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  • Dr. Henry Clay Baum (1859 - 1916)
    For many years Dr. Baum was actively interested in the National guard. Although a commissioned officer in the guard, he enlisted as a private in the Second regiment, N.Y.V.L. at the outbreak of the Spa...
  • Charles Rudolph Walgreen (1873 - 1939)
    Charles Rudolph Walgreen (October 9, 1873 – December 11, 1939) was an American businessman who founded Walgreens. His Background He was born in Knoxville, Illinois before moving to Galesbu...
  • Henry G. Shirley (1874 - 1941)
    Henry Garnett Shirley (1874 – July 16, 1941) was Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Highways. He was a leader in national highway policy and oversaw the development of an extensive sta...
  • Rear Admiral Spencer S. Wood (1861 - 1940)
    Rear Admiral Spencer Shepard Wood (7 August 1861 – 30 July 1940) was a United States Navy officer. His career included service in the Spanish-American War and World War I, command of battleshi...
  • Colonel Benjamin Harrison Cheever, Jr. (1850 - 1930)
    Awarded a Medal of Honor, 25 April 1891 for gallantry in action against hostile Sioux Indians on the north bank of the White River, near the mouth of Little Grass Creek, South Dakota, 1 January 1891 ...

The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States. It ultimately ended with the Americans defeating the Spaniards. Revolts against Spanish rule had been endemic for decades in Cuba and were closely watched by Americans; there had been war scares before, as in the Virginius Affair in 1873. By 1897–98, American public opinion grew angrier at reports of Spanish atrocities. After the mysterious sinking of the American battleship Maine in Havana harbor, political pressures from the Democratic Party pushed the government of President William McKinley, a Republican, into a war McKinley had wished to avoid. Compromise proved impossible, resulting in an ultimatum sent to Madrid demanding it relinquish control of Cuba immediately, which was not accepted. First Madrid, then Washington, formally declared war.

Although the main issue was Cuban independence, the ten-week war was fought in both the Caribbean and the Pacific. A series of one-sided American naval and military victories followed on all fronts, owing to their numerical superiority in most of the battles and despite the good performance of some of the Spanish infantry units. The outcome was the 1898 Treaty of Paris — which was favorable to the U.S. — followed by temporary American control of Cuba and indefinite colonial authority over Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. The defeat and subsequent end of the Spanish Empire was a profound shock for Spain's national psyche. The victor gained several island possessions spanning the globe and a rancorous new debate over the wisdom of imperialism.

Interesting Stories

There were 28 soldiers from Washington County, Georgia, in the Spanish-American War. However, several others from the County enrolled from other places. Only one man saw service in Cuba, Forrest English of Sandersville, because he had been transferred to the Third Georgia Regiment. (See Washington County, Georgia).

Military Units