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Tolerated Jews of Vienna: Die Ersten Statuten des Bethauses in der Inneren Stadt (The First Statutes of the Temple in the Inner City)

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  • David Josef Biedermann (1782 - 1838)
    See Wachstein, Die Ersten Statuten des Bethauses in der inneren Stadt, page 13.
  • Bernhard Spitzer (c.1804 - 1832)
  • Joachim Heim (c.1761 - 1834)
  • Moses Bunzl (c.1766 - 1841)
  • Ascher Matzel (1763 - 1842)
    Hungarian soldier and philanthropist; born 1763 at Stampfen, Hungary; died Nov. 22, 1842. At the age of seventeen he entered the service of the Jewish hospital in Vienna, of which he became the super...

On March 18, 1829, seventy-one representatives of the Jews of Vienna executed a formal governing document. The community had in1826 opened its new Stadttempel in the Seitenstettengasse, the first public prayer house permitted since the expulsion of Jews from Vienna in 1670. The first rabbi was Isak Noa Mannheimer and the first cantor was Salomon Sulzer. In 1852, the provisional statutes of the Vienna community were finally recognized by Kaiser Franz Josef as the official governing document of the Jewish community.

In 1857, there were only 2,617 Jews in Vienna. By 1900, Vienna had become Europe's third-largest Jewish community (after Warsaw and Budapest). On the eve of the Nazi Anschluss in 1938, Vienna had approximately 176,000 Jews.

The seventy-one signatories in 1829 included both men and women, representatives of the Jews who at that time held "tolerated" status in the imperial city of Vienna. (The Judenordnung of 1764 had laid down that Jews seeking ‘‘tolerated’’ status had to invest their wealth in manufacturing in order to obtain permission to live in the imperial capital.) The names and biographies of the signers of the 1829 Statutes of the Temple in the Inner City were compiled and published by Bernhard Wachstein in 1926.

  1. Benedikt David Arnstein (c.1758-1841)
  2. Josef Arnstein (1771-1855)
  3. Markus Mayer Baumgarten (c.1749-1832)
  4. Ignatz Beer
  5. Joseph Biedermann (1801-1864)
  6. Michael Lazar Biedermann (1769-1843)
  7. Moses Bunzel (1766-1841)
  8. Salomon Camondo (1775-1857)
  9. Arnold Engel (1788-1859)
  10. Ludwig Eppinger (-1834)
  11. Isak Figdor (1768-1850)
  12. Lazar Gothold Goldstein (1786-1850)
  13. Samuel Gottlieb
  14. Bernhard Grünebaum (1787-1837)
  15. Josef Haikes (1771-1850)
  16. Jakob Hayne (1790-1858)
  17. Joachim Heim (1761-1834)
  18. Hermann Herzenskron (1789)
  19. Moritz Hürsch
  20. Karl Hirschmann (1785-1850)
  21. Isak Löw Hofmann Edler von Hofmannsthal (1759-1849)
  22. Maximilian Edler von Hönigsberg (1754-1832)
  23. Moses Koblenzer (1755-1834)
  24. Amalia Kohn (1798-1855)
  25. Moritz Königswarter (1780-1829)
  26. Julie Landauer (1769-1841)
  27. Benjamin Landesmannn (1764-1831)
  28. Karl Leidesdorf (1788-1850)
  29. Magdalena Leidesdorf (Koblenz)
  30. Markus Abraham Leidesdorf
  31. Joachim Leidesdorfer (1738-1834)
  32. August Leon (1785-1841)
  33. Rosalie Levi
  34. Samuel Lewinger (1758-1838)
  35. Ignaz Ritter von Liebenberg (1769-1844)
  36. Jakob Löwy (1781-1864)
  37. Markus Luzzatto
  38. Adam Markbreiter (1779-1846)
  39. Ascher Matzel (1763-1842)
  40. Salomon Mayer (1779-1848)
  41. Wolf Isak Nassau (1757-1838)
  42. Markus Rittter von Neuwall (1758-1838)
  43. Josef Magnus Österreicher (1755-1831)
  44. Isaia Pontzen (1778)
  45. Jacob Reichenstein (-after 1847)
  46. Josef Reiter (1760)
  47. Moses Reitlinger (1772-1839)
  48. Michael David Schiel (1776-1852)
  49. Herz Philipp Schinow (-1833)
  50. Hermann Schlesinger
  51. Michael Löb Schlesinger (1780-1836)
  52. Anton Schnapper (1790-1870)
  53. Elisabeth Sichrovsky (Kuh)
  54. David Semler
  55. Moses Sidwers
  56. Joseph Simon (1791-1834)
  57. Angelus Sinzheimer (1764-1831)
  58. Bernhard Spitzer (1832)
  59. Markus Stern (-1861)
  60. Hermann Todesco (1791-1844)
  61. Rosalie Trebitsch (-1855)
  62. Jakob Wartfeld (1778-1845)
  63. Markus Hirsch Weikersheim (-1863)
  64. Bernhard Wertheim (1804-1854)
  65. Ernst Wertheim (1785-1834)
  66. Zacharias Wertheim (1780-1852)
  67. Siegfried Philipp Wetheimber (1777-1836)
  68. Jakob Wertheimer
  69. Salomon Josef Wertheimer (1758-1836)
  70. Heinrich Wilhelm Edler von Wertheimstein (1799-1859)
  71. Sigmund Edler von Wertheimstein (1797-1854)

Names of Tolerated Jews in Vienna whose signatures did not appear on the Statute:

  1. Freiherr Nathan Adam von Arnstein
  2. Theresia von Arnstein (Wertheimer)
  3. Samuel Bacher
  4. Hirsch Bachrach
  5. Freiherr Bernhard von Eskeles
  6. Heinrich Fein
  7. Markus Fein
  8. Jakob Fleckeles
  9. Regina Frankenstein
  10. Salomon Goldberg
  11. Josef Goldschmied
  12. Rebekka Herz
  13. Laura Jerusalem (Kohn)
  14. Babetta Kohn (Uffenheimer)
  15. Elizabeth Kohn (Bauer)
  16. Juliana Kolinzki
  17. Magdalena Kremsier
  18. Simon Edler von Lämel
  19. Jakob Lang
  20. Salomon Lehmann
  21. Saul Lehmann
  22. Hermann Lemberger
  23. Barbara Lichtenstadt
  24. Jakob Mardayn
  25. Efraim Salman Margulies
  26. Cäcilia Mayer
  27. Elise Mühlberg
  28. Sybilla Nathan
  29. Jakob Neustadtl
  30. Wilhelmine Oppenheim
  31. Isak Österreicher
  32. David Pollak
  33. Theresia Poppe
  34. Salomon Preisach
  35. Ernestine Rechert
  36. Juliana Schaffer
  37. Salomon Schaffer
  38. Sara Schlesinger
  39. Isak Schornstein
  40. Jakob Steinschneider
  41. Menasche Sternberg
  42. Henriette Strimm (Poppe)
  43. Kaspar Tobias
  44. Ignatz Wertheimer
  45. Karl Zappert (1783-1855)