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  • Alfred Abraham Neuburger, Dr. jur. (1883 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Neuburger, Alfred geboren am 04. September 1883 in Ulm / - / Württemberg wohnhaft in Ulm und Neu - Ulm Inhaftierungsort: 11. November...

Stolpersteine - Stumbling Blocks

The aim of this project is to collect profiles of persons for whom Stumbling Blocks ('Stolpersteine' in German) have been installed in many countries in Europe.

This is the top-level Project; here are the child Projects (so far)

The plan is to follow this format for each country that has Stolpersteine installed.


Gunther Demnig, an environmental artist from Cologne, Germany, developed the idea for these memorials in 1993 after having created several Holocaust memorial projects in Europe starting in the beginning of the eighties. Mr. Demnig was inspired to create his project by words in the Talmud: “A man is not forgotten until his name is forgotten.” Demnig installs the stone into the sidewalk at the front entrance of the residence where the victim last lived before being deported by the Nazis. The 10x10x10cm concrete blocks with a brass face plate with the text (in the local language of the country in which the Stolperstein was installed): "Here lived [name] born [year] [fate] [date of death]".

Any victim, Christian, Romani, Sinti, Jew, Homosexual, Jehovah Witness or any other target of the Nazi terror, can be remembered by a Stolperstein in front of the last residence he occupied by free will.

And this includes people who survived the regime too. Our concern is to "bring families together" in commemoration. This is why living family members (for example children who were brought to safety or family members who were able to escape) can also have a STOLPERSTEIN laid for them. Source:

Mid 2012 more than 35000 Stolpersteine have been installed foremost in Germany and the Netherlands, but also in increasing numbers in: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary and others. The Stolpersteine project is therefore the largest environmental, decentralized memorial of the world.
July 3, 2013 the 40000th. Stolperstein was installed in the north of the Netherlands near the German border (Oldamt (Drieborg)) while Stolpersteine were installed to commemorate 10 Dutch communists who were executed by the German occupation force after they were betrayed by their own countrymen for hiding Jews and Roma. More in the interview the WDR German broadcasting Services of North-Rhine Westfalia made with Mr. Demnig: Stolpersteine, 40.000 Schicksale and in the "Stern", a leading German magazine: Der 40.000ste ist ein Kommunist (both in German).
January 11, 2015 Stolperstein number 50.000 is installed in Turin, Italy for Eleonora Levi (Twitteraccount Stolperstein)

For iPhones exists since May 2013 the App: Stolpersteine Mobile by Jung von Matt/Fleet. It can be downloaded to assist in searching and updating pictures and data based on the map at


Locations of Stolperstein installations by country

Video - Movies