read the index of the biographical dictionary of the West Novohispanic Thomas Hillerkuss, found indigenous names,

I too have the Moctezuma connection but I dont rhink Petronila was native America, yes of descent she can have a degree, but (depending which genealogy you follow) Petronila (in the Casta sense ) she would be Castiza or española.

Here is how I have the genealogy, Ive seen all crazy stuff, but just stick to this one

Ill also include what casta they are to show my point.

Moctezuma II (indígena)

Isabel de Moctezuma (indígena) = Hernán Cortés (español)

Leonor de Moctezuma (mestiza) = Diego Arias de Sotelo (español)

Petronila de Moctezuma (castiza) = Martín Navarro de Gabay (español)

Ana-Francisca Navarro de Gabay (española)=Lope Ruiz, Señor de Esparza (español)

Now by the time you get to the Esparza both parents are 'Spaniard' (to some sense)

ana Franca. would have looked like any regular european woman.

I like you dont believe there is such thing as a pure race. Just like whites in United States (according to a study) many have black ancestors especially in the south) whites in Mexico have at least one ancestor who is of different race. I know I have about 3 native American lines which all end sadly, and one line who is black. All in the 1500s-1600s. I thik the moctezuma is a perfect example of reaching the highest caste. Through research, i can say most of Moctezuma's descendants married Spaniards and even went to Spain. Down the line they stay Spanish both in Mexico and spain.

-Daniel Camino My experience extracting information from early records of Aguascalientes has been as follows:

With very few exceptions, Spaniards did not marry within the indigenous population in the 17th century. Indians married indians, blacks married blacks or mulatos, etc. However, there were a large number of illegitimate children born to "españoles" with "indias" and "mulatas". Many of these children were abandoned by their parents and grew up in orfanages or were adopted by those families who could afford to more children than their own. Abandoned children given to the church by parents who did not want them or could not support them were pronounced "hijos de la Iglesia" (God's children). If the priest could not find a home for them they were put in an orfanage. There were many orfanages throughout Latin America administered by religious groups and supported with church members contributions.

The children of indigeneous families, who did not have surnames, were sometimes given a made up surname by the priest. Most of them had religious connotations, as you have noticed. Probably the most common were DE LA CRUZ, DE LA TRINIDAD and DE LOS REYES, to name a few. In very early records they were only given a first name. No surname. For example, a child could be "hijo de padre no conocido y de María Chichimeca, india". The same applies to people of African descent, who did not have surnames either. A typical case here would be "hijo de padre no conocido y de Juana Angola", negra esclava." or "hijo natural de María de la O., mulata libre" This immediately identifies Juana as a slave originally from Angola, West Africa. The surname Angola can still be found in Aguascalientes.

During the second half of the 17th century there were many marriages of "indios", "mestizos", "mulatos", and several other "castas" (coyotes, tresalvos, etc.) Many adopted a Spanish surname, either from their master (in the case of black slaves) or their employer (freed slaves, indians or "castas"). Some illegitimate children were given the surname of one of their parents. A classical example is Francisco Tiscareño, illegitimate child of Capt. Juan de Tiscareño and an unknown mother. Francisco Tiscareño, mestizo, hijo natural, was born before 1656. He married twice. Both of his wifes were mestizas, the first named María de Huerta aka María González, and the second Margarita Sánchez, aka Margarita Ramírez. He had children with both of them, and all carried the surname Tiscareño.

Capt. Juan Tiscareño had to legitimate wifes, both "españolas", the first one named Isabel Romo de Vivar and the second Juana de Orosco y Santa Cruz.

This is how the "mestizaje" started in Mexico. By the early 18th century there were many mestizos in Aguascalientes, Altos de Jalisco and Zacatecas. Today, there a very few families without at least one ancestor from the indigenous population. My indian ancestor is Petronila de Moctezuma. Unfortunately, it is difficult to find information about he early ones.

Bill Figueroa

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http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/Melungeon/2003-03/1047772146

following introductory lays the historic background for the tri-racial 

Melungeon theory, and additionally my "Angolan" or sub-Saharan West African subtext to the tri-racial theory, by presenting the surnames of the first Africans in tidewater American, and their relationship to the later families known as fpc, many of whom are to be found in several tri-racial communities. While Melungeons and each of these tri-racial communities are unique in some ways, they are similar in others. The Melungeon history is best presented with that of those groups with which it shares certain characteristics.

Starting in the 1600s Virginia and North Carolina, beginning during the generation of Pocahontas, John Smith and others at the founding of Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America-1607. Compiled from records found in Paul Heinegg's Free African Americans in Virginia and North Carolina:<A HREF="http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/">http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/</A>;

While names of the Virginia Africans were frequently changed to English, the names of Dutch Africans often di- rectly reflected their African past.

1639-1649 NEW YORK BAPTISMAL RECORDS OF ANGOLANS [includes parents, witnesses]

1639-Susanna D'Angola

1640-Samuel Angola, Isabel D'Angola, Emanuel van Angola, Lucie Van Angola

1641-Susanna Van Angola, Jacom Anthoney Van Angola, Cleyn Anthony Van Angola

1642-Susanna Simons Van Angola, Andrie Van Angola, Isabel Van Angola, Maria Van Angola, Emanuel Swager Van Angola, Andries Van Angola, Marie Van Angola

1643-Pallas-Negrinne Van Angola, Catharina Van Angola, Anthony Van Angola,

1644-Anthony Van Angola-Negers, Lucretie d'Angola- Negrinne

1645-Andries Van Angola, Mayken Van Angola

1646-Paulus Van Angola

1647-Marie Van Angola, Jan Van Angola-Neger

1648-Emanuel Angola

1649-Christyn Van Angola

Dutch New York Angolans and British Virginia Angolans ar- rived by the same conveyance in the 17th century; priva- teering men-o-war specializing in robbing Portuguese mer- chant slavers.

John Gowen of Virginia, an African who appeared in Virginia most Africans in Virginia were documented as coming from Angola and Kongo (northern Angola)was projected as born about 1615 according to Heinegg.

Before 1775, John Geaween, or Gowen's, descendants had married into the Angolan and mixed families of Ailstock, Bass, Chavis, Corn, Cumbo, Dungill, Findley, Hill, Jones, Locklear, Lucas, Matthews, Mason, Miner, Mills, Patter- son, Pompey, Stewart, Simmons, Singleton, Tyre, Webb and Wilson; many of whom can also be traced to the 17th cen- tury Virginia before perpetual slavery became the rule and before indentured servitude was forbidden to Africans. Most became fpc later.

•ID: I83559 •Name: Isabella VAN ANGOLA •Given Name: Isabella •Surname: van Angola 1 •Sex: F •Change Date: 19 JUN 2011 •Birth: 1640 1

Marriage 1 Cornelis CLAASEN b: 1640 in ____________, Utrecht, Netherlands Children 1. Claus Lambertsz CLAASEN b: __ ___ 16__ in ____________, ____________, South Africa 2. Gerrit Gerritse CLAASEN b: __ ___ 16__ in ____________, ____________, South Africa

Sources: 1.Title: Wells & Scott Genealogy (USA & South Africa), Url: wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=daw744 Abbrev: Wells & Scott Genealogy (USA & South Africa) Author: David Allen Wells

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=SHOW&db=carol_leatham&recno=105474

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/article7.htm

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Planters

William Henry Ross

http://regulations.delaware.gov/Tour/information/Governors/govs-16.shtml

Ross family

http://pagenweb.org/~bucks/BIOS_DAVIS/georgeross.html

http://www.spanglefish.com/SlavesandHighlanders/index.asp?pageid=164655

http://www.interment.net/data/us/al/lee/ross/index.htm http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brownandmeares/nc_plantations.htm

http://www.lexisnexis.com/documents/academic/upa_cis/2442_AnteBellSouthPlanSerJPt6.pdf

Gardner

http://obits.lehighvalleylive.com/obituaries/etpa/obituary.aspx?n=william-e-gardner&pid=151409340

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/f/r/i/Richard-Fritts/GENE5-0021.html

http://genforum.genealogy.com/bolling/messages/3465.html

Innes Family

http://www.tennkin.com/hist/innes_history.htm

Calverts

http://calvertgenealogy.net/baltimore/WILLIAM_CALVERT_ESQ_Planter_of_Somerst_County_MD_091127.pdf

http://www.kittybrewster.com/d.htm

Ennis

http://www.tedmrd.com/ENNIS/Ennis.htm

James Ennis

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thornhill_(Forkland,_Alabama)

Launceston

http://www.launcestonfamilyalbum.org.au/Controllerentity=page&command=details&aid=1030576&sid=1030017&p=2&keywords=k

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Jamaica

Good Book Sugar and Slaves--

http://uncpress.unc.edu/browse/page/308

Edward lucie -smith Edward Lucie-Smith was born in 1933 at Kingston, Jamaica. He moved to Britain in 1946, and was educated at King’s SchoolEdward Lucie-Smith belongs to a family that has lived in the West Indies since the 1620s. They were originally planters in Barbados, moved to Guiana (then called Demarara) and finally, c. 1800, to Jamaica and Trinidad. In Jamaica his forebears were all government officials – his father, Dudley Lucie-Smith, was Assistant Colonial Secretary in the pre-Independence Jamaican government. His mother was English and was the granddaughter of a member of the British parliament who was one of Wilberforce’s closest allies in the fight against the slave trade. http://nationalgalleryofjamaica.wordpress.com/2009/11/16/edward-lucie-smith-donates-sixty-one-photographs-to-the-ngj/

Dudley Lucie-Smith

John Barkly Lucie-Smith brother of Sir Alfred Van Lucie-Smith, The deceased gentleman would have been sixty three years of age if he had lived until the 22nd of June this year. He was brother of Sir Alfred Van Lucie-Smith, the present Chief Justice of Trinidad and F. W. Lucie-Smith the Manager of the Colonial Bank in Jamaica. He leaves a widow and three children. One of the latter is Mrs. Charley, wife of Inspector Charley of the Trelawny division of the Jamaica Constabulary. His two sons are Mr. John Dudley Lucie-Smith, a second-class clerk in the Colonial Secretary's Office: and Lieut. Euan Lucie-Smith, formerly of the Jamaica Militia Artillery, but at present in the first battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment. This officer left Jamaica in December last and, on reaching England was given a commission in the Regiment above referred to. He is now doing active service in Belgium, in the great European war. We must not omit to refer to the signal services rendered by the late Mr. J. B. Lucie-Smith in the Jamaica Militia Artillery. He joined that Corps many years ago and rose to the rank of Major, when he retired, commanding the Militia Artillery for a number of years It will be remembered that in 1896 he went to England in command of the Militia Contingent which represented Jamaica at the Diamond Jubilee of the late queen Victoria, The Good (and was complimented on the smart appearance of the militiamen whom he commanded. The funeral will leave Maryfield at 4.30 o'clock this afternoon for the Half-way Tree Parish Church and the remains of the late Postmaster-General will be interred at the cemetery adjoining the Church. The Cleaner tenders its sincere sympathy to the widow (who is a daughter of the late Hon. S. C. Burke) and family of the deceased gentleman.

http://www.jamaicaphilately.info/30_PostOffice/Jamaica_PO/Postmasters/1905_Lucie-Smith/Lucie-Smith.pdf

http://www.jamaicaphilately.info/30_PostOffice/Jamaica_PO/Postmasters/Postmasters%20of%20Jamaica.htm Name:LUCIE-SMITH, EUAN Initials:E Nationality:United Kingdom Rank:Lieutenant Regiment/Service:Royal Warwickshire Regiment Unit Text:1st Bn. Age:25 Date of Death:25/04/1915 Additional information:Son of John Barkly Lucie-Smith (Post Master General of Jamaica), and Katie Lucie-Smith, of Kingston, Jamaica. Born at St. Andrew, Jamaica. Casualty Type:Commonwealth War Dead Grave/Memorial Reference:Panel 2 and 3. Memorial:PLOEGSTEERT MEMORIAL

http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/CARIBBEAN/2010-06/1275752551

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peacefield The oldest portion of the house was built in 1731 by Leonard Vassall, a sugar-planter from Jamaica, and acquired by John and Abigail Adams in 1787 after its loyalist owners had abandoned Massachusetts during the Revolutionary War.

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West Indies

Barbados planters

http://www.barbados-beaches-plus.com/friendly-hall-plantation.html

http://www.barbados-beaches-plus.com/apes-hill-plantation.html

http://creolelinks.com/1913-barbados-plantation-owners-names.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_River_plantations

Jw http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/WALTERS/2008-07/1215679858

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England

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JAMAICANS IN AUSTRALIA

The following is a list of names extracted from "JAMAICANS IN THE AUSTRALIAN GOLD RUSHES." by Barry Higman, published in December 1976 in the Jamaica Journal Vol. 10 Nos. 2,3 & 4. [Reported here by kind permission of Professor Higman, February 27, 2004] The list of names appeared in "The Falmouth Post" on Friday, September 24, 1852.

The John Robinson a brig of 247 tons, sailed from Kingston on 19 September 1852 and arrived in Melbourne, Australia 18 February 1853. Those passengers named were: Robert C. Carr, merchant (represented the parish of St. David in the House of Assembly). Alexander McWhinney, merchant, + his wife, 3 children & 2 servants Whiteside McWhinney, clerk Edgar C. Blyth, accountant + his wife & servant (By late 1853, Alexander McWhinney & Edgar C. Blyth had established an ironmongery store in Melbourne). Miss Gibson Miss McMillan Gilbert Handasyde*, accountant + servant Alexander Handasyde*, accountant. (* these two had a brother William in Australia) Peter A. Chavannes, accountant -- Frank Garrigues, overseer -- Ralph Lowe, overseer -- John Hylton, gentleman -- John Masterman, druggist -- William Darrell, accountant -- Thomas Ford, gentleman -- John T. Ford, accountant -- P. L. Grant, overseer -- Thomas Edbury, overseer -- Henry Beresford, planter-- W. K. McLean, planter -- Mr. Calvert, architect, + his wife -- Miss Willis -- Dr. Sutherland-- Robert Gudeman, accountant -- Samuel Brown, accountant -- Mrs. William Garrigues & daughter -- Andrew Simpson, accountant -- James Watson, accountant -- Alexander Davidson, accountant -- David Lamont, planter -- B. C. Evans, accountant -- William Willock, overseer -- Thomas Shannon, merchant -- St. John H. Clement, proprietor -- R. A. Griffin, accountant -- Edwin Edwards, solicitor -- Alexander Henriques, accountant (Descendants have been located in Australia) William McNabb, storekeeper -- William Baugh, planter-- C. B. S. Hankin, planter -- H. T. Bains, storekeeper, + his wife -- 2 Misses Macnamarah -- William Chavannes, gentleman -- Henry Garrigues, planter -- Peter Simpson, planter --

Mentioned in the article as most probably a doctor, but whose name was not on the shipping list is: Joseph Phillips. He died in Melbourne 1856.

Another ship the Glentanner, 610 tons, sailed from Kingston 10 April 1853, arriving in Melbourne, Australia, 27 September 1853. It carried 151 passengers. The names of 41 are said to be known. The article gave the names of three: S. Q. Bell, member of the House of Assembly for St. John parish. Robert C. Thomson, merchant. (In Melbourne he met with another Jamaican merchant, A. Roxburgh). Captain McCulloch - he stayed 12 days in Melbourne and had returned to Jamaica by January 1854. He was "necessitated to return owing to the impossibility of finding any employment in Australia..."

In January 1854, John Mais, Ernest Mais, Winchester Mais, and H. Ryder Waldron, departed Kingston for Australia. No further information given.

Other persons named in the article were: Richard Holt, a "Jamaica black" who was transported to New South Wales, Australia, following the slave rebellion of 1831. In the 1850's he was working as a doctor's servant.

From other West Indian islands:

Tom Britt, negro from a "West Indies sugar plantation".

Peter Jackson, negro, born 1861 St. Croix. (His father, a seaman, jumped ship in Sydney and later brought he and his mother to Australia. His parents returned to St. Croix). Peter Jackson remained in Australia where he became a heavyweight boxing champion. He died in Roma, Queensland 1901 and was buried in the Toowong Cemetery, Brisbane.

James Williams, negro from Antigua, convict, transported for seven years in 1820. Hanged in Sydney in 1828 for stealing.

Billy Blue, negro West Indian. Died 1834 aged 97.

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http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/rbmscl/smithwm/inv/

William Smith Papers

M. Babington,

J. Barham,

Richard Bickell,

Henry Bright,

Richard Brodbelt,

Priscilla Buxton,

Thomas Powell Buxton,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Fowell_Buxton

http://www.pennyghael.org.uk/Buxton.pdf

Catherine Clarkson,

Thomas Coke,

Benjamin Cooper,

John Frederick Garling,

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/garling-frederick-2079

T. Gisborne,

Andrew Grant,

Robert Grosvenor,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._G._Grosvenor

George Hibbert,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Hibbert

John Horseman,

Robert Harry Inglis,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Harry_Inglis

John Longley,

Men Leith,

Zachary Macaulay,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zachary_Macaulay

James Muir,

J. Plymley,

D. Power,

William Rathbone, --

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Rathbone_VI

http://www.theathenaeum.org.uk/notables/page13.html

Gilbert Salton,

Philip Sansom,

John Scott,

B. Shank,

Granville Sharp,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granville_Sharp E. Sharpe,

James Stephen,

W. Villers,

Andrew Wedderborn,

James Weeker,

Barbara Ann Wilberforce,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbara_Spooner_Wilberforce

Robert I. Wilberforce,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Isaac_Wilberforce William Wilberforce,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wilberforce

John Wright,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wright_(businessman)

J. Yule.

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Ships

http://www.pdfgeni.com/book/Ship-Registry-pdf.html

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Irish Indies

By the 1630s, boatloads of servants regularly left Cork ports for the West Indies. 'Here', an English recruiting agent wrote from Kinsale in August 1636, 'all are inclined for St Christophers'. Women, he added, were 'readier to go than the men'. On Montserrat, seven of every 10 whites were Irish. at least six of the island's seventeenth-century governors were Irish. The census was commissioned by Sir William Stapleton of Thurlesbegg, County Tipperary, a former governor of Montserrat and then governor of the Leeward islands. Jamaica and the Leeward Islands - attracted Irish men and women in significant numbers. Many did not come voluntarily. In Irish history and folklore, some of these sunny islands evoke dark memories.Between 1650 and 1660, Oliver Cromwell's government used the West Indies as a dumping ground and penal colony. The victims of Cromwellian transportation ranged from political and military prisoners to anyone who might burden the public purse: orphans, widows and the unemployed. Although numerous English and Scottish subjects were deported, the harsh and often vindictive treatment of Irish exiles in Barbados has left a bitter historical residue. Deportation was only one part of the story. Irish men and women had been freely emigrating to the West Indies for at least a quarter century before the Cromwellian cruelties. As indentured servants, they contracted to work for a period, usually four or five years, in return for free passage and the promise of land or cash at the end of their term. Although the promises often went unfulfilled, the rumour that St Kitts paid £10 in 'freedom dues' proved irresistible. By the 1630s,

_____________________

American Powells

James Innes-- Find a grave --- http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=49778908

Pennsylvania Archives

http://www.archive.org/stream/pennsylvaniaser208harruoft/pennsylvaniaser208harruoft_djvu.txt

http://www.archive.org/stream/pennsylvaniaser208harruoft/pennsylvaniaser208harruoft_djvu.txt

fairfax co Papers

http://www.vahistorical.org/aamcvhs/AAG_f01.pdf

Add to graves

http://kenton-hardy.memory-of.com/Tributes.aspx?cpage=2

the Meadowrest Memorial Garden.

http://egbert-messam.gonetoosoon.org/

M- Carib roll of Honor

http://caribbeanrollofhonour-ww1-ww2.yolasite.com/bwir-m.php

Purim name

•Purim comes from Pur which means "casting lots" which is what Haman did to decide what day the Purim massacre would be on.Source: Esther 9:26 - Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name...

•What is purim about? Purim is celebrating on Adar 14. It is to thank Esther for saving the Jews when the evil Haman was trying to get everybody to get against the Jews and fight them on Adar the 14th.

•How did purim get its name? Purm (?????) is the hebrew word for lots. Haman drew lots to determine the date that the Jews would be exterminated, but instead he was executed on that date.

•What is Purim's month? The Jewish holiday of Purim falls in the Jewish month of Adar, which is February-March time according to the secular calendar. See http://www.answers.com/purim

Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_purim#ixzz1SLACoef7

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jewish G

http://www.archives.com/genealogy/family-heritage-jewish.html

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Pirates--

http://www.fiwiroots.com/portroyal/pirates.html

Africa Rulers People Kingdom

http://logicalthinker.tripod.com/africankings.html

http://www.africanholocaust.net/africanlegends.htm

hthttp://www.mrrudy.com/kingsandqueens.htmtp://www.africanholocaust.net/news_ ah/africa%20before%20slavery.htm

http://www.mrrudy.com/kingsandqueens.htm

________________

Slave Maps

http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/assessment/intro-maps.faces

http://slavevoyages.org/tast/database/methodology-15.faces

http://research.history.org/Historical_Research/Research_Themes/ThemeEnslave/SlaveTrade.cfm

http://www.nps.gov/ethnography/aah/aaheritage/histContextsD.htm

Yet, though most European nations and even north America had made slave trading illegal by 1830, the trade of slaves to the Americas flourished, reaching an estimated minimum of 1.5 million Africans imported between 1831 and 1867, of whom almost 400,000 went to Cuba. (2) After all, not all slave-trading nations had agreed to cease their participation and those who had agreed did not enforce their laws.

In 1841, the anti-slavery campaigner Lord Brougham

1840 the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (BFASS) published information on nine Cuban and Brazilian mines which revealed that the majority of their shareholders were British and that the mines 'employed' 3,325 enslaved Africans. (14) British companies insured the vessels involved in the slave trade and British bankers financed the expansion of Brazilian trade; (15) there was also British investment in 'supposedly Spanish or Portuguese owned ships'. (16) the main exporters of gunpowder from Liverpool was John Tobin, son of a prominent slave trader and married to the daughter of yet another slaver family, the Aspinalls. (12) (Saltpetre, the main ingredient for gunpowder, was imported from India by the East India Company, so it, too, was implicated in the trade in the enslaved.)

http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-3573013/Britain-the-slave-trade-and.html

Trans-Atlantic Act-http://academic.udayton.edu/race/02rights/slavery05.htm

Bank of America jp morgan 06

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aRCQp48f6z2k

Dec. 13 (Bloomberg) -- Bank of America Corp., JPMorgan Chase & Co., CSX Corp. and 12 other U.S. companies must defend claims they misled consumers by allegedly concealing their involvement in the 19th century American slave trade"

Jack Mansong three finger jack jamaia

History and Adventures Of that Famous Negro Robber, 3 Finger'd Jack, The Terror of Jamaica. Containing, Particulars of his Birth--Military Skill--His being appointed Commander in Chief of the Forces of the King of Kaarta, in Africa--great Battles--his astonishing Valour and Success--When sent to conclude a Peace was treacherously seized - sold to the captain of an English Slave Ship - taken to Jamaica, where he was sold to a Planter. His astonishing Fortitude under Slavery--procures an Obi (a Charm or system of Witchcraft) excites and heads an insurrection among the Blacks - are defeated - Jack retires to the Blue Mountains, from whence he bid Defiance, during the years 1780 and 1781, to the Civil and Military Powers of Jamaica, tho’ alone, and unaided by Associate or Accomplice--Several Exploits in the Blue Mountains - Loves of Orford and Rosa – Dreadful Battle--His Death, &c. 1806. Stirling: C. Randall.

24 pages. Almost identical to the 1804 edition published

trace some of the names of Afrikan people involved in the broad anti-slavery movement in Britain.

There is documented evidence of the involvement of Afrikan people such as Mary Prince, Olaudah Equiano, Ottobah Cuguano, Jonathan Strong, James Somerset, Joseph Knight, Ayuba Diallo, George Bridgewater, Ignatus Sancho, William Davison, Robert Wedderburn, Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, John Ystumllyn, William Cuffay and Julius Soubise. However, this list of names cannot do justice to either the volume or quality of activity that would have been forthcoming from the 20,000 strong Afrikan community based in Britain. It seems that their role has been played down by imperialist ‘historians’.

Some of the Afrikan people named here were involved in important anti- slavery court cases; others wrote and narrated their biographies http://mlyon01.wordpress.com/2007/04/10/how-was-the-british-slavery-abolished-not-by-william-wilberforce/

william smith papers--

http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/rbmscl/smithwm/inv/

James Wedderburn was a Scottish doctor and sugar planter working in Kingston Father

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Wedderburn_(radical)Son

http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/stoz/wedderburn2.html

looking for surnames by each
significant part of Jamaica's heritage is Jewish. Sephardic Jews fled from Spain and Portugal to escape the Inquisition, and remained in the island after the British drove out the Spanish in the mid-1600s. You can see this heritage in many Jamaican surnames. One of my great-grandmothers was a Miss Salomon, a distinctly Jewish name

slaves in Jamaica who were brought over from Africa each used only one name. They did not have surnames. The development of surnames for this group followed one of two paths

In a further effort to increase the white population of the island, when the emancipation of slaves became imminent the government brought into the island settlers from Germany. For the most part they were located in the hinterland, to provide them land, and to see whether they could become integrated to the population. Seaford Town, (in Westmoreland) was established in 1836, followed by other German settlements. Many families were located in the Dry Harbour Mountains of St. Ann.

The names of these French families then figure largely in the early Roman Catholic records for Kingston (see Roman Catholic)

Their first settlement in Jamaica was in 1530. These conversos or crypto-Jews could not openly revert to Judaism without being punished. When the English occupied Jamaica in 1655 these settlers were already there. The Portuguese welcomed the English. It was the intention of Venables to make good subjects of the Portuguese, but to remove the Spaniards.

Great bratain In 1655 the English, under the command of William Penn and Robert Venables, captured Jamaica from the Spanish who had had possession of the island from the time of its discovery by Christopher Columbus

http://www.sephardim.org/jamgen/

_____________________

Rev Marvin Caulk, SSG (Ret) Came up with these abbreviations, 7/14/2011 Update was made to the project to include:

Suffix for profiles

Each profile should be labled with a suffix so anyone looking at it they can tell who's who.

These should be understood as (not in order)

CSA - Confederate States Of America

USA - U.S. Army

USN - U.S. Navy

USMC - U.S. Marine Corps

U.S. - U.S. Deplomat (I.E. Senator from The Territory of Michigan, Secretary of War, Journalist Etc)

BRN - Britsh Royal Navy

BA - British Army

BRM - British Royal Marines

_________________

notes

First slave Auction1655 new amsterdam

massaschus slave holding col of new england1624-1629 samuel mavrck frst slave holder 2 negro , john winthrop1630 indians sent to west indies exchange for african slaves1638, selling blacks in virginia1678, puritans exchage blacks,connecticut1680, rhode island1696,

William Spencer settled in Jamestowne as a farmer and in 1618 he was given a land grant on Jamestowne Island by order of the London Company, with all the privileges duly associated with the same. As a result of this first land grant, anient planterhttp://www.lucas-family.org/ws/

http://jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/gazet01.htm

JA planters

ancient planter virginia 1616 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_planter

Giles Allington-- William Andrews-- William Askew-- Henry Bagwell-- Thomas Bagwell-- William Baker-- John Barnum-- William Bayley-- Thomas Baywell-- Mary Beheathland -- Robert Beheathland -- Theophilus Beriston -- Richard Biggs -- Richard Birchett

John Blore (Blower) --

Reynold Booth -- Mary Bouldin(g) -- Thomas Bouldinge -- William Bouldin -- Richard Boulton --- John Boxe -- Cheney Boyse -- Richard Brewster -- John Brewer -- Rev. Richard Buck --- William Burditt -- John Burrows -- William Capps -- Thomas Carter-- Nathaniel Cawsey -- Thomasine Cawsey -- Isack Chaplaine -- Frances Chapman -- William Claiborne -- John Chandler -- Edward Clarke -- Pettiplace Clause -- Ann Clay(e) -- John Clay(e) -- Joseph Cobb -- Francis Cole -- Susan Collins -- Henry Coltman -- William Coxe -- Captain Raleigh Croshaw --- Capt. James Davis -- Rachel Davis -- Henry Dawkes-- Adam Dixon --- John Dods -- John Downeman -- Thomas Dowse -- Elizabeth Dunthorne -- Clement Evand -- Margery Fairfax-- William Fairefax-- Thomas Farmer-- Cecily Jordan Farrar --- Robert Fisher --- Mary Beheathland Flinton --- Joanne Flinton -- John Flood -- William Gany -- Thomas Garnett -- Sir Thomas Gates -- Thomas Godby -- Thomas Graves -- Thomas Gray-- Robert Greenleaf -- Susan Greenleaf -- Edward Grendon -- John Gundry-- Mary Gundry -- Edward Gurgany -- Adria Harris -- Thomas Harris -- John Hatton -- Walter Heyley -- Nicholas Hodgskines -- Bartholomew Hospkins -- Oliver Jenkines -- John Johnson -- Elizabeth Joones-- Samuel Jordan -- William Julian -- Martha Key(Keie) -- Thomas Key(Keie) -- Richard Kingsmill -- Thomas Lane --- William Lansden--- Anne Burras Laydon -- John Laydon -- John Lightfoote -- Albino Lupo-- Elizabeth Lupo-- Francis Mason -- Cornelius Maye-- William Morgan -- Susan Old -- Isabella Pace -- Richard Pace --- William Parker -- Robert Partin -- Francis Paul-- William Perry -- William Pierce -- Abraham Piersey-- John Poole -- Robert Poole, Sr --. Robert Poole, Jr.-- John Powell -- William Powell-- John Price -- Miles Prickett -- John Proctor -- John Rolfe --- Christopher Safford --- Robert Salford --- Joane Salford --- Thomas Savage -- Sameul Sharpe -- William Sharpe -- John Sleight -- John Smith --- William Sparkes William Spencer Thomas Spilman Thomas Stepney Thomas Sully Robert Sweet John Taylor Richard Taylor Thomas Thornbury Henry Tucker William Tucker Henry Turner Thomas Turner John Ward Edward Waters William Waters Ameyle Wayne(Waine) Francis West Temperance Flowerdew Yardley West Henry Williams Thomas Willoughby -- John Woodliffe -- Robert Wright -- Sir George Yeardley-- Richard Yonge

http://www.ancientplanters.org/list.htm

Descendants of ancient planters http://www.suite101.com/content/society-for-descendants-of-first-virginians-a108815

Williams

http://jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/acts.htm

CO139/34 (372) Mary Williams, Elizabeth Williams, Janet Williams, Charlotte Williams, Margaret Williams, Catherine Williams, Sarah, Williams John Williams, Thomas Williams, George Williams, John Russell Williams reputed children of John Williams esq of the parish of St Anne’s, 27.11.1777

CO139/37d (534) John, Benjamin, Thomas, William Charlton, Eleanor and Elizabeth Candy White, the reputed children of Benjamin White gentleman late of the parish of St Catherine, by Jane McDonald a free negroe woman. 19.12.1782

CO139/38 (563) Anne Williams, Catherine Williams, Sarah Williams, Eleanor Williams, Elizabeth Williams, Thomas Williams, Martin Williams and George Williams reputed children of Martin Williams esq of the parish of St James by Eleanor Williams a free negro woman, 16.12.1783 CO139/38 (564) Patrick Duncan, Edmund Duncan, Sarah Duncan reputed children by Patrick Duncan, planter by Sarah Gray a free mulatto woman, 16.12.1783 (St Ann)

book of passenger immigrant list 1607-1776 englisg surname

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~englishsurname/EP_data/us/immigration/lists_1538-1940.htm

barbados article on slavery like-- http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brbwgw/ArticleSlavery18thCentury.htm

Ancient planters family--

http://espl-genealogy.org/MilesFiles/ui14.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Capps

http://espl-genealogy.org/MilesFiles/index.htm http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/s/c/h/John-K-Schlosser/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0061.html

African studies l.Africa to Brazil traces the flows of enslaved Africans from identifiable points in the broad region of Africa called Upper Guinea to Amazonia, Brazil. These two regions, though separated by an ocean, were made one by a slave route. Walter Hawthorne considers why planters in Amazonia wanted African slaves

the Songhoy as a wholly Muslim society. The legacy of the Songhoy Empire, Maiga argues, is as a model of African integration through its administrative http://www.powells.com/biblio?isbn=9780521764094

Barbaos slavery

Moving here records of Colonial Office good for caribbean genealogy

Surviving records of the Colonial Office have been transferred to the National Archives into CO series (until 1967) and FCO series (from 1967).

Records of colonial governments, which may include copies of reports and correspondence sent to, or from, the Colonial Office may be found in the archives of the relevant country. In the case of dependencies, the Leeward Islands, Windward Islands, and the Federation of the West Indies records may be found in the archives of the country where the governor was based.

Halifax County Slaveholders http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ajac/vahalifax.htm

The records of the Colonial Office relating to the Caribbean are arranged by country and then according to the type of document:

original correspondence entry books acts sessional papers government gazettes miscellanea (newspapers, Blue Books of Statistics and naval office returns) registers of correspondence registers of out-letters

http://www.movinghere.org.uk/galleries/roots/caribbean/onepeople/colonialoffice.htm#

Powell in Jamestown http://www.genforum.familytreemaker.com/powell/messages/11958.html

Ware records http://members.cox.net/wdegidio/ware/WareRecords.htm

Barbados

1625– 1627 Courteen dispatched a second envoy from England, led by Captain Henry Powell (brother of John Powell), on the ship known as the William and John.

1834 Samuel Jackman Prescod becomes the first person of (partial) African descent to be elected to Parliament.

History of American Religion

http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm February 05, 1631 Roger Williams first arrived in North America. He would soon question the rigid religious policies in the Massachusetts colony, leading to his being banished to Rhode Island five years later. There he would create the first Baptist church in America April 12, 1787 Richard Allen, the first black ordained in the first Methodist Episcopal Church, founded the Free African Society.

February 29, 1692 The Salem Witch Trials began when Tituba, the female slave of the Reverend Samuel Parris, Sarah Goode, and Sarah Osborne were all arrested and accused of witchcraft. March 01, 1692 The Salem Witch Trials in the Massachusetts colony were officially launched with the conviction of Tituba, the West Indian slave of Rev. Samuel Parris. June 10, 1692 Bridget Bishop became the first of twenty people executed for witchcraft during the Salem Witch Trials.

 

March 24, 1664 Roger Williams was granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island

1850 census

http://files.usgwarchives.org/la/desoto/census/1850/1850census.txt

Parham 1850 census--

http://sciway3.net/proctor/marlboro/census/1850/50idx_P.html

http://www.us-census.org/image-index/ga/oglethorpe/1850/p-r.htm

http://www.arkansasties.com/People/ParhamRichard.htm

Slavery timeline

http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/chrono2.htm

list of Pirate -very good

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pirates

Africa Explorers

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/africa.shtml

smythe family

http://www.trinity-aloha.org/smith/

Ancient Planter William Morgan

http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?Hampton,City::va::30012.html

Immigrant Foster

http://www.drbgfoster.com/imm.asp

Ensign Thomas Savage

http://espl-genealogy.org/MilesFiles/ui36.htm

Miles

http://espl-genealogy.org/MilesFiles/p585.htm

Richard pace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Pace_(Jamestown)

Samuel Jordan

Goodman

http://goodmanhistory.com/america.html

William Williamson

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/26.286

Text of Planter VA

http://www.archive.org/stream/plantersofcoloni00wert/plantersofcoloni00wert_djvu.txt

Col argoll Yeardly--

http://arlisherring.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I003208&tree=Herring

rev samuel maycock--

http://www.pacefamilyhistory.info/lines/fact0009.htm

Richard Pace -


thomas drew

George Pace

thomas douglas

capt jordan

edwrd woodlef

john smith

http://www.genfan.com/getperson.php?personID=I32642&tree=MASTER

http://arlisherring.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I003208&tree=Herring

Capt Edward walters

http://www.gurganus.org/ourfamily/browse.cfm?recent=y&pid=160243

http://www.eardley.org/letters/robertf/robertfrancis4.htm

___________

Annapolis, Maryland, a Black slave living in the home of a prominent Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence buried in a dark corner of a basement workshop a collection of quartz crystals, polished stones, bone disks, and pierced coins .

No one knows for sure the identity of the slave or why he or she buried these treasures beneath the home of Charles Carroll of Carrollton. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000185 _________

A recently discovered historical document indicates that the African population of Virginia during the Virginia Company period (1607-1624) was larger and more widely dispersed geographically than previously had been thought. The first Africans known to have arrived in Virginia came in August or September, 1619, and numbered "20 and odd". They were purchased by George Yeardley http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/George_Yeardley and Abraham Piersey http://xpda.com/family/default.htm?page=Piersey-Abraham-ind02069.htm, who both lived in Jamestown, then Virginia's capital. However, a new group of Virginia Company records discovered by Dr. David Ransome contains an official muster or census of the Virginia colony for March, 1619/1620. This document reads in part:

Others not Christians in the service of the English

Indians in the service of several planters 4 Negroes in the service of several planters 32 negro men 15 negro women 17

taken from a microfilm copy of the Ferrar papers compiled by David Ransome (Item 159, Ferrar Papers, Magdalene College, Cambridge, Microfilm Academic Publishers) The muster shows that in March, 1620, only seven months after the "first" Africans arrived, Africans constituted 3.3 percent of all non-Indians in Virginia and that they were living at multiple locations in the colony. Since the total number of late Company period sites in Virginia is not very large, the odds of encountering traces of these early Africans during archaeological field work are high enough to merit some serious attention. Archaeologists should keep the possibility of an African presence in mind whenever they encounter an early seventeenth-century site in Virginia

_____________ The indentured servant received their passage to Virginia and at the completion of service received:

A tract of land equal to at least twenty-five acres. Enough corn to last for twelve months. A house newly erected. A cow valued at forty shillings. Armor for protection against Indians. Implements and tools. Two sets of wearing apparel: A suit of kersey and a suit of cotton. One pair of canvas drawers. One canvas and One lockram shirt. One felt hat. One gun and 1 years supply of ammunition.

An indentured servant, George Aslop wrote his family in England of the life of an indentured servant in Virginia.

" The indentured Servants of this Colony (Virginia), which are stigmatized as slaves by the clabber mouth jaws of the vulgar in England, live more like Freemen here than most Mechanic Apprentices in London, wanting for nothing that is convenient or necessary and accordingly are extraordinarily well used and respected."

In return for sponsoring an indentured servant, the master received a headright of 50 acres per servant.

Captain John Powell

of the pirate ship''' 'Hopewell',''' and '''John Colyn Jope of Cornwall''' who privateered under a Dutch marque. 

Another buccaneer bartering with Virginians was Captain Arthur Guy of the ship 'Fortune' who traded "many Negroes" he had taken from a Portuguese ship in Luanda, Angola. Captain Daniel Elfrith of the man-o-war "Treasurer" also preyed on Iberian slavers, as did Samuel Axe in the 1630s in the employ of the Providence Island Company, owned by Warwick and Pym.

 

__________

others of interest

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC378623/

Planters family and history

Daniel williams

http://www.goodmanhistory.com/gendb/getperson.php?personID=I1985&tree=rgoodman

http://www.e-familytree.net/F208/F208533.htm

Banker for planters

http://lfeldhaus.tripod.com/holthousefamilygenealogy/id10.html

dr benjamin f williams

http://www.ncgenweb.us/greene/files/news-williamsbf1897.htm

brooks and williams

http://brooksandwilliams.wordpress.com/category/family-names/williams/page/2/

http://www.geni.com/projects/Ancient-Planter-Henry-Williams-Family/edit

Abigail williams

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carolines/williams.htm

samuel williams

http://www.andyblackard.com/HTML/EarlyBlackardNeighborhoods/SamuelWilliams.html

pan african

http://www.questia.com/read/108343838?title=Henry%20Sylvester%20Williams

http://www.questia.com/read/108343838?title=Henry%20Sylvester%20Williams

henry wiiliams

http://www.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/h/Harrington,Henry_William.html

rev joseph williams

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/b/u/t/Owen-H-Butler/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0590.htm

william williams

lhttp://www.ushistory.org/declaration/signers/williams.htm

john williams

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/h/a/r/Janet-L-Harrell/GENE16-0013.html

combs

http://www.combs-families.org/combs/records/va/henry.htm

mc alpine

http://ngb.chebucto.org/M1870/70-petty-hbr-sjw.shtml

WILLIAMS Benjamin Fisherman WILLIAMS Charles Planter WILLIAMS Jeremiah Fisherman WILLIAMS John Fisherman WILLIAMS John Planter WILLIAMS Philip Planter WILLIAMS Philip F. Planter WILLIAMS Richard Fisherman WILLIAMS Thomas Fisherman WILLIAMS Thomas Jun Farmer WILLIAMS Thomas Planter WILLIAMS Valentine Planter

Famous south African-

Tatamkhulu Afrika

http://business.highbeam.com/2106/article-1G1-151844689/mother-missus-mate-bisexuality-tatamkhulu-afrika-mr

http://ocs.sfu.ca/aclals/viewpaper.php?id=294&print=1

Caribean Air crew Photos--

http://www.caribbeanaircrew-ww2.com/?cat=9

http://ocs.sfu.ca/aclals/viewpaper.php?id=294&print=http://www.caribbeanaircrew-ww2.com/?p=15

http://connect.in.com/jamaica-observer/photos-1-1-1-d710c51cf46b74c6f7c7f7ba2a193d0f.html