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Original Planters: Guilford, Connecticut, 1639

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  • Frances Bushnell II (c.1580 - 1646)
    I. William BUSHNELL, Sr - b 1434; m Joan ???; Ch were: 1. William BUSHNELL- b abt 1466 (see below) II. William BUSHNELL, Jr - b abt 1466; Ch were: 1. John BUSHNELL- B ABT 1492 (see below) III. John...
  • Reverend Henry Whitfield (1590 - 1657)
    Rev. Henry Whitfield was born in England about 1590. He was ordained a minister of the Church of England in 1618. That same year he married Dorothy Sheafe. They had 9 children. The Henry Whitfield Ho...
  • Samuel Desborough, Esq. (1619 - 1690)
    Samuel Desborough Birth: November 1619 - Eltisley, Cambridgeshire, England Death: 10 December 1690 - Eltisley, Cambridgeshire, England Parents: James Desborough of Eltisley, Cambridgeshire; Eli...
  • John Bishop, of Guilford (1590 - 1661)
    John Bishop Birth: baptized 3 January 1590 - Ipswich, Suffolk, England (documentation needed) (also seen as Neen Savage, Shropshire) Death: Feb 1661 - Guilford, New Haven, Connecticut Parents: ...
  • Isaac Cruttenden (c.1643 - 1684)
    Issac's father, Abraham, was one of the original planters who founded Guilford, Connecticut. Isaac was one of the first children born in Guilford, which was settled in 1639.

The first settlers of Guilford, Connecticut came to America as passengers on the Saint John. The company of settlers on the Saint John was led by the Reverend Henry Whitfield, who had been the rector of St. Margaret's at Ockley in Surrey since 1616.

They sailed from England on 20 May 1639 under the command of a Captain Richard Russell, and arrived at New Haven (then Quinnipac), Connecticut, between the 10th and 15th of July 1639.

While still at sea the settlers organized a single communal plantation; this was outlined in a document now known as the Plantation Covenant. It was signed by twenty five men.

Guilford, CT Plantation Covenant

We whose names are herein written, intending by God's gracious permission, to plant ourselves in New England, and if it may be in the southerly part, about Quinpisac [Quinnipiac, later named New Haven], we do faithfully promise each for ourselves and families and those that belong to us, that we will, the Lord assisting us, sit down and join ourselves together in one entire plantation and to be helpful to the other in any common work, according to every man's ability and as need shall require, and we promise not to desert or leave each other on the plantation but with the consent of the rest, or the greater part of the company, who have entered into this engagement.

As for our gathering together into a church way and the choice officers and members to be joined together in that way, we do refer ourselves until such time as it shall please God to settle us in our plantation.

In witness whereof we subscribe our hands, this first day of June 1639.

  1. Robert Bickell/Richell
  2. Abraham Crittenden
  3. John Housingsoe
  4. John Mepham
  5. Wm. Plane
  6. John Bishop
  7. Wm. Crittenden
  8. Thomas Joanes
  9. Thomas Naish
  10. John Stone
  11. Francis Bushnell
  12. Henry Doude
  13. John Jurden
  14. William Noble
  15. Wm. Stone
  16. Francis Chatfield
  17. William Dudley
  18. Henry Kingstone
  19. John Norton
  20. Richd. Sutridge
  21. Thomas Cooke
  22. John Hoadley
  23. Wm. Leete
  24. John Parmarly
  25. Rev. Henry Whitfield

The names of the Guilford settlers that came to New Haven in the second ship in July, 1639, are believed to be as follows:

  1. Francis Austin
  2. George Bartlett
  3. Edward Benton
  4. Samuel Blachley
  5. William Boreman
  6. Richard Bristow
  7. Alexander Chalker
  8. John Caffinch, rem. to N.H.
  9. Samuel Desborough
  10. Thomas Dunk
  11. Thomas French
  12. George Highland
  13. John Johnson
  14. John Linsley
  15. Thomas Mills
  16. Thomas Reif
  17. John Scranton
  18. John Sheader or Sheather
  19. Jacob Sheafe
  20. William Somers
  21. John Stevens
  22. Edward Seward
  23. Jasper Stillwell
  24. Benjamin Wright



  • HISTORY of THE COLONY OF NEW HAVEN To its absorption into CONNECTICUT by Edward E. Atwater with Supplementary History and Personnel of the Towns of Branford, Guilford, Milford, Stratford, Norwalk, Southold, etc. compiled by Robert Atwater Smith assisted by Bessie E. Beach and Lucy M. Hewitt Meriden, Conn. The Journal Publishing Company, 1902