For people who have tested and are assigned the maternal haplogroup X or who are believed to have had that maternal haplogroup based on descendants tested.
- Coding mutations 6221, 6371, 13966, 14470
- HVR mutations 153, 16189, 16278
(to be added)
mt-haplogroup X is quite rare but found in populations almost all over the globe.
Overall haplogroup X accounts for about 2% of the population of Europe, the Near East and North Africa.
Sub-group X1 is much less numerous, and restricted to North and East Africa, and also the Near East.
Sub-group X2 appears to have undergone extensive population expansion and dispersal around or soon after the last glacial maximum, about 21,000 years ago. It is more strongly present in the Near East, the Caucasus, and Mediterranean Europe; and somewhat less strongly present in the rest of Europe. Particular concentrations appear in Georgia (8%), the Orkney Islands (in Scotland) (7%) and amongst the Israeli Druze community (27%). Subclades X2a and X2g are found in North America, but are not present in native Latin Americans.
Subclades of X
- (to be added)
How to Participate
To participate in this project, join or follow the project, add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup. The profile must be set to public in order to add it.