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Rhodesia's Pioneer Women 1859 - 1896

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  • Cornelia Caroline/a Venter (1863 - 1945)
    Venter: Baptism Hopetown Film KD 327 Rhodesia Pioneer Women 1859 -1896 MRS. C. H. G. BROWN, 1892 Neé Cornelia VENTER. Travelled with her husband by ox wagon from South Africa to Fort Victo...
  • Ellen Brown (1895 - d.)
    MRS. ENGELBRECHT, 1895 Neé Ellen Brown. Was born in Bulawayo on 14/07/1895 and lived there for over 60 years. Ellen had a twin brother, Edwin. Their baptism on 8/09/1895 is recorded in the Dutch...
  • Annie Frost (1888 - 1961)
    Born in Mafeking to parents James Wardle & Johanna Wardle (born Ludick); married to James Alfred Frost; died in Bulawayo; Children: Annie Emily Frost, James Edward Wardle Frost, Stearn Arthur William...
  • Maud Winifred Crause (1894 - d.)
    Maud Winifred Wardle (Mrs Crause). Born in Bulawayo, 14/9/1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ethel Love (1886 - d.)
    Ethel Wardle (Mrs Love). Arrived with her parents on 24th May, 1894, and was still living in Bulawayo in 1959. On Roll of Women Pioneers. (Rhodesia's Pioneer Women).

Rhodesia's Pioneer Women 1859 - 1896

Rhodesia's Pioneer Women were faced with hardships and conditions we today can only imagine. They were courageous women whose lives must have been very difficult - many died in childbirth; others were killed by natives. They lost children and husbands and lived in conditions where malaria and dysentery caused many deaths. Reading through the Zimbabwe Death Notices catalogues the harshness of the lives they led.

Women were debarred by the British South Africa Company at first. Some women managed to get there in spite of this. Mary Watson bluffed her way in by declaring she was the Administrator's housekeeper; Fanny Pearson, later the Countess "Billy" de la Panouse, disguised herself as a boy.

By 1892 more women were settling in the territory. Some accompanied their husbands, travelling by wagon with sometimes as many as 10 children. Others joined their husbands who had travelled ahead. There was a lack of doctors and maternity nurses with the nearest medical help sometimes over 160 km away.

They lived in pole and dagga huts with little in the way of furniture. Basic household items were not readily available. There was no glass for windows - cloth was used instead. A door was a real novelty and a luxury (Page 116 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie).

The rebellion of 1896 had a great effect on the progress of Rhodesia, and many references in the following list reflects how women were involved - living in protective laagers with their families. At the first outbreak of the rebellion around Enkeldoorn, a Mr. van der Merwe was badly wounded. With great presence of mind, his wife seized his rifle and opened fire on the attackers. Under cover of darkness she walked almost a kilometer, rounded up the oxen, in spanned them, and took her husband and four small children to safety.

There are many unsung heroines of those early days, such as the women of the besieged Alice Mine, the nurses whose hospitals were nothing more than wagon sails, the wives and mothers whose determination and support helped to carve a nation.

The basic foundation list is from one by Jessie M. Lloyd and recompiled by Eddy Norris. Additional notes and observations are by Eddy Norris. It will gradually be adapted to be maiden name based

As the project progresses full names can be added and information can be expanded in the notes. Additional names from various sources can also be added, eventually developing a comprehensive reference. If you have information about any of these women please join the project and add it to the list; alternatively contact Curator June Barnes or one of the project collaborators.

Names are being added from the Zimbabwe, Death Registers...Death Register, 1892-1977 on familysearch.org

Various online sources -

The object of this project is to link as many of these women to the relevant trees on Geni.

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- you do need to first be a collaborator - so please join the project using the request link under "actions" at the top right of the page. Visit Geni Wikitext, Unicode and images which gives a great deal of assistance. See the discussion Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going!

How to add a link is explained in the attached document - Adding links to Geni profiles in projects.


The date of arrival (when known) is given after each name, and the source of information in the notes.

A

  • Antoinette Rubina Elizabeth van Aardt, 1894. (Mrs Hay). Arrived in April and started the first tea shop in Bulawayo; afterwards she married the well known pioneer, Mr Alexander Graham Hay (Tottie). she died on 19th March 1933 aged 61y 6m in Bulawayo. (ZimDN 41/116) and had one daughter - Rubina Elizabeth Jeannette sylvester who married Franks. She requested that her gravestone was in the shape of a bird bath. P. 225 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Adams, 1894. One of the first women who lived in Umtali. Page 116 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sarah Amelia Adams, 1896. (Mrs Fitt). Arrived in Salisbury via Beira; was in the laager there during the rebellion and died there in 1910. Information from Mrs Grant, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mary Adcock, 1896, (or earlier). This name is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-1896, as belonging to the owner of Stand No. 184(i), Abercorn Street. Can trace nothing further.
  • Johanna Jacomina Elizabeth Adlam, 1893. (Mrs J. E. Dunford). First settled in the Charter District. Now living in Salisbury (1959). Letter from her daughter, Mrs Reid, dated 26/6/1959.
  • Sister Agatha, 1895. Surname Mayer. Dominican Order. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Anna Albasini, (Mrs Hazelhurst). Daughter of Count Albasini. Came up with her sister Hendrika Maria Albasini ( Mrs Zeederberg), and rode all the way on a white horse called Champagne. Returned to the Transvaal, but came back to Rhodesia, first to Salisbury, then Gwelo and finally settled in Selukwe. Information from her daughters, Mrs Cranswick and Mrs Stenslunde.
  • Hendrika Maria Albasini, 1891. (Mrs Zeederberg), daughter of Count Joao Albasini. She came up with her husband to Bulawayo when he first started the first regular coaching service through Matabeleland. Information from her niece, Mrs R. L. Cranswick, Salisbury. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Allen, 1896. Mentioned on page 122 of “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, as having travelled up from Beira to Umtali.
  • Madeline Leanora Almendro, 1896. (Mrs Snell). Came up with her parents, was in the Bulawayo laager and is now (1960) living in Cape Town. Information from the Secretary, Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society.
  • Sister Aloysius, 1895. Surname Weh. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Sister Amalia, 1896. Surname Joder. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Rev. Mother Amica, 1891. Surname Kilduff. Came up as Sister Amica with Mother Patrick's small band of Dominican Sisters, and settled in Fort Salisbury; she was chosen from the Convent in Kingwilliamstown. Information from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury in letter dated 13/8/57, also pp. 4, 10 14 and 32 of “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sister Antonina, 1896, Surname Dowd. Dominican Order. Letters From St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, Dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Camilia Applebee, 1891. (Mrs Reed). Arrived with her first husband, Jimmy Mitchell and is reputed to be the first woman to settle in Fort Victoria; a nurse by profession. They trekked up by ox wagon, taking three months to do so, and opened a restaurant in Fort Victoria. Pp. 78, 79 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Susanna Katrina Andrina Applegran, widow of Christian Pieter Applegran, son of Andries who died 16 June 1892, Salisbury Hospital aged 56 years 11 m. * children named. ZimDN 1/3.
  • Elizabeth Ann Armstrong, 1894. (Mrs Nicholson). Travelled up to Bulawayo with her husband and family. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Bertha Austin, 1893. (Mrs H H Williams). Accompanied her parents to Rhodesia and was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Letter from Mr Eric Muir, her nephew, dated Bulawayo 29/6/1959.
  • Katy Gardiner Austin, 1893. (Mrs Hampson). Arrived with her parents; was baptised in Fort Victoria. Her first husband was Dr. J. Muir. Information from Mr Claude Botton and also from Mr Eric Muir, both of Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Sophia Decima Austin, 1896. Started the Bulawayo High School. Later returned to England and died there of rheumatic fever. Information from her nephew, Mr Eric Muir, Bulawayo, in letters dated 29/6/1959 and 2/7/1959.

B

  • Madge Bagnall, 1895. (Mrs Tucker). Arrived with her mother to join her father. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Florence Leonora Wilhelmina Bailie, 1895. (Mrs Barry). Came to this country via Beira, up the Pungwe River by tug, then by mule cart to Umtali. There are mining claims registered in Mrs Barry's name in 1895 in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. She died in Bulawayo on 13th October, 1957. Information from her daughter, Mrs Whitworth, Bulawayo.
  • Ada Margaret Bain, 1894. (Mrs Attwell). Came up by ox wagon with her parents; was in the Bulawayo laager in '96 and is now living in Gatooma (1960). Information from her neice, Miss G. Howard, Bulawayo.
  • Alice Leonora Bain, 1894. (Mrs Howard). Came with her parents from Queenstown by ox wagon. She was in the laager in '96 and lived in Bulawayo until her death in 1950. Information from her daughter, Miss Howard.
  • Daisy Maria Bain, 1894. (Mrs Robins). Arrived with her parents on the 12th December, 1894. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion; lived in Bulawayo until her death in 1950. Information from her niece, Miss G. Howard, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Ruby Bain, 1894. (Mrs York). Came by ox wagon to Bulawayo with her parents; was in the laager during the '96 rebellion and is still living near Bulawayo (1960). Information from her niece, Miss G. Howard.
  • Florence Marion Bain, 1894. (Mrs Talbot). Arrived by ox wagon. Was in the laager in Bulawayo during the rebellion in '96 and is still living in Bulawayo (1960). Information from her niece, Miss Gladys Howard, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ivy May Bain, 1892. (Mrs King). Arrived with her parents in the Moodie Trek. Born 1888 and is still (1959) living. Letter from Mrs S. M. Duncanson, 29/6/59.
  • Mabel Maud Bain, 1896. (Mrs Green). Her parents came with the Moodie Trek in 1892. She was born in Salisbury 29/9/1896 and is still living (1959). Information from Mrs S. M. Duncanson in letter dated 29/6/1959.
  • Maria Olive Bain, 1892. (Mrs Bennie). Arrived with her parents in the Moodie Trek. Born 1882, died 1946. Information from Mrs S. M. Duncanson in letter dated 29/6/1959, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Violet Constance Bain, 1894. (Mrs Bodle). Came up by ox wagon with her parents; was in the Bulawayo laager in '96. Later left Rhodesia and died in Port Shepstone in 1958. Information from her niece, Miss Howard, Bulawayo.
  • Miss Alice Balfour. Came as a "tourist” with her brother, the Right Hon. A. J. Balfour and party in 1894. She wrote the book "Twelve Hundred Miles in a Waggon” which describes their journey through Rhodesia and on to Beira. P. 230 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie and pp. 11 and 128 “The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane.
  • Mrs Barker died 13th Nov 1891 at Tuli of general exhaustion leaving a wedding ring. Zimbabwe DN 1/24
  • Mrs Barnwell, 1896, or earlier, is mentioned in the "Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland," 1895-96, as the owner of Stand No. 500 1/2, Grey Street.
  • Mrs Bates, 1893, Wife of Rev. Frank W. Bates. They came with a party of eight American missionaries, two children and four Zulu evangelists and families, to start the American Mission at Mount Selinda. Information in pamphlet received from Rev. W. D. Webb in answer to my enquiries, January, 1956.
  • Ena Ann Beckwith, 1894. (Mrs Isaacs). Arrived in October, 1894 by coach. Was in Bulawayo laager in '96. Died in December, 1943. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ida Gwynne Beechey, 1894. (Mrs Stead). Arrived by ox wagon with her parents from Johannesburg. Later returned to Natal. Information from her brother, Mr H. H. Beechey, in letter dated 24/11/1959. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Winifred Beechey, 1894. (Mrs Bews). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon from Johannesburg and later returned to Natal. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Information also from her brother, H. H. Beechey, Bulawayo, letter dated 24/11/1959.
  • Mrs de Beer, 1896', and her two sons were in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion. Information from Mrs Black, Marula.
  • Alida Johanna Jacoba de Beer. Her first husband Potgieter. Came up from Vryheid, Natal, after 5 months in an ox wagon; settled in Fort Victoria and was in laager there in '96. Died 21/10/1946. Information from her son, Mr J. Potgieter, Fort Victoria, in letter dated 13/8/1959.
  • Annie de Beer, 1894. (Mrs Hamman). Came with her daughter in the Mynhardt-Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga. Also page 161 of "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Hendrina Christina de Beer, 1896 (Mrs P. G. Cummings). Came with her parents (de Beer). Born in Lichtenberg, Transvaal in 1879. Was in the Bulawayo laager. Died in Bulawayo in June, 1944. Information from Pioneers' and Early Settlers' 38th Annual Report. Her husband Percy George Cummings
  • Johanna de Beer, 1896. (Mrs Yeatman). Arrived by ox wagon with her husband and family. They were in the laager in Bulawayo for a few days. Mrs Yeatman died about 1954. Information from her daughter, Mrs Stamper, Bulawayo, in letter dated 8/3/1960. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Johanna Christina Maria de Beer, 1895. (Mrs S H Esterhuizen). (Widow). Married in Bulawayo on 2/12/1895. The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Mr Esterhuizen was a farmer.
  • Theeszrnena Christina de Beer, 1894. (Mrs McPherson). Came to Melsetter. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Caroline Lucinda Beere, 1893. (Mrs A. Drew). "One of the band of seven nursing sisters who took over from Mother Patrick in Fort Victoria.”See letter from her daughter Mrs Goddard, dated 2/7/1959.
  • Miss Cecily Joanna Beesley, 1895. Arrived by coach with her mother and sister. They were in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Miss Beesley is still living in Durban (1960). Information from her sister, Mrs Woods, in letter dated 20/11/1959. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Margaret Marion Beesley, 1895. (Mrs Woods). Arrived by coach with her mother and sister on 31st December, 1895. They were all in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Mrs Woods is still living (1960) in Natal. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Cornelia Bekker, 1895. (Mrs Hendrik Schoultz). Arrived with her parents in the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957.
  • Isobella Bekker, 1895. (Mrs Frikkie Schoultz). Arrived with her parents in the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier
  • Letetia Bell, 1894. (Mrs Gert Stephanus Cloete). Came with her husband and was in the Mangwe laager during the Matabeleland rebellion. Died suddenly at the age of 94, as she sat in her chair reading her Bible, in December, 1898. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs Black, Manila, in letter dated 25/11/1959.
  • Sister Benevenuta, 1896. Surname Saumweber. Information in letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Mrs Theodore Bent, 1891. Wife of the author of "Ruined Cities of Mashonaland." Came with her husband. Entertained Mother Patrick on her way to Mashonaland. The Bents did not settle in Rhodesia. Information - pp. 207-215 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia “And p. 14 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Rev. Mother Berchmans, 1891. Surname Dreier. Dominican Order. Came up with Mother Patrick's small band of Dominican Sisters as Sister Berchmans, went first to Salisbury then to Fort Victoria. Was originally from Lachen in Bavaria. Died in Salisbury on 31st January, 1957 aged nearly 92 years. Letter from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 13/8/1957. Also pp. 4 and 10 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Berchtold, 1892. See Sister Caroline, 1892 above.
  • Mrs van den Berg, 1891, nee Marie Elizabeth Fourie. Wife of a transport rider; made several journeys to and from the South by wagon and eventually she and her husband settled in Rhodesia in 1904. Pp. 48-52 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Hester Sophia van den Berg, 1894. (Mrs Odendaal). Came up with the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek; her daughter Sarah was born during the journey up. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, also page 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier
  • Mrs Bermeister, 1896' or earlier. Wife of Postmaster. They were both in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion. Information from Mrs Black, Manila.
  • Martha Berry, 1894. (Mrs Cumming). Arrived with her husband, Guybon Cumming, and six daughters (see below under Cumming) by ox wagon from Johannesburg. Information from her grand-daughter, Mrs Long, Bulawayo, by telephone.
  • Mrs Berstein, 1894' This name is given as that of the first woman to come into the country after the Matabele War. (White women were advised not to come during the year 1893). Page 223 of “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Bertelsen, 1896, or earlier, murdered during the rebellion, together with her husband and four sons. (British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances in C.A. Archives, Salisbury). Also mentioned in "Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous.
  • Louise Bertram, 1895. (Mrs Hodges). Arrived in Salisbury via Beira. Did private nursing and worked splendidly in the laager during the Mashona rebellion. In 1896, with Miss Wild (later Mrs Turnbull) opened a private nursing home in Pioneer Street, and, with a short interval, continued with it until 1903. Mrs Hodges is living (1960) in Bulawayo. Information from herself and her daughter in 1957. Miss Bertram is mentioned on p. 67 of the B.S.A. Company's Reports on Native Disturbances as having "rendered good services."
  • Annie Bester, 1895. (Mrs S Lombard). Came with the Henry-Steyn Trek with her husband and children including daughter Annie Bester ✽. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, also pp. 98 and 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.

The wife of Stephanus Lombard was Anna Catrina Susara Kemertha Bester not Lombard as given on the source lists

  • Mrs Susannah Bester, 1896, or earlier. "A Mr and Mrs Bester were attacked and their son killed, but Mrs Bester died later of her wounds “See page 63 of British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances in C.A. Archives, Salisbury". Another account of Mrs Bester's death (owing to a gun accident) is given by Mrs Dina de Klerk on pp. 264 and 265 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Susannah Margaretha Maria Bester, 1895, (Mrs S M M Lategan). Mrs Grobler, Bulawayo, telephoned that her mother, Mrs Lategan, arrived by ox wagon with her parents, and that her grandmother, Mrs Bester (above), was killed in the rebellion. Mrs Lategan died on her farm near Enkeldoorn in March, 1960 aged 84 years. (“Sunday News,” Bulawayo, 20/3/1960).
  • Mrs Bezuidenhout, 1896, or earlier - was in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion with her husband and two sons, Information from Mrs Black, Marula.
  • Aletta Sophia Christina Bedzuidenhout, 1895. (Mrs Hunt). Arrived at Fort Victoria from Pretoria with her mother and two sisters on 1st June, 1895. Married three times, Coetzee, Knoesen and Hunt. Information from herself, Bulawayo.
  • Anna Johanna Jacoba Bezuidenhout, 1895. (Mrs Friend). Arrived with her mother and two sisters at Fort Victoria on 1st June, 1895, from Pretoria. Information from Mrs Hunt, her sister, Bulawayo.
  • Annie Bezuidenhout, 1895. (Mrs John Webster). Came up with the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Still living in North Melsetter (1957). Information from Mrs M, Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/57. Also p. 86 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Miss Cornelia Maria Bezuidenhout, 1894. Arrived in August, 1894. Born in Grahamstown in 1857. Last address Marandellas. Information from Rhodesia Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Cornelia Maria Bezuidenhout, 1895. (Mrs Kruger). Arrived with the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Dorie Bezuidenhout,1895. (Mrs de Beer). Came with the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 86 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Johanna Christina Bezuidenhout, 1895. (Mrs Martinus Mynhardt). Came with the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957 and p. 86 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Maria Johanna Bezuidenhout, 1895. (Mrs Grobler). Arrived with her mother and two sisters at Fort Victoria from Pretoria on 1st June, 1895. Information from her sister, Mrs Hunt, Bulawayo.
  • I M Biller, 1896. (Mrs Bain). Born in Salisbury laager during the rebellion. Letter from Mrs Bain, Marandellas, dated 4/10/1957, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Jessie Alexandrina Elizabeth Blackler, 1894. (Mrs Huntley). Arrived with her mother. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Margaret Maria Blackler, 1894. (Mrs Wilson, 1894). Arrived in Bulawayo with her mother, December, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Blann, formerly Mrs Tapsell, 1893. Sailed to Beira from England with her husband and baby. An account of her gruelling journey to Salisbury is to be found on pages 192-197, "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Her first husband died in 1908 and she remarried in Salisbury in 191
  • Mrs Emily Blatch, 1893. "Sister Emily." While working in University College Hospital, London, she (with Sister Mary Sanders) answered an advertisement from Bishop Knight Bruce, for a matron and sister for Umtali hospital. A very interesting account of their subsequent adventures is to be found on pp. 108-112 and 118-119, 121 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Rose Blennerhassett, 1891. One of the three nursing sisters (Sleeman, Welby and Blennerhassett) who walked from Beira to Umtali and established a hospital there, helped by Cecil Rhodes. With Lucy Sleeman she wrote "Adventures in Mashonaland." pp. 97-101 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie also page 130 of “The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane.
  • Grace Blick, 1895 (Mrs P Ingram). Married in Bulawayo, 23rd October, 1895. The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Mr Pearl Ingram was a miner.
  • Kathleen Devereux Bognall, 1893. (Mrs Meilandt). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Booysen, 1896, or earlier, and her daughter were in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion. Information from Mrs Black, Marula
  • Sarah Petronella Bouwer, 1894. (Mrs Burnett). Arrived with her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Cornelia Boshoff, 1896. (Mrs H F Walker). Came with her husband and seven children. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Later they went to N. Rhodesia. Information from her daughter, Mrs Ilsley, Mazabuka, dated 1/6/1959.
  • Lea Magdalena Boshoff, 1895. (Mrs Dallamore). (Widow). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A Archives, Salsibury. Married in Bulawayo, 7th May, 1895. Mr James M. Dallamore was a manufacturer of aerated water.
  • Martha Catrina Boshoff, 1894. (Mrs Hefer). Came up with Martin Trek. Her first husband was Mr van Rooyen who was also a member of that Trek. Mrs Hefer has written an account of the journey on pp. 167-170 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. See also p. 79 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Johanna Maria Botha, 1894. (Mrs Swain). Arrived by Zeederberg's Coach in February, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Hilda Inez Botton, 1895. (Mrs Thwaites). Arrived with her parents in June, 1895. Lived in Bulawayo, but for health reasons went down to the Free State till her death. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Dorothea Agnes Bowen, 1894. Daughter of Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland. Was a friend of Cecil Rhodes and was married at Groot Schuur. Trekked up from Johannesburg to Salisbury with her husband, who was later Mining Commissioner in Salisbury. Information from “Women of South Africa,”Edited and compiled by Thos. H. Lewis, 1913, which book is in the possession of Miss V. Paxton, 64a Wilson Street, Bulawayo.
  • Annie Octavia Bowker, 1895. (Mrs Davies). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Josephine Amelia Bradfield, 1896. (Mrs J. Carruthers). Married in Salisbury in October, 1896. Was given a piano by Cecil Rhodes for a wedding present. Lived most of her life in Salisbury and died there in October, 1944. Information from her nephew, Mr Claude Botton, Bulawayo.
  • Mrs Bray, 1896, or earlier. Wife of Major Bray. She and her husband nearly lost their lives in the Mashonaland rebellion. Page 96 of "In God's White Robed Army,” by a Dominican Sister.
  • Sarah Isabella Brendenkamp, 1894. (Mrs Pretorius). Arrived by ox wagon from Vryburg; lived most of her life in Rhodesia and died in Bulawayo in 1936. Information from her daughter Mrs van der Struys, Bulawayo.
  • Emily Jane Brooks, 1891. (Mrs Culverwell). Trekked up with her husband from Barberton, and arrived in July, 1891. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Amanda Brown, 1896, or earlier. Lived at 59 Main Street, according to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, page 68, 1895-1896. There are some mining claims, Reef " Oberon “Registered in 1895 under the name of Amanda Brown - C.A. Archives, Salisbury.
  • Ellen Brown, 1895. (Mrs Englebrecht). Was born in Bulawayo on 14th July, 1895, and has lived here all her life. Information from herself, 1959.
  • Margaret Agnes Brown, 1892. (Mrs van Niekerk). Her first husband was John Moodie, and they came up with the Moodie Trek. An article by Mrs van Niekerk is to be found on pages 38 and 40 of "Women in Central Africa," published in 1953 and compiled by the National Council of Women of S. Rhodesia. Mrs van Niekerk died at Inyanga aged 91. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mary Brummage, 1895. (Mrs Burrows). Left Johannesburg, where they were 1886 pioneers, with her husband and family, and arrived in Matabeleland in May, '95. She was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion and lived in Rhodesia until her death in June, 1921. Mrs Burrows died at Mvimvi Ranch, Gutu, where she is buried. Information from her second son, Charles L. Burrows, of P.O. Mazoe, 26/9/1960.
  • Clara Bugden, 1894. (Mrs Ely). Arrived with her husband and daughter by ox wagon. Was in the laager during the rebellion in Gwelo. Died in Bulawayo in 1925. Information from her son, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Bunker, 1893. Wife of Rev. Fred Bunker. They came with a party of eight American missionaries, their two children and four Zulu evangelists and families to start the American Mission at Mount Selinda. Information in pamphlet from Rev. W. D. Webb, Mount Selinda, in answer to my enquires.
  • Elizabeth Ann Burnett, 1896. (Mrs Fisher). Arrived via Beira to join her husband. Died in Johannesburg in April, 1960. On Roll Of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Burnham, 1893. Wife of Major F. R. Burnham, D.S.O., author of "Scouting on Two Continents,”Which book is dedicated to her. She came to this country with her husband, often sharing great hardships and dangers with him, and she is held in great esteem by his many admirers. Also see p. 245 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Margaret Alice Button, 1896. (Mrs H. Crewe). Married in Johannesburg and came up by coach with her husband. They lived first at Trenance near the present Government House, Bulawayo. “They received warning just in time to move into laager before their house was burnt down by the Matabele,”Information from Mrs Crewe's daughter, Mrs Vaughan Evans, Nyamandhlovu, in letter dated 4/10/1959

C

  • Mrs Cameron, 1893, is mentioned in Mrs Blatch's article, page 110 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, as a carpenter's wife who arrived in Salisbury with a cat and kittens, and got £5 for each kitten.
  • Sister Canisa, 1896. Surname Fink. Dominican Order. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Alice Ramsay Cannell, 1894. (Mrs Ferreira). Daughter of the leader of the Edenburg Trek. Still (1956) living in Salisbury. Information from Mrs Otterson, nee Gifford, who was also on the same Trek. P. 160 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Her husband - Marthinus Louis Ferreira
  • Mrs Carinus, 1896. Came with her husband and daughter Mrs Weinand, who is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having “Arrived with her parents."
  • Ada Johanna Carinus, 1896. (Mrs Weinand). Came with her parents, lived mostly in Rhodesia and died December, 1956. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Carmichael, 1895. Came to join the Seventh Day Adventists at Solusi Mission near Bulawayo. Information from Solusi Missionary College.
  • Jessie Margaret Carnegie, 1889. (Mrs Lloyd). Daughter of Rev. and Mrs David Carnegie and was born at Hope Fountain Mission, 12/1/1889. Was in the Bulawayo laager and still lives in Bulawayo (1960). Information, herself. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Muriel Kolbe Carnegie, 1894. (Mrs R Palmer). Born in Cape Town 12/11/1893; daughter of the Rev. and Mrs D. Carnegie and travelled up with them the following year to Hope Fountain Mission. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Married in 1917 and has lived in England since 1918. Information from her sister, Mrs J. Lloyd. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Sister Caroline, 1892. Surname Berchtold. Dominican Sister. Came up with Mother Clare's band of Sisters from Kingwilliamstown. Letters from Mother Mary Auxilia, the Convent, Salisbury, dated 11/7/1955 and 13/8/1957. Also p. 16 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Margaret Wilhelmina Carr, 1896. (Mrs Stranley). Arrived with her husband in August, 1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Marion Carruthers, 1895. (Mrs Botton). Arrived by ox wagon from Somerset East. Was in the Bulawayo laager. Died on 16th November, 1932 in East London and is buried in Bulawayo. Information from her son, Mr Claude Botton, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Carter, 1893. (Mrs Farthing). Came up with Mr and Mrs Lamb to assist open Store Bros, drapery shop in Salisbury. Was in the laager there and spoken of as “Really and truly brave.”She and her husband had the Queen's Hotel, Salisbury. Pp. 45 and 199 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Lavinia Cawood, 1895. (Mrs Bagnall). Arrived in December, 1895 to join her husband. Was in the Salisbury laager, see p. 93 "In God's White Robed Army,” by a Dominican Sister. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Grace Chalmers, 1896. (Mrs Burrows). Arrived with her parents via Mangwe. Lived in Bulawayo; died at Gutu in 1922 and is buried at Mvimvi Ranch, Gutu. Information to Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society from Mrs Kettering- ham, her sister, Bulawayo.
  • Mary Isabella Chalmers, 1896. (Mrs Ashburner). Arrived by ox wagon. Lived at Fort Rixon; died in 1939. Information from Mrs Grant, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ruby Chalmers, 1896 (Mrs Ketteringham). Came with her parents via Mangwe. Living (1959) in Sauerstown, near Bulawayo. Information from herself to the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Chapman, 1895 or 96, or earlier. Was in the Nurses' Home, 96 Main Street, according to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-1896, pp. 69 and 117. Mrs Chapman was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion.
  • Helen Chapman Missionary explorer and founder of American Methodist education for girls in Southern Rhodesia - Springer, Helen Emily [Chapman] Rasmussen (1868-1946) - http://www.bu.edu/missiology/missionary-biography/r-s/springer-helen-emily-chapman-rasmussen-1868-1946/
  • Mrs Cinamon, 1894. Mother of Mrs Goudvis, whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers, as having "arrived with mother."
  • Bertha Frances Annie Cinamon, 1894. (Mrs Goudvis). Arrived with her mother by wagon to join her father; was in the Bulawayo laager in the '96 rebellion. Is still living in Johannesburg (1960). Information from Mrs Meyerson, Bulawayo, by telephone. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Clarice Leanore Cinamon, 1894. (Mrs Michaelis). Arrived by ox wagon from Johannesburg with her mother and family, to join her father. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Left about 1902 for Johannesburg, where she now lives (1960). Information from Mrs Meyerson, Bulawayo, by telephone. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Clapton, 1877. (Mrs Elliott). Wife of Rev. W. Elliott of Inyati Mission, who compiled “Notes for a Sindebele Dictionary.”She lived at the Mission till 1895 (uncertain), when Mr Elliott resigned on account of her health, see p. 11, "A Brief Historical Survey of the London Missionary Society in Southern Africa,” by A. J. Haile and also pp. 51-60 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mother Clare, 1892. Surname Huber. Dominican Sister, came from Kingwilliamstown with four others, first to Fort Victoria then on to Fort Salisbury. Pp. 16 and 17 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Also letter from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury dated 31/8/1957.
  • Phoebe Clark, 1871. (Mrs "Bulala" Taylor) Originally came up with her parents who were traders. She returned South and married Mr A. Wolfenden, who was also a trader; they lived in Matabeleland till her husband's death; then in 1887 she married Mr Taylor; they were in the Mangwe laager during the rebellion. A long article by Mrs Taylor is to be found on pages 169 to 180 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Annie Elizabeth Clarke, 1895. (Mrs Mercer). Arrived with her husband and family by Zeederberg's coach in August, 1895. Mrs Mercer died at Rondebosch in October, 1947. Information from her son, V. S. B. Mercer, Salisbury in letter dated 2/10/1957, replying to my advertisement.
  • Gertrude Fenella Clarke, RRC, OBE, MBE, 1896. (Mrs Redrup) Came up with P D Crewes, towards the end of the Matabele Rebellion. A great and well loved personality. An interesting article entitled “Nurse Fenella“ is to be found in “Women of Central Africa." Mrs Redrup died on 1st June, 1945. Information from her son, Mr Aston Redrup. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Cloete, 1894. (Mrs Prescott). Travelled up by ox wagon with her husband and family and lived at Mangwe. She and her six children were in the laager there during the rebellion in '96. A long article written by her daughter, Mrs Black, is to be found in "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Prescott died at the age of 84. Letter from Mrs Black dated 25/11/1959.
  • Aletta Maria Cloete, 1895. (Mrs Herbst). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Rachel Coates, before 1892. Sister of John Coates aged 40, a mason (not "supposed to be unmarried") who died 6th March 1892 at Tuli. ZimDN 1/41
  • Dorcas Barber Cock, 1895. (Mrs Woollacott). Travelled by Zeederberg's Coach, arriving October, 1895. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Died in Bulawayo in 1949. Information from her son. On Roll of Women Pioneers. ZimDN 75/231
  • Mrs Annie Cockin, 1878. Wife of Rev. J. Cockin of Hope Fountain, Mr and Mrs Cockin left on a visit to Bechuanaland in 1880, where he died. His wife did not return. Pp. 92-102 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Anna Elizabeth Coetzer, 1894. (Mrs de Meyer, 1894). Born at Melsetter, 10/7/1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Her family arrived on the Henry-Steyn Trek Dates need checking as the trek was 1894.
  • Christina Coetzer, 1895. (Mrs H Steyn). Arrived with her daughter Aletta, in the Henry- Steyn Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also page 163 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Herculina Johanna Coetzer, 1895. (Mrs Jones). Arrived with her parents at Melsetter in the Henry-Steyn Trek. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Eva Coker, 1896. (Mrs Campbell). Arrived with her parents "before the railway.”Information from Mrs A. M. O'Connor, Salisbury, in answer to my advertisement; letter dated 4/10/1957.
  • Eveline Frances Jemina Coleman, 1892. (Mrs Roberts). Came with her parents in the Moodie Trek, was a niece of Thomas Moodie, leader of the Trek; was in the Salisbury laager during the rebellion. Mrs Roberts was married in 1897. She lived first in Salisbury and then in Melsetter and other places in Rhodesia until her death, in Salisbury, in 1951. Information from her son, Mr Farewell Roberts, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Josephine Coleman, 1895. (Mrs Hulley). Came up with her husband and family from Beira by coach via Umtali, to Salisbury in February, 1895. Was in the Salisbury laager during the rebellion. Mrs Hulley died in 1943. Information in letters from Mr F. Hulley, Umtali, dated 22nd April and 5th May, 1959.
  • Lucretia Coleman, 1892. (Mrs Arnott). Came with her parents in the Moodie Trek; was a neice of Thomas Moodie, leader of the Trek. She married in 1896 and they lost everything at Gletwin Farm during the rebellion. Mrs Arnott was in the Salisbury laager and her husband took part in the Mazoe Patrol. After this they went to the Cape for a time, but returned to Rhodesia and lived at Good Hope Farm near Salisbury, where Mrs Arnott died in October, 1954 aged 89. Information from her sister, Mrs Jack, Goromonzi, in letter dated 27/7/1960 and from her son Mr G. E. Arnott, Wankie, in letter dated 9/8/1960. Also see p. 138 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sara Susanna (Sallie) Coleman, 1892. (Mrs Nesbitt). A niece of Thomas Moodie, leader of the Moodie Trek and she came up with her husband and three young children. She has written an interesting account of their early adventures which is to be found on pages 144 to 146 of Mrs Boggie's "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women." Mrs Nesbitt was in the Umtali laager. She died in Salisbury in January, 1956. Information from her sister, Mrs Jack, Goromonzi.
  • Elise Coilliard, 1877 (Madame Jeanmairet). Travelled up with her uncle and aunt, Francois and (Only stayed in Matabeleland for about 4 months). Her baby, Marguerite, born in September, 1886, is very likely the first European child to be born at Shesheke, Northern Rhodesia. Pp. 227 to 238 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Ella Rose Collins, 1892. (Mrs F. Biller). Arrived in '92, married in '93. On page 64 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, she is referred to as "A real good sort.”Her daughter ( Mrs I. M. Bain) was born in the Salisbury laager in 1896. (Letter from Mrs Bain, Marandellas dated 4/10/1957).
  • Dorothy Colquhoun of Woolwich is mentioned on the DN of her husband Thomas who died on 13th March 1892 at Umshabetsi of dysentry. "In service of the syndicate". A minor daughter Dorothy mention. she possibly was not in Southern Rhodesia as an English address is given for her. ZimDN 1/42
  • Condon, 1894. See Rev. Mother Francis, 1894 above.
  • Sister Constantia, 1891. Surname Fromknecht. Chosen from the Convent in Potchefstroom, Sister Constantia came up with Mother Patrick's small band of Dominican Sisters and settled in Fort Salisbury. Information from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, in letter dated 13/8/1957, also pp. 4-10 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Maria Amelia Cooper, 1895. (Mrs Wood). Arrived in Bulawayo 12th May, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Cornthwaite, 1895. (Mrs Rundle). Travelled up to Bulawayo by ox wagon to join her husband and was in the laager there in '96. Information from her daughter, Mrs Oaten, letter dated 6/10/57 in answer to my advertisement
  • Emily Ada Coxen, 1893. (Mrs Austin). Came first to Fort Victoria with her husband, then trekked to Bulawayo the following year. The Austin family was about the last to go into the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Mrs Austin was a grand niece of Captain Coxen of the " Grosvenor “Which was wrecked off the Pondoland coast. She died in June, 1937. Information in letters from her grandson, Mr Eric Muir, Bulawayo, dated 29/6/1959 and 2/7/1959.
  • Miss Cramer, 1895'. Is mentioned on page 67 of the British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances as having rendered good services. Did private nursing in Salisbury, including the laager during the rebellion. Information from Mrs Hodges, Bulawayo. In the photo on p. 261 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women " (Jeannie M. Boggie) Miss Cramer is standing in the back row, wearing a dark hat. She is often mentioned in "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa,” by Elsa Goodwin Green.
  • Agnes Creswick, 1895. (Mrs Atkinson). Came from Kimberley by wagon and coach with her husband and two sisters, Eva and Kate. They were in the Salisbury laager in 1896. Mrs Atkinson died in 1957 aged 93. Information from Mrs Roland Smith, Bulawayo, by telephone.
  • Mrs Cronje, 1894. Mother of Mrs Pohl whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having "arrived with her parents."
  • Catherine Cronje, 1894. (Mrs Pohl). "Arrived with Parents." On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Eileen Ruby Cross, 1896. Came up to join her mother. Is still living at Glenville, Bulawayo (1959). Information from herself.
  • Alice May Cumming, 1894. (Mrs Bain). Came with her parents and five sisters from Johannesburg by ox wagon in July, 1895. Information from her niece, Mrs Long, Bulawayo, by telephone. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Amy Atherstone Cumming, 1894. (Mrs Scot-Russell).. Arrived with her parents and five sisters and several brothers in Bulawayo in July, 1894 from Johannesburg by ox wagon. Was the first woman to be married in the Presbyterian Church in Abercorn Street, Bulawayo. Was in seige of Bulawayo and is on the Roll of Women Pioneers. Information supplied by her son.
  • Bliss Annie Cumming, 1894. (Mrs Millar, 1894). Came up with her parents from Johannesburg by ox wagon, with 5 sisters. Information from her niece, Mrs Long, Bulawayo, by telephone. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Katherine Cumming, 1894. (Mrs Peter Nielsen). Came up with her parents and five sisters by ox wagon from Johannesburg in July, 1894. Married the Native Commissioner, author of "The Matabele at Home.” Information from her niece, Mrs Long, Bulawayo by telephone.
  • Irene Cumming, 1894. (Mrs Cook). Came with her parents and five sisters by ox wagon from Johannesburg; married a nephew of Alan Wilson of Shangani Patrol fame. Mrs Cook was living in Pretoria in 1957. Information from her niece, Mrs Long, by telephone, 11/10/1957
  • Jessie Cumming, 1894. (Mrs Carlisle). Came up with her parents and 5 sisters from Johannesburg by ox wagon in July, '94. Information from her neice, Mrs Long, Bulawayo, by telephone.
  • Mrs Cunningham, 1896, who was murdered by the rebels at Insiza together with her husband, two daughters Alice and Amy, son Henry, grand-daughter Evelyn Milne and two grandsons. Bodies found on 24th March, 1896. Information from British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances, p. 46 in C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Also p. 35 of “Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous.
  • Kate Curran, 1891. (Mrs Pascoe). Travelled up by ox wagon from Kimberley; wife of Salvation Army Officer who started Salvation Army work in Rhodesia - letters from Miss Pascoe dated 23/8/1955 and from Mrs Shepherd (daughter) dated 30/6/1959 and 14/7/1959. Was in the Salisbury laager during the rebellion. Mrs Pascoe was Mayoress of Salisbury 1905-06. She was "the soul of goodness." Pp. 60-61 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Tom Curry, 1893, or before, is mentioned as giving birth to a daughter - possibly "the first female child to be born in Salisbury." Page 56 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.

D

  • Susie Wesley Davies, 1888. (Mrs Rees). Wife of Rev. Bowen Rees of Inyati Mission. Mrs Rees was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion and travelled down by coach with her two children to Palapye, where she stayed until the rebellion was over, then returned to the Mission. Pp. 61-65 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Davis, 1895, or earlier. Ran the Oxford Restaurant at 391 Rhodes Street, according to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-96, p. 95.
  • Mrs Charlie Day, 1896, or earlier. On Mr Day's application form to join the Pioneer's and Early Settlers' Society, under the heading "General Information “He writes “Wife also did good service in laager." Mrs Day is mentioned in a letter from Mrs Lewis dated 24/6/58 as having been in the Bulawayo laager.
  • Florence Annie Dearsley, 1892. (Mrs Hurrell). Her Memoirs are to be found on pp. 242-249 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. There is an article by her in “Women in Central Africa," pp. 53-55, entitled "Into the North. ”This tells of the beginning of Gwelo. Mr and Mrs Hurrell had the first hotel there, The Horseshoe, which was eventually sold to Mr Tom Meikle who built the Midlands in its place. Mrs Hurrell was in the Gwelo laager. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Deary, 1892. Mentioned in "The Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian Times" of 13th August, 1892, as being one of the seven ladies present at the first dance held in Mashonaland. p 69 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Deisenhofer, 1895. See Sister Marcella, 1895 below.
  • Martha Madelina Denever, 1894. (Mrs Hartzenberg). Arrived 15/12/1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Devine, 1895-96 or earlier. Of the Nurses' Home, 96 Main Street, according to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-96, pp. 69 and 117. Mrs Devine did splendid work in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion; when it was over Earl Grey paid expenses for Mrs Devine to take a trip to the Colony as a mark of his appreciation of her valuable services at the "Laager and Exchange Hospitals." (“Bulawayo Chronicle“ Saturday, June 13th, 1896). Information from Mr A. Cripwell, Salisbury.
  • Margaret Alice Diamond (born in County Mayo, Ireland in c.1883. Died 14 Feb 1953 aged 69y 9m. Unmarried daughter of John and Mary Diamond. ZimDN 182/53.
  • Mary Thersa Diamond, 1896. (Mrs Mullally). Arrived with her parents. Information in letter from her granddaughter, Mrs Aylward, Bulawayo.
  • Mrs Dickenson, 1896, or before. One of the three ladies who had the terrible experience of being brought into Salisbury laager by the Mazoe Patrol during the Mashona rebellion. Her husband had already been murdered. Pp. 59, 60 and 262 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sister Dorothy, 1896. Surname Schmid. Dominican Order. Dominican Order. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Dowd 1896. See Sister Antonina 1896 above
  • Margaret Downing, 1894 (Mrs Issels). Arrived with her husband and infant in October, 1894. They had one of the first pianos in the country and showed kindness to a great many. They did not move into the laager during the '96 rebellion, but just stayed in their cottage. Mrs lssels died in Bulawayo in February, 1933. Information from her son, Mr H Issels. See page 233, "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Drake, 1890. (Mrs Codrington) Formerly Mrs Caldecott, nee Mentioned in the "Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian Times " of August 13th, 1892, as being one of the seven ladies present at the first dance held in Salisbury. Page 69 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, also mentioned in a letter from Marshall Hole to Mrs Boggie dated 14/8/1932 and on page 73 of "In God's White Robed Army,” by a Dominican Sister.
  • Dreier, 1891 see Rev. Mother Berchmans, 1891 above.
  • Annie Shaw Driver, 1896. (Mrs Chawner). Arrived in September '96 with her mother Maria and two sisters to join her father in Gwelo. She is still (1960) living in Durban. Information from Mrs Dawson, nee Driver, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Harriet Maud Driver, 1896. (Mrs Colteman-Cronin). Came by wagon with her mother Maria and two sisters to join her father who was Native Commissioner in Gwelo, in 1896. She is still living in Durban (1960). Information from Mrs Dawson, nee Driver, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mary Driver, 1896. (Mrs Bull). Arrived in September, '96, with her mother Maria and two sisters, to join their father in Gwelo. Still living (1960) in Durban. Information from Mrs Dawson (nee Driver), Bulawayo.
  • Mary Ellen Dunn, 1896. (Mrs Simpson). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Rose Dunn, (Mrs Mayes, 1896). Arrived by wagon. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Dupleis, 1896. On page 203 of "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa,” by Mrs Elsa Goodwin Green, the author mentions Miss Dupleis who had shared a hut with her at Chimoio. She died of fever shortly afterwards.
  • Mary Ann Durham, 1896. (Mrs Pearson). Travelled up with four children with the Convent Sisters from Mafeking by ox wagon. Mrs Pearson lived in Bulawayo until her death in 1904. Information from her daughter-in-law Mrs E. A. Pearson, Selukwe in letters dated 22/7/1959 and 5/8/1959.

E

  • Lily Maria Eastman, 1895. (Mrs Hughes). Arrived with her father in November, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Violet Caroline Eastman, 1895. (Mrs Finch). Arrived with her father in November, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Florence Marion Cowdray Easton, 1895. (Mrs Whyte). Arrived by ox wagon. On Roll of Women Pioneers
  • Wilhelmina Freestone Eckard, 1894. (Mrs Dan Judson). Wife of Col. Dan Judson and came to Salisbury via Beira, having many adventures en route. Pp. 206-214 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Judson and her baby daughter were in the condemned cell of the Salisbury gaol which was made into the laager during the '96 rebellion and they are both now (1960) living in Cape Town. Mrs Judson is on the Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Mary van Eden, (Mrs McDonald). Arrived with her father. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elisabeth Eduardine, 1875. (Mrs Helm), daughter of Baron von Putt Kamer. Wife of the well known Missionary of Hope Fountain near Bulawayo. Before coming to South Africa she lived in her father's castle on the Rhine; left home and was governess for a time in Lord Plunket's family in Ireland. Mrs Helm entertained Cecil Rhodes and many other distinguished people and was renowned for her kindness. She died in 1913 and was buried at Hope Fountain. Pp. 86-91 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Edwards, 1870. (Mrs Thomson). Wife of Rev. J. B. Thomson, who was the first missionary at Hope Fountain, near Bulawayo. They worked there for six years and were then transferred to Ujiji. Page 10 of "A Brief Historical Survey of the London Missionary Society in South Africa,” by Rev. A. J. Haile.
  • Christina W M van Eeden, 1895. (Mrs S van Niekerk). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury; married in Bulawayo, 11th November, 1895. Mr Stephanus van Niekerk was a farmer.
  • Dirkie Jacoba van Eeden, 1894. (Mrs Olwage). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957 also p. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Caroline Elliott, 1864. (Mrs Thomas). Second wife of Rev. T. M. Thomas of Inyati Mission; she mastered the native language and helped her husband with translations. Mrs Thomas left Matabeleland in 1889 and died at Bethlehem, Orange Free State, in 1905. Pp. 32-49 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Julia Tomlin Ely, 1894. (Mrs Watmore). "Arrived with parents“ in Bulawayo, March, 1894. Was in the Gwelo laager during the '96 rebellion. Still living (1960) in England. Information from her brother, Mr Dick Ely, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Emmerich, 1893. (Mrs Harrison). With her first husband ( Mr Clarke) she travelled up with Mr and Mrs Strobel and their adventures are told on pages 185-187 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Anna Maria Emmerick, 1893. (Mrs Strobel). First came in 1893, but returned to Johannesburg because of the theft of so many of their cattle. They came to Rhodesia again, via Beira in 1897. Pp. 185-191 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Hugo Am Ende, 1892. Mentioned in "The Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian Times" of 13th August, 1892, as being one of the seven ladies present at the first dance ever held in that part of the country; it was given by Mr Stamford Brown. "She brought with her her young daughter Flora . . . .”Extract from letter to Mrs Boggie from Mr Marshall Hole dated 14/8/1938. Page 69 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Elizabeth Cecilia Engelbrecht, 1892. (Mrs Phipps). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lenie, Mrs Diederik Engelbrecht, 1895. Came with her husband and child Jan on the second du Plessis Trek. P. 81 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Hester Maria Magdalena Jacoba Engelbrecht, 1895. (Mrs E. C. Boardman). Mr and Mrs Boardman were married in Salisbury in 1895. Information from one of the staff in the office of Registration of Marriages in Salisbury.
  • Hester Maria Magdalena Engelbrecht, 1895. (Mrs Loots). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Johanna Susanna Engelbrecht, 1896 (Mrs Jacobs). First husband Sam Rautenbach. Came by wagon with her husband and baby from Zeerust, and has lived in the Bulawayo District ever since. Now (1959) Mrs Jacobs is in the Bartley Block of the Bulawayo Hospital. Information from herself. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs G Envrard, 1894. Was with the Dutch Reformed Mission, but had to leave for health reasons in 1896. Letter from Miss Julia Haymann, Fort Victoria, dated 13/11/1955.
  • Mrs Erasmus, 1896. Wife of a trader who lived about 60 miles from Salisbury. The story of their escape from death by the rebels is told on pp. 267 and 268 of Jeannie M. Boggie's "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women.”Their names are mentioned on p. 60 of the B.S.A. Company's Reports on Native Disturbances, in the Central African Archives.
  • Anna Frances Christina Erasmus, 1894. (Mrs Rademeyer). Arrived in Bulawayo, 15th December, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Erskine, 1893. Travelled up by coach as a nursing sister. She was the daughter of Major Erskine of the Mining Board in Kimberley, but did not stay long in the country. Information in letter to Mrs Boggie (in her possession) dated 14/8/1932 from Mr Marshall Hole.

F

  • Mrs and Miss Fairbridge, 1892. Mr A. Cripwell, Salisbury, in a letter dated 26/8/1957, sent me the following extract from "The Rhodesia Chronicle and Mashonaland Advertiser," published weekly at Tuli, dated 26th November, 1892, issue No. 30 - Under ' Local and General,' " Mrs and Miss Fairbridge arrived at Tuli by the coach on Monday on their way to Salisbury."
  • Mrs Fairburn, 1893, or earlier. Mentioned by Mrs Nesbitt on page 147 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,”As having lived near them at Mazoe. A Mrs Fairburn is also mentioned by Mrs J. Carruthers as having been in Salisbury in 1891, in a letter to Mrs Boggie dated 19th June, 1935. An agnes Fairbairn was the mother of a 3month old child, Andrew Angus Fairbairn who died on 8th April 1893 of malaria. Fathger named only as J G W Fairbairn. ZimDn1/86.
  • Hilda Seymour Fairbridge, 1896 (Mrs Hutson). Arrived with her parents. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Fairweather, 1896, or Earlier. Nurse - companion to Mrs Norton, and was murdered by the Mashona rebels at the same time as the Norton family. P. 71 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Also recorded in “Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous.
  • Mrs Fells, 1889. With her husband, Mrs Fells is mentioned on pp. 114 and 115 of "A Study In Pioneering. The Moodies of Melsetter,” by Edmund H. Burrows. They were "the vanguard of Mount Selinda “And were of the American Zulu Mission. Mrs Fells was an expert linguist.
  • Letetita Ferns, 1896.(Mrs Bradshaw). Arrived with her husband and family. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Aletta (Leah) Maria Catharina Ignasina Ferreira, 1895. (Mrs Welensky). Came with her children from the Willowmore District of South Africa, to join her husband. They lived first in Bulawayo and after the rebellion went on to Gwelo, then to the Globe and Phoenix Mine. About 1904 or 5 they moved to Salisbury, where Sir Roy was born in 1907 - the 13th child of Mrs Welensky's 14 children. Mr and Mrs Welensky returned to the Union for two or three years but came back to Salisbury in 1913. Mrs Welensky was born in 1865, and died and was buried in Salisbury in 1918. Information from her son, Sir Roy, Prime Minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
  • Katherina Ferreira, 1895. (Mrs Markham).. Arrived with the Henry Steyn Trek. A Mrs Markham gave birth to a baby that died in the Umtali laager. P. 124 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Maria Magdalena Ferreira, 1895. (Mrs J J Moolman). Came with the Henry-Steyn Trek, which was the last recognised Trek in the Chipinga District. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga.
  • Susanna Gertruida Ferreira, 1894. (Mrs Herselman). Travelled with Martin's Trek, but she and her daughter died soon after they arrived. Her husband also died within a short time. Pp. 367 to 170 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie and p. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Elizabeth Mary Ferwin, 1895. (Mrs Dowell). Arrived with her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Fife-Scott, 1896. Mentioned by Mrs Hurrell on p. 247 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women “As having nursed in the Gwelo laager.
  • Ethel Finaughty, 1894. (Mrs Southwell). "Arrived with parents” in Bulawayo; her father was the well known hunter. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Fink, 1896. See Sister Canisa, 1896 above
  • Annie Fisher, 1894. (Mrs Watt). Came to Bulawayo in March, 1894 to join her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ivy Nesta Fisher, 1896. (Mrs Bridger). Arrived with her mother, via Beira, to join her father in November, '96. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Sophia Agnese Fitt, 1895. (Mrs McDonald, 1895). Arrived in Salisbury with her mother and brothers, via Beira. Was in the Salisbury laager in '96, Died in Bulawayo in 1939. Information from Mrs Grant, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Cecilia Josephine Fitzpatrick, 1893. (Mrs Hans Sauer). Wife of Dr. Hans Sauer and sister of Sir Percy Fitzpatrick of " Jock of the Bushveldt" fame. Mrs Sauer trekked up with her husband and only stayed a short time, but often went back to Rhodesia on visits. She arrived with two daughters. Information from her daughter, Mrs Graham, still living (1959) in Canterbury, England, through Mrs Malise Graham, Bulawayo.
  • Philadelphia Alice Fisher, 1896. (Mrs Fleming). Came up as a bride with her husband, Dr. Fleming, via Beira, Chimoio, and from Old Umtali by coach and mules to reach Salisbury before the Mashona rebellion broke out. Mrs Fleming's letters were originally published in the Rhodesian Medical Journal, and have since been published as a booklet. See also pp. 259 to 262 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Melina da Fonseca, 1895 or before (Mrs Meredith). Formerly Mrs Rorke. Came up as a young girl; was in the Bulawayo laager in '96. Is now (1959) living in London. Information from Mrs Trevelyn of the " Chronicle,” Bulawayo, who met Mrs Meredith at Rhodesia House in 1958.
  • Emily Teresa Forsen, 1892. (Mrs A. S. Bain). Arrived with the Moodie Trek. Born 1862, died 1946. Information from Mrs S. M. Duncanson, Salisbury; letters dated 29/6/59 and 2/2/1960, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Miss A L Foster, 1896. Sister of Rev. H. Foster. Came up via Beira; nursed in the Umtali laager during the rebellion and was eventually Matron of the hospital there. P. 77 “Raiders and Rebels in South Africa,” by Mrs Elsa Goodwin Green. Also pp. 121-123 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Fourie, 1896, or earlier. Mrs Fourie was murdered with her husband and family by the Matabele rebels. Their bodies were buried by Napier's Gwelo Patrol. See p. 47 of Reports on Native Disturbances, C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Also pp. 209- 213 “Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous.
  • Dina Gertruida Fourie, 1895. (Mrs de Klerk') was in the Enkeldoorn laager. P. 264 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Pioneer Women.
  • Mrs Foy, 1891. Came to Salisbury with her husband and his partner, Mr Bradley; walked most of the way from Johannesburg. Started to provide meals in Pioneer Street and died the following year. Letter from Hampton, dated 18/3/1934, in the possession of Mrs Boggie, Gwelo. P. 63 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women." ZimDN 1/83 - died 24th or 25th March 1892 about 6 miles from Andrade in the Sambusi Valley of fever. Mrs Foy walked with her husband to Salisbury from Johannesburg. She provided meals in Pioneer Street, Salisbury, and was not above assaulting any customer who failed to pay his bill. Reference.
  • Rev. Mother Francis, 1894. Surname Condon. Dominican Order. As Sister Francis she came with Sister Patrick from Kingwilliamstown and worked in Mafeking and Macloutsie. Did splendid work during the '96 rebellion. Died in Gwelo Convent in 1934. Letter from Salisbury Convent dated 13/8/1957. Also pp. 4, 21, 23, 24, 37 and 38 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Francis, 1875. "In 1875 a party was got up to visit the Falls consisting of Mr and Mrs Francis.They travelled first by ox wagon then by donkey cart owing to tsetse fly and finally on foot “Their exciting experiences are told on page 223 of " First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Rose Frank, 1895. (Mrs A Jacobs). Married in Bulawayo 28/11/1895. The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Mr Aaron Jacobs was a timber merchant. According to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland this was the "first Jewish wedding celebrated in Bulawayo" On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Franke, 1894. (Mrs T Wedepohl). Wife of Rev. J. Wedepohl of the Berlin Mission Society. Letter from Mrs Krause (nee Wedepohl), dated 1/2/1956.
  • Jane Melville Conway Fraser, 1896. (Mrs Wigg). Left England with her two sisters and came to Salisbury (to join her father) via Beira, Chimoio and thence to Old Umtali by coach drawn by oxen and on to Salisbury by mule drawn coach. Theirs was the last coach to reach Salisbury, during the Mashona rebellion, before the laager was formed in the old gaol and they were put into the " oakum picking " cell. Mrs Wigg married in 1899, left Rhodesia in 1936 for the South and died there in 1957. Information from her sons, C. C. Wigg, Bulawayo and P. H. Wigg, Salisbury.
  • Miss Kate Fraser, 1896. Left England with her two sisters and came to Salisbury via Beira to join their father. Theirs was the last coach to reach Salisbury before the rebellion broke out and they were sent straight to the laager in the gaol and occupied the "oakum picking " cell. Miss Fraser left Rhodesia later and died in Vancouver. Information from her nephews, C. C. Wigg, Bulawayo and P. H. Wigg, Salisbury. Miss Fraser travelled from Beira with the party that is described by Mrs Dr. Fleming on pp. 259-262 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women."
  • Mabel Fraser, 1896. (Mrs Craven). Left England with her two sisters and came to Salisbury via Beira to join their father. Theirs was the last coach to reach Salisbury during the Mashona rebellion and they occupied the "oakum picking" cell in the gaol, which was the laager. Mrs Craven was married in Salisbury she died in Beira. Information from her nephews, C. C. Wigg, Bulawayo, P. H. F. Wigg, Salisbury. Mrs Craven travelled from Beira in the party that is described on page 260 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sister Frederica, 1894. Surname Kalschmid. Dominican Order. Came with other Sisters from the Macloutsie hospital camp. Letters from the Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957. Also page 21 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Fromknecht, 1891. See Sister Constantia, 1891 above.
  • Constance Froneman, 1894. (Mrs Cornthwaite). Joined her husband In Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.

G

  • Mrs Garrett, 1896, or earlier, was Matron in Sir Arthur Lawley's hospital for men constructing the railway at 77 mile peg, near Umtali. Information from Mrs Hodges (nee Bertram), Bulawayo.
  • Frances Garrod, 1896. (Mrs Warren). Arrived with her first husband, Mr John Knox, from Port Elizabeth by ox wagon. She was a qualified nurse and was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. In 1907, many years after the death of Mr Knox, she married Mr John Simco Warren, the great Scouter. Information from Mrs W. Stuttaford, her daughter, Bulawayo.
  • Mrs Gibson, 1894. Mother of Mrs Greef, whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having "arrived with her parents “ by ox wagon.
  • Cecilia Katherine Gibson, 1894. (Mrs Wilson). "Arrived with parents " 15th November, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Maria Gibson, 1894. (Mrs Greef, 1894). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Jessie Elizabeth Gibson, 1894. (Mrs Rosenfels). Arrived in Bulawayo from Nylstroom in August, 1894, with her husband and infant daughter, taking 3 months to do the journey. During the rebellion she was in the Bulawayo laager, where she gave birth to a son, Sigmund Julius; her daughter, Rosa, died of black- water fever at the age of 14. Mrs Rosenfels was a fine and courageous character. She died on the farm at Marula in 1950 and was buried there next to her husband and her father. Information from her daughter-in-law, Mrs Lois Rosenfels, in letter dated 20/7/1960. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Margaret Gibson, 1894. (Mrs Wilson). "Arrived with parents " on 15th November, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Alice Gifford, 1894. (Mrs Otterson). Travelled with her parents and family in the Edenberg Trek. Her first husband was Mr J. W. Scott, also a member of the Trek. Mrs Otterson still lives at Chipinga (1960) and has many memories of those early days. Information from herself. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Edith Maud Millvina Gifford, 1894. (Mrs Shinn). Travelled up with her parents in the Edenberg Trek, which is described on pp. 158 to 166 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Shinn, after many years near Chipinga, is now living in Bulawayo (1960). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Margaret Anne Gifford, 1894. (Mrs Mulling). Came up in the Edenberg Trek with her parents. Pp. 158-166 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Mulling is still living in Salisbury (1957). P. 60 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Prudence Gifford, 1894. (Mrs Brent). Travelled with the Edenburg Trek and has written a very interesting article about this journey and early days in Gazaland in “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, pp. 158-166. Mrs Brent died in Chipinga in 1949. Information from her sister, Mrs Shinn, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Her husband Thomas (Tom) Brent
  • Mrs Gillward, 1896, or earlier. Mentioned on page 127 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, as having gone into laager at Umtali.
  • Mrs Charles Gilson, 1896. Appointed from America to the Mount Selinda Mission. Information in pamphlet received from Rev. W. D. Webb, Mount Selinda, January, 1956.
  • Miss Juliette Gilson, 1896. Joined the American Mission at Mount Selinda and became responsible for the school. She gave many years of service to the Mission. Information in pamphlet received from Rev. W. D. Webb, Mount Selinda, January, 1956.
  • Mrs Gladwin, 1895. Her daughter, Mrs Rose-Innes, whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers, was born in Salisbury on the 26th June, 1896.
  • Eva Gladwin, 1895. (Mrs Rose-Innes). Born in Salisbury 26/6/1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Emma Phoebe Glanz, 1894. (Mrs A S Gifford). Travelled with the Edenburg Trek, with her husband and 5 children. This trek Is described by one of her daughters, Mrs Brent, on Pp. 159-166 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Gilford's maiden name is spelt Glanz; It is incorrectly spelt on page 60 of "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. Information from her daughter, Mrs Otterson, of Chipinga. On Roll Of Women Pioneers.
  • Sarah Gobey, 1893. (Mrs J Webster). She, her husband and two daughters, Hannah Louise and Mary Alice, trekked up from Marico in the Zeerust district. Theirs was known as the Webster Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 164 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs Golding, 1896, or earlier, is mentioned as living in Umtali, by Mrs Elsa Goodwin Green in her book "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa," page 110.
  • Ida Grady wife of Reuben William Grady were the parents of a 2 month old child, John William Grady, who died of gunshot wounds on 21st March 1893 -"Alongside Wagon (Grady's) about 30 miles from Salisbury on Manica Road". She was also killed in the same incident, about 30 years old. Her mother named as Mrs Weeks - Cape. Reuben William was about 40 years old when he died on 6th May 1893 of Meningitus. ZimDN 1/107-108-109.
  • Irene Margaret Gradwell, 1894. (Mrs Morrison). Arrived with her parents, 29/9/1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Edith Mary Graham, 1892. (Mrs Frewen). Known as Sister Borgia when she belonged to the Dominican Order. Came from Kingwilliamstown to Salisbury with the Sisters under Mother Clare - see article by herself in pp. 17-20 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,”She worked with Mother Patrick then left Salisbury after the Jameson Raid. Seven years later she married, having received permission from Rome to leave the Convent - see letter from herself (through my advertisement) dated 13/8/1959 from Kompa, C.P. where she lives, aged 88, with her niece (1959). Information also from the Convent, Salisbury, dated 11/7/1955 and 13 and 31/8/1957. There are mining claims in the C.A. Archives called “Swiss “Registered under the name of Sister Borgia in 1893 and abandoned 23/5/1898.
  • Mrs Graves 1890. Wife of Major Graves. Her first husband was Mr Ellis of the Bechuanaland Police, according to Marshall Hole's letter to Mrs Boggie dated 14/8/1932. Mentioned by Mr W. E. Fairbridge as showing him " much kindness." Only stayed a short time. Pp. 77 and 78 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Also pp. 112 and 113 "How we Made Rhodesia,” by Major A. G. Leonard.
  • Mrs Frekkie Greef, 1890, or earlier. Was in the Mangwe laager with six children. Information from Mrs Black, Marula. Also p. 285 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Johanna Catherine Greef, 1890. (Mrs Quested) Born at Mangwe, 21st April, 1890. Mrs Quested is still living near Plumtree (1960). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Martha Greef, 1896, (Mrs Hand Lee'). First wife of Hans Lee. Was in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion in '96. Information from Mrs Black, Marula. Also p. 168 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Rhoda Greef, 1892. (Mrs Elliot). Was the first girl born at Fort Tuli and was named after Mr Rhodes and remembered by him in his will, according to an article by Mrs Black of Marula on page 285 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Elsa Goodwin Green, 1896. Author of "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa" Came up as a nurse under the British South Africa Company, via Beira, Fontesvilla, Chimoio and Umtali. She only stayed a short while, and returned via Beira. Pp. 128 and 129 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Greit, 1877. A trader's wife remembered by Mrs Jessie Lovemore. Mrs Greit is mentioned in the Diaries of the Jesuit missionaries as having shown them much kindness when they came up to Matabeleland in 1879.
  • Countess Grey and her daughter Lady Victoria, 1896. Wife and daughter of Earl Grey, lived in the country most of the time that he was Administrator. They joined Rhodes' camp at the second Matopos Peace Indaba, and spent ten days there; they were also at the third Indaba on 9th September, 1896. Early in December of that year the countess and her daughter returned to England. See pp. 113,114 and 143 of”The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane.
  • Mrs Albert Grey, 1894, and her husband travelled through Rhodesia with the Right Hon. A. J. Balfour's party, and she is constantly referred to in Miss Balfour's book, "Twelve Hundred Miles in a Wagon."
  • Mrs Greyling, 1896, or earlier, was murdered with her husband and three children by the Matabele" on the road to Bulawayo during the '96 rebellion. P. 268 “Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous.
  • Sarah Maria Griesel, 1894. (Mrs Herbst). Came with the Edenburg Trek but left within 6 months on account of the death of her husband. Information from Mrs Otterson, Chipinga. See p. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Charlotte Ada Griffin, 1894. (Mrs Cass). Came to Natal as a child from England. Joined the Salvation Army and, as Captain Griffin, came to Salisbury to marry Captain E. T. Cass, also of the Salvation Army. She was one of the 3 ladies who had the terrible experience of being brought into the Salisbury laager by the Mazoe Patrol, after her husband had been killed by the rebels. Information from Col. V. Thompson, Salvation Army, Salisbury, in letter dated 8/10/1957. Mrs Cass died in Cape Town, she was a "Brave and courageous woman.”Also see pp. 59, 60 and 262 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Elizabeth Gwynne, 1894. (Mrs Beechey. Arrived in October. On Roll of Women Pioneers.

H

  • Mrs Haddon, 1894, or earlier. Came up to join her husband after the founding of the firm of Haddon and Sly. She was most probably in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Information from Mr John Sly, Bulawayo.
  • Eliza Mary Haines, 1896. (Mrs Maritz). Arrived with Archdeacon Upcher's party, June 4th, 1896. Pp. 121 and 122 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Hamilton, 1893. On page 83 of Dr. Neville Jone's book "Rhodesian Genesis” There is a paragraph which reads: "When the column left Victoria a Mrs Hamilton accompanied it in the regular uniform then in vogue. She rode at one side of the column and she and her husband had a small tent to themselves when camp was reached. However, she was not destined to see much of the campaign for, when the Salisbury Column was reached Dr. Jim (who went with the column) sent her back, escorted by her husband.”I have tried in vain to get more information about this lady.
  • Davina Johanna Hamman, (Mrs C R Hamman) - her daughter died aged 4 years and 7 months on 15th February 1894 of diptheria, husband of J J Hamman. ZimDN 1/173
  • Johanna Hamman, 1894. (Mrs de Beer). Came with her daughter Sina, in the Mynhardt-Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/57. Also p. 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Johanna Magdalena Hamman, 1896. (Mrs Watson). Came to join her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Hammann, 1893. There were two Mrs Hammans among the few women in the first Fort Victoria laager in 1893; their husbands were transport riders. The son of Mrs A. M. Hammann was the first baby to be baptised in Fort Victoria, by name Jacobus. Page 82, "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Harper, 1896. Remembered by Mrs Hodges, who nursed her in the Salisbury laager when she gave birth to a son. This fact is mentioned on page 262, "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Harper is also mentioned by Mrs Fleming in a letter to her mother dated 15th June, 1896; information from Mr A. Cripwell, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Harris, 1891. Came up with her husband who was a tailor; they only stayed about 18 months in the country. Letter from Hampton dated 18/3/1934 to Mrs Boggie and also mentioned on page 63 of her "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women."
  • Isabel Harrison, 1894. (Mrs Shell). “She came to Bulawayo, via Beira, as a young wife. Her journey to Rhodesia was up the Pungwe River to the narrow gauge railway terminus at Fontesvilla. From the Rhodesian terminus of that length of railway she travelled to Bulawayo by Zeederberg's coach."- Extract from “The Bulawayo Chronicle " dated 31/5/1957. Her eldest son was born in the Bulawayo laager. Mrs Shell is still living in Maritzburg aged 84 (1959). Letters from her grandson, W. S. Herbert, Salisbury, dated 6/7/1959 and 28/7/1959.
  • Mrs Hart, 1896', or earlier. Remembered by Mrs D. M. Livingston who arrived in Umtali in 1896.
  • Mrs Hartley, 1870, or before. Mentioned several times in Thos. Baine's “Northern Goldfields Diaries," p. 309, "hospitality of Mr and Mrs Hartley." January, 1871" Mrs Hartley baked a large loaf for us”. Her husband was the well known hunter Henry Hartley, (who had three wives so not sure which one is referred to here).
  • Haslinger, 1894. See Mother Ignatius, below .
  • Effie Priscilla Havnar, 1894. (Mrs Corbett). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Helen Hawke, 1894. (Mrs Tilbury). Arrived in September, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Nora Haysmer, 1894. (Mrs Anderson). Came from America with her husband and Mr and Mrs Tripp, to the Seventh Day Adventist Mission at Solusi, near Bulawayo, now known as Solusi Missionary College. Information from Mr F. Burton Jewell, late of Solusi Missionary College, in his letter dated 9/5/1957. Also letter from Mrs W. H. Anderson, Kansas, dated 19th June, 1957.
  • Healy. See Sister Humberta, 1895 above.
  • Miss Heany, or earlier. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the Matabele rebellion in '96. Information from a cutting from the "Chronicle " ( Mrs Cummins).
  • Aletta Elizabeth van Heerden, 1895. (Mrs Steyn). Arrived with the Henry-Steyn Trek at Melsetter in December, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Herculina Johanna Sophia van Heerden, 1895. (Mrs J G F Steyn). Came with the Henry-Steyn Trek and brought her daughter Maria. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also page 163 "Many Treks made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Sannie van Heerden, 1895. (Mrs Hendrik Steyn). Arrived with the Henry-Steyn Trek. Brought one son, Cornelius, and one daughter, also called Sannie. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also p. 163 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. Hendrik and Sannie had other older children who travelled on this trek with their own families.
  • Mrs Heine, 1896, or earlier. The following is a quotation from the B.S.A. Company's Records (p. 62) in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury: " Mrs Heine and 3 children were all murdered in the Charter District in the Mashonaland Rebellion”See also p. 140 of the same publication for names.
  • Miss Annie Kate Winnefried Helm, 1878. Born at Hope Fountain Mission and buried there in 1952. Second daughter of the Rev. and Mrs Helm. She taught at Plumtree when the school was first started there. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Parent's Grave - see sister below - Erica Elsie - Mrs Hepburn)
  • Erica Elise Helm, 1882. (Mrs Hepburn). Youngest daughter of the Rev. and Mrs Helm of Hope Fountain Mission, where she was born. Lived most of her life in Bulawayo and died there in 1934 and was buried at Hope Fountain. On Roll of Women Pioneers. - See her sister Emily above.
  • Jessie Constance Helm, 1875. (Mrs H Lovemore). Arrived with her parents, Rev. and Mrs C. D. Helm, at Hope Fountain Mission, when she was 19 months old. Her valuable Memoirs entitled "Thy Beginning”Were arranged for publication in 1956 by the Rhodesia Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society, and an interesting article by herself appears on pages 86 to 91 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Lovemore was affectionately known as the "Grand Old Lady of Rhodesia.”She died in Bulawayo on the 6th September, 1960. She had lived longer in Rhodesia than any other white person and was given a state funeral at Hope Fountain Mission. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Emily Helmore, 1895. (Mrs Henry). Arrived with the Henry-Steyn Trek; her husband was the leader. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga. Also p. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Dora Maria Herbst, 1894. (Mrs Richards). Came up with her parents Johann and Sarah and siblings on the Edenberg Trek; was in the Fort Victoria laager. Information from herself at Essexvale, April, 1958.
  • Elizabeth Johanna Herbst, 1894. (Mrs Rennie). Came with her parents Johann and Sarah and siblings in the Edenberg Trek and is still living in Fort Victoria (1956). Interesting experiences of hers are given on pp. 62 and 70 of "Bid Time Return,” by Basil Fuller. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Katrina Herbst, 1894. (Mrs Groetwall). Came with her husband in the Edenberg Trek, but returned to the Orange Free State 5 years later, when he died. Information from Mrs Otterson, Chipinga; also p. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. (?possibly an older, married, daughter of Johann and Sarah?)
  • Sarah Matilda Herbst, 1894. (Mrs Rademeyer). Came with her parents Johann and Sarah and siblings on the Edenberg Trek. P. 60 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lizzie Hewitt, 1894. (Mrs Massie).. Highly certificated in nursing and maternity work and supplied a great need in the first hospital in Umtali. P. 121 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie
  • Dolly Heyman, 1894. (Mrs Gilpin). First husband Bellasis. Came up by ox wagon with her mother, Mrs Alexander, later Lady Heyman. At one time was living at Marandellas.
  • Dirkie Elizabeth Heynes, 1894. (Mrs Hewlett). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957.
  • Engela Jacoba Heyns, 1894. (Mrs Remmer). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, also p. 79 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Maria Magdalena Heyns, 1894. (Mrs H. Bezuidenhout,). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also page 79 "Many Treks Made Rhodeisa,” by S. P. Olivier. Her husband - Hendrik Cornelius Bezuidenhout
  • Christina Heyns arrived 1894 with her family in the Martin Trek.
  • Rosina Heyns arrived 1894 with her family in the Martin Trek.
  • Hannah Highfield, 1894. (Mrs Hoffman). Came up with her husband. Was in the Bulawayo laager. Died in Bulawayo in 1920. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs Kane, author of "The World's View,”In letter dated 8/10/1955.
  • Hill, 1895. See Sister Sebastion, 1895 below.
  • Celia Jane Hill, 1894. (Mrs Gradwell). Arrived September, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Edith Rhodesia Hill, 1896. (Mrs Mitchell). Was born in the Suburbs of Bulawayo and she and her mother were carried into the laager, by Dr. Vigne's orders, during the rebellion. Mrs Mitchell is still in Que Que (1958). Information from her niece, Mrs Smith of Joy's Hairdressing Salon, Bulawayo. Also letter from Mrs R. J. Bester, Que Que, dated 27/6/1959.
  • Emma Hill, 1894. (Mrs Bassett). Arrived with her parents by donkey wagon. Still living in Bulawayo (1958). Information from her daughter, Mrs Smith of Joy's Hairdressing Saloon, Bulawayo.
  • Florence Kate Hill, 1895. (Mrs Roland Smith). Came up in one of Mr Tom Meikle's wagons with her mother and a baby of six months old, from Barberton; lived in Bulawayo till her death in 1947. Information from Mrs R. Smith, by telephone.
  • Freda Carrie von Hirschberg, 1896. (Mrs Eyles). The registration of this birth is to be found in the Registry of Births, Salisbury, 18/4/1896. Mrs J. Honey of Salisbury gave information of Miss von Hirschberg's married name.
  • Emily Jane Hocking, 1895. (Mrs Clarkson). Arrived by coach. Left Rhodesia in 1908. Information in letter from herself from Cape Town dated 5/10/1957 in answer to my advertisement. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Hockley, 1896, or before. The registration of the birth of this lady's daughter, Dorothy May, at Umtali, is to be found in the Registrar's Office, Salisbury, 26/3/1896.
  • Mary Monica Marshall Hole, 1892. (Mrs Garrett-Taylor). Travelled up with her mother to Salisbury, by rail, coach and wagon. An account of this journey can be read on pp. 65 to 73 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Garrett-Taylor's first husband was G. Fitzgibbon. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Martha Holt, 1896. (Mrs Fuller Coker). Arrived with her husband, who was a friend of Cecil Rhodes, Mrs Coker was among the guests at the banquet given at the Palace Hotel on the occasion of the opening of the Railway. She died in Bulawayo in May, 1927, aged 88 years. Information from Mrs O'Connor, Salisbury, in letter dated 4/10/1957, in reply to my advertisement.
  • Mrs Horn, 1896, or earlier, was in the Mangwe laager during the '96 rebellion with her husband and large family of sons, daughters and grand- children. Information from Mrs Black, Marula.
  • Ellen Howan , 1894, or earlier. (Mrs Peitro Sals). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo 28th November, 1894. Mr Sals was a miner.
  • Mrs J W Howard, before 1896, wife of the Editor of "The Bulawayo Chronicle" died 11th March, 1896; was buried by Father Daignault, S. J “Information from Mr A. Cripwell, Salisbury.
  • Winifred Liddon Howard, 1895. (Mrs A E Gregory). Arrived by ox wagon from Johannesburg; left the country in 1903 and is now living in Port Elizabeth (1959). Mrs Gregory was in the Bulawayo laager in '96. Information from her son in Bulawayo.
  • Huber, 1892, see Mother Clare above.
  • Elizabeth Anne Hulley, 1896. (Mrs James Cawood). Travelled up with her husband, niece and 4 sons by donkey wagon from Pretoria. Hulley-Cawood Trek Their experiences are told by her neice, Mrs Carey, on pp. 293 to 300 in "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sarah Lucy Hulley, 1894. ( Mrs Bain). Came with her husband and seven children by ox wagon; it took them six months. She lived in Rhodesia until her death in 1914. Information from her granddaughter, Miss Howard, Bulawayo.
  • Zillah Hulley, 1896. (Mrs Carey). Niece of Mr and Mrs James Cawood. Came up by donkey wagon with the Hulley-Cawood Trek, leaving Pretoria at the age of 14. Eventually settled at Penhalonga. Mrs Carey has written a long and interesting account of their experiences on their journey, etc., which is to be found on pp. 292 to 300 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Chris Human, 1892. (Known as Madame Blanche) "Manageress of one of the early hotels - I think the Masonic - in Pioneer Street. They lived in later days at Livingstone (N.R.) and then in Umtali. Madame Blanche had a fine soprano voice, was a true friend to any pioneer who was sick or hard up ...."Quoted from letter to Mrs Boggie dated 14/8/1932, from Mr Marshall Hole.
  • Sister Humberta, 1895. Surname Healy. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 31/8/1957.
  • Elizabeth Helena Hunt, 1895. (Mrs Joubert). Arrived with four children and her husband, who was killed at Enkeldoorn during the '96 rebellion. She and her children were in the laager there. Information from her daughter, Mrs S. M. Botha, in letters dated 27/6/1959 and 6/7/1959. (think that this is a duplicate/mix up of Elizabeth Helena Labuschagne?)
  • Grace Hurrell, 1893. (Mrs Wiley). Born in Johannesburg in December, 1891, and came up with her parents the following year. Pp. 242-249 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.

I

  • Mother Ignatius,1894. Surname Haslinger. Dominican Order. Came from Kingwilliamstown Convent with other reverend sisters, by wagon to Fort Victoria. Letters from The Convent, Salisbury, dated 11/7/1955 and 13/8/1957. Also pp. 4 and 16 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Frances Patton Impey, 1894. (Lady Heyman). Travelled up from Vryburg as Mrs Alexander, with 3 children and was married at Hope Fountain by Rev. D. Carnegie, to Captain (later Sir Melville) Heyman. She laid the foundation stones of the Memorial Hospital (to the memory of those who fell in the Matabele War of '93) and of St. John's Church, Bulawayo. Lady Heyman left Rhodesia on the death of her husband and died at the Cape in December, 1944. Almost identical articles about her appear in "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women “And “Women in Central Africa." On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Maria Boyce Impey, 1896. (Mrs Driver). Came to join her husband in Gwelo. Had a very trying journey from Vryburg by ox wagon with her three daughters during the time of the rinderpest; sister of Lady Heyman who had arrived two years previously. Mrs Driver died in Durban in 1942 aged 93 years. Information from her daughter-in-law, Mrs Dawson, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Caroline Letetia Ives, 1894. (Mrs Hill). Arrived with her husband and two daughters by donkey wagon. Went away for a while, but returned in May, 1921 and died in Bulawayo in 1950. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs Smith, of Joy's Hairdressing Salon, Bulawayo.

J

  • Mrs Hester de Jaager, before 1893. Wife of M J de Jaager, a farmer who died on 4th March 1893 aged 51 years. Minor children named - Michael Peter, Hester, Martha, Annie. ZimDN 1/144
  • Mother Jacoba, 1894. Surname Zim. Dominican Order. Came up from Macloutsie camp hospital. "In 1898 (May) H.M. Queen Victoria intimated her intention of conferring the Order of the Royal Red Cross on Mother Patrick and Mother Jacoba in recognition of their services in tending the sick and wounded during the rebellion." Pp. 10, 21 and 34 of “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mother Jacoba was Matron of the Bulawayo Memorial Hospital - see p. 131 of The Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland. Letters from the Convent, Salisbury dated 18/11/1955 and 31/8/1957.
  • Maria de Jager, 1895. (Mrs P J van Grim). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury; married in Bulawayo 13/9/1895. Mr Petrus Johannes van Grim was a Sanitary Board Officer.
  • Martha de Jager, 1895 (Mrs Jansen. The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo, 8th June, 1895. A. A. Jansen was a brickmaker.
  • Annie Matilda James, 1895. (Mrs Manthay). Arrived by ox wagon from Johannesburg. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs N James wife of Faithful James who died 28th April 1894 aged 27 years, from Cornwall. - one minor child ZimDN 1/176.
  • Joder 1896 see Sister Amalia, 1896 above.
  • Mrs Jones, 1896, or earlier was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Information from cutting in “The Chronicle " from Mrs Cumins; she is also mentioned by Mrs Lewis in letter dated 24/6/1958, as having been in this laager.
  • Catherine Alice Jones, 1894. (Mrs Ogilvie, 1894). Came up to be married arriving 12th October, 1894. Her husband was the Mining Commissioner in Salisbury; she helped nurse the wounded in the laager there during the 1896 rebellion. Information on p. 202 of “Women of South Africa,” Edited and compiled by T. H. Lewis and published in 1913 by le Quesne and Hooten Smith, Capetown. On Roll of Women Pioneers. The Original Marriage Register in the National Archives records that Catherine Alice and Ogilvie Holling Ogilvie were married on 19/8/94 at All Saints Church, Salisbury, by J. Hay Upcher.
  • Miss Nancy Jones, 1893. An American negress who came with a party of eight American missionaries - "the first representative of the negro race to be sent by the American Board as a missionary to Africa.”Information in pamphlet from Rev. W. D. Webb, Mount Selinda Mission, in answer to my enquiries, January, 1956.
  • Maria Aletta Jordaan, 1895. (Mrs Nauhaus). Arrived with relations at Fort Victoria in September, 1893. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Susanna Anna Jordaan, 1895. (Mrs Posselt). Arrived with relatives at Fort Victoria in September, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Helena Joubert, 1895. (Mrs Swart). Arrived with her parents. Her father was killed at Enkeldoorn during the rebellion. She was in the laager. Mrs Swart died in childbirth in 1913. Information from her sister Mrs S. M. Botha in letters dated 27/6/1959 and 6/7/1959 in answer to my advertisement.
  • Elizabeth Margaritha Joubert, 1895. (Mrs Botha). (First husband Muller). Sister of Maria Susanna. Arrived with her parents. Her father was killed in the rebellion at Enkeldoorn. She was in the laager. Information from her sister, Mrs Botha in letters dated 27/6/1959 and 6/7/1959, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Martha Susanna Joubert, 1895. (Mrs Botha). (Step-father T. J. Bezuidenhout). Arrived with her parents. Her father was killed during the rebellion at Enkeldoorn. She was in the laager and has “Never left Rhodesia all these years.”Information from herself in letters dated 27/6/1959 and 6/7/1959.
  • Edith Mazoe Judson, 1896. (Mrs Bovell). Born in Salisbury 10/2/1896, daughter of Col. Dan Judson, well known for his part in the Mazoe patrol. She and her mother were in the condemned cell of the gaol which was used as the laager in Salisbury during the rebellion. Mr and Mrs Bovell are now (1960) living at the Cape. On Roll of Women Pioneers.

K

  • Kalschmid, 1894. See Sister Frederica, 1894 above.
  • Kaltenstadler. 1891. See Sister Bona Venture, 1891 below.
  • Dena Corelena Kamp, 1896. (Mrs van Eden). Arrived with her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Enid Kerr, 1895'. Travelled up with a son and daughter, both under 6 years, in one of Zeeder- berg's coaches. The coach was lost in a flooded river (Shashi) but no lives were lost. A thrilling account of this journey is given by her son on pp. 255-6 of “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Kerr's daughter, Muriel, later returned to England (information from Mrs Jessie Lovemore).
  • Kilduff 1891 see Rev. Mother Amica, 1891 above
  • Kilkelly, 1892. See Sister Yolanda, 1892 above.
  • Nora King, 1891. (Mrs Moresby-White). Came up to join her husband; was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Never left Rhodesia, died in Bulawayo in 1949 and was given a Pioneer funeral. Information from her son, Bulawayo, by telephone.
  • Mrs Kinnear, 1894. Mother of Jessie Macdonald and Agnes McLeod whose names are on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having Arrived with her parents.
  • Agnes Kinnear, 1894. (Mrs MacLeod). Arrived with her parents March, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Jessie Kinnear, 1894. (Mrs MacDonald). "Arrived with her parents." On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mary Alice Kinnear, 1894. (Mrs Nunn). Arrived with her parents in Bulawayo, March, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Agnes Kirk, 1896. The adopted daughter of Mr and Mrs Ross who was murdered by the Matabele rebels in '96 at the same time as her adopted parents. Pp. 209 and 212, "Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous.
  • Mrs Jacomina de Klerk, 1894. Came up with her two daughters, Sina and Emmie, in the Mynhardt-Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Johanna de Klerk, 1895. (Mrs Symington). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Tensina Christina de Klerk, 1892. (Mrs Renders). First came to Enkeldoorn. Daughter-in-law of Adam Renders, who went to Zimbabwe in 1867. Mrs Renders died on 3rd July, 1946. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Aletta Elizabeth Kloppers 1895. Arrived with her parents in the Henry-Steyn Trek from Cradock. Was killed in a car accident near Marandellas on 23rd May, 1957, aged 78 years. P. 162, "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Elizabeth Knight 1894 or earlier, (Mrs Leeson Green). This marriage is in a register in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. At Bulawayo on 17th November, 1894.
  • Elizabeth Knight, 1896, or earlier. This name is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-96. The owner of Stand No. 46, Main Street is given as Elizabeth Knight.
  • Katherine Jacoba Koen, 1893. (Mrs Tom Pretorius). Arrived at Headlands where she and her husband had a store, Wayside Hotel and telegraph office. She was in the Umtali laager, and died in 1935. Her name is mentioned in the B.S.A. Company's Reports of Native Disturbances, 1896. Pp. 125, 126, 130 and 131 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Mrs Tom Pretorius led three women and six children, one of whom was a baby of three months, 130 kilometers through attacking tribes to Umtali. When she arrived it was said her hair had turned grey. Reference.
  • Kok, 1895. (Mrs Eugenie Maritz). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Aletta Kok, 1894. (Mrs John Mynhardt,). Came with the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek; had one daughter who died as a small child. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/57, and p. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Barbara Wilhelmina Kok, 1894. (Mrs du Plessis). On Roll of Women Pioneers. Martin Trek
  • Gertruida Kok, 1894. (Mrs S Kloppers). Came up with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 162, "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Gertruide Louisa Kok, 1894. (Mrs Nel). Travelled with the Martin Trek. P. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Jacoba Margrieta Kok, 1894. (Mrs J van Zyl). With her husband and 8 children travelled up with Martin Trek, an account of which is to be found on pp. 171-174 of Jeannie M. Boggie's “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women.” Also p. 78 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Johanna Cornelia Kok, 1894. (Mrs du Preez). Came with Martin's Trek. p.78 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Rosina Elizabeth Kok, 1894. (Mrs Maritz). Came up with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. P. 78 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Stephanie Dorothea Kok, 1894. (Mrs Spence, 1894). Came up with her parents in the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also page 162 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Susanna Johanna Kok, 1895. (Mrs Maritz). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Margaret Charlotte Kolbe, 1860. (Mrs Sykes, 1860). Wife of the Rev. William Sykes of Inyati Mission. Knew Mzilikazi, and patched his blanket for him once; he was so pleased that he gave her a sheep for each patch. Mrs Sykes went down to the Cape after the death of her husband in 1887, but returned to Matabeleland and died at the age of 91; she is buried at Hope Fountain Mission, near Bulawayo. eGGSA Grave. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs J. Lloyd.
  • Johanna Christina Krankamp, 1895. (Mrs Hannay). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the Marriage Register (1894-1915) in the C.A. Archives at Salisbury. "At Bulawayo 30/4/1895." J H Hannay was a farmer.
  • Elizabeth Krause, 1894. Mother of Ethel Southwell whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having “Arrived with her parents."
  • Ida Krienke 1891. One of 10 children of Carl August Krienke and his wife Louise Augusta in 1891
  • Lillian (Lillie) Krienke, 1891 (Mrs Snashall). Died in California. One of 10 children of Carl August Krienke and his wife Louise Augusta in 1891.
  • Louise Augusta Krienke (Mrs Warner).
  • Matilde Krienke 1891. Died in the USA. One of 10 children of Carl August Krienke and his wife Louise Augusta in 1891.
  • Jacoba Maria Susannah Kritzinger, 1895. (Mrs Botha). Arrived with her parents in January, '95. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Johanna Magdelena Kritzinger, 1895. (Mrs Montgomery). Arrived with her parents from Vryheid on 1/1/1895, having taken a year to do the journey on account of lions, locusts, etc. Information from herself. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Maria Kruger, 1895. (Mrs J. A. Heynes). Arrived with the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Died shortly after her marriage. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, also p. 86 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Pieternella Wilhelmina Christina Kruger, 1895. (Mrs P W Oosthuizen), arrived in 1895, her first husband was J. Z. Olivier who died in 1898. She was in the Enkeldoorn laager during the rebellion and is still living in Bulawayo (1959). Letters from her daughter, Mrs J. C. Barratt, dated 17/7/1959 and from her son at Filabusi, dated 4/8/1959.

L

  • Elizabeth Helena Labuschagne, 1895. ( Mrs T. J. Bezuidenhout). (First husband Joubert). Arrived in Fort Victoria with her first husband and four children, from Pretoria. He was killed at Enkeldoorn during the '96 rebellion. She and her children were in the laager. Information from her daughter, Mrs S. M. Botha in letters dated 27/6/1959 and 6/7/1959, in answer to my advertisement; also from Mrs Hunt, Bulawayo.
  • Susara Catherina Labuschagne, 1894. (Mrs Wolhuter). Arrived with the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek; went to Mount Selinda via Fort Victoria. Returned to the Union but came back to Rhodesia in 1923. Information from herself in Bulawayo, 1959. See also page 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Christina Annandale Lamb, 1896. (Mrs Reeves). Born in Salisbury, 7th January, 1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Her name is in the Voluntary Register of Births in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury; was in laager there with her mother and 2 sisters.
  • Janet Lamb, 1895. (Mrs MacDonald). Came up with her mother at the age of one year on a transport wagon. Was in the Salisbury laager in '96. An account of her being “Swum across “A river is given on page 201 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie; see also p. 203, same book. Mrs Macdonald is still living in Salisbury (1960).
  • Miss Rose Lamb, 1893. Hers was the first Birth Certificate to be issued in Salisbury, 20th August, 1893. Rose died of malaria. Pp. 202 and 203 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Rebecca Landman wife of William Landman. Her son George Arthur died aged 6 months, on 13th March 1894 of fever. ZimDN 1/177
  • Anna Cornelia de Lange, 1894. (Mrs T Mynhardt). Came with the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek with three daughters, Maria Elizabeth Gesina, Aletta Cecilia and Wilhelmina Cornelia. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/57, and p. 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Sarah Elizabeth Lange, 1891. (Mrs Ferreira). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Langford, 1896, wife of Dr. Langford; they had only been married a short time and had just left Bulawayo for Insiza when they were both murdered by the Matabele rebels. This sad story is told on pages 214 and 215 of "Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous; also on p. 266 “Bodies found on Rixon's farm and buried by Napier's Gwelo Patrol."
  • Johanna Jacomina Frances Larkin, 1894. (Mrs Eyles). Mr Eyles was her second husband, Mr Leach her first. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Last, 1896, or earlier. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the Matabele rebellion in (Information from cutting in "The Chronicle”Supplied by Mrs Cummins.
  • Lee, 1894. (Mrs Stephen Cloete). Was in the Mangwe laager during the Matabeleland rebellion, with her husband and one child. Information from her neice, Mrs Black, Marula, in letter dated 25/11/1959.
  • Mrs Carl Lee, 1894. Came up with Mr and Mrs Gert Cloete; she and her husband were in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion in '96 with two children. Information from Mrs Black, Marula, in letter dated 25/11/1959.
  • Gertrude Caroline Lee, 1895. (Mrs Fath). Arrived by ox wagon from Pietersburg and had her home in Rhodesia till she died in 1958 aged 80. Mrs Fath was in the Bulawayo laager in 1896. Information from her daughter Mrs Millam of Redcliff, Que Que, letter dated 25/11/58.
  • Phoebe Legear, 1894. (Mrs Havnar). Arrived with her husband by ox wagon. Lived at "Springvale.”Was in the Bulawayo laager. Died at the farm. Information from Mrs Robertson by telephone. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Marie Victoire Lemestre, 1893. (Mrs Baines). Well known as “French Marie.”Was married in France and went first to Chicago. Later came to Rhodesia and was near Umtali when the '96 rebellion broke out, but walked, with several others, to the Salisbury laager, carrying her baby. Her first husband was Jack Baines, who died in World War I. Later she married C. F. Green, divorced him and assumed her first husband's name. Mrs Baines lived in various places in Rhodesia including Gwelo and Fort Victoria. She had various mining claims. Her last years were spent at Selous where she ran the Welcome Butchery on Impofoe Farm. Mrs Baines died, owing to a fall in her daughter's house in Salisbury, on 3rd April, 1952, aged 85 years. "A great character and much loved.”Information from her daughter, Mrs Boltt, Karoi, in letter dated 18/7/1960. Reference has more about French Marie written by her Great Grandaughter Penny May Phillip.
  • Mary Less, 1896, (Mrs Allmark). Born in Salisbury, 25/1/1896. On roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Edith Grace Lewis, 1894. (Mrs Barnard Herman). Born in Bulawayo 15/12/1894 and is still living in Standerton, Tvl. Was in Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Information from her mother, Mrs Lewis, in letters dated 17/4/1958 and 24/6/1958.
  • Mrs Mary Ann Lias - wife of Robert - mother of 7 year old Paul Lias who died on 29th December 1892 - from/born Barbeton, Transvaal. ZimDN 1/169.
  • Liebenberg, 1894. (Mrs A C Raath). Is mentioned in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland 1895-1896 as living at 690 Borrow Street. Was a "friendly neighbour " of Mrs Welensky (mother of our Federal Prime Minister). Later went to Salisbury District. Left Rhodesia in 1928 and died in Cape Town in 1930 aged nearly 79. Information in letters from her daughter, Mrs Lewis, Standerton, in answer to my advertisement. Mrs Raath was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion.
  • Petronella van der Linde, 1893. (Mrs Nel). Arrived with her husband and children but died the following year "as the result of an accident caused by a wagon wheel running over her "on the Fort Tuli/Gwanda road. Information from her son in a letter to the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society.
  • Frau Marie Lippert, 1891. Wife of Edward Lippert, a German financier and cousin of Alfred Beit. They left Pretoria in a small carriage drawn by oxen and pitched tents at night. She kept a Journal in English about her visit to the "black man's country with a savage king." Pp. 79-83 "The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane.
  • Catherina Lombard, 1895. (Mrs Marais). Came with the Henry-Steyn Trek; brought three daughters, Annie, Catherina and Stephina. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. P. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Cornelia Lombard, 1895. (Mrs P W Steyn). Came with the Henry-Steyn Trek, bringing nine children including three daughters, Susanna, Anna and Cornelia. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also page 163 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Engela Lombard, 1895. (Mrs P Steyn). Arrived with the Henry-Steyn Trek. Her daughter Annie was born in the Transvaal during the Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also p. 163 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Catherina Sophia Lottering, 1896. (Mrs Engelbrecht). Came up to join her husband and was here during the rebellion. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Helen Rosalie Lovemore, 1896. (Mrs Fairbridge. Travelled with her husband in Griqualand. Later he went to Rhodesia by wagon and she and her children, including Kingsley, went by sea from Delagoa Bay to Beira where they were met by Mr Fairbridge and travelled by train and coach to Old Umtali; later they lived in New Umtali, where she died in 1929. Information from Kingsley Fairbridge's Autobiography and from her nephew J. F. Fairbridge, Salisbury, 1959.
  • Mary Lovemore, 1893. (Mrs Cripps). Wife of the Hon. Lionel Cripps, Speaker in the first Parliament of Southern Rhodesia. Her honeymoon was their adventurous journey from Port Elizabeth to Umtali by ox wagon and on horseback. Mrs Cripps has written an interesting account of their early life up here in Mrs Boggie's book, "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women," pp. 178-184. Mrs Cripps was in the Umtali laager - letter from herself to Mrs Boggie dated 11/1/1931. On Roll of Women Pioneers. "Mrs Lionel Cripps, wife of the man who was to become the first Speaker of the First Parliament of Southern Rhodesia, ... described conditions there as a "sort of Robinson Crusoe life, with no furniture, or planks to make any with, as all the packing cases are left at Beira. Mrs Cripps also recounts the arrival of supplies from Beira, when the women would rush out to see what had been brought - condensed milk, tinned butter, or tinned fish. "Alas it was more often whisky. Whatever else was left at the coast, whisky never remained behind!" Reference.
  • Johanna Ludick, 1893. (Mrs Wardle). Arrived in May, 1893, with children, to join her husband. Died in 1944. Information from her daughter, Mrs Love. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Lyle, 1896, or earlier. Had a wonderful escape with her husband from being murdered at Headlands during the Mashona rebellion in '96, and was in the Umtali laager. Pp. 125-126 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mary Lynch, 1896. (Mrs Diamond). (c.1863-1941). Arrived with four teenage children. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs Aylward, Bulawayo. ZimDN 59/239 Daughter of Michael Lynch and his wife Mary of County Mayo, Ireland. Her husband was John James Diamond who died in 1895. Children: Mary m. Mullally; John James Diamond; Margaret Diamond; Thomas Diamond.
  • Mrs Lynn, 1891. Mother of Mrs Watts whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having Arrived with her parents Fort Victoria.
  • Marion Lynn, 1891. (Mrs Watts). Arrived with her parents at Fort Victoria in December, 1891. On Roll of Women Pioneers.

M

  • Mrs Maberley, 1895 or 6. Came with her husband Dr. Maberley to Bulawayo. She was a Dutch lady of good family "and with her husband and infant son went into the gaol laager." (Presumably in Salisbury). Information in letter from Mr S. Candler dated 26/6/1933, from Rhodesia House, in the possession of Mrs Boggie.
  • Annie MacDonald, 1895. (Mrs Fletcher). Travelled with two children, one in arms, from Pretoria in one of Zeederburg's coaches. The story of this harrowing journey is given on pp. 250 to 254 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Also pp. 103-106 of "The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane. Mrs Fletcher was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Flora MacDonald, 1894. (Mrs Blackbeard). Came from Pretoria by ox wagon in December, '94. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs MacKenzie, 1863. Came with her husband Rev. John MacKenzie to the Mission at Inyati; but left again the next year. Their baby daughter Annie died and was buried in the Inyati cemetery. P. 268 “The Far Interior,” by E C Tabler, also p. 18 of Rev. A J Haile's Brief History of the London Missionary Society.
  • Christine MacKintosh, 1877. (Madame Coilliard). Wife of Rev.F Coilliard of the Paris Society of Evangelical Missions. Lobengula would not let them stay because they had brought a number of Basuto evangelists with them. They had to return to Shoshong, Bechuanaland, having suffered untold hardships. Madame Coilliard died there in 1891. They were accompanied by their niece Elise. See pp. 227-245 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Pearl MacRae, 1892. Arrived in Salisbury with her husband. They built the Albion Hotel in Pioneer Street and were there for some years. She was musical and very popular. Mrs Macrae's second husband whom she married during the Boer War was Mr Somebody. Information from Mrs Boggie.
  • Miss Madden, 1896, or earlier. Was in the Salisbury laager during the Mashona rebellion. P. 203 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Maddocks, 1894, nee Maud Dix. Came up to join her husband and was in the laager in Bulawayo during the '96 rebellion. Information by telephone from her daughter, Mrs Hocking.
  • Marie Maddy, 1895. (Mrs Selous). Daughter of the Dean of Gloucester and wife of the famous hunter. They settled at Essexvale; adventures concerning their experiences during the Matabele rebellion are given in Chapter 4 of "Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous. They left Rhodesia in 1897.
  • Mary Ann Mageer, 1893. (Mrs Nason). Arrived in February, 1893. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion and is still living in Bulawayo (1957). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Annie Malan, 1895. (Mrs J Steyn). Came with the Henry-Steyn Trek, and brought three daughters, Martha, Herculina and Anna. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, also p. 163 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • F S Malan, 1894. (Mrs A A Louw). Wife of Rev. Louw of the Dutch Reformed Mission of Morgenster. Mrs Louw died in 1935. Information in letter from Miss Julia Heyman dated 13/11/1955 from Fort Victoria.
  • Emile Elizabeth Jane Manley, 1894. (Mrs Gradwell). Trekked up with her children arriving Bulawayo 29/9/1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Mann, 1896, was in the Mangwe laager during the rebellion with her husband and daughter Mina. Information from Mrs Black, Marula.
  • Emily Mabel Augusta Mann, 1893. (Mrs Sawerthal). Travelled up by post cart to be married. Her wedding was the first in Salisbury. She was married from Col. Marshall Hole's house, Monica Marshall Hole was her bridesmaid and Maj. Patrick Forbes was best man. Mrs Sawerthal lived many years in Salisbury, but returned to the Cape after the death of her husband (Marshall Hole's letter to Mrs Boggie dated 14/8/1932).
  • Miss Manserhgh, 1893. Came as a nurse to the Umtali hospital, travelling with a party of ladies, part of the time with no white escort. p. 109 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sister Marcella, 1895, Surname Deisenhofer. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Christina Johanna Maritz, 1892. (Mrs Rae). Arrived with her parents, December, 1892. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Debora Maritz, 1895. (Mrs L. Kleyn). Came with the second du Plessis Trek. P. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Jacoba Christina Maritz, 1896. (Mrs Lottering). Arrived in November, 1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Katherine Sophia Maritz, 1895. (Mrs Clark). Arrived with her father. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lena Maritz, 1894. (Mrs du Plessis). Wife of Ernest du Plessis who came with the Moodie Trek as a single man in 1892, went back to the Free State and returned with his wife in the Du Plessis Trek in 1894. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga; also p. 152 "A Study in Pioneering, The Moodies of Melsetter,” by Edmund H. Burrows.
  • Magdalena Petronella Catherine Maritz, 1893. (Mrs du Plessis), arrived with her husband, January, 1893. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Emily Gertrude Markham (Mrs Gwynne). Came up to join her father in 1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Marriott, 1891. Settled in the Mazoe District; left the country on account of fever; but returned later. Letter from Mr Marshall Hole to Mrs Boggie, dated 19/11/32 says: ".... Mrs Marriott had 3 daughters and 2 sons and was accompanied by an elderly lady, Miss Rubridge
  • Mrs Martin, arrived 1878. Wife of the trader George Martin who had a store at Inyati, where Mrs Martin died and was buried in 1888. Information from Mrs Jessie Lovemore. Mrs Martin is mentioned in the Diaries of the Jesuit missionaries as having shown them kindness.
  • Winifred Martin, (Mrs Leonard). Came to Inyati in 1878 when about six years old with her parents, who started a trading store there. Mrs Leonard died at Marandellas in 1955 and is buried at Inyati. Information from friends at Inyati.
  • Muriel Matthews, 1896. (Mrs MacLachlan). Was born in Salisbury just before the rebellion and was in the laager there with her mother, Mrs Matthews. Information from herself in letter dated 15/12/1958.
  • Jacoba M. Matthysen, 1895. (Mrs Titus). Daughter of Jacoba Magdaleina Meinges. born on 8th August, 1895 on "Matabele" Wilson's farm near Bulawayo, and has been living in Bulawayo ever since. Information from herself in July, 1959, as a result of my advertisement.
  • Mayer, 1895 See Sister Agatha, 1895, above.
  • Mrs Violet McAuliffe, 1891. A trader's wife; she did not stay long in the country. P. 62 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs McAuliffe, took her ox-wagon to Fort Salisbury, ready to open her store while her husband remained at his store somewhere below Fort Tuli, 600 kilometers away. Reference
  • Annie McCabe, 1894. (Mrs Hocking). Arrived 23/10/1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Alice Maud McDermot, 1895. (Mrs Matthews). Her daughter Muriel was born in Salisbury in February, 1896 and they were both in the laager there during the rebellion. Mrs Matthews died during the 'flu epidemic in 1918, in Salisbury. Information from her daughter Mrs McLachlan.
  • Ellen Jessie McDonald, 1895. (Mrs Toshack, 1895). Born in Bulawayo, 11th July, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ethel Marion Jane McDonald, 1895. (Mrs Fotheringham). Arrived via Beira 25th May, 1895 and later went to Gwelo by coach. Letter from Mrs Alderson, her granddaughter, dated 27/6/1959. Also pp. 116 and 120 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mary McIntosh, 1894. (Mrs Squair). Arrived with her husband and family on 1st March, 1894, after being detained in Macloutsie for nine months owing to the Matabele War in '93. The family occupied pioneer farms in the Khami District. Letter from her daughter, Mrs Moseley, dated 27/6/1959, in answer to my advertisement. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs McMaster, 1869. In 1869 Baines says "The hunters were absent, but Mrs McMaster and the other ladies (no names) welcomed me " "Page 160"First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Ellen Thompson McNeilage, 1896. (Mrs Squair). Arrived by coach. The Bulawayo Chronicle of 9/12/96 states that she and Mr. James Squair were married in the Wesleyan Church, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Sister Mechtild, 1895. Surname Wegmann. Dominican Order. Letters from the Convent, Salisbury dated 18/11/55 and 13/8/57.
  • Martine Johanna Mehouse, 1896. (Mrs Mill, 1896). The registration of her marriage is to be - found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo, 6th April, 1896. Mr F. W. Mill was a steward.
  • Jeannie Valance Graham Meikle, 1893. (Mrs Strickland). Eldest daughter of the well known Meikle family, trekked up with her husband from Natal and lived first for two years at Charter. They then moved to "Inodzi “Near Penhalonga, where they remained until Mrs Strickland's death in 1957. Information from Mr Ian Wilson, through Mrs Rosen, Bulawayo.
  • Jessie Lindsay Meikle, 1894. (Mrs Browning). Trekked up by ox wagon with her husband and family from Natal. Lived for many years at "Rockey Lodge,”Salisbury, and is still living at Plettenberg Bay with her daughter Mrs Speyer. (1960).
  • Jacoba Magdaleina Meinges, 1894. (Mrs Matthysen). Arrived 4th January to join her husband; she came by ox wagon and they lived on " Matabele “Wilson's farm near Bulawayo. She died in 1956 aged 95 years. Information from her daughter Mrs Titus. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Janet Susannah van der Merwe, 1891. (Mrs Pearmain). Arrived in March. On Roll of Rhodesia's Women Pioneers.
  • Margaret Letetia Mew, 1895. (Mrs Beesley). Arrived with her two small daughters by coach to join her husband in December, 1895. Was in the Bulawayo laager. Mrs Beesley died in Bulawayo about 1931. Information from her daughter, Mrs Woods, in letter dated 20/11/1959. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Louisa Meyer, 1894. (Mrs Wilson). Arrived 14th June, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Magdalena Bertha Elwine Meyer, 1895. (Mrs M Neitz). Came to Rhodesia in August, 1895; she was the wife of one of the first missionaries of the Berlin Missionary Society. Johannes Heinrich Christian Wilhelm Neitz. Information from Mrs T. Krause, Ermelo, Transvaal, letter dated 1/2/1956. Reference: SAG Vol 6 pp. 76/77
  • Mrs Meyers, 1896, or earlier, was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Information from cutting in "The Chronicle" from Mrs Cummins, Bulawayo.
  • Mrs Player Miles, 1896, or earlier. Mentioned on page 127 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, as having gone into the Umtali laager.
  • Zilla Marion Miles, 1891. (Mrs Sandy Tulloch). Walked from Mapandas to Penhalonga (nearly 200 miles), her two children aged and 2 years being carried in a blanket hammock; a courageous journey. On 7th May, 1892, Mrs Tulloch gave birth to a son, the first English baby born in that area; he was christened Allister Rhodes by Canon Balfour. She died in 1934, a greatly loved pioneer. Pages 93 to 96, 105, 127, 132-134 of “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Robert Mills, 1896, or earlier, is said to have come from Cape Town and to have been in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Letters from Mrs Lewis of Standerton dated 24/6/1958 and 21/7/1958.
  • Mrs Mitchell, 1892. "Undoubtedly the first pioneer woman to settle in Fort Victoria." Mrs Mitchell was a nurse by profession. A long article about her is to be found on pp. 78-80 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs James Mitchell, in Fort Victoria, wore the Charter Company down and obtained the first liquor licence, paying £100 to sell her home-brewed hop beer. Reference
  • Emily Ruth Moffat, 1864. (Lady Clarkson Tredgold). Daughter of Rev. J. S. Moffat of Inyati Mission and was born there in 1864. She left Matabeleland at an early age, but returned with her husband, Justice (later Sir Clarkson) Tredgold in 1898. After his death she went back to the Union, but again returned to Rhodesia in 1936 and died in Salisbury in 1941. Lady Tredgold was sister to the Hon. H. U. Moffat, one time Premier of Southern Rhodesia, and her second son is Sir Robert Tredgold, K.C.M.G., Salisbury; her first son was killed in the First World War Information from Sir Robert and his brother, Alan, Nyamandhlovu.
  • Mary Moffatt, 1862. (Mrs David Livingstone). Daughter of Rev. Robert Moffat. Married Dr. Livingstone at Kuruman in 1845. Lived in Bechuanaland and in England for some years. In 1862 Mrs Livingstone travelled to the Zambesi to join her husband, but died of fever soon after; her grave is at Shupanga on the banks of the Zambesi. Pp. 113- 121 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. David Livingstone wrote; ".... Poor Mary sleeps on Shupanga brae and beeks forenent the sun. ..”Extract from an article by Rev. J. S. Moffat in the Cape Argus.
  • Mary Meta Moffat, 1862. (Mrs J Looseley). Daughter of Rev. J. S. Moffat. She was the first white baby girl born in Rhodesia, at Inyati Mission, in February, 1862. Mrs Loosley lived the greater part of her life in Rhodesia and died in Cape Town in 1954. Information from relatives.
  • Molly Mollet, 1894. (Mrs Cliff Cannell), wife of the leader of the Edenburg Trek. Died in Melsetter. Information from Mrs Otterson who also came with the Edenburg Trek. Page 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs Montgomery, 1894. Mother of Mrs Cooper, whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers, as having "arrived with her parents."
  • Susanne Elizabeth Montgomery, 1896. (Mrs Logan). Was born at Mangwe, 26/5/1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Agnes Manica Moodie, 1894. (Mrs Harmer). The first white baby girl to be born in Manicaland hence her name. An incident of her childhood is given on page 150 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elsie Moodie, 1892. (Mrs Acutt). Daughter of Thomas Moodie, leader of the Moodie Trek. An interesting account of this Trek, written by Mrs Acutt, is to be found on pages 152 to 157 of “Experiences of Rhodesias' Pioneer Women” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Acutt's first husband was Frederick Markham, whom she married on 1st January, 1894 - this was the first marriage in Melsetter. After the death of her husband she married William Acutt in 1902. See pp. 156 and 160 of "A Study in Pioneering - The Moodies of Melsetter,” by Edmund H. Burrows. Mrs Acutt died in Bulawayo on 31st December, 1944. (Information from Mrs Czarnikov, Bulawayo).
  • Harriet Madeline Moodie, 1892. (Mrs Mears, 1892). Daughter of Thomas Moodie, leader of the Moodie Trek. Returned to the Transvaal and was joined there in 1902 by her sister Sarah. P. 160 "A Study in Pioneering: The Moodies of Melsetter,” by Edmund H. Burrows.
  • Harriet Susan Moodie, 1892. (Mrs Bucknall).. Sister of Thomas Moodie (leader of the Trek), travelled up "with her household,”See pp. 125 and 164 of "A Study in Pioneering; The Moodies of Melsetter,” by Edmund H. Burrows. Her husband - William Bucknall
  • Margery Hester Moodie, 1892. (Mrs Coleman). Sister of Thomas Moodie, leader of the Trek, She came with her husband and four daughters. They opened the first boarding house in Salisbury. Mrs Coleman had exciting adventures in the Mashonaland rebellion and was six weeks in the Salisbury laager. An account of her early experiences, written by herself, is to be found in "Women in Central Africa," pp. 9 to 12, Also see pages 138 to 143 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Coleman died in January, 1935. Information from Mrs Stidolph, Bulawayo. Her husband - Edmund Francis Coleman
  • Sarah Maria Moodie, 1892. (Mrs Dunbar Moodie). Eldest daughter of Thomas Moodie (leader of the Moodie Trek). She married her cousin, G. B. Dunbar Moodie, at the house of Rev. Sylvester at Fort Victoria, who performed the ceremony. They spent their honeymoon at Zimbabwe Ruins (the first couple to do so), living in Cecil Rhodes' wagonette. See p. 135 "A Study in Pioneering: The Moodies of Melsetter,” by Edmund H. Burrows.
  • Aletta Maria Moolman, 1893. (Mrs Human). Travelled up with her parents - Johan Nicolaas and Catherine E F Moolman, and two brothers on the Moolman-Webster Trek. Still living (1955) in Chipinga. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga. Also p. 162 of "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Her husband - Johannes Cornelius Human
  • Elizabeth Ann Moore, 1896 (Mrs Almendro). Came with her husband and daughter; was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Later returned to the Union. Information from Rhodesia Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society.
  • Annie Morgan, 1859. (Mrs Thomas). First wife of Rev. T. M. Thomas. She came up with him by wagon from the Cape to Inyati, near Bulawayo, where the London Missionary Society's first Mission was started; she died at Inyati in 1862. Much is written about Mrs Thomas' brave life in Matabeleland on pages 16-28 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mary Mortonson, 1894. (Mrs G Tripp). Came from America with her husband to the Seventh Day Adventist Mission at Solusi near Bulawayo, now known as the Solusi Missionary College. After the death of her husband she became the second Mrs Frank Armitage. Information from Mr F. Burton Jewell, dated 9/5/1957 and from Mrs W. H. Anderson, Kansas, dated 18/6/1957
  • Countess Moske, 1891. Came up to Bulawayo when Zeederberg's Coach Service was first started, in company with Miss Albasini, who married Mr Hazelhurst. Information from Mrs R. Cranswick, Salisbury, daughter of Mrs Hazelhurst.
  • Jane Harriet Muller, 1896. (Mrs Longdon). Came up by coach to marry Mr Longdon, a lawyer in Gwelo and was in the Gwelo laager. Mrs Longdon died at the Cape in 1946. Information from her son, Mr S. Longdon, Essexvale.
  • Martha Elizabeth Muller, (Mrs Stevens). Married in Bulawayo, 3rd September, 1896. The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Mr Frederick Stevens was a transport rider.
  • Ida Mulliner, 1896. (Mrs Evans). Came up to join her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Mullins, 1896. (Mrs Alphonse Colenbrander). As Mrs Smith she came up to Bulawayo to visit her sister, Mrs Johann Colenbrander in August, 1896. With her she accompanied Cecil Rhodes and his party to the second Matopo Peace Indaba and gives an account of this on pages 273-277 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. See also pp. 113-114 of “The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane.
  • Molly Mullins, 1890. (Mrs Johann Colenbrander). Wife of the well known pioneer and hunter. She was a friend of Cecil Rhodes and, with her husband and sister, accompanied him to the second Peace Indaba at the Matopos. She was a splendid shot, an excellent horsewomen, and there are many stories of her kindness to all; she was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Mrs Colenbrander died in Bulawayo in October, 1900, and is buried in the cemetery there. See pp. 113-114 of "The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane; also pp. 217, 219, 223, 273 and 277 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Aletta Cecilia Margaretha Mynhardt, 1894. (Mrs Scholtz) Came up with her parents in the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 92 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Annie Mynhardt, 1894. (Mrs M. Bezuidenhout). Came with her parents in the Mynhardt-Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also page 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Christina Maria Mynhardt, 1894. (Mrs Raath). Came up with the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/57 also page 163 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Cornelia Mynhardt, 1894. (Mrs Louis Schutt). Came with her parents in the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Gerharda (Agatha) Cornelia Mynhardt, 1894. (Mrs Bezuidenhout). Came with her parents in the Mynhardt-Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also page 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Wilhelmina Mynhardt, 1894. (Mrs Lombardt). Came with her parents in the Mynhardt and Utrecht Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, and pp. 92 and 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.

N

  • Bridget Annie Nason, 1893 Mrs James. Arrived with her parents by ox wagon. Was in Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Now (1957) living in Salisbury. Information from her sister, Mrs Withers, Bulawayo.
  • Caroline Nora Nason, 1894. (Mrs Bester). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion in '96. Stayed in Rhodesia all her life and died about 1905. Information from her sister, Mrs Withers, Bulawayo.
  • Mary Ann Nason, 1893 (Mrs Anderson). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion in '96. Lived most of her life in Salisbury and died there on 22nd August, 1960, after a few days' illness. Information from her sister, Mrs Withers, Bulawayo.
  • Rebecca Nason, 1893. (Mrs Withers). Arrived in February, 1893 by ox wagon. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Information from herself, May, 1957. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Neilson, 1896, or earlier. According to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-1896, pp. 71 and 121, this lady kept a tea room in Bulawayo.
  • Anna Nel, 1894. (Mrs Salmon Scholtz). Came with the Martin Trek bringing 4 sons and 2 daughters, Anna Maria and Cathrina (not sure whether this refers to Catherina Maria Maryna or Catherina Petronella Maryna). Page 163 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Miss Annie Nel, 1893. Arrived with her parents, but returned South and died there during the Boer War. Information from her brother in a letter to the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society.
  • Mrs Daniel Nel, 1894. Came in the Edenberg Trek with her husband and three daughters, but returned within a short time on account of the death of her husband. Information from Mrs Otterson, Chipinga, also p. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Jacoba Nel, 1893. (Mrs Fincham). Arrived with her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Maria Nel, 1894. (Mrs Jan Scholtz). Arrived with her daughter Aletta in the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 79 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier
  • Josephine A M Nesbitt, 1892. (Mrs Stidolph). Came with her parents in the Moodie Trek, a niece of Thomas Moodie, leader of the Trek; was in the Salisbury laager during the rebellion. Mrs Stidolph was educated overseas; she was married in Salisbury in 1910 and lived there until her death in August, 1921. Information from her daughter-in-law, Mrs Stidolph, Bulawayo.
  • Nora Nesbitt, 1892, (Mrs R Jack). Travelled up with her parents in the Moodie Trek when she was only a few months old. She was in the Salisbury laager during the rebellion. Married in 1911. Information from herself in letter dated 27/7/1960 from Goromonzi. Also p. 144 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Alieda Nuhoutt, 1895. (Mrs van Niekerk). Widow of Captain Ponty van Niekerk who did valiant work during the rebellion and was allowed by Mr Rhodes to choose two farms, one in Mashonaland and one in Matabeleland; he sold the one in Mashonaland and they farmed near Bulawayo (Exmoor Farm, Plumtree). Mrs van Niekerk gave birth to a daughter in the Mangwe laager. Pp. 287-291 " First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Ponty van Niekerk died on 17 April 1936 aged 85y 7m. ZimDN 48/14. Mrs van Niekerk had 12 children, only 4 of which were alive in 1936 - Ponty Wessels, Anna Elizabeth m. van der Heever. Alieda m Morrison and Elizabeth m. Montgiomery.
  • Alice van Niekerk, 1895. (Mrs Morrison). Formerly Mrs Fred Dreyer. Came with her parents, the Ponty van Niekerks. Lived in Rhodesia most of her life and died about 1948; she was in the laager during the '96 rebellion. Information from her nephew, Mr T. A. Montgomery, Bulawayo.
  • Ann Wilhelmina van Niekerk, 1895. (Mrs Walter Krienke). Born in an Ox Wagon at Fernspruit in 1895.
  • Annie van Niekerk, 1896. (Mrs van der Heever). Daughter of Mr and Mrs Ponty van Niekerk and arrived with them. Her first husband was Mr W. Nel. Mrs van der Heever was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion in '96 and is still living in Bulawayo. Information from her nephew, Mr T. A. Montgomery, Standard Bank, Bulawayo, 1958.
  • Catherine Cornelia van Niekerk, 1895. (Mrs Berry). Arrived with her parents at Fort Victoria. On Roll of Women Pioneers.* Elizabeth Marina van Niekerk, 1895. (Mrs Montgomery). Came with her father, Mr "Ponty" van Niekerk, and mother. She and her three sisters with their mother were all in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Information from her son, Mr T. A. Montgomery, Standard Bank, Bulawayo, 1958.
  • Henrietta van Niekerk, 1895. (Mrs Perkin). Arrived with her parents, Mr and Mrs Ponty van Niekerk. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion in '96 and died in 1918. Information from her nephew Mr T. A. Montgomery, Standard Bank, Bulawayo.
  • Isabella Magdalena van Niekerk, 1896. (Mrs Cumming, 1896). Arrived with her parents. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Johanna van Niekerk, 1895. (Mrs Moorcroft). Arrived with her parents at Fort Victoria, October, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Sarah Johanna Niemand, 1892. (Mrs Parker). Came in November, 1892 with her first husband Mr Lourens. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mary Elizabeth Niland, 1894. (Mrs Cross). Kept a boarding house, Bavaria Lodge, Bulawayo. She died in Queenstown in 1942. Information from her daughter, Miss Cross in Bulawayo.
  • Julie Nooman, 1896. (Mrs Burnett). Came in the first train from Beira to Umtali. Information from Mr P. J. Pike, her son-in-law, by telephone.
  • Susanna Johanna Nortje, 1895. (Mrs Ludeke). Arrived with her first husband, Mr F. C. Swart, in October, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Norton, 1894. Living at Porta, 15 miles from Salisbury, she, her husband and daughter, Dorothey, were murdered by the Mashona rebels in 1896. Pp. 71, 260 and 264 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie and p. 141 of the British South Africa Company's "Native Disturbances,” in the C.A. Archives.
  • Mrs Norton, 1896, or earlier, was in the Bulawayo laager during the Matabele rebellion. Information from “The Chronicle " from Mrs Cummins, Bulawayo.
  • Alice Marion Nunn, 1896. (Mrs Cashel). Came up to join her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.

O

  • Mrs T O'Burn, 1896, ran the Stokestown Hotel, Mangwe with her husband. She was in the laager there during the rebellion. Information from Mrs Black, Marula
  • Miss Elizabeth O'Connor, 1894. Sister of T. S. O'Connor, broker. She died in Bulawayo in 1918. Information from her sister-in-law, Salisbury in answer to my advertisement. Her name is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-96, as belonging to the owner of stand No. 63, Main Street.
  • Mrs Jane O'Connor, 1894. Mother of T. S. O'Connor, well known pioneer broker. Nursed in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion and died in Bulawayo in 1905 aged 71. Information from Mrs A. M. O'Connor, Salisbury, in letter dated 4/10/1957 in reply to my advertisement. The name Jane O'Connor is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-96 as being the owner of Stand No. 62, Main Street.
  • Sister Octavia, 1894. Surname Waters. Letters from St. Dominic's Convent dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957.
  • Susarah Catrina Odendaal, 1894. (Mrs W Webster). Was born on the journey up in the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek; still living in Chipinga (1957). Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Catherine Gertrude von Oertel, 1893. (Mrs Raaff). Wife of Commander Raaff, was in Fort Victoria during the Matabele War. Information from the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society, Bulawayo.
  • Frances Patricia Ogilvie was born in Salisbury on 28 April 1895. Her parents were Mr. and Mrs. O. H. Ogilvie; her father was Mining Commissioner in Salisbury, described as a civil servant on the birth certificate. Information, the Cathedral, Salisbury, Baptismal Register, Vol. I, National Archives.
  • Mrs O'Grady, 1893, or earlier. On page 127 of Nora Kane's book "The World's View, ”It is told that this lady was murdered by the native 'Jim Zulu ' near Marandellas. Also in a letter from Dr. Rand dated 19/11/1932, to Mrs Boggie, he says: "Mrs O'Grady, killed with all the family at Wanderer's Drift upon the Umtali Road."
  • Ohlsen, 1895. (Mrs von Hirschberg). Arrived first in Bulawayo and travelled up by coach to Salisbury, where she got married. She was in Salisbury laager during the '96 rebellion. She and her husband left for South Africa after the first World War, then they lived in the Congo from 1922 to 1937. Mrs von Hirschberg died in Springs, Transvaal in 1956. "She had indomitable courage, humour, generosity and kindness”Information from Mrs G. King, London, in letter dated 3/9/1960, whose address was given me by Mrs Honey, Salisbury.
  • Annie Olson, 1896. (Mrs Armitage). Came from America with her husband to join the staff of the Seventh Day Adventist Mission at Solusi near Bulawayo, now known as Solusi Missionary College. She died of Malaria within two years. They trekked up from Mafeking. Information from Mr F. Burton Jewell, late of Solusi Missionary College, in his letter dated 9/5/1957. Also letter from Mr Langley Staples to Mr Jewell, dated 17/5/1957.
  • Mrs Olwage, neé Dirkie Jacoba van Eden. Arrived with the Martin Trek, 1894. Mother of Susana Maria and Dirkje Jacoba (below). Information from Mrs. M. Edwards, Chipinga. Also p. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia" (Olivier).
  • Dirkie Jacoba Olwage (Mrs Bradnick). Born in Melsetter, 9th April 1896; in the laager there during the rebellion. Letter from herself dated 5/7/1959, from Gwelo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Susanna Maria Olwage (Mrs D Odendaal, formerly van Heerden). Came with the Martin Trek in 1894. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, also p. 79 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs O'Maker,1896, or earlier, is mentioned in a letter dated 15th April, 1896, written by Mrs Annie Fletcher: "The Scouts picked up a Mrs O'Maker who had been walking for four days without food, with her husband . .." Page 106 “The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane.
  • Kate O'Neill, 1896. (Mrs Coppock). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo, 8th February, 1896. Fred Coppock was an engineer.
  • Mrs Orton, 1896. Had a wonderful escape from massacre by Mashona rebels, see p. 268 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie; also mentioned on p. 58 of "Reports on Native Disturbances,” as living between Salisbury and Marandellas.
  • Miss Minnie Osborne, 1892', is mentioned in "The Rhodesia Chronicle and Mashonaland Advertiser," 26th November, 1892, issue 30, under "Local and General,” as the proprietress of the Mashonaland Hotel, the Causeway, Salisbury. " Good accommodation for Residents and Travellers. Travellers can out-span at the Hotel. Cattle grazed and kraaled free of charge . . . ." Letter from Mr A. Cripwell, Salisbury dated 26/8/1957.

P

  • Mrs Grey Palmer, 1875. A young English lady who came out to marry a trader. They travelled up from the Cape by ox wagon, but she died soon after arrival and was buried at Hope Fountain Mission near Bulawayo. Information from Mrs Jessie Lovemore, also pp. 83-84 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Sister Pancratius, 1895. Surname Webster. One of the Dominican Sisters who opened the Convent School, Bulawayo, and who helped to keep it going during the rebellion in '96; she died in the Union in 1953. Information on p. 32 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie and letters from the Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 31/8/1957.
  • Miss Vivienne Pascoe, 1891. Arrived by ox wagon with her parents (who started the Salvation Army work in Rhodesia) when she was four years old and Salisbury is still her home (1956). Her letter dated 23/8/1955.
  • Rev Mother Patrick, 1891. Born in Ireland, Mary Cosgrove was given the name of Patrick when she first wore the Dominican habit. She was appointed Superior of the small band of sisters who came from Potchefstroom to Fort Salisbury after a long and dangerous journey. In 1898 Queen Victoria "intimated her intention of conferring the Order of the Royal Red Cross in recognition of Mother Patrick tending sick and wounded during the rebellion in '96. She was the first Prioress of the Dominican Nuns in Rhodesia, and she died in Salisbury in July 1900, aged 36. Pp. 4-22, 34 and 35 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Lady Henry Paulet, 1894, or earlier. Mentioned as having distributed prizes at the Convent School, Salisbury, on page 78 "In God's White Robed Army,” by a Dominican Sister. She was “Afterwards Marchioness of Winchester," - letter from Dr. Rand to Mr Marshall Hole dated 19/11/1932 in possession of Mrs Boggie.
  • Mrs Payne - ran a tea-room in Umtali. There is an image in Rhodesian Epic" by T W Baxter and R W S Turner - Image/Note Reference 373.
  • Mary Ann Pearce, 1896. (Mrs Stuttaford). Arrived with her husband by ox wagon in January, 1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Fanny Pearson, later the Countess 'Billy' de la Panouse, disguised herself as a boy and went to Rhodesia in 1890 before women were permitted to do so by the British South Africa Company. The first official marriage ceremony in Zimbabwe took place on Avondale farm in 1894 when Fanny Pearson was married to the Count de la Panouse (becoming known as Countess Billie) by Lt Col. Marshall Hole, the Chief Magistrate of Salisbury. Countess Billie managed the dairy farm and at the time supplied Salisbury with 100 bottles of milk a day and 100 pounds of butter a week (wikipedia). 'Billy' was a courageous and charming lady and had a very narrow escape from being murdered in the Mashona rebellion in '96; see pp. 117-118 and 142-143 “The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane. After some years the Viscomtess and her husband returned to Paris; see pp. 41-46 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. "Billy was really a splendid little heroine and deservedly popular," - letter from Mr Marshall Hole to Mrs Boggie dated 14/8/1932.
  • Mary Maria Phillips, 1896. (Mrs Pullen). Arrived with her family via Mangwe; lived in Bulawayo and died there in 1916. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs Ketteringham, given to the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society, September, 1959. Mary Maria was accompanied by her daughter Lillian Lucy Chalmers, wife of James Alfred Chalmers (see above).
  • Catharina Phyfer, 1893. (Mrs J N Moolman, 1893). Travelled up with the Moolman - Webster Trek, with her husband Johan Nicolaas, two sons and one daughter, Lettie. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 14/10/1955. P. 162 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. (Her full names were Catharina Elizabeth Frederika Moolman (Phyffer).
  • Christina Gertruida Pienaar, 1894. (Mrs Hendrik Bekker) Arrived with the Kruger-Bekker Trek, with her husband Hendrik Johannes Bekker and 5 daughters, including Nellie and Isabella. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 160 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Sally Pittaway, 1895. (Mrs David Sparrow). Trekked up from Mafeking with her husband who came from America to the Seventh Day Adventist Mission at Solusi, now known as the Solusi Missionary College. Information from Mr Langley Staples in letter to Mr Jewell, late of the S.D.A. Mission dated 17/5/1957.
  • Mary Pittendrigh, 1862. (Mrs Cooksley). Left Port Elizabeth with her husband, a trader, John Skinner Cooksley, in 1862; they visited Kuruman, Tati and Inyati and returned to the Union in 1869. Mrs Cooksley died in 1937, aged 93 years. Information from Mrs G. H. Tanser, in Salisbury, by telephone.
  • Katherina Elizabeth du Plessis, 1894. (Mrs Millet, 1894). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Katrina Elizabeth du Plessis, 1892. (Mrs Mellet). Came to Melsetter. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lizzie du Plessis, 1896, or earlier. (Mrs Kruger). Her parents came with the Moodie Trek and she is now (1957) living at Melsetter. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga.
  • Sarah Poole, 1896. (Mrs S Humphreys), (formerly Mrs Babb). Arrived in Bulawayo when she was 17. Was a foundation member of the B.E.S.L. and a member of the S.P.C.A. She died in Bulawayo in 1958. Information from her son-in-law, Mr Bushell, Bulawayo.
  • Potgieter, 1895. (Mrs C. J. E. Kidson). Came up with her parents from Vryheid aged one year. She is still living (1959) in Fort Victoria and was in the laager there in '96. Information from her brother, J. Potgieter, Fort Victoria in letter dated 13/8/1959.
  • Anna Catherine Potgieter, 1891. (Mrs Halgryn). She, with her father and two brothers travelled up with the Posselts. Her first husband was Mr L. C. de Klerk. Mrs Halgryn was living at Hatfield, Salisbury in 1958. Letter from herself, 23/12/1957.
  • Annie Potgieter, 1895. (Mrs Koot). Arrived with her husband and son in the Kruger- Bekker Trek. Page 160, “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Ellen Prinn Poultney, 1896. (Mrs W E Thomas). (First husband Mr Spranger). Wife of the well known Native Commissioner. Died in Bulawayo 1906. Information from her son, Sir Eric Thomas, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Ted Powell, 1896, or earlier, was in the Mangwe laager and her son was born in the fort there. Information from Mrs Black, Marula.
  • Petronella Susara du Preez, 1894. (Mrs Heyns). Travelling as a single lady with her widowed mother, in the Martin Trek, she married Johan Andries Heyns (also a member of the Trek party) when they reached Fort Victoria. Page 168 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Hester Elizabeth du Preez, 1894. (Mrs J L Martin). Arrived with the Martin Trek. P. 79 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Miss Johanna du Preez, 1895. Arrived with her parents in the Kruger-Bekker Trek. Information as above - mother Lea.
  • Johanna Christina du Preez, 1894. (Mrs Johannes Steyn). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also page 79 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs Lea du Preez, 1895. Arrived with the Kruger-Bekker Trek, with one daughter Johanna. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 86 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Petronella Susara du Preez, 1894. (Mrs J. Heynes). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957 and p. 79 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. Her husband - Johan Andries Heyns
  • Rosina Elizabeth du Preez, 1894. (Mrs Fairbairn Cronwright). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs Molly Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also on p. 79 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Rosina Elizabeth du Preez, 1894. (Mrs Martinus Martin). Wife of the leader of the Martin Trek. An account of this Trek is to found on pp. 167-171 of Mrs Boggie's "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women.”See also p. 78 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs Prescott of Mangwe, who was trained by her mother, had some hair - raising experiences while hurrying, usually on horseback, many miles to urgent maternity cases. Once a messenger arrived with a powerful, and almost unrideable, stallion on which Mrs Prescott was expected to make the journey. The river was in full flood and the stallion refused to enter the water. Mrs Prescott dismounted, forced him into the water and, by holding his mane, swam him across. Reference. Maybe the same woman who was nee Cloete.
  • Annie Prescott, 1894. (Mrs Black). Arrived at Fort Tuli with her parents in April, '94. Was in the Mangwe laager. Mrs Black wrote a long article (pp. 267-286) in Mrs Boggie's "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia," on the early days of this country, mostly at Mangwe. Mrs Black has made "A true list of people in laager, April to November, 1896 " (Mangwe) which is of great interest. This list is with the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society and I also possess a copy. Mrs Black is still living (1960 - at Marula). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Letitia Prescott, 1894. (Mrs Beck). Her first husband was Mr Hans Lee and she was his second wife. Arrived with her parents at Tuli by ox wagon, 15/4/1894. Was in the Mangwe laager and is still living in Plumtree (1959). Information from herself. Also p. 168 "First Steps in Civilising Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Katrina Petronella Pretorius, 1894. (Mrs van der Struys). "Arrived with parents“ by ox wagon from Vryburg. An article about her is to be found on page 45 "Women in Central Africa," compiled by the National Council of Women of S. Rhodesia and published in 1953. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Laura Cecily Mary Pretorius, 1895. (Mrs Badenhorst). Born in Umtali, 16th April, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Prinsloo, 1896, or earlier, a widow, was in the laager at Mangwe in the '96 rebellion and later opened a laundry in Bulawayo. Information from Mrs Black, Marula.
  • Hester Prinsloo, 1896. (Mrs Horn, 1896'). Married in Bulawayo, 29th August, 1896. The registration of this marriage is to found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Mr J. W. Horn was a transport rider.
  • Hilletjie Lofena Elsie Jacoba Prinsloo, 1896 or earlier. (Mrs Prinsloo). Came with her husband and family and were in the Bulawayo laager. She died about 1930. Information from Mrs Grobler, Bulawayo.
  • Susie Prinsloo, 1894, or earlier - Wife of Jan Prinsloo. The story of the murder of Mr and Mrs Prinsloo is told on pp. 269-271 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, who states the details were given to Major Boggie by a native employed by him.
  • Pryvelm, 1895. (Mrs Matthews). (Bertha Emilie Docheke, widow). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo, 2nd July, 1895. Mr Matthews was a farmer.
  • Ann Pullen, 1893. (Mrs Rens Slot). Arrived with her husband by ox wagon from Middleburg. Was in the '93 laager in Fort Victoria and in the '96 laager in Bulawayo, where she did nursing with Mrs Redrup. She and her husband had a narrow escape from being murdered by the Matabele. Information from her daughter, Mrs Cummins, Bulawayo (1957). Also pp. 82 and 269 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lilian Lucy Pullen (Mrs Chalmers). Arrived with her parents and her own family via Mangwe in 1896. Died in Bulawayo and is buried in the Pioneers' Section of the Cemetery, 21/12/57. Information to Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society from her daughter, Mrs Ketteringham.

R

  • M. Raath, 1894. (Mrs Barnett). Arrived with her mother, a sister and two brothers. Her husband had the Pioneer Bakery near the station in Bulawayo, and she was in the laager during the rebellion. The registration of her marriage is to be found in the Central Archives, Salisbury - married in Bulawayo 21/1/1896. Information from her sister, Mrs Lewis of Standerton, in letters dated 3/1/1958 and 17/4/1958 and 24/6/1958, replying to my advertisement. Mrs Barnett died in Cape Town.
  • M. Raath, 1894. (Mrs Lewis). Arrived with her mother and 3 other children; they lived near the Bembesi River and on the Camperdown Mine where her husband kept a store. Left Rhodesia in 1902 and is living (1960) at Standerton. Mrs Lewis lived near Mrs Welensky in Bulawayo and was in the laager during the rebellion in '96; she is 88 years old. Information in letters from herself dated 3/1/1958, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Miss A Rademeyer, 1895, or earlier. Ran the Balmoral Tea Rooms at 238, Abercorn Street, according to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-1896, page 86.
  • Rosina Elizabeth Rademeyer, 1894. (Mrs Heyns). Arrived in the Martin Trek with her husband and children, including 2 daughters, Rosina and Christina. Information Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, also p. 79 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. Her husband - Jan Dirk Heyns
  • Sarah Johanna Rademeyer, 1894. (Mrs Herbert). Arrived July, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Rainsbury, 1896, or earlier. "Mr and Mrs Rainsbury opened a tea room in the premises formerly known as the Holborn Restaurant." "Bulawayo Chronicle," 14th March, 1896. Information from Mr A. Cripwell, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Rainsford, 1895, or earlier. On his application form to join the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society, Mr Rainsford writes, under the heading General Information: "Lost my first wife and youngest child during the rebellion in Bulawayo."
  • Mrs Raubenheimer, 1895. Mother of Mrs Kirk whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having “Arrived with parents."
  • Marguerite Raubenheimer, 1895. (Mrs Kirk'). Arrived with her parents. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Rausch and Miss Emily Rausch, 1896. The registration of the birth of Emily Rausch is to be found in the Registrar's Office, Salisbury. Born in Bulawayo, 2nd February, 1896.
  • Christina Rautenbach, 1894. (Mrs P E Steyn). Travelled up with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also page 163 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Rosa Rautenbach, 1894. (Mrs Hans Kok). Came with her husband and family in the Martin Trek. p.162, “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs Read, 1894. Came up with her husband and five children. She acted as midwife at the birth of Bulawayo's first white baby boy, Albert Peters. Her name is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-96 as being the owner of Stand No. 561, Wilson Street. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs J. Webb, Salisbury - letter dated 2/10/1957, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Miss Ann Mildred Read, 1894. Came up with her parents and is now living in Johannesburg, aged 75 years. Letter from her niece, Mrs J. Webb, Salisbury, dated 2/10/1957 in answer to my advertisement.
  • Ethel Ruth Read, 1894. (Mrs Ballantyne). Came up with her parents. Died in 1954. Information from her niece, Mrs J. Webb, Salisbury in letter dated 2/10/1957, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Mary Florence Read, 1894. (Mrs Francis). Came up with her parents and is now (1957) aged 73 living with her daughter Mrs J. Webb in Salisbury, who gave me this information in letter dated 2/10/1957 in answer to my advertisement.
  • Mrs Reddell, 1894. "Arrived in March," page 225 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Maylor Reed, 1895. (Mrs Chris Sparrow). Trekked up from Mafeking with her husband who came from America, to the Seventh Day Adventist Mission at Solusi, near Bulawayo, now known as the Solusi Missionary College. Information from Mr Langley Staples to Mr Jewell, late of the S.D.A. Mission, Dated 17/5/1957.
  • Bessie Reid, 1894. Mrs Cornthwaite). Arrived with her parents. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Florence Lydia Macloutsie Reilly, 1893. (Mrs Eastmure). First husband Mr Willows. Came to Bulawayo with her parents. Information from herself. On Roll of Women Pioneers, as Willows, 1894.
  • Mrs Reid, 1894. Mother of Mrs Bessie Cornthwaite, whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having “Arrived with parents."
  • Mrs Reilly, 1894. Mother of Mrs Willows, whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having “Arrived with parents."
  • Mrs Reimer, 1891. Travelled up with " Krienke's Party "- herself and son. Page 53 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Catharina Gesina van der Reit, 1894. (Mrs English). Came with the Martin Trek. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also p. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Emily Ann Richards, 1895. (Mrs Renton). Arrived by donkey wagon. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Florence Natalie Richardson, 1895. (Mrs Rayner). Arrived with her father. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ethel Rickman, 1892. (Mrs Marshall Hole). With her two year old baby Monica, Mrs Hole joined her husband in Salisbury, travelling by rail, coach and wagon. Her very interesting experiences are to be found in Mrs Boggie's book "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women," from p. 65 to 73 including an article by herself which appeared in an English Magazine in 1897. She died in England in 1924 and on her grave at her request is written: "A Pioneer of Rhodesia." On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Riemer, 1892. (Mrs Less), was in two laagers in Fort Victoria, one during the Matabele war in 1893 and one during the rebellion of '96, so that twice their home was wrecked. Mrs Less lived many years in Rhodesia and died in Umtali in 1948 aged 81 years. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga and pp. 80, 82-84 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Florence Leith Matilda Robarts, 1895 (Mrs da Fonseca). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo, 17th August, 1895. Mr A. da Fonseca was a farmer.
  • Mrs Helen Clara Roberts, 1896, or earlier. This name is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland as belonging to the owner of Stand No. 554, Grey Street. (1895-1896).
  • Cecelia Jacomina Robbertse, 1892. (Mrs Thomas Moodie). Travelled up to Gazaland with her husband (leader of the Moodie Trek), three daughters and seven sons. An interesting account of the journey is given on pp. 152-157 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” written by one of Mrs Moodie's daughters, Mrs Acutt. Mrs Moodie was a very brave woman.
  • Johanna Maria Roberts, 1894. Arrived In the Du Plessis Trek with four daughters, Gertruida, Christina, Hendrika, Aletta and two sons. p.81 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Ann Nancy Robinson, 1896. (Mrs Stuart). Arrived in 1896 just after the rebellion to join her husband. Lived in Rhodesia till 1937; died in Somerset West at the age of 85. Information from Mrs Wilson, Somerset West, in answer to my advertisement (1957) letters dated 7/10/1957 and 24/10/1957.
  • Mrs Roden, 1892. Mentioned on page 55 of " God's White Robed Army,” by a Dominican Sister, as having adopted a child whose mother had died of fever in Salisbury.
  • Mrs Rodgers, 1894. Came from Australia to Umtali and was a well known character in the early nineties. Proprietress of the Masonic Hotel. Page 76 of "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa,” by Elsa Goodwin Green, also pp. 116 and 129 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Jacoba van Rooyen,1894. (Mrs Labuschagne), (step father Lafnie). Came with the Mynhardt and Utrecht Trek with her 3 daughters, Mieme, Susara and Johanna. Information from her daughter Mrs Wolhuter, Bulawayo. Also p. 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S.P. Olivier.
  • Cornelia Aletta van Rooyen, 1890. (Mrs Wilde). Daughter of the famous hunter and arrived with her parents. Mrs Wilde was in the Mangwe laager during the '96 rebellion (on list supplied by Mrs Black, Marula), and still lives at Plumtree (1960). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Cornelius van Rooyen, 1890. Wife of the famous hunter. She, with her husband, son and daughter were in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion in '96; her son died of enteric in the fort. Information from Mrs A Black, Marula.
  • Jacoba van Rooyen, 1870. (Mrs John Lee). Second wife of John Lee and sister of the hunter Cornelius van Rooyen. Page 162 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Kitty Magdalena van Rooyen, 1896. ( Mrs Nel). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo, 5th March, 1896. Mr M. J. Nel was a transport rider.
  • Martha Johanna van Rooyen, 1893. (Mrs Bushney). Arrived by ox wagon with her parents. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miriam van Rooyen, 1894. (Mrs Rainer). Came up with her parents Rudolph and Martha, and brother Tommie, on the Martin Trek. P. 164 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Rorke, 1894. Arrived in July, by profession a nurse. She and Mrs Redrup gave their services to the troops during the Boer War. P. 231 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Ross, 1896, or earlier. She and her husband and adopted daughter (Agnes Krik) were murdered by the Matabele rebels near Insiza. “Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,” by F. C. Selous, pages 209, 212 and 213.
  • Miss Rubridge, 1891. "An elderly lady who accompanied Mrs Marriott and three children . . . ." quoted from letter from Mr Marshall Hole to Mrs Boggie dated 19/11/1932.

S

  • Mrs Salthouse, 1896, or earlier. One of the three ladies who had the terrible experience of being brought into Salisbury by the Mazoe Patrol during the Mashona rebellion; her husband was manager of the Alice Mine. Pp. 59 and 60 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Salmon, 1896, or earlier, was in the Bulawayo laager during the Matabele rebellion and gave birth to a son there. Information from Mr J. S. McNeillie, Mayor of Bulawayo, 26/10/1957.
  • Beatrice Sanders, 1896. (Mrs Sly). Came to Bulawayo to join her husband, travelling by coach. Information from Mr A. Sanders, Bulawayo.
  • Mary Sanders, 1893. (Mrs Randolph Nesbitt). "Sister Mary." Came from London University College Hospital in answer to Bishop Bruce Knight's advertisement for a sister and matron for Umtali hospital. She was in the Umtali laager. Pp. 108, 112, 119 to 123 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, also p. 102 "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa,” by Elsa Goodwin Green.
  • Sauer, 1893. (Mrs Ffrench-Mullen). Wife of Rear Admiral Ffrench-Mullen. She is still living in Ireland; she trekked up with her parents. Information from Mrs Malise Graham, Bulawayo.
  • Elspeth Sauer, 1893. (Mrs Graham). Trekked up with her parents and sister. Information from herself in Canterbury, England, (1959) through Mrs Malise Graham, Bulawayo.
  • Saumweber, 1896. See Sister Benevenuta, 1896 above.
  • Talitha Cornelia van Schalkwyk, 1894. (Mrs Barry Mynhardt). Came with the Mynhardt - Utrecht Trek with her three daughters, Annie, Agatha and Cornelia. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, and p. 92 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. Her Husband Barend Jacobus Mynhardt (Barry).
  • Philipina Johanna Scheffer, 1894. (Mrs Tarr). Still living in Salisbury (1960). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Schlenker, 1896, or earlier. Mentioned on page 125 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women” as having gone into the Umtali laager from Headlands. (Jeannie M. Boggie).
  • Schmid 1896. See Sister Dorothy, 1896 above.
  • Schmidt, 1892. (Mrs Maurice Freeman). Before her marriage she is mentioned in "The Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian Times " of 13th August, 1892, as being one of the seven ladies present at the first dance held in Mashonaland, given by Mr Stamford Brown. P. 69 of Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mr Marshall Hole, Resident Magistrate, officiated at her marriage which was the second to be held in Salisbury - letter dated 14/8/1932 from Marshall Hole to Mrs Boggie and in her possession.
  • Schneider, 1894. See Sister Udalrica, 1894 below.
  • Schneider, 1894. See Revd. Mother Vincent, 1894 below.
  • Hendrina Johanna Schoonveldt, 1896. (Mrs Goelst). Was in the Fort Victoria laager and is still living (1958) in Salisbury. Information from her niece, Mrs Rossouw, Fort Victoria in letter dated 10/12/58.
  • Claudie Scott, 1896. (Mrs Montgomery). Arrived prior to the '96 rebellion. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Effie Scott, 1895. (Mrs McPherson). Was born on the road to Bulawayo in 1895 and was in the laager there in '96. Letter from herself dated 25/6/1959 from Gwelo, in answer to my advertisement.
  • Maria Magdalena Schuinsveld, 1896. (Mrs Roussouw), was in the Fort Victoria laager during the rebellion and is still living (1958) in Fort Victoria. Information from her daughter-in-law, Mrs J. Rossouw, Fort Victoria, 10/12/1958.
  • Schultz, 1895 or 96. (Mrs Carter). Her first husband was George Whittaker, who took part in the Jameson Raid and was killed in the First World War. Later she married William Carter, an 1893 pioneer. She was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion and is still (1958) living in Cape Town. Information from her granddaughter, Mrs Creamer, Bulawayo.
  • Susanah Sears, 1896. (Mrs Weyers). Found murdered by Mashona rebels, with her husband and family, on the Umtali road, about June 18th, 1896. Page 143 of British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances.
  • Sister Sebastion, 1895. Surname Hill. One of the Sisters who opened the Convent School, Bulawayo in October, 1895, as a teacher and who helped to keep it going during the '96 rebellion. Letters from the Dominican Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/1955 and 13/8/1957. Also p. 32 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs Shawe, 1894, or earlier. Mother of Mrs Lewis who was born in Salisbury in 1894 and whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Hermina Frances Shawe, 1894. (Mrs Lewis. Was born in Salisbury and lived in Rhodesia all her life. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Maria Johana Simon, 1895. (Mrs Bezuidenhout). Arrived at Fort Victoria on 1st June, '95, with three daughters from Pretoria. Information from her daughter, Mrs Hunt, Bulawayo.
  • Miss Beatrice Maud Simpson, 1896. Born in Bulawayo, 8th July, 1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elizabeth Simpson, 1894. (Mrs Beechey). Arrived with her husband and family; they were four months on the road from Johannesburg. Later returned to Natal. Information from her son, Mr H. H. Beechey, Bulawayo, in letter dated 24/11/1959. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Helen Maria Sinclair, 1894 (Mrs James). Arrived in October. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Lucy Sleeman, 1891. One of the three English nursing sisters who walked from Beira to Umtali and established a hospital there, helped by Mr Rhodes. With Rose Blenner- hasset she wrote "Adventures in Mashonaland." Pp. 97-101 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie and p. 130 "The World's View “ by Nora S. Kane.
  • Mrs Duncan Smith, 1895. Came up by coach to join her husband. Gave birth to a daughter (Mrs Olver) in the Salisbury laager, during the rebellion. Died about 1916. Information from her daughter, Mrs Slaven, Bulawayo.
  • Eileen Duncan Smith, 1896. (Mrs Olver). Was born in the Salisbury laager during the rebellion and is still living in Bulawayo (1959). Information from her sister Mrs Slaven, Bulawayo.
  • Eleanor Rosina Smith, 1893. (Mrs James Crighton Lamb). Came from Johannesburg with her husband to start a drapery business for Store Bros, in Salisbury; she and her three children were in the laager there. Her daughter Rose was given the first Birth Certificate issued in Salisbury on 20th August, 1893 (see facsimile on page 202 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Fanny Hancorn Smith, 1896. (Mrs MacLachlan). Arrived by coach and was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Information from herself, June, 1957.
  • Hester Mary Smith, 1894. (Mrs Edwards). Came by ox wagon with her husband from Pretoria. She lived on the farm Douglasdale near Bulawayo for 50 years and died there in 1950. Information from her daughter, Mrs Breare, Bulawayo, by telephone.
  • Poppy Smith, 1896. (Mrs Archie Campbell). Her husband was an 1890 Pioneer; he went back to the Union and returned with his wife in 1896 to be Native Commissioner at Fort Rixon. Mrs Campbell lived the rest of her life in Rhodesia; she died here in 1954 or 55. Information from her daughter in-law.
  • Ethel Harriet Snooke, 1896. (Mrs Lanning). Came with her husband who was Native Commissioner at Shiloh and Inyati for 21 years and later at Plumtree. Mrs Lanning died in September, 1924. Information from her daughter, Mrs Wooler, Plumtree.
  • Alice Southey, 1896. (Mrs A L R Morkel). Information taken from Mr Morkel's Application Form to join the Pioneers' and Early Settlers' Society.
  • Charlotte Emily Spranger, 1896. (Mrs Tom Speight). Daughter of Mrs W. E. Thomas by her first husband. Came first to Bulawayo, then in 1910 moved to Gadzema, where she died in 1950. Information from her son, Mr C. S. Speight, Bulawayo, by telephone.
  • Mrs Spreckley, 1895, nee Borrow. “Sister of Captain Borrow who was killed with Maj. Allan Wilson's party during the late war." - P. 33 of Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland 1895-96.
  • Mrs van der Spuy, 1896, or earlier. Mentioned on page 125 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women," by Jeannie M. Boggie, as having gone into the Umtali laager from Headlands.
  • Margaret Isabella Squair, 1894. (Mrs Hill). Arrived with her husband, a transport rider, 1/3/1894. Was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Information from Mrs F. Moseley in letter dated 27/6/1959, in reply to my advertisement. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Harriet Elizabeth Stanley, 1896. (Mrs Schmidt). Arrived with her parents in August, 1896. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Nurse Stanton, 1896. Mentioned on page 59 of "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa,” by Elsa Goodwin Green as having travelled with their party.
  • Louise Starke, 1892. (Mrs Meister, 1892). Came with her husband of the Berlin Mission Society; they settled at Gutu, but she died of malaria two months after arrival and her husband died soon after. Information in letters from Miss Julia Heyman, Fort Victoria, dated 13/11/1955 and Mrs T. Krause, Ermelo, Transvaal, dated 1/2/1956. ZimDN 1/192 - Louise Meister nee Staerke born in Germany aged 29 years and 2 months dies 28 October 1892. her husband, Johannes, died on 8th December 1892 aged 28 years and 10 months. No Children. ZimDN 1/193
  • Albertina Stelfan, 1895. (Mrs Eastman). "A maternity nurse.”Arrived with her husband and family. P. 227 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Herculina Johanna Steyn, 1895. (Mrs Harm Coetzer). Arrived at Melsetter with the Henry-Steyn Trek bringing two daughters named on page 160 of “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Johanna Steyn, 1895. (Mrs Wentzel Coetzer). Came with the Henry Steyn Trek, bringing 3 daughters and 4 sons, all named on page 160 of "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. Information also from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga.
  • Margaretha Jacoba Steyn, 1894. (Mrs J Vorster). Travelled up with the Martin Trek and is still living in Umtali (1957). Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, in letter dated 27/6/1957; also p. 79 of "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Maria Steyn, 1895. (Mrs T Ferreira). Travelled up with the Henry-Steyn Trek bringing two daughters, Maria, Catherina and four sons. Page 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Marie Elizabeth Anna Steyn, 1896. (Mrs Smith). Her parents came in theHenry-Steyn Trek in 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Marie Magdalene Steyn 1895. (Mrs Huxham). Is still living in Salisbury (1960). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Stockley, 1896. (Mrs Wymer, 1896). Daughter of Cynthia Stockley the novelist (who was later Mrs Pelham Browne) and was born in the Umtali laager during the '96 rebellion. P. 90 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Emily Louisa Stoodley, 1894. (Mrs Davidson). Came up to join her husband, October, 1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Storm, 1894. (Mr and Mrs Peters changed their name to Storm). Mother of Mrs Barker, whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having "arrived with parents." Came from Johannesburg after a trek of four months. Pp. 229-230 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Alice Elizabeth Storm, 1894. (Mrs Barker). (The name Peters having been changed to Storm). Arrived with her parents, see pp. 229 and 230 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Miss Ida Eggert Strike, 1893. This name is in the Voluntary Registration of Births, the date being 27th October, 1893, born in Salisbury. Obtained from Registration of Births Office, Salisbury.
  • Anna Wilhelmina Strobel, 1893. (Mrs Light). Travelled with her parents to Fort Victoria when she was 18 months old. Mrs Light is responsible for a number of illustrations in Mrs Boggie's book "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women," (pp. 184-191). Was living at Newlands, Salisbury in 1950. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Elsie Margarietha Aletta Fredricka Stopforth, 1892. (Mrs Maritz). Arrived in Fort Victoria with her husband and children. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs F Stopforth, 1895. Mentioned on page 80 of "Pioneers of Gazaland" (in Afrikaans), by S. P. Olivier, as having come with her husband in the second du Plessis Trek; also p. 163 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia “ which is a translation of the same book.
  • Hester Susanna (Hessie) Strydom, 1895. (Mrs W Prinsloo) ✽. Travelled up with her husband and 4 sons in the Henry-Steyn Trek - see page 163 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.

Listed on source list incorrectly as Snyders

  • Susanna Elisabeth Strydom, 1894. (Mrs Montgomery). Arrived in 1894 and died on 27th May, 1896, and was buried “In what is now Special Native Area B of the Semokwe Reserve, very close to the Semokwe River.”Information from Mr T. Culverwell, Native Agricultural Department, through Mr R. Summers, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Alice Stuttaford, 1896. (Mrs Bennett). Arrived when a girl in her teens by wagon with her parents. Died overseas. Information from Mrs W. Stuttaford, Bulawayo.
  • Miss Lilian Emily Stuttaford, 1896. Arrived with her parents in January, 1896 and still lives in Bulawayo (1959). Information from Mrs W. Stuttaford. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Hilda Ann Browning Stuttaford, 1896. (Mrs Pratt). Arrived with parents in January, 1896. Was in Bulawayo laager and is living now in Salisbury (1959). On Roll of Women Pioneers. Information from Mrs W. Stuttaford, Bulawayo.
  • Violet Eliza Stuttaford, 1896. (Mrs Knighton). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon; was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion. Died in 1919. Information from Mrs W. Stuttaford, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Svendsen, 1895. Mentioned on page 130 of Mrs Boggie's book "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” as being in Bulawayo in 1895.
  • Miss Edith Johanna Swain, 1895. This name is in the Voluntary Registration of Births as "born in Bulawayo 3rd May, 1895." Obtained from the Registration of Births Office, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Margaret Charlotte Sykes, wife of Rev. William Sykes; eGGSA Grave
  • Mary Margaret Sykes, 1862, (Mrs D. Carnegie) born at Inyati Mission 20/12/1862. Married Rev. David Carnegie in 1885. Lived at Hope Fountain Mission and at Centenary Mission, Figtree, till the death of her husband in 1910. Was in the Bulawayo laager with 3 children in '96. A great friend to the natives. With her husband adapted the "Pilgrim's Progress”Into Sindebele from Zulu and later by herself translated "Step by Step”And "Line upon Line”Into Sindebele. Mrs Carnegie died in 1940 and is buried at Hope Fountain. eGGSA Grave. Information from her daughter, Mrs J. Lloyd. Also see pp. 104-108 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers. Her Husband - Rev. David Carnegie
  • Ruby Sylvester, 1894 (Mrs Franks). Arrived with her mother who later married Mr “Tottie“ Hay. Mrs Frank's first husband was Dr. Gladstone Clark. Information in letter from herself to Mrs Boggie dated 6/1/1939.

T

  • Mrs Tapsel, 1893, see Mrs Blann, 1893 above.
  • Petronella Susara Taute, 1894. (Mrs du Preez). Arrived with the Martin Trek. Information From Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. Also P. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs Taylor, 1894. Came up with her husband, Adjutant Taylor of the Salvation Army, from Swaziland to Salisbury by ox wagon. They had to return to Natal two years later for health reasons. Letter from Col. V. Thompson, Salvation Army, Salisbury, dated 8/10/1957.
  • Mrs Taylor, 1896, or earlier. The registration of the birth in Salisbury of this lady's daughter, Lily Frances, on 3/5/1896, is to be found in the Registrar's Office, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Tempofsky, 1894. Her daughter, Mrs Elliott of Johannesburg, was the first white baby girl to be born in Bulawayo, on 4th April, 1894. Page 225 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Jessie Tennant, 1896. (Mrs D M Livingston). Arrived at Umtali, travelling from Beira to Macequece by train and from there by trolley and machila. Married in 1899 and lived many years in Umtali. Information from herself . Mrs Livingston is living in Salisbury (1960).
  • Edith Mabel Thackway, 1896. (Mrs Ade). Lived and died in Salisbury. Information from her daughter-in-law, Mrs Eric Ade, Bulawayo, by telephone.
  • Mrs A Theodora, 1896, or earlier. Kept a tea-room, according to the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland 1895-1896, pp. 71 and 121.
  • Annie Mary Thomas, 1877. (Mrs Hamm); daughter of Rev. T M and Mrs Thomas of Inyati Mission. Left with her family in 1889 and was married in South Africa. Died in 1908. Information from Sir Eric Thomas, Salisbury.
  • Caroline Thomas, 1869. (Mrs Kirkham). Daughter of Rev. T M Thomas. Born at Inyati Mission 11/8/1869. Left Matabeleland in 1889; died in Johannesburg in 1948. Mrs Kirkham's first husband, Capt. Argent Kirton was killed with Allan Wilson's party at Shangani in 1893. Information from her brother, Sir Eric Thomas, Salisbury, in letter dated 8/7/1955. A long article by Mrs Kirkham is to be found on pp. 41 -45 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Miss Catherine Margaret Thomas, 1879. Daughter of Rev. T. M. Thomas of Inyati Mission; was born at Shiloh. She left Matabeleland with her family in 1889, then returned in 1896. Miss Thomas eventually went back to the Union and died there in April, 1959. Information from Sir Eric Thomas, Salisbury.
  • Gwendoline Althea Thomas, 1896. (Mrs Peall). Granddaughter of Rev. T. M. Thomas of the London Missionary Society. She left Rhodesia in 1935 and is still living in the Union (1959). Information from Sir Eric Thomas, Salisbury.
  • Gwenny Anne Thomas, 1866. (Baroness von Ahlefeldt). Born at Inyati Mission, daughter of Rev. T. M. and Mrs Thomas. Later left for the Union and married there. She died at Pretoria in 1921. Information from Sir Eric Thomas, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Thompson, 1891. Trekked up from Vryburg by ox wagon with her husband and seven children. Died in Salisbury in 1935. Letter from her son J. A. Thompson, Salisbury, dated 25/6/1958.
  • Mrs Thompson, 1893. Wife of Dr. William L. Thompson. They came up with a party of 8 American missionaries, two children and four Zulu evangelists and families, to start the American Mission at Mount Selinda. Information received from Rev. W. D. Webb, Mt. Selinda, in answer to my enquiries, 1956. Later Dr. and Mrs Thomas returned to America, where they both died. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga.
  • Mrs Thomson, 1896, or earlier. (Formerly Mrs Wallenstein ?). This lady was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 Matabele rebellion. Information from cutting in "The Chronicle," from Mrs Cummins.
  • Mrs Ross Townsend, 1895. Was in Bulawayo in 1895, and in the Market Square laager during the rebellion, the following year, according to a letter dated 26/6/1933 from Mr S. Candler, Rhodesia House, London, in the possession of Mrs Boggie, Gwelo.

U

  • Sister Udalrica, 1894. Surname Schneider. Information in letters from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, dated 18/11/55 and 13/8/57.
  • Clara Jane Ulingworth, 1894. (Mrs Vickerman). Arrived with her children to join her husband in Bulawayo. Her name is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-1896, as being the owner of Stand No. 587, Wilson Street, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Louise Augusta Unverzagt 1891 (Mrs Krienke). Came to Mashonaland from the Transvaal with her husband and ten children, by ox wagon. An interesting article by Walter Krienke about their journey appears on pp. 53-56 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Emily Unwin, 1859. (Mrs Moffat). Came up with her husband, Rev. J. S. Moffat, when the Mission Station was started at Inyati. She was one of the first two white women to come to the country and endured courageously the trials and privations of the long wagon journey and the very early years in Matabeleland. Mrs Moffat's Journal and many of her letters can be seen in the Central African Archives, Salisbury. She left in 1865 and died at the Cape in 1902. A good description of Mrs Moffat's experiences is given on pages 11-27 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.

V

  • Cornelia Venter, 1892. (Mrs Brown). Travelled with her husband by ox Wagon from the Union to Fort Victoria. Died in Bulawayo in 1945. Information from her daughter, Mrs Engelbrecht, Bulawayo, 1959. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Sister Bona Venture, 1891. Surname Kaltenstadler. Came with Mother Patrick's band of Dominican Sisters to Mashonaland. Page 10 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Also letters from St. Dominic's Convent, dated 18/11/1955, 13/8/1957 and 31/8/1957.
  • Marie Verie, 1896, or earlier. This name is in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland, 1895-1896, as belonging to the owner of Stand No. 44, Main St., Bulawayo.
  • Aleta Maria Vermaak, 1895. (Mrs Kritzinger). Arrived in Bulawayo with her husband in January, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Tollie Vermaak, 1896, or earlier, with her husband and two children, was amongst those in the Mangwe laager during the Matabele rebellion in '96. Information from Mrs A. Black, Marula.
  • Mrs Viljoen, about 1872. A hunter's wife. She and her husband are mentioned several times as being with Mr Selous in Mrs Boggie's " First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia," pp. 144-153.
  • Alice Maud Vickerman, 1894. (Mrs Williams). "Arrived with mother“ to join her father in Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Revd. Mother Vincent, 1894. Surname Schneider. Came up as sister Vincent with four others from Macloutsie camp hospital and did splendid work under difficult conditions. She was in the Bulawayo laager in '96 and was presented with the Matabeleland War Medal. In 1950 Mother Vincent was at the Gwelo Convent aged 89 years. Pp. 20, 21, 29 and 33 of Mrs Boggie's "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women." Letter from St. Dominic's Convent, Salisbury, 13/8/57. A very good photo of Mother Vincent aged 89 is on page 280 of Mrs Boggie's book.
  • Martha Hendricka Wilhelmina Vorster, 1896. (Mrs Human). The registration of this marriage is to be found in the C.A. Archives, Salisbury. Married in Bulawayo, 2/3/1896. Mr G. J. Human was a transport rider.
  • Annie Jansen van Vuuren , 1895. (Mrs Kloppers). Came with the Henry Steyn Trek and brought seven children including Martha Kloppers, Aletta Kloppers and Annie Kloppers. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957; also p. 162, "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.

W

  • Rhoda Martha Wade, 1896. (Mrs Landsberg). Lived for many years in Bulawayo. Died in October, 1955. Mrs Landsberg was a neice of the famous Dick King. Information from her daughter, Mrs K. Smith, in letter dated 30/6/1959.
  • Mrs Walker, 1896, or earlier. Mentioned on page 86 of "Raiders and Rebels in South Africa,” by Elsa Goodwin Green, and on page 129 of “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, as having been at the wedding of Sister Emily Hewitt to Mr Herbert Blatch in August, 1896.
  • Lily C Walker, 1896. (Mrs Ilsley). Arrived by wagon with her parents and was in the Bulawayo laager in '96 during the rebellion. Is now (1959) in N. Rhodesia. Information in letter from herself dated 1/6/1959 from Mazabuka.
  • Mrs Walls, 1896, or earlier. The registration of the birth of this lady's daughter, Prudence Winifred, in Bulawayo on 22/8/1896, is to be found in the Registrar's Office, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Walsh, 1890. Known as " Pioneer Mary." First husband Waterson. Arrived in Mazoe with her first husband, prospecting for gold. Lord Randolph Churchill visited the " Mary Pioneer " mine, Mazoe District in 1891. After the death of Mr Waterson, Mary married Mr Walsh at Fort Victoria - this is believed to be the first marriage in that town. Later Mr and Mrs Walsh left the country for East Africa. Pp. 46 and 47 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Annie Wardle, 1894. (Mrs Frost). Arrived with her mother Johanna and is still living in Bulawayo (1959). Information from her sister, Mrs Love. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Ethel Wardle, 1894. (Mrs Love). Arrived with her parents on 24th May, 1894, and is still (1959) living in Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Maud Winifred Wardle, Mrs Crause). Born in Bulawayo, 14/9/1894. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Waters, 1894. See Sister Octavia, 1894. above.
  • Eliza Jane Watkins, 1896. (Mrs Walker). Arrived with her husband by Zeederberg's coach; has spent most of her life in Rhodesia and is living (1960) in Bulawayo, aged 89. Information from herself. On Roll of Pioneer Women.
  • Emily Elsie Watson, 1896. (Mrs Andrews, 1896). Arrived with her parents. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lizzie Watt, 1894. (Mrs Coutts). Arrived In May or June, with her Husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Maria Watters, 1894. (Mrs Blackler). Came by ox wagon to join her husband. Was probably in the Bulawayo laager. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lillian Jane Watson, 1896. (Mers Warwick). Arrived with her husband. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mary Watson, bluffed her way in by declaring she was the Administrator's housekeeper.
  • Charlotte Emily Webb, 1892. (Mrs Cowan). A sister of Cynthia Stockley the novelist (see Cynthia Webb below). She went to Rhodesia, from the Kimberley hospital where she had been nursing, at the request of Dr. Jameson and did splendid work there. Her first husband was Capt. H. M. Greenfield who was killed in the Shangani Patrol, 1893, while she was in the Fort Victoria laager. In 1895 she married Jack Cowan. Mrs Cowan died on her son's farm at Selukwe in 1925 and is buried in the cemetery there. Information from Mr H. A. Greenfield, Selukwe. Also pp. 80 and 84 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Cynthia Webb, 1892. (Mrs Pelham Browne). Trekked up from Kimberley to visit her sister Mrs Greenfield. The following year she married Capt. Stockley of the Salisbury Police. Her second husband was Capt. Pelham Browne of Salisbury. Her daughter, Mrs Wymer was born in the Umtali laager in '96. Under the name of Cynthia Stockley she wrote several books about Rhodesia. Pp. 84- 90 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Webster, 1895. See Sister Pancratius, 1895 above.
  • Elizabeth Charlotte Webster, 1896. (Mrs Hulley). Travelled from Pretoria by donkey wagon with her husband and 5 children. Their experiences are told by Mrs Carey on pp. 293-300 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Hannah Louisa Webster, 1893. (Mrs Edwards, 1893). Nee Hannah Louisa Webster. Travelled up with her parents; they were in the Fort Victoria laager and later settled in Chipinga. Her first husband, Mr J. H. Robertson, died in 1904 and she remarried in 1908 and lived at Chipinga until her death in December, 1958, aged 78. Information from Mrs Hutchinson in letter dated 1/7/1959, enclosing cutting from the " Umtali Post" dated 15/12/1958. (In reply to my advertisement).
  • Mary Alice Webster, 1893. (Mrs F. King). Trekked up with her parents from Zeerust. Now (1957) living in Chipinga. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Wegmann, 1895. See Sister Mechtild, 1895 above.
  • Weh, 1895. See Sister Aloysius, 1895 above.
  • Beryl Welby, 1891. (Mrs Lichfield). One of the three English nursing sisters who walked from Beira to Umtali and established a hospital there, helped by Mr Rhodes. She married Dr. Lichfield of Umtali. Pp. 101-104 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie and p. 130 "The World's View,” by Nora S. Kane.
  • Ruby Felicia Wentworth, 1894. (Mrs Wright). Came up via Beira to marry Mr Boscawen Wright of Fort Salisbury, who was Public Prosecutor. Her exciting journey accompanied by Mrs Judson, is told on pp. 207-209 of "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. Mrs Wright was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion - p. 214 of the same book. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Mrs Westbeech, 1875. "In 1875 a party was got up to visit the Falls, consisting of Mr and Mrs Westbeech,They travelled first by ox wagon then by donkey cart owing to tsetse fly, and finally on foot with carriers.“ Their exciting adventures are told on p. 223 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Dorothea Regina van der Westhuizen (Dorie), 1895. (Mrs Wynand Bezuidenhout). Came with the Kruger-Bekker Trek with three daughters, Johanna, Annie and Dorie. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/57. See pp. 86 and 160 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Dorothy Gladys White, 1896. The registration of this birth on 28/2/1896 at Bulawayo, is to be found in the Registrar's Office, Salisbury.
  • Edith Dalton White, 1895. (Mrs Little). Arrived with her husband in June, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Minnie Ruth White, 1896 or earlier. (Mrs Jeffreys). From Penhalonga Mine she was in Umtali during the rebellion of '96 and in the laager there. Pp. 88 and 84 of "Raiders and Rebels in S. Africa,” by Elsa Goodwin Green. Letters from Cecil J. M. Jeffreys, Marandellas dated 25/5/59 and 20/7/59
  • Mrs Whiteford, 1894, formerly Mrs Cooper, nee Margaret Elizabeth Montgomery. Arrived with her parents from Crocodile River. Still living in Bulawayo (1960). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Wild, 1895. (Mrs Turnbull). Came to Mashonaland via Beira, with two other nurses. Stopped first at 77 Mile Peg to help Sir Arthur Lawley's hospital for men constructing the railway. Later, with Miss Bertram ( Mrs Hodges), started a private nursing home in Pioneer Street, Salisbury, and nursed in the laager there during the '96 rebellion. Mrs Turnbull is mentioned in the British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances (p. 67) as having rendered good services. Information from Mrs Hodges, Bulawayo.
  • Miss Wild, 1896, or earlier, is mentioned on page 67 of the British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances, as having “Rendered good services." - C.A. Archives, Salisbury.
  • Mrs Wilder, 1893, wife of Dr. G. A. Wilder. They came with a party of 8 American missionaries, 2 children and 4 Zulu evangelists and families to start the American Mission at Mount Selinda. Information in pamphlet sent by Rev. W. D. Webb, Mt. Selinda, in reply to my enquiries, January, 1956.
  • Judith Wilkes/Wilkers, (Mrs Charles Graham) and four minor children named of her husband's ZimDN 1/103. He died on 26th March 1892 at Victoria Hospital of dysentry aged 28 years, a transport rider. He was born in Grahamstown.
  • Miss Williams, 1893. Came up by ox wagon with her parents. She was in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion. Miss Williams is crippled and lives a Sauerstown, where I got this information from herself, 28/7/1959.
  • Lady Ralph Williams, 1883. "An interesting early visitor to the Falls,” trekked from Grahamstown with her husband and little son as far as the wagons would go, then completed the journey on foot with carriers and reached the Falls on 16th August, 1883, and lived there for a while in a grass house. Page 224 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Mrs E Willis, 1896, or earlier, is mentioned in the Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland 1895-1896, as being the owner of Stand No. 565, Grey Street.
  • Mrs Willoughby, 1896, probably earlier. Wife of General Willoughby, Chief of Staff during the '96 rebellion, in Bulawayo. "The hard work Mrs Willoughby did in the laager Hospital has told upon her health. Mrs Willoughby leaves today for England .... We regret the fact that ill health has caused the General's wife to make the change. Many old patients will be extremely sorry to lose her." - Extract from "Bulawayo Chronicle" dated Saturday, June, 13th, 1896, sent me by Mr A. Cripwell, Salisbury.
  • Cornelia Johanna Wilmans, 1895. (Mrs W Smit). Arrived with the Kruger-Bekker Trek, with her husband and five children, including two daughters, Lettie and Johanna. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957, also page 163 “Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.
  • Mrs Wilson, 1891. Wife of Dr. Wilson of Umtali. Pp. 49, 116 and 117 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Ann Elizabeth Wilson, 1894. (Mrs Page). Came by wagon. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Emily Wilson, 1895. (Mrs Hawkins). Formerly Mrs Hill, nee. Arrived in June, 1895 with her daughter, travelling in one of Mr Tom Meikle's wagons. She opened the first baby linen shop in Bulawayo and died in that town in 1925. Information by telephone from Mrs Roland Smith, Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Eva Wilson, 1896. (Mrs Crombie). Having travelled all over the world, Eva finally arrived in Rhodesia, met her husband and remained in the country; she died at Figtree in 1943. Information from her son in Bulawayo.
  • Mrs Geo. Wood, 1869. A hunter's wife, mentioned on page 160 of "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. According to Mrs Jessie Lovemore, Mrs Wood died in the Hartley District.
  • Jane Miller Wood, 1895. (Mrs Rhynas). Arrived 12th May, 1895. On Roll of Women Pioneers. ✽
  • Jane Miller Wood, 1895. (Mrs Redmond). Arrived with her parents by ox wagon and was in the Bulawayo laager during the Matabele rebellion. On Roll of Women Pioneers. ✽

Married twice? - check these two entries are probably the same person

  • Mrs Woodbryne, 1893. Mentioned on page 77 of "In God's White Robed Army,” by a Dominican Sister.
  • Amelia Wray, 1895. (Mrs Steenkamp). "Arrived with parents." On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Lady Wrey, 1895, wife of Sir Bourchier Wrey, nee Alice M L Borton. As Mrs P. B. S. Wrey she arrived with her daughter, Muriel, by ox wagon to join her husband. They were in the Bulawayo laager during the '96 rebellion, and lived many years at Hillside, Bulawayo. Lady Wrey died in Tonbridge Wells, Kent, England in 1950 aged 87. Information from her daughter, Lady Strachan, Salisbury. (Philip Bourchier Sherard Wrey ZimDN 49/103 Died 8 May 1936 in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England aged 77. The couple married in the SepQ of 1899 in the St. George Hanover Square Registration District, London, Middkesex.
  • Muriel Wrey, 1895. (Mrs Lamb). Daughter of Sir Bourchier and Lady Wrey; she travelled up by ox wagon with her mother to join her father. Mrs Lamb left Rhodesia in 1921 and was still living in England 1959). Information from her sister, Lady Strachan, Salisbury, by telephone.
  • Mrs van Wyk, 1894. Mother of Mrs Dickinson whose name is on the Roll of Women Pioneers as having “Arrived with parents.” She was in the Bulawayo laager during the rebellion in '96. Information from Mrs Withers, Bulawayo, 1957.
  • Louisa van Wyk,1863. (Mrs John Lee). Wife of the trader and hunter, arrived with eight children. She was buried at Mangwe in 1870. Pp. 115, 160 and 161 "First Steps in Civilizing Rhodesia,” by Jeannie M. Boggie.
  • Millicent Irene van Wyk, 1894. (Mrs Dickinson). Arrived with her parents and was in the Bulawayo laager during the Matabele rebellion. Information from Mrs Withers (nee Nason), Bulawayo. On Roll of Women Pioneers.

X-Y-Z

  • Florence May Yeatman, 1896. (Mrs Stamper). Arrived by ox wagon; still lives in Bulawayo (1960). On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Sister Yolanda, 1892. Surname Kilkelly. Dominican Order. Letters from the Dominican Convent, Salisbury, dated 11/7/1956 and 13th and 31st August, 1957.
  • Anna Maria Younge, 1894. (Mrs Peters, 1894). Her son Albert was the first white boy born in Bulawayo on 6th July, 1894, three weeks after his parents arrived after a 4 months trek from Johannesburg. Pp. 229-230 “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie. On Roll of Women Pioneers.
  • Eliza Yoxall, 1895. (Mrs Sherry). Came up as a lady's maid to Mrs (later Lady) Bourchier Wrey. She was in the laager during the Matabele rebellion, in Bulawayo. Died in 1942. Information from her daughter-in-law, Mrs Sherry, who is a member of the Association of University Women in Bulawayo (1959).
  • Annie Zeffert, 1892. (Mrs Morris). ". . . . quite a leading figure in old Salisbury. Mrs Morris was a beautiful Jewess and a very charming and popular woman .. . Mrs Morris was drowned with her two sons, Leon and Sidney, in the wreck of the " Drummond Castle "off Ushant in June, 1896 . ..." Extract from a letter to Mrs Boggie from Mr Marshall Hole, dated 14/8/1932.
  • Mrs Zeitzmann, 1870, or earlier. Her name is mentioned in Thomas Baines' "Goldfields Diaries" on pages 236, 301 and 569, and on the last mentioned page it reads: "At Kumalo River we found Charlie Meyer with his wagon and Mrs Zeitzmann and family of three or four pretty girls, the eldest about 14, living in a calico tent. "The Kumalo River is now known as the Khami.
  • Zim, 1894. See Mother Jacoba, 1894 above.
  • Dirkie Elizabeth Zondagh, 1894. (Mrs Heyns). Arrived with the Martin Trek, with 6 daughters. Information from Mrs M. Edwards, Chipinga, 27/6/1957. P. 161 "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier. Her husband - George Frederick Heyns
  • van Zyl, Mrs Rademeyer). Travelled up with her parents in the Martin Trek. Page 173 "Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women,” by Jeannie M. Boggie, also p. 79 of "Many Treks Made Rhodesia,” by S. P. Olivier.

Bibliography


  • Baines, Thos. - “Northern Goldfields Diaries." (Chatto & Windus, 1946).
  • Balfour, Miss Alice. - "Twelve Hundred Miles in a Wagon." (Edward Arnold, London, 1896).
  • Boggie, Jeannie M. - “Experiences of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women," 1938. "First Steps In Civilizing Rhodesia," 1940. (Philpott & Collins, Bulawayo).
  • British South Africa Company's Reports on Native Disturbances.
  • Burnham, Maj. F. R. - “Scouting on Two Continents." (Doubleday Page & Co., New York, 1927).
  • Burrows, Edmund H. - "A Study in Pioneering; The Moodies of Melsetter." (A. A. Balkema, Capetown, 1954).
  • Bulawayo Directory and Handbook of Matabeleland 1895-1896. - Compiled by Alexander Davis, Bulawayo, Under The Patronage of The B.S.A. Co. (W. A. Richards & Son, Govt. Printing Works, Capetwon).
  • Dominican Sister, A. - “In God's White Robed Army." (Maskew Miller, Ltd., Capetown, 1950).
  • Fairbridge, Kingsley. - “Autobiography." (Oxford University Press, 1927).
  • Fuller, Basil. - “BidTime Return." (Drukkerj En Uitgeverij, Amsterdam).
  • Green, Elsa Goodwin. - ”Raiders And Rebels in South Africa." (George Newnes, Ltd., London, 1898).
  • Haile, Rev. A. J. - “Brief Historical Survey of the L.M.S. in Southern Rhodesia." (Morija Printing Works, Basutoland, 1951).
  • Jesuit Diaries. - ”Trois Ans Dans L'afrique Australe." (Depelchin & Croonbergh, Brussels, 1882).
  • Jones, Dr. Neville. - ”Rhodesian Genesis." (University Press, Glasgow, 1953).
  • Kane, Nora S. - “The World's View." (Cassell & Co., London, 1954).
  • Leonard, Maj. A. G -”How We Made Rhodesia." (Regan Paul, London, 1896).
  • Lewis, Thos. H. - "Women of South Africa." (Le Quesne and Hooten Smith, Capetown, 1913).
  • National Council of Women “Women in Central Africa." (Rhodesian P. & P. Co.,

Salisbury, 1953).

  • Olivier, S. P - “Many Treks Made Rhodesia." (Howard B. Timmins, Capetown, 1957).
  • Tabler, E. C. - "The Far Interior." (A. A. Balkema, Capetown, 1955).
  • Selous, F. C. - "Sunshine And Storm In Rhodesia." (Roland Ward, London, 1896).

Roll of Rhodesia's Pioneer Women

1859

  • Mrs Moffat (Unwin)
  • Mrs Thomas (Morgan)

1860

1862

1863

  • Mrs Lee (van Wyk)
  • Mrs J. Mackenzie

1864

1866

  • Baroness von Ahlefeldt (Thomas)

1869

  • Mrs Kirkham (Thomas)
  • Mrs McMaster
  • Mrs G. Wood

1870

  • Mrs Hartley
  • Mrs Lee (van Rooyen)
  • Mrs Thomson (Edwards)
  • Mrs Zeitzmann

1871

  • Mrs "Bulala “Taylor (Clark)

1872

1875

1877

  • Madame Coilliard (Mackintosh)
  • Mrs Elliott (Clapton)
  • Mrs Greit
  • Mrs Hamm (Thomas)
  • Madame Jeanmairet

1878

1879

  • Miss C. M. Thomas

1882

1883

  • Lady Ralph Williams

1888

  • Mrs Rees (Davies)

1889

1890

  • Mrs J. Colenbrander (Mullins)
  • Mrs Codrington (Drake)
  • Mrs Graves
  • Mrs F. Greef Viscomtess de la Panouse
  • Mrs Quested (Greef)
  • Mrs Van Rooyen Mrs Walsh (" Pioneer Mary ")
  • Mrs Wilde (van Rooyen)

1891

  • Sister Arnica (surname Kilduff)
  • Sister Berchmans (surname Dreier)
  • Mrs Theodore Bent Miss Blennerhasset
  • Sister Bonaventure (surname Kaltenstadler)
  • Sister Constantia (surname Fromknecht)
  • Mrs Culverwell (Brooks)
  • Mrs Ferreira (Lange)
  • Mrs Foy

1891

1892

1893

  • Mrs Anderson (Nason)
  • Mrs Austin (Coxen)
  • Mrs Baines (Lemestre)
  • Mrs Bates
  • Mrs Blann
  • Mrs Blatch (Hewitt)
  • Mrs Bunker
  • Mrs Burnham
  • Mrs Bushney (van Rooyen)
  • Mrs Cameron
  • Mrs Cripps (Lovemore)
  • Mrs Curry
  • Mrs Drew (Beere)
  • Mrs Dunford (Adlam)
  • Mrs du Plessis
  • Mrs Eastmure (Reilly)
  • Mrs Edwards (Webster)
  • Miss Erskine
  • Mrs Fairburn
  • Mrs Farthing (Carter)
  • Mrs Fincham (Nel)
  • Mrs Ffrench-Mullen (Sauer)
  • Mrs Graham (Sauer)
  • Mrs Hamilton
  • Mrs Hammann
  • Mrs Hampson (Austin)
  • Mrs Harrison (Emmerich)
  • Mrs Human (Moolman)
  • Mrs James (Nason)
  • Miss Nancy Jones
  • Mrs J. Lamb
  • Miss Rose Lamb
  • Mrs Light (Strobel)
  • Miss Mansergh
  • Mrs Meilandt (Bognall)
  • Mrs Moolman (Phyfer)
  • Mrs Nason (Mageer)
  • Mrs Nel (van der Linde)
  • Miss Annie Nel
  • Mrs R. Nesbitt (Sanders)
  • Mrs O'Grady
  • Mrs Pretorius (Koen)
  • Mrs Raaff (von Oertel)
  • Mrs Sauer (Fitzpatrick)
  • Mrs Sawerthal (Mann)
  • Mrs Slot (Pullen)
  • Mrs Strickland (Meikle)
  • Miss I.E. Strike
  • Mrs Strobel (Emmerich)
  • Mrs Thompson
  • Mrs Wardle (Ludick)
  • Mrs Webster (Gobey)
  • Mrs Wilder
  • Mrs Wiley (Hurrell)
  • Mrs Williams (Austin)
  • Miss Williams
  • Mrs Withers (Nason)
  • Mrs Woodbyrne

1894


1895

1896

  • Mrs Adcock
  • Mrs Ade (Thackway)
  • Miss Allen
  • Mrs Almendro (Moore)
  • Mrs Allmark (Less)
  • Sister Amalia (surname Joder)
  • Mrs Andrews (Watson)
  • Sister Antonina (surname Dowd)
  • Mrs Armitage (Olsen)
  • Mrs Ashburner (Chalmers)
  • Miss S. D. Austin
  • Mrs Bain (Biller)
  • Mrs Barnwell
  • Sister Benevenuta (surname Saumweber)
  • Mrs Bennett (Stuttaford)
  • Mrs Bermeister
  • Mrs Bertelsen
  • Mrs Bester
  • Mrs Bezuidenhout
  • Mrs Booysen
  • Mrs Bovell (Judson)
  • Mrs Bradnick (Olwage)
  • Mrs Bradshaw (Ferns)
  • Mrs Bray
  • Mrs Bridger (Fisher)
  • Mrs Amanda Brown
  • Mrs Burnett (Nooman)
  • Mrs Burrows (Chalmers)
  • Mrs Bull (Driver)
  • Mrs Campbell (Coker)
  • Mrs Campbell (Smith)
  • Sister Canisa (surname Fink)
  • Mrs Carey (Hulley)
  • Mrs Carinus
  • Mrs Carruthers (Bradfield)
  • Mrs Carter (Schuhz)
  • Mrs Cashel (Nunn)
  • Mrs Cawood (Hulley)
  • Mrs Chapman
  • Mrs Chalmers (Pullen)
  • Mrs Chawner (Driver)
  • Mrs Coker (Holt)
  • Mrs A. Colenbrander (Mullins)
  • Mrs Colteman-Cronin (Driver)
  • Mrs Coppock (O'Neill)
  • Mrs Craven (Fraser)
  • Mrs H. Crewe (Button)
  • Mrs Crombie (Wilson)
  • Miss E. R. Cross
  • Mrs Cumming (van Niekerk)
  • Mrs P. G. Cummings (de Beer)
  • Mrs, Cunningham
  • Mrs C. Day
  • Mrs de Beer
  • Mrs Diamond
  • Mrs Dickenson
  • Sister Dorothy (surname Schmid)
  • Mrs Driver (Impey)
  • Miss Dupleis
  • Mrs Engelbrecht (Lottering)
  • Mrs Erasmus
  • Mrs Evans (Mulliner)
  • Mrs Eyles (von Hirschberg)
  • Mrs Fairbridge (Lovemore)
  • Miss Fairweather
  • Mrs Fife Scott
  • Mrs Fisher (Burnett)
  • Mrs Fitt (Adams)
  • Mrs Fleming (Fisher)
  • Miss A. L. Foster
  • Mrs Fourie
  • Miss Kate Fraser
  • Mrs Garrat
  • Mrs Gilson
  • Miss Juliette Gilson
  • Mrs Gilward
  • Mrs Goelst (Schoonveldt)
  • Mrs Golding
  • Mrs Green (Bain)
  • Miss Elsa Goodwin Green
  • Countess Grey
  • Lady Victoria Grey
  • Mrs Greyling
  • Mrs Gwynne (Markham)
  • Mrs Harper
  • Mrs Hart
  • Miss Heany
  • Mrs Heine
  • Mrs Hockley
  • Mrs Horn (Prinsloo)
  • Mrs Horn
  • Mrs Howard
  • Mrs Hulley (Webster)
  • Mrs Human (Vorster)
  • Mrs Humphreys (Poole)
  • Mrs Hutson (Fairbridge)
  • Mrs Ilsley (Walker)
  • Mrs Jacobs (Engelbrecht)
  • Mrs Jeffreys (White)
  • Mrs Jones
  • Mrs Ketteringham (Chalmers)
  • Miss Agnes Kirk
  • Elizabeth Knight
  • Mrs Knighton (Stuttaford)
  • Mrs Kruger (du Plessis)
  • Mrs Landsberg (Wade)
  • Miss C. A. Lamb
  • Mrs Langford
  • Mrs Lanning (Snooke)
  • Miss Last
  • Mrs H. Lee (Greef)
  • Mrs Livingston (Tennant)
  • Mrs Logan (Montgomery)
  • Mrs Lottering (Jacoba Christina Maritz)
  • Mrs Longdon (Muller)
  • Mrs Lyle
  • Mrs MacLachlan (Smith)
  • Mrs MacLachlan (Matthews)
  • Miss Madden
  • Mrs Mann
  • Mrs Maritz (Haines)
  • Mrs Mayes (Dunn)
  • Mrs Meyers
  • Mrs Miles
  • Mrs Mill (Mehouse)
  • Mrs Mills
  • Mrs Mitchell (Hill)
  • Mrs Montgomery (Scott)
  • Mrs Morket (Southey)
  • Mrs Mullally (Diamond)
  • Mrs Neilson
  • Mrs Nel (van Rooyen)
  • Mrs O'Burn
  • Mrs Olver (Smith)
  • Mrs O'Maker
  • Mrs Orton
  • Mrs Peall (Thomas)
  • Mrs Pearson (Durham)
  • Mrs T. Powell
  • Mrs Pratt (Stuttaford)
  • Mrs Prinsloo
  • Mrs Prinsloo (Prinsloo)
  • Mrs Pullen (Phillips)
  • Mrs Rainsbury
  • Mrs Rausch
  • Mrs Redrup (Clarke)
  • Mrs Reeves (Lamb)
  • Mrs Roberts
  • Mrs Ross
  • Mrs Rossouw (Schoonveldt)
  • Mrs Salthouse
  • Mrs Salmon
  • Mrs Schlenker
  • Mrs Schmidt (Stanley)
  • Mrs Simpson (Dunn)
  • Miss B. M. Simpson
  • Mrs Sly (Sanders)
  • Mrs Smith (Steyn)
  • Mrs Snell (Almendro)
  • Mrs T. Speight (Spranger)
  • Mrs Squair (McNeilage)
  • Mrs Stamper (Yeatman)
  • Mrs Stanley (Carr)
  • Nurse Stanton
  • Mrs Stevens (Muller)
  • Mrs Stuart (Robinson)
  • Mrs Stuttaford (Pearce)
  • Miss L. E. Stuttaford
  • Mrs Taylor
  • Mrs Theodora
  • Mrs W. E. Thomas (Poultney)
  • Mrs Thomson
  • Mrs van der Heever (van Niekerk)
  • Mrs van Eden (Kamp)
  • Mrs van der Spuy
  • Marie Verey
  • Mrs T. Vermaak
  • Mrs Walker (Watkins)
  • Mrs H. F. Walker (Boshoff)
  • Mrs Walker
  • Mrs Walls
  • Mrs Warwick (Watson)
  • Mrs Warren (Garrod)
  • Mrs Watson (Hamman)
  • Mrs Weinand (Carinus)
  • Mrs Weyers (Sears)
  • Mrs Wigg (Fraser)
  • Miss Whyte
  • Miss Wild
  • Mrs Willis
  • Mrs Willoughby
  • Mrs Wymer (Stockley)
  • Mrs Yeatman (de Beer)