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Stolpersteine - Stumbling blocks

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  • Margarethe Wolfsohn (1885 - 1942)
  • Max Wolfsohn (1872 - 1942)
  • Leo Wolfsohn (1868 - 1942)
  • John Hasenberg (1892 - 1945)
    1943 NL to Bergen-Belsen dead 23.1.1945 John Hasenberg, born 08.10.1892, deported from the Netherlands on 16.02.1944 in the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen; died following his arrest on 23.1.1945 Jo...
  • Alexander "Alex" Helischkowski (1895 - c.1944)
    Alex Helischkowski was born in 1895. Prior to WWII he lived in Berlin, Germany. Alex was murdered in Auschwitz, Camp. This information is based on a List of murdered Jews from Germany found in Gedenk...

Stolpersteine - Stumbling stones

The aim of this project is to collect profiles of persons for whom Stumbling blocks ('Stolpersteine' in German) have been installed in many countries in Europe.


Gunther Demnig, an environmental artist from Cologne, Germany, developed the idea for these memorials in 1993 after having created several Holocaust memorial projects in Europe starting in the beginning of the eighties. Mr. Demnig was inspired to create his project by words in the Talmud: “A man is not forgotten until his name is forgotten.” Demnig installs the stone into the sidewalk at the front entrance of the residence where the victim last lived before being deported by the Nazis. The 10x10x10cm concrete blocks with a brass face plate with the text (in the local language of the country in which the Stolperstein was installed): "Here lived [name] born [year] [fate] [date of death]".

Any victim, Christian, Romani, Sinti, Jew, Homosexual, Jehovah Witness or any other target of the Nazi terror, can be remembered by a Stolperstein in front of the last residence he occupied by free will.

And this includes people who survived the regime too. Our concern is to "bring families together" in commemoration. This is why living family members (for example children who were brought to safety or family members who were able to escape) can also have a STOLPERSTEIN laid for them. Source:

Mid 2012 more than 35000 Stolpersteine have been installed foremost in Germany and the Netherlands, but also in increasing numbers in: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary and others. The Stolpersteine project is therefore the largest environmental, decentralized memorial of the world.

July 3, 2013 the 40000th. Stolperstein was installed in the north of the Netherlands near the German border (Oldamt (Drieborg)) while Stolpersteine were installed to commemorate 10 Dutch communists who were executed by the German occupation force after they were betrayed by their own countrymen for hiding Jews and Roma. More in the interview the WDR German broadcasting Services of North-Rhine Westfalia made with Mr. Demnig: Stolpersteine, 40.000 Schicksale and in the "Stern", a leading German magazine: Der 40.000ste ist ein Kommunist (both in German)

For iPhone mobile apps exist. Since May 2013 Stolpersteine Mobile by Jung von Matt/Fleet can be downloaded for searching and updating pictures and data based on the map at


There is also a second project at Geni:

(We should merge both projects -Tobias Rachor, German Curator)

Video - Movies

Locations of Stolperstein installations by country

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer - אל מלא רחמים, תפילת אזכרה לקרבנות השואה