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President pro tempore of the United States Senate

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  • Walter F. George, U.S. Senator (1878 - 1957)
    Walter Franklin George (January 29, 1878 – August 4, 1957) was an American politician from the state of Georgia. He was a long-time Democratic United States Senator and was President pro tempo...
  • Patrick Leahy, U.S. Senator
    Patrick Joseph Leahy ( born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont, in office since 1975. A member of the Democratic Party, Leahy has been the President pro tempore of the Uni...
  • Jacob H. Gallinger, U.S. Senator (1837 - 1918)
    Jacob Harold Gallinger (March 28, 1837 – August 17, 1918), was a United States Senator from New Hampshire who served as President pro tempore of the Senate in 1912 and 1913. Biography Born...
  • Daniel // 井上 建 Ken Inouye, 2LT, President pro tempore (1924 - 2012)
    Daniel Ken "Dan" Inouye (pronounced /ɨˈnoʊweɪ/, Japanese: 井上 建, Inoue Ken; September 7, 1924 – December 17, 2012) was the senior United States Se...
  • Ted Stevens, U.S. Senator (1923 - 2010)
    Theodore Fulton "Ted" Stevens, Sr. (November 18, 1923 – August 9, 2010) was a United States Senator from Alaska, serving from December 24, 1968, until January 3, 2009, and thus the longest-ser...

President pro tempore of the United States Senate

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_pro_tempore_of_the_United_States_Senate

The President pro tempore (/ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəriː/ or /ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəreɪ/), also president pro tem, is the second-highest-ranking official of the United States Senate. The United States Constitution states that the Vice President of the United States is the President of the Senate, despite not being a senator, and that the Senate must choose a president pro tempore. Since 1890, the most senior senator in the majority party has generally been chosen to be president pro tempore; this tradition has been observed without interruption since 1949.

During the Vice President's absence, the president pro tempore is empowered to preside over Senate sessions. In practice, neither the Vice President nor the President pro tempore usually presides; instead, the duty of presiding officer is rotated among junior senators of the majority party to give them experience in parliamentary procedure.

The president pro tempore is third in the line of succession to the presidency, after the Vice President and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Following the death of Daniel Inouye on December 17, 2012, Patrick Leahy, a Democrat and senior senator from Vermont, was elected to the position by unanimous consent.

List of Presidents pro tempore of the United States Senate

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_pro_tempore_of_the_United_States_Senate#List_of_Presidents_pro_tempore_of_the_United_States_Senate