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Workshop - From Laupheim to Hollywood - 1724-1942

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Birth (1724) and annihilation (1942) of a Jewish community

Migration flow - reconstruction attempt

1724-1730

The first 4 families...

  • Leopold Jakob (from Buchau)
  • Joseph Schlesinger (from Buchau)
  • Leopold Weil (from Buchau)
  • David Obernauer (from Grundsheim)

1730-1754

  • Community of 27 families, coming from...
    • Fellheim
    • Fischach
    • Illeraichheim
    • Ederheim in Ries...
  • Some new families (23?)...
    • Adler : Simon Jakob Adler (came in 1750 rom Ederheim in Ries) - ancestor of artist Friedrich Adler (1878-1942)
    • Gutermann : Löw Gutermann (becore 1744)
    • Heilbronner : Emanuel Heilbronner (before 1744)
    • Mayer : Isak Mayer (came between 1740-1744 from Fischach)
    • Thannhauser : Moses Thannhauser, came to Laupheim before son's birth in 1751 (before 1744)
    • Ullmann : Maier Ullmann (before 1744)
    • ...

1754-1807

1807-1820

Act of 1828, i.a. obligation of surnames, record keeping...

  • Very few families had surnames. Prominent examples...
    • Einstein
    • Obernauer
    • Weil
    • ...
  • Some new surnames emerged. Examples...
    • Surnames derived through germanisation...
      • Levi, Löw, Löffler, Levinger, Lövinger
      • Heumann...
    • Surnames derived from origin...
      • Nördlinger
      • Öttinger
      • Hofheimer
      • Thannhauser

From 1820...

  • Bergmann : Anton Bergmann (1854-1912), came from Rowny between 1854-1878, married Helene Adler

1868, full equality of all citizens

  • Samuel Laemmle, first jew elected to town council

Jewish emigration flows

  • 1850s : to cities such as Ulm, Stuttgart, München, Frankfurt
  • 1835-1870 : 176 jews emigrate to the US
    • Several sons of Simon Isak Adler and Sophie Noerdlinger
    • Julius Adler (1855)
    • Simon Adler (1852)
    • Maier Baruch Friedberger (1853)
    • Maier Guggenheimer and his wife (1854)
    • Sara Guggenheimer (1852)
    • Hirsch Hofheimer (1852)
    • Elias Laupheimer (1855)
    • Several Loevinger
    • Isak Levinger (1854)
    • Leopold Löwenstein (1854)
    • Abraham Rödelheimer (1853)
    • Abraham Rosenthal (1848) and his 9 children aged 7-23 (1849)
    • Salomon Uhlman (1855)
    • Aron Wasserman (1854)
    • ...

After 1933...

  • ...

Jewish population figures

Year Jewish population Percentage

  • 1730 : ca. 25 - 1.3%
  • 1754 : ca. 75 - 3.7%
  • 1784 : ca. 125 - 5.6%
  • 1808 : 278 - 8.6%
  • 1824 : 464 - 17.3%
  • 1831 : 548 - 18.2%
  • 1846 : 759 - 21.7%
  • 1856 : 796 - 22,6%
  • 1869 : 843 - 13.4%
  • 1886 : 570 - 8.3%
  • 1900 : 443 - 6.1%
  • 1910 : 348 - 4.3%
  • 1933 : 249 - 2.7%
  • 1943 : 0 - 0,0%

Nearby jewisch communities

Source: John H. Bergmann
  • Binswangen, since 1450
  • Huerben-Krumbach, since 1504
  • Ichenhausen, since 1543
  • Buchau, since 1573
  • Buttenwiesen, since 1599

Sources