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The Wilayah of Huesca (Arabic: وشقة ولاية‎, Wilayah Wasqah) was a province of the Caliphate of Córdoba, governing from the city of Huesca, from 719 to 1096.

History

In 719 the city capitulated to the Moors and was renamed to Wasqah. In the late 9th and early 10th century the Banu al-Tawil would rule what was effectively a short-lived taifa state at Huesca before being supplanted by the Banu Tujibi of Zaragoza. Pedro I of Aragon took the city from the Moors in November of 1096.

Jewish population

Huesca had one of the most important Jewish communities in the kingdom. With Saragossa and Calatayud, they were the three major Jewish communities in the Kingdom of Aragon. The correspondence has been preserved of a learned and wealthy Jew of Huesca, Basaam b. Simeon, with an Arabic author of Umayyad origin, dating from the last generation of Muslim rule in the city. At this time Jews in Huesca engaged in agriculture and owned fields and vineyards. Many also were craftsmen and traders, especially cloth and silk merchants.

List of rulers

Banu Qasi

Banu Amrus

Jiménez dynasty

Banu Qasi

Banu Amrus

Banu al-Tawil

Banu Tujibi

  • 959-975 : Yahya ibn Muhammad ibn Hasim al-Tujibi
  • 975-989 : Abderramán ibn Muhammad al-Tujibi
  • 989-: Abderramán ibn Yahya

Sources

  1. Article on "Huesca" in Encyclopedia Judaica, republished in Jewish Virtual Library http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0009_0_09290.html
  2. Wikipedia article on Muhammad al-Tawil of Huesca
  3. here.