Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

1820 Settlers - Dyason's Party

« Back to Projects Dashboard

Project Tags

view all


  • William Hudson, SV/PROG 2 (c.1809 - 1854)
    William Hudson (10years), accompanied by his older brother, Hougham Hudson, and the rest of the Dyason party, embarked on the Zoroaster at Deptford in December 1819. Departure was delayed for several w...
  • Hougham Hudson, SV/PROG 1 (1793 - 1860)
    Hougham HUDSON (28396/x), Kent, England 10.05.1798, † Coega, Port Elizabeth 05.07.1860 NOTES Arrived at Simon’s Town aboard the Zoroaster as a member of Dyason’s party ...
  • Jane Gray (1819 - d.)
    1820 British Settler Jane Gray , infant, together with her parents and 2 siblings, were members of George Dyason's Party of 67 Settlers on the Settler Ship Zoroaster . Party originated from London....
  • Mary Ann Billet (1818 - d.)
    1820 British Settler Mary Gray 2, together with her parents and 2 siblings, were members of George Dyason's Party of 67 Settlers on the Settler Ship Zoroaster . Party originated from London. Depa...
  • Henry Gray (1817 - 1820)
    1820 British Settler Henry Gray 3, together with his parents and 3 siblings, were members of George Dyason's Party of 67 Settlers on the Settler Ship Zoroaster . Henry died at sea. Party originated...

Dyason's Party

Main reference The Settler Handbook by MD Nash

Additional information from South African Settlers

The aim of this project is to link profiles on Geni to the names in the list, and to expand notes about individuals - mostly on the Profile page in the "About Me" field, or here if no profile exists.

To take part in any project

- you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. See the discussion Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going!

How to Participate

  • Please add only the profiles of members of this party to this project (not their descendants)! This is easily done from the profile page using the Add to project link.

In the interests of uniformity please use one of the images attached to this project as "flags" for 1820 Settlers where there are no other photos available. It easily identifies the actual person who was on one of the ships when browsing the Tree.

  • If you have any queries related to these settlers please start a discussion linked to this project. (See the menu top right).
  • Please add related projects to the menu on the right.
  • If you have links to related web pages that would be of interest to others please add them in the relevant section at the bottom of the page. In order to do this use the drop down menu at the top left of the screen and Join the Project. If this option is not available to you then contact a collaborator and ask to be added to the project. As a collaborator you will be able to edit this page.
  • Add any documents of interest using the menu at the top right of the page, and then add a link to the document in the text under the heading below. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you.

How to add a link is explained in the attached document - Adding links to Geni profiles in projects.

Party Details

  • Leader George Dyason
  • Number 67
  • Area Party originated from London
  • Area Allocated to the Party Lushington Valley on the Torrens River
  • 1820 Settler Ship


  • Dates
  • Departure London, 12 February 1820
  • Arrival Simon's Bay, Cape Town - 30 April 1820 (Final Port)

(Other parties on this voyage - Thornhill, Wait.)

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"No. 43 on the Colonial Department list, led by George Dyason, a wine merchant of Ramsgate, Kent, whose London address was 12 Old Cavendish Street. George Dyason was the nominal head of a party consisting of six equal partners - the four brothers George, Isaac, Robert and Joseph Dyason, Samuel Bennett and Hougham Hudson - and 14 indentured labourers. The party was recruited in Kent; in his memoir, 'Rough outlines of the life of a British settler', Isaac Dyason junior called it 'the Isle of Thanet party'. He claimed that it owed its selection to the influence of Sir William Curtis, one-time Lord Mayor and Member of Parliament for London, and Stephen Lushington, MP for Canterbury, after whom the party's location in Albany was named. The Colonial Department received other recommendations for the Dyasons from the Ramsgate parish authorities and a well-connected acquaintance of the family who involked the interest of Henry Clive, MP for Montgomery, on their behalf.

Deposits were paid for 20 men, and after an unsuccessful attempt by Robert Dyason's creditors to prevent him from leaving the country, the party embarked on board the Zoroaster at Deptford in December 1819. Departure was delayed for several weeks by the freezing of the Thames, and until a thaw set in the ship was unable to drop down the river. She finally sailed from the Downs on 12 February 1820, arriving in Simon's Bay on 30 April. The Zoroaster's charter terminated at this point, and the party was transshipped to the Brilliant for the voyage to Algoa Bay, which was reached on 15 May. The 3-year-old son of Henry Gray died at sea in the Zoroaster.

The party was located on the right bank of the Torrens River and named its location Lushington Valley. After complaints about inadequate food and clothing on the one part and insubordination and idleness on the other, most of the labourers deserted their masters or were dismissed, and the partnership was dissolved in June 1821".

Members of Dyason's Party

[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]

Samuel Allen 26. Agriculturist.

Wife Sarah 30.

John Austin 24. Baker.

Wife Catharine 22.


  • John Austin 1.

William Bear 26. Blacksmith.

Wife Sarah 22.

Samuel Bennett 39. Farmer.

Charles Challis 20. Husbandman.

Wife Amy 20.

William Chandler 29. Plumber and glazier.

George Dyason 30. Wine merchant.

Wife Frances Ann Hutchinson 29.


Isaac Dyason 39. Brazier. (Brother of Leader George Dyason).

Wife Sarah Lilly 39.


Joseph Dyason 36. Master mariner. (Brother of Leader George Dyason)

Children :

William Robert Dyason 37, Saddler. (Robert is variously referred to as a brother or a cousin of George).

Children :

Henry Gray 35, Gardener.

Wife Harriet Mary Lofts 30.

Children :

Hougham Hudson 26, farmer and grazier.

Wife Elizabeth Ann Walker 23.

William Hudson, the 10-year-old brother of Hougham Hudson above, appears on the London list but not in the Agent's Return.

Robert Marshall 21. Bricklayer.

Archibald McKenzie 38, Agriculturist.

Wife Amelia Westford 31.


John Maytham 30. Bricklayer.

Wife Catherine Elizabeth Rowland 30.


Thomas Ratcliffe 27. Carpenter and wheelwright.

Wife Elizabeth 28


  • John Ratcliffe 3,
  • Mary Ann Ratcliffe 2,
  • Elizabeth Ratcliffe 1.

Enos Smith 20. Labourer.

Robert Stock 23, Ship's carpenter.

Wife Susannah Pearce 19.

Robert Wicks 25. Mariner.

Wife Mary Ann Midilet Newton 28.


James Wright 29. Butcher.

George Rye 22. Husbandman.

Main sources for party list

Agent of Transports' Return of settlers under the direction of Messrs Wait, Thornhill and Dyason (Cape Archives CO 6138/2,98); Complaints of Dyason's party (Cape Archives 1/AY 8/71). William Hudson, the 10-year-old brother of Hougham Hudson, appears on the London list but not in the Agent's Return. An infant daughter of Archibald McKenzie is included in the Agent's Return but not the London list; she may have been born at sea.

  • George Rye, who died at Baviaans Kloof, Uitenhage, in 1877 at the age of 80, claimed to have emigrated as a labourer with Dyason's party and was described as such in his application for a colonial pass in 1823. He may have been a last minute replacement for one of the listed emigrants, and travelled under the name of the man whose place he took. No reference to Enos Smith has been traced in colonial records, and it is possible that he failed to emigrate and Rye took his place.

Return to: