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The Battle of Wilson's Creek, MO August 10, 1861 US Civil War

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  • Colonel Derosey Carroll (CSA) (1813 - 1863)
    Colonel, Confederate Army. Also known as Derosa Carroll (believed to be a mistake by a census official when writing his name, however this mistake is found in several documents). He was named for fam...
  • Brevet Brig. General Charles W. Blair (USA) (1829 - 1899)
    Charles White Blair was a lawyer, and Union Army officer who served in three different regiments during the American Civil War. He fought primarily in the Trans-Mississippi Theater and was notable ...
  • Brevet Maj. General Eugene Asa Carr (USA) ("The Black-Bearded Cossack") (1830 - 1910)
    Eugene Asa Carr (March 20, 1830 – December 2, 1910) was a soldier in the United States Army and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Early life Carr was born in Hambu...
  • Major General Franz Sigel (USA) (1824 - 1902)
    Franz Sigel (November 18, 1824 – August 21, 1902) was a German military officer, revolutionist and immigrant to the United States who was a teacher, newspaperman, politician, and served as a U...
  • Brig. General Elkanah B. Greer (CSA) (1825 - 1877)
    Elkanah Brackin (or Bracken) Greer (October 11, 1825 – March 25, 1877) was an antebellum cotton planter, merchant, and then a general in the Confederate States Army who served in the Western T...

The Battle of Wilson's Creek was the first major battle of the war west of the Mississippi, and is sometimes called the "Bull Run of the West". The first Union casualty of a General happened during the short but intense fighting, when Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon was shot through the heart on Bloody Hill.

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The Battle of Wilson's Creek August 10, 1861

Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis replaced him. Meanwhile, the Confederates had routed Sigel’s column, south of Skegg’s Branch. Following the third Confederate attack, which ended at 11:00 am, the Confederates withdrew. Sturgis realized, however, that his men were exhausted and his ammunition was low, so he ordered a retreat to Springfield. The Confederates were too disorganized and ill-equipped to pursue. This Confederate victory buoyed southern sympathizers in Missouri and served as a springboard for a bold thrust north that carried Price and his Missouri State Guard as far as Lexington. In late October, a rump convention, convened by Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, met in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession. Wilson’s Creek, the most significant 1861 battle in Missouri, gave the Confederates control of southwestern Missouri.

Order of Battle

Confederate Order of Battle

Union Order of Battle

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