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Queen & Honours~ those who said 'No'

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Refused honours: who were the people who said no?

The author the Queen, according to official government records.

A list of those who declined an honour between 1951 and 1999, and who have since died, has been published for the first time.

Until now, the information was so secret it was not included in official papers released under the 30-year rule.

It has been made public following a BBC Freedom of Information request.

News of people refusing an OBE, CBE or knighthood in the annual New Year or Birthday Honours list normally only comes to light if they volunteer the information themselves or reports are leaked.

In total 277 people are named on the list including the painters Francis Bacon and LS Lowry, the sculptor Henry Moore and novelist Aldous Huxley.

It shows that Lowry turned down more honours than anybody else, with a total of five, including an OBE in 1955, a CBE in 1961 and a knighthood in 1968.

A number of Roald Dahl's children's books have been made into films Bacon turned down a CBE in 1960, while Freud refused the honour in the 1977 New Year's Honours list.

'Preposterous charade' Dahl, who rejected an OBE in 1986, was among a number of writers who snubbed the accolade including CS Lewis, who turned down a CBE in 1952.

Film director Sir Alfred Hitchcock turned down a CBE in 1962, but went on to accept a knighthood from the Queen four months before his death in 1980.

Others who said thanks but no thanks


  • Actor Trevor Howard, star of Brief Encounter, turned down a CBE in 1982
  • Actor Robert Morley accepted an OBE in 1957 but rejected a knighthood in 1975

  • Playwright JB Priestley said no to a life peerage in 1965 and a Companion of Honour invitation in 1969

  • Brideshead Revisited author Evelyn Waugh turned down a CBE in 1959

  • Poet Robert Graves rejected both a CBE in 1957 and an invitation to become a Companion of Honour in 1984

  • Philip Larkin, a winner of the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry, said no to an OBE in 1968

  • Labour prime minister Jim Callaghan's wife Audrey refused an offer to be made a Dame in 1979

More on this 'alternative honours list'

The Cabinet Office had been fighting the Freedom of Information request for more than a year but was ordered to release the information by the Information Commissioner's Office.

In the past a number of famous people have rejected or returned honours bestowed upon them by the monarch.

Beatles legend John Lennon returned his MBE in 1969, with a note to the Queen saying: "Your Majesty, I am returning this in protest against Britain's involvement in the Nigeria-Biafra thing, against our support of America in Vietnam and against Cold Turkey slipping down the charts.

"With Love, John Lennon of Bag."

In 2007, co-founder of lingerie brand Agent Provocateur Joseph Corre also rejected the title, accusing Tony Blair of being "morally corrupt".

Writer J G Ballard, who also rejected a CBE, is on record as saying he was opposed to the "preposterous charade" of the honours system.

Honours have sometimes been forfeited when a recipient was convicted of a criminal offence.

The film director Alfred Hitchcock turned down a CBE but accepted a knighthood from the Queen That list includes Irish-born colonial officer Roger Casement, who was convicted of treason for aiding those involved in Ireland's 1916 Easter Rising and executed.

The publication of the list comes as senior civil servants are due to decide whether ex-Royal Bank of Scotland boss Sir Fred Goodwin should be stripped of his knighthood.

The work of the Honours Forfeiture Committee is usually kept under wraps but David Cameron told MPs on Wednesday he expected it to sit in the coming days.

Political pressure has been mounting for the title awarded to Sir Fred in 2004 for "services to banking" to be withdrawn over his role in the subsequent collapse of RBS.

277 people said no to the honours list.

Here is the full list -

Kingdom

  • In 1657, Oliver Cromwell, already Head of State and Head of Government, was offered the crown by Parliament as part of a revised constitutional settlement; he had been "instrumental" in abolishing the monarchy after the English Civil War. Cromwell agonised for six weeks over the offer. In a speech on 13 April 1657, he gave his opinion that the office of monarch, once abolished, should stay so: "I would not seek to set up that which Providence hath destroyed and laid in the dust, and I would not build Jericho again."[7]

Dukedom

  • Sir Winston Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, PC (Can), FRS, statesman and Prime Minister, was offered the Dukedom of London, but declined in order to remain in the House of Commons, and to allow his son Randolph a political career; Randolph died only three years after his father, so the dukedom would have had little time to affect his career as he had already been out of the Commons for ten years. In any case Churchill had a low opinion of the House of Lords and had no interest in being in it.[citation needed]
  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS, statesman and Prime Minister (in 1880; had previously accepted the Earldom of Beaconsfield)[8]
  • Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, KG, PC, FRS, statesman (1857)
  • Robert Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, KG, GCVO, PC, statesman and Prime Minister in 1886[9] and 1892[citation needed] and possibly in 1901[10] – citing the prohibitive cost of the lifestyle that dukes were expected to maintain[citation needed]. According to Scribner's Magazine in 1900, "It is true that the Marquis of Salisbury might have been a Duke if he had not regarded his marquisate as a prouder title than a new dukedom could furnish."[11]
  • Prince Louis of Battenberg (in 1917 during the First World War, when he was forced to renounce his German title. Offered a dukedom by George V, but declined as he could not afford the lavish lifestyle expected of a duke; accepted the marquessate of Milford Haven instead.)[12]

Marquessate

Earldom

Viscountcy

  • Charles Booth, disenchanted with politics, declined Gladstone's overtures; created a Privy Councillor by Balfour in 1904
  • John Grigg, 2nd Baron Altrincham, writer, historian and politician[why?][when?]
  • Arthur Henderson, declined offer of peerage by Ramsay MacDonald in 1931 (MacDonald wanted to remove a rival for Labour Party leadership.)
  • John Henry Whitley, retiring Speaker of the House of Commons (in 1928).

Barony

  • George Macaulay Booth, Director of the Bank of England; declined Lloyd George's offer.
  • Leonard Elmhirst, philanthropist, agriculturalist and educationist; declined Clement Attlee's offer in 1946, replying "My own work, however, as you know, has lain in the main among country people ... in India, the USA and in Devonshire ... acceptance would neither be easy for me to explain nor easy for my friends to comprehend".[16]
  • Sir Thomas Holderness, retiring Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India, refused in 1920 on financial grounds, [clarification needed] although he accepted a baronetcy.[17]
  • Sir Alan Lascelles, Private Secretary to the Sovereign; declined in 1953 as he felt titles to be a show of self-importance.[18]
  • T.P. O'Connor, journalist and Irish Nationalist MP 1880–1929, declined the offer from Lloyd George.

Life peerage (barony)

  • Sir Isaiah Berlin, OM, philosopher (in 1980)[2]
  • Tony Blair, former Prime Minister. Also refused appointments to the Order of the Garter and the Order of the Thistle (in 2007)[19]
  • Albert Booth, Labour MP and Secretary of State for Employment 1974–79, declined peerage on democratic and socialist grounds.
  • Gordon Brown, former Prime Minister
  • Charles Clarke, Labour MP and Cabinet minister
  • John Cleese, Film and television actor, comedian (in 1999; stated that he "did not wish to spend winters in England"; and being a peer would be "ridiculous"; had previously declined appointment as CBE in 1996)[20]
  • Jean Floud, educational sociologist, Principal Newnham College, Cambridge, declined a peerage (in 1978)
  • Michael Foot, Labour Party leader 1980–83
  • John Freeman, Labour MP, journalist, diplomat, business executive.
  • Geoffrey Goodman, journalist, industrial correspondent; declined peerage in the mid-1970s[21]
  • James Griffiths, Labour MP, Secretary of State for Wales, 1964–70[citation needed]
  • Sir Edward Heath, former Prime Minister. Preferred to retain seat as an MP, he personally disapproved of political honours while realizing their usefulness as a source of political patronage
  • Arthur Holt, Liberal MP (1951–64) declined offer of a life peerage in 1967
  • Ludovic Kennedy, author, journalist and broadcaster, declined offer of life peerage from Liberals in 1967 as he was intending to join the SNP. (Later accepted a KBE.)
  • Sir John Major, KG, CH, outgoing Prime Minister (in 2001 as he thought a seat in the Lords was incompatible with retiring from politics; he later accepted appointment as KG)[22]
  • Bruce Millan, MP, Labour Secretary of State for Scotland (1976–79); EU Commissioner for Regional Development[when?]
  • Cormac Cardinal Murphy-O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop Emeritus of Westminster (in 2009; reportedly on advice from the Holy See for pro-republican sympathies)[citation needed]
  • Frank Pick, Chief Executive of London Transport in the 1930s
  • J. B. Priestley, author (in 1965)[23]
  • Norman Willis, General Secretary TUC from 1984–93[when?]
  • George Woodcock, General Secretary TUC, declined a peerage in 1970 as being incompatible with democratic socialism
  • Thomas Jackson, trade union leader, 1979 [24]
  • Jack Jones, trade union leader, on several occasions, as he advocated the abolition of the House of Lords [25]

As a part of the House of Lords reform in 1999, relevant[clarification needed] members of the Royal Family were offered Life Peerages, which would have given them the right to sit in the House of Lords, but all declined.

These included:

  • Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh KG KT OM GBE AK QSO CD PC
  • Charles, Prince of Wales
  • Prince Andrew, Duke of York
  • Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
  • Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
  • Prince Edward, Duke of Kent

Baronetcy

  • Charles Babbage, FRS, scientist, declined both a knighthood and baronetcy[27][when?]
  • Field-Marshal Sir Frederick Haines, declined a baronetcy in 1880 due to his wife's failing health. [clarification needed]
  • Sir Edwin Plowden, KCB, KBE; later created a Life Peer (in 1959)
  • John Grubb Richardson,[28] Irish Quaker industrialist, declined, citing his religious beliefs.

Knighthood (Knight Bachelor)

  • T. S. Ashton, economic historian, Professor of Economic History, University of London (in 1957)[29]
  • Frank Auerbach, artist, declined knighthood in 2003[3][30]
  • Peter Benenson, founder of Amnesty International; was offered several times, but refused on each occasion, citing human rights abuses in which the British government was complicit[31][32]
  • Alan Bennett, playwright (in 1996; had previously declined appointment as CBE in 1988)[2]
  • Arnold Bennett, novelist, declined knighthood offered for service in running the British government's French propaganda department during World War I.[33]
  • David Bowie, musician (in 2003)[34]
  • Danny Boyle, theatre and film director (in 2013)[35]
  • Lester Brain, aviator and airline executive (in late 1960s; later accepted appointment as an Officer of the Order of Australia in 1979)[36]
  • Peter Brook, theatre and film director
  • Francis Crick, physicist, co-discoverer of DNA; was offered a CBE in 1963, but did not accept it.[37]
  • Paul Dirac, Nobel Prize winner for physics in 1933, declined a knighthood in 1953, reportedly in part due to his dislike of being addressed by his first name, but probably had egalitarian objections to titles, having lived in the USA for many years;[38] Finally accepted an Order of Merit in 1973[39]
  • Michael Faraday, scientist: 'I must remain plain Michael Faraday to the last.'
  • Harry Ferguson, businessman, engineer and inventor; twice offered and declined knighthood in the last ten years of his life; in response to a letter from Winston Churchill offering to submit his name, Ferguson declined on the ground that knighthoods should be reserved for servicemen and statesmen, whose financial rewards were relatively small, and should not be given to businessmen or industrialists with financial wealth.[40]
  • Albert Finney, actor (in 2000; had previously declined CBE in 1980)[2]
  • E. M. Forster, author and essayist; declined knighthood in 1949, but accepted a Companions of Honour in the 1953 New Year Honourss list and an Order of Merit in 1969.[41][42]
  • Michael Frayn, novelist and dramatist; declined a knighthood in the 2003 New Year Honours and a CBE four years previously; Frayn stated: "I haven't done this for reasons of modesty. I like the name 'Michael Frayn'; it's a nice little name to run around with. I've spent 70 years getting used to it and I don't want to change it now."[2]
  • John Freeman, politician, journalist, diplomat, business executive. Also declined a peerage.
  • John Galsworthy, playwright[when?] (later accepted appointment to the Order of Merit, in 1929)
  • Calouste Gulbenkian, philanthropist (in 1951)[when?]
  • A.H. Halsey, sociologist, proponent of a fairer and more equal society.
  • Richard Hamilton, artist[when?]
  • Thomas Hardy, novelist,(later accepted OM because as it was an honour without a title)
  • Stanford G. Haughton, sound recordist/musician (in 1952)[29]
  • Bill Hayden, Governor-General of Australia[43]
  • Patrick Heron, artist, declined a knighthood in the 1980s, reportedly in protest at government policy on arts education[when?]
  • Peter Higgs, CH, physicist, Professor of Theoretical Physics, University of Edinburgh; co-discoverer of "Higgs boson".[citation needed] (Higgs accepted appointment to the Order of the Companions of Honour, because it was not a title, in 2013)[44][45]
  • Keith Hill, Labour MP; declined knighthood in 2010 Dissolution Honours, stating: "My fundamental reason is that I have never had the least desire to have a title. I don't want to be discourteous, but I find the whole idea a little embarrassing and too much for me."[46]
  • David Hockney, CH, RA, artist (in 1990; accepted appointment as CH in 1997, and OM in 2012 because they are not titles)[2]
  • Charles Holden, architect, declined twice (1944, 1951) for two reasons: he considered it to be at odds with his simple lifestyle and considered architecture a collaborative process; another reason was that as they were not legally married, his partner and common-law wife, Margaret, would not have been able to call herself Lady Holden.[47]
  • John Hughes, Principal Ruskin College, Oxford; Vice Chair, Prices Commission (1977–79)[when?]
  • Aldous Huxley, author (in 1959)[2]
  • Muhammed Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan; offered a knighthood in 1925, he replied: "I prefer to be plain Mr Jinnah"[citation needed]
  • Augustus John, artist[when?]
  • Gus John, educationalist and campaigner for racial equality[when?]
  • Rudyard Kipling, soldier, writer, and poet; declined knighthood in 1899 and again in 1903; his wife stated that Kipling felt he could "do his work better without it."[48] Kipling also declined the Order of Merit in 1921 and again in 1924.[49]
  • T.E. Lawrence, Arabist, archaeologist, soldier; King George V offered Lawrence a knighthood on October 30, 1918 at a private audience in Buckingham Palace for his services in the Arab Revolt, but he declined.[50][51]
  • Essington Lewis, Australian mining magnate[52]
  • Eli Lobel, Jewish anti-Zionist writer, editor and activist; founder of the journal Khamsin (in 1955)
  • L.S. Lowry, artist (in 1968; had previously declined appointment as OBE in 1955 and CBE in 1961; later twice declined appointment as CH (1972, 1976); holds the record for the most honours declined)[2]
  • Humphrey Lyttelton, jazz musician, broadcaster and author (in 1995)
  • Dan MacKenzie, Professor of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge (in 2003)
  • Arthur Mann, then editor of the Yorkshire Post, declined 2 knighthoods in the 1920s on the basis that accepting would interfere with his journalism; upon retirement he became a Companion of Honour.[53]
  • Kingsley Martin, Journalist and editor (in 1965)
  • John Loudon McAdam, Scottish road builder[54]
  • Neil MacGregor, Director of the British Museum (in 1999); in 2010 he accepted appointment to the Order of Merit, the personal gift of the British monarch[55]
  • Michael Meacher, Labour MP and minister
  • James Meade, economist; Nobel Prize for Economics winner (in 1969)
  • Norman Miscampbell, Conservative MP. Margaret Thatcher recommended his appointment to a knighthood (in 1989), which he declined reportedly because he thought it would prevent him enjoying his retirement from political activity.
  • Henry Moore, sculptor (in 1951)
  • Stanley Morison (in 1953; also declined CBE) [29]
  • Robert Morley, actor (in 1975; accepted CBE in 1957)
  • A. G. Norman, scientist (in 1969)[29]
  • John Osborne, playwright[when?]
  • Peter O'Toole, film and stage actor[citation needed]
  • William Pember Reeves, New Zealand statesman, declined knighthood three times, including GCMG[56][when?]
  • Frank Pick, chief executive of London Transport (also declined a peerage).[57]
  • Harold Pinter, playwright[when?] (later accepted CH)[when?]
  • John Piper, artist[when?][29]
  • Gilbert Ryle, philosopher (in 1965)
  • Mark Rylance, actor
  • Simon Russell Beale, actor
  • Frederick Sanger, British scientist and double Nobel Prize Winner (accepted OM, CH, and CBE)
  • Amartya Sen, economist and Nobel Prize Winner[when?]
  • George Bernard Shaw, playwright and critic and socialist; also declined OM[58]
  • Paul Scofield, actor (in 1968)[59]
  • Alastair Sim, actor, declined a knighthood[when?] as his father had done[when?]
  • Quentin Skinner, historian; Regius Professor of Modern History, University of Cambridge; republican [60] (in 1996)
  • George Stephenson railway engineer and inventor
  • Robert Stephenson railway engineer and entrepreneur, son of George Stephenson
  • Adrian Stokes, artist (in 1968)
  • W. Strath, civil servant (in 1959)
  • A.J.P. Taylor, eminent British historian. 'The Establishment draws its recruits from outside as soon as they are ready to conform to its standards and become respectable. There is nothing more agreeable than to make peace with the Establishment - and nothing more corrupting.'
  • Peter Townsend, Professor of Social Policy and founder of the Child Poverty Action Group[when?]
  • Sydney Walton, civil servant, secretary of the Consumer Council during World War I (declined knighthood in 1917)
  • J. Steven Watson, historian, twice declined the offer a knighthood in 1960 and in 1966 on becoming Principal of University of St Andrews.
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams, composer[when?]
  • Norman Willis, general secretary of the Trades Union Congress; "turned down a knighthood offered to him by John Major, just as he had turned aside a proposal from the Labour leader John Smith that he might consider going into the House of Lords"[61]
  • Bill Woodfull, Australian cricketer; turned down offer of a knighthood for services to cricket in 1934, but accepted OBE for services to education in 1963.[62]

Appointment to the Order of the Bath

As Knight Grand Cross (GCB)

  • Admiral George Cranfield Berkeley in 1812, expecting a peerage; he later settled for the KCB in 1813; elevated to GCB in 1815.[63]
  • As Honorary Knight Commander (KCB)[edit]
  • Živojin Mišić, Serbian and Yugoslavian field marshal (1915)
  • Stepa Stepanović, Serbian and Yugoslavian field marshal (1918)[64]

As Companion (CB)

  • Colonel Allday V. Kerrison (in 1955)
  • Bernard O'Brien, scientist (in 1956)
  • Appointment to the Order of Merit (OM)[edit]
  • A. E. Housman, poet and classical scholar (in 1929)[65]
  • George Bernard Shaw, playwright, critic, and polemicist (in 1946; Shaw replied that "merit" in authorship could only be determined by the posthumous verdict of history).[58] Shaw had wanted to decline the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925, but accepted it at his wife's behest as honouring Ireland. He did not reject the monetary award, requesting it be used to finance translation of Swedish books into English.[66]
  • H.G. Wells, writer.[when?]

Appointment to the Order of the Star of India

As Knight Commander (KCSI)

  • V. S. Srinivasa Sastri (in 1928; accepted appointment as a Companion of Honour (CH) in 1930)[67]

Appointment to the Order of St Michael and St George

As Honorary Knight Grand Cross (GCMG)

  • Živojin Mišić, Serbian and Yugoslavian field marshal (1917)

As Honorary Knight Commander (KCMG)

  • Radomir Putnik, Serbian field marshal (1915)[when?][why?]
  • Petar Bojović, Serbian and Yugoslavian field marshal (1918)
  • Pavle Jurišić Šturm, Serbian and Yugoslavian general (1918)
  • George Trefgarne, 1st Baron Trefgarne, politician (1951) [68]

As Honorary Companion (CMG)

  • Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu, Ceylonese civil servant (1946).

As Honorary Dame Companion (CMG)

  • Milunka Savić, Serbian and Yugoslavian sergeant (1918)

Appointment to the Order of the Indian Empire

As a Companion (CIE)

  • Narayan Malhar Joshi (1879–1955), Member of the Bombay Corporation (1919–1922) and Indian Legislative Assembly; delegate to the ILO and Round Table Conferences (refused in 1921, on the grounds he was too poor for the honour)[69][70]

Appointment to the Royal Victorian Order

As a Commander (CVO)

  • Craig Murray, former United Kingdom Ambassador to Uzbekistan (had previously declined appointments as LVO and OBE).[71] In 1999. For reasons of Scottish nationalism and republicanism.

Appointment as a Companion of Honour (CH)

  • Francis Bacon, artist (in 1977; previously declined appointment as CBE in 1960)[2]
  • Robert Graves, poet and novelist (in 1984; had previously declined appointment as CBE in 1957)[2]
  • L. S. Lowry RA, artist (in 1972 and 1976; had previously declined appointment as OBE in 1955 and CBE in 1961 and a knighthood in 1968; holds the record for the most honours declined)[2]
  • Ben Nicholson, artist (in 1965)[why?]
  • Philip Noel-Baker, former Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, 1965 New Year Honours[29] (accepted a life peerage in 1977)
  • J. B. Priestley, writer (in 1969)[23]
  • Leonard Woolf, writer/publisher (in 1966)[why?]

Appointment to the Order of the British Empire

As a Knight Grand Cross (GBE)

  • Charles Wilson, 1st Baron Moran (in 1962) – offered for services as chairman of a government committee but declined, commenting it was "the sort of thing given to civil servants".[72]
  • Sir Harry Shackleton (in 1951)[why?]

As a Knight Commander (KBE)

  • T.E. Lawrence, Arabist, archaeologist, soldier, aircraftsman, writer (in October 1918)[why?]
  • Calouste Gulbenkian, philanthropist (in 1951)[why?]
  • J H Penson, botanist (1951)[when?][why?]

As a Dame Commander (DBE)

  • Doris Lessing, CH, author (declined DBE in 1992, stating it was in the name of a non-existent Empire; also declined appointment as OBE in 1977; accepted appointment as CH as it is does not carry a title, in 2000)[2][73] Nobel Prize for Literature
  • Geraldine McEwan, actress (in 2002; had previously declined appointment as OBE in 1986)
  • Vanessa Redgrave, actress, accepted CBE in 1967; declined damehood in 1999[2][74]
  • Dorothy Wedderburn, academic, Principal of Royal Holloway and Bedford College London, 1980–90

As a Commander (CBE)

  • Richard Ithamar Aaron, philosopher, Professor of Philosophy, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth (in 1962)[29]
  • Ian Albery, theatre producer[3][when?]
  • W. Godfrey Allen, architect; Surveyor of the Fabric of Gloucester Cathedral (in 1957)[29]
  • Nick Anstee, former Lord Mayor of London (in 2010)
  • Francis Bacon, artist (in 1960;[29] later declined appointment as CH in 1977)[citation needed]
  • C. H. Bagenal, scientist (in 1966)
  • J. G. Ballard, author (in 2003;"the honours system is a Ruritanian charade that helps to prop up the top-heavy monarchy.")[2]
  • Nancy Banks-Smith, television critic (in 1970)[2]
  • Julian Barnes, novelist[when?]
  • Wilfred Beard, General Secretary, United Patternmakers' Association (in 1959)[29]
  • Clive Bell, art critic (in 1953)
  • Alan Bennett, playwright (in 1988; later declined a knighthood in 1996)
  • Michael Billington, drama critic[when?]
  • Michael Blakemore, playwright; theatre director[when?]
  • Honor Blackman, actress (in 2002;[2] she is a signed supporter of Republic, The Campaign for an Elected Head of State, the UK campaign to replace the monarchy with a republic.)[75]
  • John Boorman, film director[when?]
  • David Bowie, musician (in 2000; later declined a knighthood in 2003)[2]
  • John Carey, academic and literary critic
  • Julie Christie, stage/film actress[when?]
  • John Cleese, actor/comedian (in 1996; he reportedly thought it was "silly", and later declined a life peerage)[2][20]
  • Prunella Clough, painter (in 1979;[29] previously declined OBE in 1968)
  • John Cole, journalist (in 1993)[2]
  • David Cornwell (uses John le Carré as nom de plume), author[when?]
  • Francis Crick, scientist, co-discoverer of DNA (in 1963;[29] later also refused a knighthood,[citation needed] but finally accepted appointment as OM in 1991)
  • Julian A. Davies, chemist (in 1968)
  • L.O. Doughty-Wylie, nursing administrator (in 1958)
  • Bernie Ecclestone, owner of Formula One commercial rights (in 1996)[2]
  • Brian Eno, musician (in 2007)
  • Albert Finney, actor (in 1980; also declined a knighthood in 2000)
  • C. S. Forester, novelist (in 1953)
  • Michael Frayn novelist and dramatist (in 1989; later declined a knighthood in 2003)
  • Lucian Freud, artist (in 1977; later accepted appointment as CH in 1983, and OM in 1993)[2]
  • Jack Gallagher, historian, Beit Professor of Commonwealth History, Oxford
  • Robert Graves, poet and novelist (in 1957; later declined appointment as CH in 1984)
  • Graham Greene, author (in 1956) (later accepted appointment as CH and OM, neither of which are titles granting rank or precedence)
  • Trevor Griffiths, playwright[when?]
  • John Gross, Author, literary critic and journalist
  • Claude Herbert Grundy, Queen's Remembrancer (in 1964)
  • Jocelyn Herbert, stage designer (in 1981)
  • Trevor Howard, film and stage actor in 1982 [74]
  • Elgar Howarth, conductor and composer [3][when?]
  • John Ireland, composer (in 1959)
  • Leon Kossoff, painter[3][when?]
  • Walter Lassally, cinematographer.[when?]
  • T.E. Lawrence, World War I British Army officer, archaeologist, Arabist, RAF aircraftsman, and writer, popularly known as "Lawrence of Arabia"; later declined a knighthood.[when?]
  • F.R. Leavis, literary critic. Refused in 1966; but later accepted appointment as CH.
  • James Lees Milne, writer and expert on English country houses and long-time associate of the National Trust (in 1993)
  • C. S. Lewis, author, theologian, Oxford professor (in 1951, declined in order to avoid association with any political issues)[76]
  • Ken Livingstone, former Mayor of London, due to be honoured for his services to the 2012 Olympics (turned down an honour in the 2013 New Years Honours due to his belief that politicians should not get such awards)[77]
  • L. S. Lowry, artist (in 1961; had previously declined appointment as OBE in 1955; declined a knighthood in 1968, and later appointment as CH in 1972 and 1976; holds the record for the most honours declined)[2]
  • Philip MacDonald, author (in 1952) He thought the honours system added to the class-ridden nature of English society.
  • Malcolm McDowell, actor (in 1984)
  • George Melly, musician, writer, critic, artist and raconteur (in 2001)[2]
  • Mary Midgley, philosopher[citation needed][when?]
  • Stanley Morison (in 1962; also declined a knighthood)
  • V.S.Naipaul, author, CBE 1977; accepted knighthood 1990.[74]
  • Peter Nichols, playwright[when?]
  • Ben Nicholson, artist (in 1955)
  • Sean O'Casey, playwright (in 1963)
  • Gareth Peirce, solicitor[78] (gazetted CBE in 1999, but later she returned its insignia, blaming herself and apologizing to then P.M. Tony Blair for the misunderstanding)
  • Lionel Penrose, Professor of Medical Genetics, University College London, 1945–65 (in 1967)
  • Ronald Pickup, actor[when?]
  • Cedric Price, architect[when?]
  • Karel Reisz, Czech-born film director[when?]
  • Alan Rickman, actor[when?]
  • Andrew Robertson, Professor of Mechanical Engineering University of Bristol (in 1965); reportedly disapproved of the honours system[citation needed]
  • R. E. Robinson, historian (in 1953) later Beit Professor of Commonwealth History, Oxford.
  • Paul Rogers, actor[when?]
  • Mark Rylance, actor[when?]
  • Robert Simpson, composer[when?]
  • Savenaca Siwatibau, Fijian academic[when?]
  • David Storey, Playwright and novelist
  • Frank Swinnerton, novelist and critic (in 1969)
  • Barbara Tizard, educational psychologist and egalitarian. Professor of Educational Psychology, Institute of Education, London
  • Sue Townsend novelist and playwright[when?]
  • Claire Tomalin, writer[3][when?]
  • Polly Toynbee, Guardian columnist, in 2000[2]
  • Leslie Waddington, art gallery chairman[3][when?]
  • Evelyn Waugh, novelist (in 1959, wanted a knighthood)[2]
  • Paul Weller, musician (in 2007)
  • Garfield Weston, businessman [3][when?]
  • Hugo Young, journalist[when?]

As an Officer (OBE)

  • Peter Alliss, golfer and commentator (in 2002)[2]
  • Lindsay Anderson, theatre and film director[when?]
  • Nancy Banks-Smith, Guardian journalist, OBE, 1970.[74]
  • Leonard Barden, British chess champion and writer (in 1985)
  • Michael Bogdanov, theatre director[when?]
  • Jim Broadbent, actor (in 2002)[2]
  • Eleanor Bron, actor and writer
  • Caryl Churchill, playwright[when?]
  • Prunella Clough, painter (in 1968), later declined CBE in 1979[29]
  • Andrew Cruickshank, actor (in 1967)
  • Roald Dahl, author (in 1986, wanted a knighthood)[2]
  • Eleanor Farjeon, author and poet (in 1959)
  • Dawn French, comedienne and actress (in 2001)[3]
  • Patrick French, author, biographer, in 2003
  • Pam Gems, dramatist/playwright[when?]
  • Hughie Green, TV personality, (in 1960)
  • Graham Greene, author (in 1956) later also declined the CBE [2]
  • Laurence Harbottle, services to theatre[3][when?]
  • George Harrison, former Beatle (in 2000), reportedly felt he deserved a knighthood, as his fellow ex-Beatle Paul McCartney had been awarded in 1997[79]
  • Tony Harrison, poet and playwright[when?]
  • Hamish Henderson, poet and folklorist (in 1983, as protest against the Thatcher government's nuclear policies) [1]
  • H.F. Hutchinson, art historian (in 1966)
  • Hattie Jacques, actress/comedienne[when?]
  • Jonathan Kent, theatre director[3]
  • Estelle Kohler, actress[when?]
  • Nigella Lawson, chef, gourmand, television personality/presenter; cookery writer[3]
  • Doris Lessing, author (in 1977; later declined appointment as DBE in 1992, because it is in the name of a non-existent Empire; accepted appointment as CH in 2000)[73]
  • Ken Loach, film director (in 1977)
  • L. S. Lowry, artist (in 1955; later declined appointment as CBE in 1961, a knighthood in 1968 and appointment as CH, twice, in 1972 and 1976; holds the record for the most honours declined)[2]
  • W.J.M. Mackenzie professor of Political Science (declined OBE in 1951)
  • John McCormick, Controller, BBC Scotland[3]
  • Ian McDiarmid, actor, theatre director[3][when?]
  • Geraldine McEwan, actress in 1986 (later declined DBE in 2002)
  • Paul McGuigan, filmmaker[when?]
  • Kenneth McKellar, tenor[80]
  • I.D. Margary historian (in 1960)
  • Hank Marvin, guitarist (The Shadows)[when?]
  • Doreen Massey, Professor of Geography[when?]
  • Alan Mattingly, Ramblers' Association[3][when?]
  • Stanley Middleton, novelist and educationalist (in 1979)
  • Ernest Milton, classical actor (in 1965)
  • Craig Murray, former United Kingdom Ambassador to Uzbekistan (had previously declined appointment as LVO; later declined appointment as CVO)
  • Max Newman, mathematician and wartime codebreaker (in 1946, in protest against the inadequacy of Alan Turing's OBE)[81]
  • I. Newton, pianist (in 1964)
  • Bill Nighy, actor[when?]
  • T. Parry author and librarian (in 1959)
  • Iowerth Peate poet and scholar (in 1963)
  • Eric Porter, actor (in 1969)
  • T.F.D. Rippingham architect (in 1951)
  • V. M. Sabherwall, Birmingham industrialist
  • Anthony Sampson, author/journalist[when?]
  • Jennifer Saunders, comedienne and actress (in 2001)
  • Jon Snow, newscaster (after having declined, investigated and presented a Channel 4 documentary, Secrets of the Honours System[82])[when?]
  • Katherine Whitehorn, journalist, later accepted a CBE after 'retirement' from regular journalism.
  • Bransby Williams, actor/monologist (in 1955)
  • Grace Williams, composer[when?]
  • Kenneth Williams, actor and comedian. 'When offered something which obviously isn't worth the price...we still have the right to say "No thanks"'(1969)
  • Michael Winner, film director (in 2006; saying, "An OBE is what you get if you clean the toilets well at King's Cross station."[83])
  • Susannah York, film and stage actress[when?]
  • Benjamin Zephaniah, poet (in 2010), stating: "I get angry when I hear the word 'empire'; it reminds me of slavery, it reminds me of thousands of years of brutality, it reminds me of how my foremothers were raped and my forefathers brutalised."[84]

As a Member (MBE)

  • Major Derek Allhusen, Olympic equestrian gold-medallist, 1969 New Year Honours (accepted CVO in 1984 as Standard Bearer of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms)[29]
  • Marcel Aurousseau, Australian geologist, 1956 New Year Honours[29]
  • R. Cade, founder of the Minack Theatre, Cornwall (in 1969)
  • Patrick Collins, sports journalist and author [3][when?]
  • Joseph Corré, co-founder of Agent Provocateur (in 2007, claiming his belief that then-Prime Minister Tony Blair was "morally corrupt".[85])
  • Emer Rose Crangle, aid worker (in 1999)
  • Edward Tegla Davies, Wesleyan Methodist minister and a popular Welsh language writer (in 1963)[29]
  • John Dunn, broadcaster[3][when?]
  • Marjorie Hebden, declined MBE for services to the Malvern Museum[3][when?]
  • David Heckels, declined MBE[when?] for charitable services to the arts[3]
  • Dr.Bob Holman (academic), community activist in Easterhouse, 2012 birthday honours.[86]
  • Gwendoline Laxon, declined MBE for services to charity[3][when?]
  • Susan Loppert, art historian[3][when?]
  • John Lydon, musician (formerly known as "Johnny Rotten")[when?]
  • John Pandit aka Pandit G, musician, 2002, doesn't believe in the honours system, acknowledgement should be given by funding projects [3][87]
  • Barry McGuigan, boxer, MBE, 1986; accepted MBE 1994.[74]
  • Doris Purnell, declined MBE for services to drama[3][when?]
  • John Sales, head gardener[3][when?]
  • Joan Smith, journalist, declined MBE as it was counter to the views she had spoken about in her career, i.e. atheism, feminism and republicanism.[citation needed][when?]
  • T.W. Taylor schoolteacher (in 1957)[when?]
  • Jonzi D, writer, choreographer and rap artist, declined MBE for services to the arts, saying subsequently: "I am diametrically opposed to the idea of empire. Man, I'm a Star Wars fan – empire is bad."[88]
  • Alan Watkins, journalist, political columnist[when?]
  • Rachel Whiteread, artist in 1997[74]

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