Old families of Lancashire
This project will include profiles of and lists of families living in Lancashire pre 1600. This project is included in "History Link" so for better results, please add profiles :)
GARDNER A form of Gardiner an occupational name from the Middle English and Old Northern French word 'gard' meaning enclosure. A cultivator of edible produce not flowers. French form is Jardinier. Italian form Giardinaro. Portuguese form Jardim. German form Gartner and Lower German form is Gardner.
PARKINSON A form of Parkin. A Middle English name from Perkin, a diminutive of Peter with the suffix -kin. Parkinson is more common in Lancashire
PRESTON: A North English habitation name notably in Lancashire. It is from the Old English 'preost' meaning priest + 'tun' meaning enclosure. i.e. village with priest or village held by the church.
RIDING Old English Ryding. Lancashire spellings Rid(d)ing or Ryding(s). It was either a topographical name for someone who lived in a clearing or from the West Riding of Yorkshire.
ROBINSON From Robin, a medieval name that is a diminutive of Robert. Variant spellings are Robbins, (Scots) McRobin, (Welsh) Probin and Broben and (French) Roubineau.
SINGLETON From Lancashire, Old English scingel meaning shingle plus tun meaning enclosure or settlement. Bearers of this surname are descended from Ughtred de Sinleton, who held land in Amounderness Lancashire in 1160-1195.
STANDING A form of Standen, which is a habitation name from Berskhire, Lancashire and Wiltshire. From the Old English 'stan' meaning stone + ' denu' meaning valley or 'dun' hill. Standing is more common in Sussex and Lancashire, where it is a place name.
THORNTON English and Scots habitation name from numerous places. From the Old English 'porn' meaning thorn bush + 'tun' meaning enclosure.
DE SHOTILWORTH became SHUTTLEWORTH
DE LA LEGH
The family of Birtwisle probably descended from the Reyner of 1209. In 1253–4 John son of Reyner son of Ralph called upon John son of Eudo de Lungvilers to observe the conditions of the fine of 1209. John de Birtwisle, possibly the same, claimed land in Birtwisle against Henry de Lacy Earl of Lincoln, whose defence was that Birtwisle was neither town nor borough, but only a hamlet in Hapton, which the plaintiff could not gainsay. It is not possible to trace the various branches clearly. One part of the estate was sold to John de Towneley in 1394 by Nicholas de Kighley and Joan his wife, she being a daughter of Adam son of Gilbert de Birtwisle. Adam de Birtwisle had in 1353 claimed an oxgang of land in Hapton against Henry son of John de Lacy. In 1397–8 the feoffees regranted to John de Towneley various manors, &c., including that part of the manor of Birtwisle which had belonged to Adam de Birtwisle and that part which had belonged to Henry de Lacy. Nicholas Towneley and Richard Birtwisle were landowners in Hapton in 1524.
Ref: British History