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This project is for people who have tested and been assigned the paternal haplogroup L48/S162 (also known as R1b1a2a1a1a4) or a subgroup of this, and also for people who are believed to have belonged to this paternal haplogroup based on tests done on descendants.

Defining Mutations

  • L48, also known as S162. Estimation of formation is 4700 years before present (approx 2700 BCE) according to


Likely Germanic tribes.


(to be added)

Subclades of R

The "R1b1b2a2" notation has proved unstable; this page uses the R-<mutation> notation.

(in revision - will follow the YFull tree)

  • R (formed 31300 YBP) - R-Y482 - R1 - R1b - R1b1 (formed 18400 ybp)

Under R-U106:

  • R-S263
    • R-S499 (4900 ybp)
      • R-L48/S162 <==== This project
        • R-S5918
        • R-Y10968
        • R-L47
        • R-Z9

Sister clades to R-L48 under R-S499 include R-U198 and R-L259.

Related Geni projects not linked above:

A more up to date tree (but too detailed for comfortable browsing) is the YFull tree; L-48 has its own page.

Famous Members

A family that claims paternal descent from Peder Thøgersen Løvenbalk belongs to this haplogroup. (Source:, Q8S4W)

How to Participate

Geni Wiki Projects Page

To participate in this project, join or follow the project, then add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup. The profile must be set to public in order to add it.