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Notable people in baseball

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  • Don Mattingly
    Minckovech Donald Arthur Mattingly (born April 20, 1961) is an American professional baseball first baseman, coach and manager. Mattingly is currently the manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major ...
  • Clarence Melvin Smyres (1921 - 2007)
    Wikipedia Biographical Summary: "... Clarence Melvin "Clancy" Smyres (May 24, 1922 in Culver City, California – November 27, 2007 in Lancaster, California) is a former Major League Baseball pl...
  • Jim Bunning, U.S. Senator
    James Paul David Bunning, a Representative and Senator from Kentucky; born in Southgate, Ky., October 23, 1931; attended parochial schools in Southgate and Cincinnati, Ohio; B.S., Xavier University, Ci...
  • Arlie Pond (1873 - 1930)
    Dr. Erasmus Arlington "Arlie" Pond (January 19, 1873 – September 19, 1930) was an American major league baseball pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles from 1895-1898, as well as a doctor in the Un...

This project is dedicated to all those who have made baseball America's pastime.

Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The goal is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot square, or diamond. Players on one team (the batting team) take turns hitting against the pitcher of the other team (the fielding team), which tries to stop them from scoring runs by getting hitters out in any of several ways. A player on the batting team can stop at any of the bases and later advance via a teammate's hit or other means. The teams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding team records three outs. One turn at bat for each team constitutes an inning and nine innings make up a professional game. The team with the most runs at the end of the game wins.

Evolving from older bat-and-ball games, an early form of baseball was being played in England by the mid-eighteenth century. This game and the related rounders were brought by British and Irish immigrants to North America, where the modern version of baseball developed. By the late nineteenth century, baseball was widely recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball on the professional, amateur, and youth levels is now popular in North America, parts of Central and South America and the Caribbean, and parts of East Asia. The game is sometimes referred to as hardball, in contrast to the derivative game of softball.

In North America, professional Major League Baseball (MLB) teams are divided into the National League (NL) and American League (AL). Each league has three divisions: East, West, and Central. Every year, the major league champion is determined by playoffs that culminate in the World Series. Five teams make the playoffs from each league: the three regular season division winners, plus two wild card teams. The two wild card teams play in a winner takes all game to determine who plays the team with the best record in each league. Baseball is the leading team sport in both Japan and Cuba, and the top level of play is similarly split between two leagues: Japan's Central League and Pacific League; Cuba's West League and East League. In the National and Central leagues, the pitcher is required to bat, per the traditional rules. In the American, Pacific, and both Cuban leagues, there is a tenth player, a designated hitter, who bats for the pitcher. Each top-level team has a farm system of one or more minor league teams. These teams allow younger players to develop as they gain on-field experience against opponents with similar levels of skill.




Source: Wikipedia