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  • Hirsch or Gersz Zalckwar (1895 - 1970)
    Konskowola B1868-71,73,74 MD1868-74 Lublin Gubernia / Lublin Province Located at 51°24’ 22°04’ Last updated November 2007 Surname Givenname Year Type Akt Age Father Fath...
  • Szaia or Szaje or Isaiauh Zalckwar (1865 - 1931)
    Warsaw Cemetery Database-A records Warszawa Gubernia / Warszawa Province Located at 52°15’ 21°00’ Last updated September 2002 cementerio Varsovia sector 37 gobierno ...

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From the Middle Ages until the Holocaust, Jews comprised a significant part of the Polish population. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, known as a "Jewish paradise" for its religious tolerance, attracted numerous Jews who fled persecution from other European countries, even though, at times, discrimination against Jews surfaced as it did elsewhere in Europe. Poland was a major spiritual and cultural center for Ashkenazi Jewry, and Polish Jews made major contributions to Polish cultural, economic, and political life. At the start of the Second World War, Poland had the largest Jewish population in the world (over 3.3 million [3]), the vast majority of whom were killed by the Nazis in the Holocaust during the German occupation of Poland, particularly through the implementation of the "Final Solution" mass extermination program. Only 369,000 (11%) survived. After massive postwar emigration, the current Polish Jewish population stands at somewhere between 8,000 and 20,000.

Late last century the Russian Tsar, claiming 25 years of compulsory military service.

How many immigrants fled the Russian and Ukrainian passports changed to avoid a life dedicated to the exercise of the Czar?
Another issue is that we are children of immigrants, and many surnames are disfigured to change country and language. Sometimes employees of Customs, or Immigration, sometimes the same immigrant who does not know Spanish or English,  wrote it wrong. So many members of the same family have similar names written with different sounds but graphics.
  1. There is the ARGENTINIAN Branches of tree :

In 1874 born ENRIQUE DICKMAN in Letonia, Rusia, son of MOISES DICKMAN AND JOSEFA ZALDKIND, ( caregiver of a Sinagogue ) . In 1891 They stablished in Argentina, in Colonia Clara, in a contract of colonization between BARON HIRSCH AND The Presidente Julio A. Roca.

In 1923 Hersch Zalckwar stablish in COLONIA CLARA, in Argentina.

In 1927 sign a contract for 7 years for land ( contract : 4912 Colonia Clara )

  1. JewishGen Gazetteer
  2. Searching for location ZALC in Eastern Europe

(Phonetically Like) Run on Friday 21 October 2011 at 21:22:26 For an online Map click on Expediamaps or MapQuest or MUltimap or Google Maps


Location (Native names in BOLD) Feature Type Coordinates (Click for JewishGen Resource Map) Maps Country Distance/Direction from reference point 10 mile radius

  1. Zal’kova populated place 53°59' N 31°13' E
Belarus  148.2 miles E of Minsk 53°54' N 27°34' E  
  1. Zal’khova populated place 55°31' N 29°24' E

Belarus 133.4 miles NNE of Minsk 53°54' N 27°34' E

Number of matches = 2

  1. Searching for location ZALKOVA in Russia

(Phonetically Like) Run on Friday 21 October 2011 at 21:40:31 For an online Map click on Expediamaps or MapQuest or MUltimap or Google Maps


Location (Native names in BOLD) Feature Type Coordinates (Click for JewishGen Resource Map) Maps Country Distance/Direction from reference point 10 mile radius

  1. Sal’kova, Сальково, Sal’kovo

populated place

55°44' N 38°59' E Russia 53.4 miles E of Moskva 55°45' N 37°37' E

  • Zhovkva From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search

Zhovkva

Жовква

Zhovkva main market square

Flag Coat of arms


Zhovkva Location of Zhovkva

Coordinates: 50°4′0″N 23°58′0″E / 50.066667°N 23.966667°E / 50.066667; 23.966667Coordinates: 50°4′0″N 23°58′0″E / 50.066667°N 23.966667°E / 50.066667; 23.966667

Is about 11.1 miles from KAMIONKA, TARNOPOL, UKRAINE.

Country

Oblast

Raion Ukraine

Lviv Oblast

Zhovkivskyi Raion

Founded 1597

City rights 1603 Area

- Total 7.64 km2 (2.9 sq mi) 

Population

- Total 13,316 
- Density 1,742/km2 (4,511.8/sq mi) 

Postal code 80300—80304 Area code(s) +380 3252 Sister cities Kraśnik


Church of St. Lawrence Synagogue, one of the few examples of Renaissance Jewish architecture Zhovkva

(Ukrainian: Жовква;

Polish: Żółkiew;

Coordinates: 50°4′0″N 23°58′0″ E Yiddish: Zholkva)

is a city in the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, north of Lviv. It is the administrative center of the Zhovkivskyi Raion (district). The current estimated population is 13,500.

Contents 1 History 2 Sights 2.1 Treasures 3 Notable residents 4 References 5 External links


[edit] HistoryThe site of Zhovkva has been inhabited since the 14th century. In 1594, the Polish military commander Stanisław Żółkiewski fortified the settlement and built * Żółkiew Castle.[1] Due to its strategic location at the intersection of important trade routes, the town prospered.

In the 17th century, it became the royal residence for King John III Sobieski of Poland, and a hub of religious life, arts and commerce.[1] From its earliest days, the population was a mix of Poles, Ukrainians and Jews. Landmark buildings include a fortress-like synagogue, churches and monasteries.[1]

Before World War II, the town's 4,500 Jews accounted for nearly half the population, but few survived the Holocaust. The synagogue was blown up by the Nazis in 1941, leaving only the outside walls. In 2000, the building was declared one of the world's most endangered sites by the World Monuments Fund.[1]

In 1951, while under Soviet occupation, Zhovkva was renamed Nesterov after the World War I aviator Pyotr Nesterov who became the first to perform a suicide plane crash in the history of aviation near Zhovkva. The name Zhovkva was restored in 1992.

[edit] SightsThe Collegiate Church of St. Lawrence, a domed church from the 17th century built by the Italian architect and mason Paweł Szczęśliwy ("Paolo the Lucky"), was turned into a warehouse under Soviet rule. After Ukraine declared independence in the early 1990s, the church was restored.[1]

The town center of Zhovkva was declared a heritage site in 1994, and restoration work is now under way.[1] Zhovkva Castle, the town's oldest and largest building, is being converted into a culture and conference hall.[1]

[edit] TreasuresRelics of Saint Parthenius, 3rd century Christian martyr from Rome, whose relics were moved to Zhovkva in 1784. They are kept at the local Church of Holy Heart of Jesus, run by Ukrainian Greek-Catholic monks of the Basilian order. [edit]

Notable residentsZbigniew Burzyński

Clara Kramer, Holocaust survivor

Salcia Landmann, researcher of Yiddish culture

Jakub Ludwik Sobieski, Jakub Sobieski

Włodzimierz Puchalski

Stanisław Żółkiewski

Włodzimierz Stożek

Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi

Nachman Krochmal, Jewish philosopher

Jacob ben Wolf Kranz, maggid

[edit] References1.^ a b c d e f g For a fortress town, a slow but ambitious second renaissance [edit] External links Media related to Zhovkva at Wikimedia Commons (Polish) Żółkiew (Zhovkva) in the Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland (1895) castles.com.ua - Zhovkva ua.vlasenko.net - Pictures of Zhovkva

[hide] Administrative divisions of Lviv Oblast, Ukraine


Administrative center: Lviv


Raions Brody · Busk · Drohobych · Horodok · Kamianka-Buzka · Mostyska · Mykolaiv · Peremyshliany · Pustomyty · Radekhiv · Sambir · Skole · Sokal · Staryi Sambir · Stryi · Turka · Yavoriv · Zhovkva · Zhydachiv · Zolochiv


Cities Belz · Bibrka · Boryslav · Brody · Busk · Chervonohrad · Dobromyl · Drohobych · Dubliany · Hlyniany · Horodok · Kamianka-Buzka · Khodoriv · Khyriv · Komarno · Lviv · Morshyn · Mostyska · Mykolaiv · Novoiavorivsk · Novyi Kalyniv · Novyi Rozdil · Peremyshliany · Pustomyty · Radekhiv · Rava-Ruska · Rudky · Sambir · Skole · Sokal · Sosnivka · Staryi Sambir · Stebnyk · Stryi · Sudova Vyshnia · Truskavets · Turka · Uhniv · Velyki Mosty · Vynnyky · Yavoriv · Zhovkva · Zhydachiv · Zolochiv


Urban-type settlements Slavske · Olesko · more...


Villages Hai · Pidhirtsi · Rykhtychi · Sianky · Sielec · Skelivka · Stare Selo · Sytykhiv · more...