Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Hundred Years' War (1337-1453)

« Back to Projects Dashboard

Project Tags

view all

Profiles

  • Edmund de Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of Chartley (c.1387 - 1435)
    Edmund de Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of Chartley From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Edmund de Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of Chartley was born 1386 and died 1435. He was the son of Robert de Ferr...
  • Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court (1372 - 1450)
    The ancestor of this ancient and distinguished family, Sir Rowland Lenthall of Hampton Court in the county of Hereford, was high in favour with King Henry IV to whom he was master of the robes. He was ...
  • Sir John Wenlock, KG, 1st Baron Wenlock (1420 - 1471)
    Sir John Wenlock (later, the 1st Baron Wenlock) KG (died 1471) was an English soldier, courtier and politician. He fought on the side of both the Yorkists and the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Rose...
  • Sir John Popham (1395 - 1463)
    ) Sir John Popham (c.1395–1463 (?)), military commander and speaker-elect of the House of Commons; took part in Henry V's invasion of France in 1415 and in the French wars under the John of La...
  • Sir Walter Beauchamp (c.1364 - 1430)
    Sir Walter Beauchamp (died 1 January 1430) was an English lawyer and Speaker of the House of Commons of England between March and May 1416. He was probably the second son of Sir John Beauchamp of P...

Hundred Years' War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War

The Hundred Years' War was a series of separate conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and their various allies for control of the French throne, which had become vacant upon the extinction of the senior Capetian line of French kings. The House of Valois controlled France in the wake of the House of Capet; a Capetian cadet branch, the Valois claimed the throne under Salic Law. This was contested by the House of Plantagenet, the Angevin family that had ruled England since 1154, who claimed the throne of France through the marriage of Edward II of England and Isabella of France.


The war is commonly divided into three or four phases, separated by various unsuccessful truces: the Edwardian War (1337–1360); the Caroline War (1369–1389); the Lancastrian War (1415–1453); which saw the slow decline of Plantagenet fortunes after the appearance of Joan of Arc (1412–1431). Several other contemporary European conflicts were directly related to this conflict: the Breton War of Succession, the Castilian Civil War; the War of the Two Peters; and the 1383-1385 Crisis. The term "Hundred Years' War" was a later term invented by historians to describe the series of events.


The conflict was punctuated by several periods of peace before the French recovery from early gains made by the English, expelling them from the majority of France by the 1450s. The Plantagenets lost most of their continental territory, including Gascony, which they had held since the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine to Henry II in 1152, though they retained the Pale of Calais until its capture in 1558. However the ruling houses of England would continue to claim the French throne until 1800.


The war owes its historical significance to a number of factors. Although primarily a dynastic conflict, the war gave impetus to ideas of both French and English nationalism. Militarily, it saw the introduction of new weapons and tactics which eroded the older system of feudal armies dominated by heavy cavalry in Western Europe. The first standing armies in Western Europe since the time of the Western Roman Empire were introduced for the war, thus changing the role of the peasantry. For all this, as well as for its long duration, it is often viewed as one of the most significant conflicts in the history of medieval warfare. In France, civil wars, deadly epidemics, famines and marauding mercenary armies turned to banditry reduced the population by about one-half.

Contents

1 Background http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Background

2 Timeline http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Timeline
3 Dynastic turmoil: 1314–1328 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Dynastic_turmoil:_1314.E2.80.931328
4 On the eve of war: 1328–1337 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#On_the_eve_of_war:_1328.E2.80.931337
5 Beginning of the war: 1337–1360 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Beginning_of_the_war:_1337.E2.80.931360
6 First peace: 1360–1369 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#First_peace:_1360.E2.80.931369
7 French ascendancy under Charles V: 1369–1389 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#French_ascendancy_under_Charles_V:_1369.E2.80.931389
8 Second peace: 1389–1415 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Second_peace:_1389.E2.80.931415
9 Resumption of the war under Henry V: 1415–1429 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Resumption_of_the_war_under_Henry_V:_1415.E2.80.931429
10 French victory: 1429–1453 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#French_victory:_1429.E2.80.931453
11 Significance  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Significance
11.1 Weapons http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Weapons
11.2 War and society http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#War_and_society
11.3 England and the Hundred Years' War http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#England_and_the_Hundred_Years.27_War

12 Major battles http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Major_battles

13 Important figures http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Important_figures
14 The French reconquest http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#The_French_reconquest
15 Memory and impact http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War#Memory_and_impact

In Shakespeare

English playwright William Shakespeare put a defense of the English claim to the French throne in the mouth of the Archbishop of Canterbury in Henry V, Act 1, Scene 2:

Then hear me, gracious sovereign, and you peers,

That owe yourselves, your lives and services

To this imperial throne. There is no bar

To make against your highness' claim to France

But this, which they produce from Pharamond,

'In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant:'

'No woman shall succeed in Salique land:'

Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze

To be the realm of France, and Pharamond

The founder of this law and female bar.

Yet their own authors faithfully affirm

That the land Salique is in Germany,

Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe;

Where Charles the Great, having subdued the Saxons,

There left behind and settled certain French;

Who, holding in disdain the German women

For some dishonest manners of their life,

Establish'd then this law; to wit, no female

Should be inheritrix in Salique land:

Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala,

Is at this day in Germany call'd Meisen.

Then doth it well appear that Salique law

Was not devised for the realm of France:

Nor did the French possess the Salique land

Until four hundred one and twenty years

After defunction of King Pharamond,

Idly supposed the founder of this law;

Who died within the year of our redemption

Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the Great

Subdued the Saxons, and did seat the French

Beyond the river Sala, in the year

Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say,

King Pepin, which deposed Childeric,

Did, as heir general, being descended

Of Blithild, which was daughter to King Clothair,

Make claim and title to the crown of France.

Hugh Capet also, who usurped the crown

Of Charles the duke of Lorraine, sole heir male

Of the true line and stock of Charles the Great,

To find his title with some shows of truth,

'Through, in pure truth, it was corrupt and naught,

Convey'd himself as heir to the Lady Lingare,

Daughter to Charlemain, who was the son

To Lewis the emperor, and Lewis the son

Of Charles the Great. Also King Lewis the Tenth,

Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet,

Could not keep quiet in his conscience,

Wearing the crown of France, till satisfied

That fair Queen Isabel, his grandmother,

Was lineal of the Lady Ermengare,

Daughter to Charles the foresaid duke of Lorraine:

By the which marriage the line of Charles the Great

Was re-united to the crown of France.

So that, as clear as is the summer's sun.

King Pepin's title and Hugh Capet's claim,

King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear

To hold in right and title of the female:

So do the kings of France unto this day;

Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law

To bar your highness claiming from the female,

And rather choose to hide them in a net

Than amply to imbar their crooked titles

Usurp'd from you and your progenitors.

Locked profiles that should be added to this project

  • TBA