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Royal Houses of Scotland

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  • Áed mac Cináeda (c.838 - 878)
    Name: King Eochaid of Scotland Father: Run Macarthagail, King of Strathclyde Mother: a daughter of Kenneth I House of: MacAlpin Ascended to the throne: 878 Married: none Children: none Di...
  • Eógan mac Óengusa, King of the Picts (deceased)
    óganan_mac_Óengusa King of the Picts 837-839. He was killed together with his brother Bran and "Áed mac Boanta," in a battle fought by the men of Fortriu against Vikings in 839...
  • Edward Balliol, King of Scotland (c.1283 - 1367)
    Edward Balliol (c. 1283 – 1367) or Edward de Baliol was a claimant to the Scottish throne who was intermittently de facto ruler from 1332 to 1336. He was the eldest son of John Balliol and I...
  • Eustace de Baliol (c.1168 - 1209)
    His Ancestry found as: 1. Guy de BALLIOL was born ABT 1022. Child of Guy de BALLIOL is: + 2 i. Rainald de BALLIOL was born ABT 1040 in Bailleul-en-Vimeu, Somme, Picardy, France, and died AFT 1086...
  • John de Balliol, King of Scots (c.1249 - 1314)
    --------------------------------------------------------- John de Balliol (c. 1249 – c. 25 November 1314) was elected King of Scots from 1292 to 1296. John Balliol (c. 1249 – c. 25 ...

Royal Houses of Scotland

//photos.geni.com/p13/d4/88/0f/64/5344483a60cebda3/work-in-progress_small.jpg

The object of this project is to give an overview of the Royal Houses of Scotland and link them to projects or profiles on GENi.

If this is something that you are particularly interested in or knowledgeable about please join the project and expand the subject. It would be good to set up separate projects for individual houses. Where these do exist they have been linked.

Related Projects

(other than those with bold links). See also the list to the right of the project body.

Scottish Battles and Conflicts - Main Page

Counties of the United Kingdom - Scotland

Background

The early Scots were a post-Roman Gaelic-speaking people who invaded and settled the west coast, known then as Dalriada. They travelled over the sea from Ireland, and before that, it is suggested but not proven, the Middle East.

The original pre-Roman inhabitants were known as Picts. Scandinavian Viking people invaded the far north, west coast and offshore islands of Scotland and settled there. In the south, Strathclyde Britons, who were Welsh speaking people, and early Saxon settlers settled. Following William the Conqueror’s invasion of England in 1066, Norman-born fortune hunters arrived in Scotland. The English influence relates to more recent times.

The Royal Houses of Scotland arose from the union in 843 of the Kingdom of the Scots, Dalriada, with Caledonia, the Kingdom of the Picts, which later comprised the northern and eastern parts of the country. The Kings of the Picts, Ard Righ Albann, according to their chroniclers, derived from Cruithne, King of the Picts, from whose seven younger sons the original Seven Earls or provincial Kings of Caledonia arose.

Scottish Royal Houses

House of Alpin

which ruled in Pictland and then the kingdom of Alba from the advent of Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín) in the 840s until the death of Malcolm II (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) in 1034.

House of Ballioll

which ruled Scotland from 1292 to 1296 and again held parts of Scotland from 1332 to 1336. The rival House of Bruce also held parts of Scotland at the same time and succeeded in deposing them.

  • Edward Balliol - (c. 1283 – 1367) was a claimant to the Scottish throne (1314–1356). With English help, he briefly ruled the country from 1332 to 1336.
  • Bernard I de Balliol
  • Bernard II de Balliol
  • Dervorguilla of Galloway
  • Eustace de Balliol
  • Guy I de Balliol
  • Guy II de Balliol
  • Henry de Baliol
  • Hugh de Balliol
  • Isabella de Warenne
  • John Balliol
  • John I de Balliol

House of Bruce

which ruled Scotland from 1306 to 1371. The rival House of Balliol also held parts of Scotland from 1332 to 1336. The male line of the House eventually died out. They were succeeded by female-line descendants as the House of Stuart.

  • Lord of Annandale
  • Alexander de Brus, Earl of Carrick
  • Alexander de Brus
  • Robert Bruce (1668–1720)
  • Robert the Bruce
  • Nigel de Brus
  • Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale
  • Robert de Brus, 4th Lord of Annandale
  • Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale
  • Thomas de Brus
  • William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale
  • Christina Bruce
  • David II of Scotland
  • Edward Bruce
  • Elizabeth de Burgh
  • Isabella of Gloucester and Hertford
  • Ingeborg Eriksdottir of Norway
  • Isabel Bruce
  • Isabella of Mar
  • Isobel of Huntingdon
  • Jacob Bruce
  • Laurence Bruce
  • Margaret Drummond, Queen of Scotland
  • Marjorie Bruce
  • Marjorie, Countess of Carrick
  • Mary Bruce
  • Robert Bruce (bastard)
  • Robert Bruce, 2nd Baron of Clackmannan
  • Robert Bruce, 3rd Baron of Clackmannan
  • Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale
  • Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale
  • Thomas Bruce, 1st Baron of Clackmannan

House of Dunkeld

which consisted of female-line descendants of the House of Alpin. They ruled the Kingdom of Scotland from 1034 to 1040 and again from 1058 to 1286. Margaret of Scotland (Maid of Norway), granddaughter of the last male-line member, was the recognised heir from 1286 to 1290 but was never inaugurated. They were succeeded by further female-line descendants of the House of Balliol and the House of Bruce.

  • Ada of Huntingdon
  • Alexander I of Scotland
  • Alexander II of Scotland
  • Alexander III of Scotland
  • Alexander, Prince of Scotland
  • Ermengarde de Beaumont
  • Bethóc
  • Crínán of Dunkeld
  • Donald III of Scotland
  • Duncan I of Scotland
  • Duncan II of Scotland
  • William fitz Duncan
  • Edgar, King of Scotland
  • Edmund of Scotland
  • Elen ferch Llywelyn
  • Ethelred of Scotland
  • Ethelreda, daughter of Gospatric
  • Florence of Holland
  • Floris III, Count of Holland
  • David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon
  • John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon
  • Maud, Countess of Huntingdon
  • Isobel of Huntingdon
  • Joan of England, Queen of Scotland
  • William the Lion
  • Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair
  • Malcolm III of Scotland
  • Malcolm IV of Scotland
  • Margaret of England
  • Margaret of Huntingdon, Lady of Galloway
  • Margaret of Huntingdon, Duchess of Brittany
  • Margaret of Scotland, Countess of Kent
  • Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway
  • Saint Margaret of Scotland
  • Margaret, Maid of Norway
  • Marie de Coucy
  • Mary of Scotland, Countess of Boulogne
  • Matilda of Chester, Countess of Huntingdon
  • Matilda of Scotland
  • Sybilla of Normandy
  • Henry of Scotland
  • Isabella of Scotland, Countess of Norfolk
  • Ada de Warenne
  • Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland

House of Moray

which ruled the Kingdom of Scotland from 1040 to 1058. They were related to the House of Alpin and the two Kings of the House directly descended from it. They were rivalled by the House of Dunkeld.

  • Findláech of Moray
  • Gruoch of Scotland
  • Lulach
  • Macbeth, King of Scotland
  • Máel Coluim of Moray
  • Máel Snechtai of Moray
  • Gille Coemgáin of Moray
  • Óengus of Moray

House of Stuart/Stewart]

which ruled Scotland alone from 1371 to 1603, Scotland along with England and Ireland from 1603 to 1649 and again from 1660 to 1714.

3 subcategories

House of Stewart of Darnley‎

  • Bernard Stewart, 4th Lord of Aubigny
  • John Stewart, 2nd Lord of Aubigny
  • Robert Stewart, 4th Lord of Aubigny
  • Lord Bernard Stewart
  • Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond
  • Alexander Stewart of Darnley (d.1404)
  • John Stewart of Darnley
  • Alan Stewart of Dreghorn
  • Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox
  • Esmé Stewart, 2nd Duke of Richmond
  • Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox
  • George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny
  • Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
  • James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond
  • Lord John Stewart
  • Charles Stuart, 1st Earl of Lennox
  • John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox
  • John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox
  • Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox
  • Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox
  • Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of March
  • Alan Stewart of Darnley
  • Alexander Stewart of Darnley (d.1374)
  • Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox
  • Lady Arbella Stuart

Illegitimate branches of the House of Stuart‎

Stewart of Balquhidder‎

  • George H. Steuart (politician)
  • Walter Stewart, 3rd Laird of Baldorran
  • Stewart of Balquhidder
  • James "Beg" Stewart
  • William Stewart of Baldorran

House of Óengus

can refer to a still theoretical dynasty of Pictland who may have ruled as Kings of the Picts, as well as overlords of the Kings of Dál Riata and possibly of all of northern Great Britain, for approximately a century from the 730s to the 830s AD. Their first ruler of Pictland was the great Óengus I of the Picts.

  • Óengus I of the Picts, d. 761
  • Bridei V of the Picts
  • Talorgan II of the Picts, d. 782
  • Drest VIII of the Picts
  • Constantín mac Fergusa, d. 820
  • Óengus II of the Picts, d. 834
  • Drest IX of the Picts, d. 836 or 837
  • Eóganan mac Óengusa, d. 839
  • Another member of this family may have been Domnall mac Caustantín, a possible king of Dál Riata.
  • See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_%C3%93engus

References, Sources and Further Reading