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Wars of Scottish Independence

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Wars of Scottish Independence

The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.

The First War (1296–1328) began with the English invasion of Scotland in 1296, and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328. The Second War (1332–1357) began with the English-supported invasion of Edward Baliol and the "Disinherited" in 1332, and ended in 1357 with the signing of the Treaty of Berwick. The wars were part of a great national crisis for Scotland and the period became one of the most defining moments in the nation's history. At the end of both wars, Scotland retained its status as an independent nation. The wars were important for other reasons, such as the emergence of the longbow as a key weapon in medieval warfare.

The First War of Independence: 1296–1328

The Second War of Independence: 1332–1357

Major battles and events

Important figures

Locked profiles that should be added to this project

Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy

Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy

Sir Edmund Butler, Earl of Carrick, Justiciar of Ireland

Thomas Plantagenet of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby