Zidovska opcina u Varazdinu / Jewish community of Varazdin
- obitelj Leitner Alojz, Vjekoslav
Zanimljive gradjevine / Buildings and palaces
Replike starih cimera, oznaka pojedinih cehova, mogu se i danas vidjeti na varaždinskim ulicama. Cimer 'Kornjača' u Gundulićevoj ulici oznaka je trgovine mješovitom robom nastala u 19. stoljeću u doba procvata umjetničkog obrta. Cimer 'Železni čovek' na Trgu kralja Tomislava predstavlja trgovine željeznom robom, onaj 'Morske djevice' na istoimenom trgu trgovine kolonijalnom robom. Na kraju, cimer 'Potokova' na trgu Miljenka Stančića bio je oznaka kovačkog ceha.
Gradska vijećnica / City Hall
- Uz Stari grad, jedna od najupečatljivijih obilježja Varaždina svakako je Gradska vijećnica. Ovu kamenu kuću na glavnom gradskom trgu Juraj Brandenburški 1523. darovao je gradu za vijećnicu. Od tada do danas nije mijenjala svoju namjenu te je među najstarijima u Europi. Nakon velikog požara zgradu je 1793. obnovio Johann Taxner, a pročelje s tornjem u ranoklasicističkom stilu Franciscus Lossert. Grb grada s likom anđela dodatni je ukrasni motiv vijećnice.
- The official seat of the Free and Royal City of Varaždin was located in the City Hall, which dominates the main town square of King Tomislav. In 1523, the Old Town's owner Juraj Brandenburg, gave to Varaždin its first stone building, which became home to the the City’s ‘magistratuš’ (Magistrate) and ’rihtar’ (the Judge). They were the forerunners of today's Mayor. Over the centuries, the Hall changed its appearance to its present shape with a tower in the middle, which was built in 1791 after the old hall burned in 1776.
Kula s lančanim mostom
Poznata i kao 'Kula stražarnica', izgrađena je u drugoj polovici 16. stoljeća u renesansnom stilu. Kao ostatak obrambenog sustava feudalne utvrde do danas se uspjela u cijelosti očuvati. Dok je bila u funkciji za koju je izgrađena služila je za smještaj vojnika i kao stan kapetana straže tvrđave.
Lisakova kula / Lisak Tower
- Izgrađena u 16. stoljeću, ova kula bila je dio sjevernog djela obrambenog sustava grada. Jakob Erber je 1773. izveo građevinske zahvate za stan gradskog notara. Kao dio nekadašnjih gradskih vrata jedna je od dvije kule koje su preostale nakon rušenja sustava obrane početkom 19. stoljeća.
- The Free and Royal City of Varazdin had embankments and a moat. Unlike the embankments of the Old Town, those surrounding the city were destroyed (mainly in the early 19th century). The only remaining part of original City walls are the North or ‘Viennese’ City gates, built in the 16th century and today known as the Lisak Tower. Lisak was a merchant and the owner of the tower in the first half of the 20th century. The Lisak tower is located in the Ban Jelačić Square, more commonly known as the "Banus plac." Once a very spacious and beautifully decorated square, it has been transformed into a Flower Market and parking area. From this spot in 1848, ‘Ban’ Josip Jelačić mobilised 50,000 troops over the River Drava, to wage war with the Hungarians.
Palača Drašković / Drašković Palace
- Izgrađena u rokoko stilu, od 1756. u njoj boravi hrvatski ban Franjo Nadasdy koji je Varaždin izabrao za svoje sjedište. Time ga je učinio glavnim gradom tada Banske Hrvatske koji je i ostao sve do velikog požara 1776. godine.
- Since 1616, the Draskovic family has had a residence at the site of what today is the Drašković Palace. The current Palace was constructed in the second half of the 18th Century and Count Franjo Nadasdy came to live in a Palace in 1756 when Varzdin was the capital of the Kingdom. The Croatian Parliament (‘Sabor’) convened in the Palace, and in 1767 the Palace became the seat of the Royal Regional Council. On a stone portal above the main entrance is the gold plated Draškovic family coat of arms
Palača Erdödy / Erdödy Palace
- Ovu palaču smještenu izvan gradskih zidina podigla je grofovska obitelj Erdödy polovicom 18. stoljeća čiji ulaz krasi kameni portal izrađen u rokoko stilu. Palača je polovicom 19. stoljeća preuređena za potrebe 'Kapucinske vojarne', a radove je vodio varaždinski majstor Franciscus Arnold. Danas se u njoj nalazi varaždinska Glazbena škola.
- With the expansion of the City outside the old City walls during the 1860’s, the Theresian styled Erdödy Palace was built in the Capuchin Square, which at the time was the largest in the City. In 1850 it was redesigned to form the ‘Capuchin’ Barracks. After World War II, the Palace became the barracks for the Yugoslav People's Army, and consequently experienced devastation, particularly to the Erdödy family coat of arms that was placed on the front gate. Today, the Palace is more appropriately home to the Music School.
Palača Herczer / Hertzer palace
- U stilu ranog klasicizma ova palača izgrađena je 1795. na poticaj Franje Herczera čiji se grb nalazi nad kamenim portalom glavnog ulaza. Danas se u palači nalazi Entomološka zbirka Gradskog muzeja Varaždin, a u planu je otvorenje Povijesne i Arheološke zbirke.
- This classical Herzer Palace was built in 1791. Carved in stone above the main entrance is the coat of arms of the Herzer family, who made their wealth through postal enterprises and bought into the nobility in the 18th Century. The Herczer Palace now houses the Entomological Collection, which belonged to local Grammar School teacher Franjo Koscec (a biology teacher). The Košćec Collection was rebuilt in 1990’s, and now forms a permanent collection called ‘The World of Insects’. This is recognized by experts and visitors alike as one of the most beautiful collections of its kind in Europe.
Hrvatsko narodno kazalište / Croatian National Theatre
- Zgrada Hrvatskog narodnog kazališta izgrađena je prema projektu bečkog arhitekta Hermanna Gottlieba Helmera 1873. godine. Premda je varaždinska kazališna tradicija vrlo duga i seže u prvu polovicu 17. stoljeća, stalno gradsko kazalište djeluje od 1915. kao dramsko i glazbeno-scensko kazalište. Među umjetnicima koji su nastupali na 'varaždinskim daskama' su Zvonimir Rogoz, Ančica Mitrović, Ivo Serdar, Martin Sagner, Ljubomir Kerekeš i drugi.
- During the 19th Century, the site of the ancient canal was filled in, and the City walls were demolished to make space for the mushrooming public building programme. One of these buildings was the Croatian National Theatre, built in 1873 and designed in a historicist style. The famous Viennese Architect Hermann Helmer designed the Theatre, and during its construction, he fell in love with a Varaždin woman whom he later wed. The Theatre staged its first Croatian production, ‘Poturica’ by Ivan Kukuljević Sakcinski, on the 25th September 1873.
Palača Keglević / Keglević palace
- Na majuru nasuprot bedema Starog grada podignuta je u 17. stoljeću ova reprezentativna barokna palača. Današnji oblik dobila je oko 1775. kada ju je Jakob Erber preuredio u rokoko stilu. U njoj se danas nalazi znanstveni odjel Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Varaždinu.
- With the Turkish threat abating, the City slowly spread beyond the City walls. One of the first Palaces outside the walls and the moat was the Keglević Palace built in the 17th Century opposite the ramparts of the Old Town. Its present form is the result of renovations carried out in the rococo style in 1775. Today the Palace is home to the Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences incorporating the Institute for Scientific Work in Varazdin.
Ova kasnobarokna palača, na današnjem Trgu bana Jelačića, izgrađena je krajem 19. stoljeća. Bila je u vlasništvu bogate trgovačke obitelji Nitzky.
Palača Oršić / Oršić Palace
- Monumentalna ranoklasicistička zgrada podignuta 1805. za grofa Aleksandra Erdödyja, krajem 19. stoljeća kupila je obitelj Oršić. Pročelje palače krasi lijep kameni portal u stilu klasicizma. Danas predstavlja reprezentativni galerijski prostor.
- From the minutes of the City magistrate in 1804, it was evident that the Count Erdödy (from Novi Marof) wanted to build a Palace in its current location. It is assumed that the building was completed in 1805, and this is confirmed by its early classicist features, in particular the beautiful stone portal. At the end of the nineteenth century it became the property of Countess Paula Oršić, and so the locals still call it the ‘Oršić Palace’.
- Smatra se jednom od najljepših rokoko palača u gradu. Današnji izgled dobila je 1764. pregradnjom starije kuće. Nekoć je bila dom grofa Franje Patačića i kao takva središte društvenog života Varaždina. Od njenih dijelova najviše se ističe kutni erker te bogato ukrašen rokoko portal.
- The most valuable Rococo Palace in Varaždin was built in 1764 and was left relatively unscathed by the Great Fire of 1776. During the 18th Century it was home to the Patačić family, and the hub of Varaždin’s cultural and social life. After the financial collapse of the Patačić family, the Palace was used for a variety of purposes. During a thorough renovation in the late 1990’s, beautiful wall paintings were found once used as decoration. The ones on the first and the second floors have been partially preserved showing scenes from the late 18th Century.
- Palača Patačić (Franjevački Trg) - Zgrada je izgrađena u 17. stoljeću te je bila u vlasništvu nekoliko trgovaca, a od 1764. njen novi vlasnik je obitelj Patačić čije ime nosi i danas. Franjo Patačić dao ju je preurediti u barokno - rokoko stilu.
- Palača Patačić - Puttar - U drugoj polovici 18. stoljeća tri zgrade preuređene su u jednu novu jednokatnu kasnobaroknu zgradu. Na istočnom pročelju ističe se kameni portal bogate dekoracije.
- The present Palace is located in the immediate vicinity of what were the southern gates of the City, where nobles built their first houses outside the City walls from the mid 18th Century onwards. Around 1745 Count Patačić ordered the local master to merge three separate two-storey houses with a corner building and bay windows. It is interesting to note that on one side of the Palace the entrance has the features of the late Baroque period, whilst the other side, which was built a little later, has features which are recognizably Classicist.
Palača Prassinsky - Sermage / Sermage Palace
- U toku 17. stoljeća vlasnik ove palače bila je obitelj Praszinsky, a kasnije Sermage. Svoj današnji oblik dobila je polovicom 18. stoljeća, a u njoj se nalazi stalni postav Galerije starih i novih majstora. Na pročelju zgrade ističe se balkon s ogradom od kovanog željeza.
- The Sermage Palace occupies a central position in the Miljenko Stančić Square. Following several marriage contracts this Palace passed from the Prassinzky family to the French noble Sermage [familyhttp://www.geni.com/people/Marija-Maksimilijana-Sermage/6000000014559598886 Marija Maksimilijana] . In 1759 the Palace was renovated in a Rococo Style. The wrought iron balcony makes the facade stand out. Since 1947, the permanent collection of Old and Contemporary masters has been located in the Palace. Amongst the most valuable paintings are a fifteenth Century ‘Žitna madona' (‘Madonna with Grain’) from an unknown artist of the Rubens school, and the Canaletto School oils . Most of the pictures came from surrounding castles after the Second World War and a smaller number of works were donated by the Nobleman Stjepan Leitner.
Barun Stjepan Josip Patačić predao je ovu kuću savjetniku i kasnijem predsjedniku banskog stola Jurju Petkoviću. Oni su ju kasnije prodali obitelji Tomassi koji su u Varaždinu imali suknaru, a u dograđenom djelu palače održavale su se i prve kino predstave u gradu.
Palača Varaždinske županije / Varaždin County Palace
- Zgrada je podignuta u drugoj polovici 18. stoljeća, a izgrađena je za potrebe Varaždinske županije te je arhitektonsko djelo domaćeg graditelja Jakoba Erbera. Stradala je u velikom požaru 1776., a obnovom pod utjecajem klasicizma dobiva svoj današnji izgled.
- The Varaždin County Palace was built in the Rococo style in 1768, but was destroyed in the fire of 1776, losing much of its original stylistic features during renovation. A great restoration and conservation project that began in 2001 has returned the Palace to her original condition, and now she once again houses the Varaždin County Headquarters. A coat of arms on the gable of the building was in 1763 officially designated by the Queen Maria Therese as the coat of arms of Varaždin County.
Palača Zagrebačkog Kaptola / Building of the Zagreb 'Kaptol’
- Kao jednokatnica ova zgrada izgrađena je u 18. stoljeću u baroknom stilu. Na prvom katu zgrade nalazi se dvorana čiji strop ima bogate stucco dekoracije.
- This building belongs to the Zagreb ‘Kaptol', and the Palace dates from the second half of the 18th Century. It is one of the best architectural achievements of that time. It is a single-storey Palace with an extraordinary carved stone doorway and a decorated façade. The ceiling of the hall on the first floor has stucco decorations. The 18th century façade has been restored.
Palača Zakmardy / Zakmardy Palace
- Ovo velebno zadnje gradili su varaždinski majstori Jakob i Blaž Jančić. Zgrada je izgrađena kao sjemenište za đake varaždinske isusovačke gimnazije 1672. na trošak predbilježnika Kraljevine Hrvatske, Slavonije i Dalmacije Ivana Zakmardyja.
- The former ‘Zakmardy’s Seminary’ was built in 1669, as accommodation for the poor and students of the Jesuit Grammar School. Ivan Zakmardy de Diankovec, a senior Notary of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, ordered its contruction based on Jesuit designs. It was built between 1668 and 1672 by the Varaždin builders Jakob and Blaž Jančić, and is a diverse and special example of Croatian Baroque.
The Bishop's Palace
A monumental single storey corner building representing the late gothic style. Noblewoman Marija Horvat commissioned the building in 1851, and bequeathed it to the Varazdin City Municipality to create a foundation and establish an orphanage. Today, this is the residential palace of the Diocese.
The Ritz House
During the house’s renewal, renaissance arches were found underneath the existing structure. Under the porch is a well-preserved stone entrance with a carved monogram IA - Andreas Italus de Argent, and the year 1540. He was a Varaždin goldsmith from the 16th century. The house is now named after the previous owner, who in the early part of the twentieth century had a coffee house, and the house remains one of the City's cafes. Due to frequent changes in the names of town square (on average every 20 years), many locals probably do not know its official name, but it is known to one and all as the ‘Korzo’. In the 16th century it became the center of town. It is certainly one of those places for which the motto ‘Vidjeti i biti viden' (‘To see and to be seen’) applies, and a very pleasant place to catch the first rays of spring sun on one of the terraces.
Ivan Padovec’s Birthhouse
The street leading from the Ursulin Convent to the Miljenko Stančić Square is the Cities best example of urban street. The eponymously named street where Ivan Padovac was born is the best street in the City for an ambience of calmness and relaxation; best appreciated during the winter dusk or on a spring morning. Ivan Padovec was a composer and the inventor of a guitar with two necks and he lived at number 3. As a child he lost an eye, and at 48 he became completely blind. He performed guitar concerts in Vienna, Brno, Prague, Graz, Budapest, Hannover, Hamburg and London. The painter Ivo Režek lived in this same house. The birthplace of Ivan Padovec is today home to the Varaždin Tourist Board and Tourist Information Centre. PHONE +385 4 210 987, 210 985 www.tourism-varazdin.hr, firstname.lastname@example.org
The Müller – Bedeković Villa
A Varaždin physician, dr. William Müller, was known for building of the city park – the promenade in the area of the earlier souther moat. In 1827, he built the residential Villa Müller – Bedekovic alongside a park/promenade as his home. In 1874, the ‘Ban’ Koloman Bedeković transformed it into a classical style. Dr. Wilim Bernhard Müller was born in 1785 in Germany and arrived in Varaždin in 1820. He was the towns’ physician and worked for more than 40 years as a doctor in Varaždin. A great philanthropist, he started schemes to pave downtown streets, construct sewers, plant trees lines and introduce oil lamp street lighting. He lived in the Augusta Cesarca Street, opposite the current Promenade. He opened a public bath in his house and a chicory factory in the neighbouring Anina Street. He died on the 27th March 1863 in Varaždin. Grateful citizens erected a monument in the promenade, and the sculptor Mila Vud dedicated sculptural rocks to the founder of the park; Dr. Muller.
The Mekovec House
This two-storey building was once an integral part of the Batthiăny Palace in King Tomislav Square. In essence, its architectural elements are of the later classical Baroque. It housed the Old Varazdin Theatre, whose large hall used to hold city balls and dances and theatre plays.
A civil house in the Gajeva Street This is a typical Varaždin Baroque house from the 18th Century. The ground floor is adorned with baroque stucco medallions featuring frescos of St. Catherine of Alexandria (Christ’s fiancée and the patron saint of education and learning), along with symbols of her martyrdom.