Scope of Project
This project identifies the personalities of the Royal Court of King Henry VIII, King of England. Family, friends and foes, are included.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was also Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) and claimant to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the House of Tudor, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the Church of England. He changed religious ceremonies and rituals and suppressed the monasteries, while remaining a believer in core Catholic theological teachings, even after his excommunication from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry also oversaw the legal union of England and Wales with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Henry was an attractive and charismatic man in his prime, educated and accomplished. He ruled with absolute power. His desire to provide England with a male heir—which stemmed partly from personal vanity and partly because he believed a daughter would be unable to consolidate the Tudor Dynasty and the fragile peace that existed following the Wars of the Roses—led to the two things that Henry is remembered for today: his wives, and the English Reformation that made England a Protestant nation. In later life he became morbidly obese and his health suffered; his public image is frequently depicted as one of a lustful, egotistical, harsh and insecure king. Henry is famously remembered for having six wives—two of whom he had beheaded—which helped to make him a cultural icon, with many books, films, plays, and television series based around him and his wives.
Henry VII of England
Elizabeth of York
Henry Tudor, Duke of Cornwall
Mary I of England
Elizabeth I of England
Edward VI of England
Catherine of Aragon
Anne of Cleves
Numerous Members of Court, Friends, and, Foes
The Reign of Henry VIII: Personalities and Politics (1986), by David Starkey
The English Court from the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War (1987) by David Starkey
Henry VIII: A European Court in England (1991) by David Starkey
The Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII (2003) by David Starkey
The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1992) by Antonia Fraser
The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1991) by Alison Weir
Depictions in literature and popular culture
The Tudors (Television Series) The Tudors is an Irish/Canadian produced historical fiction television series created by Michael Hirst. The series is based loosely upon the reign of English monarch Henry VIII, and is named after the Tudor dynasty.