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Northumberland - Main Page

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This is the Umbrella Project Page for Northumberland, England.

Northumberland

  • Administrative centre Morpeth
  • County Flower - Bloody cranes-bill
  • County Bird - Elder Duck
  • People from Northumberland are called - Geordies
  • Famous for:

Northumberland has traditions not found elsewhere in England, reflecting a mix of indigenous, Celtic, Norse and Anglian influences. These include the rapper sword dance, the Clog dance and the Northumbrian smallpipes (a type of bagpipe). Northumberland also has its own tartan, often referred to in Scotland as the Shepherd’s Tartan. Traditional Northumberland music sounds similar to Scottish music, reflecting the strong historical links between Northumberland and Scotland.

  • Landmarks and Places of Interest
  • Angel of the North
  • Hadrian's Wall

Northumberland (abbreviated Northumb or Northd.) is the northernmost ceremonial county of historic origin in the North east of England.

The physical geography of Northumberland is diverse. It is low and flat near the North Sea coast and increasingly mountainous toward the northwest. The Cheviot Hills, in the northwest of the county, consist mainly of resistant Devonian granite and andesite lava. A second area of igneous rock underlies Whin Sill (on which Hadrian's Wall runs), an intrusion of carboniferous Dolerite. Both ridges support a rather bare moorland landscape. Either side of Whin Sill the county lies on carboniferous limestone, giving some areas of karst landscape. Lying off the coast of Northumberland are the Farne Islands, another Dolerite outcrop, famous for their bird life.

There are coal fields in the southeast corner of the county, extending along the coastal region north of the river Tyne. The term sea coal likely originated from chunks of coal, found washed up on beaches, that wave action had broken from coastal outcroppings.

Being in the far north of England and having many areas of high land, Northumberland is one of the coldest areas of the country. However, the county lies on the east coast, and has relatively low rainfall, between 466 and 1060 mm annually, mostly falling in the west on the high land.

Approximately a quarter of the county is protected as the Northumberland National Park, an area of outstanding landscape that has largely been protected from development and agriculture. The park stretches south from the Scottish border and includes Hadrian's Wall. Most of the park is over 800 feet (240 metres) above sea level.

The Districts of Northumberland

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  1. Blyth Valley
  2. Wansbeck
  3. Castle Morpeth
  4. Tynedale
  5. Alnwick
  6. Berwick-upon-Tweed

The main towns of Northumberland

  • Alnwick,
  • Amble,
  • Ashington
  • Bamburgh,
  • Bedlington,
  • Berwick-upon-Tweed,
  • Blyth
  • Cramlington
  • Haltwhistle,
  • Hexham
  • Morpeth
  • Newbiggin-by-the-Sea
  • Prudhoe
  • Rothbury
  • Seahouses
  • Wooler

For Historical information about Northumberland visit Historical Northumberland Link to follow - including connections to Historical figures, Gentry and political people connected with Northumberland.

For Information about research in the County and Families Researched on Geni (Including Emigrants) go to Northumberland - Family Heads

For Famous or Notable People from Northumberland visit Northumberland - Famous People

If you have Northumberland connections please join the project and if you live in Northumberland and are prepared to offer advice or help of any kind please add yourself to the list above.

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- you do need to first be a collaborator - so please join the project using the request link under "actions" at the top right of the page. Visit Geni Wikitext, Unicode and images which gives a great deal of assistance. See the discussion Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going!

How to Participate

  • If you have any queries please start a discussion linked to this project. (See the menu top right).
  • Please add related projects to the menu on the right.
  • If you have links to related web pages that would be of interest to others please add them in the relevant section at the bottom of the page. In order to do this use the drop down menu at the top left of the screen and Join the Project. If this option is not available to you then contact a collaborator and ask to be added to the project. As a collaborator you will be able to edit this page.
  • Add any documents of interest using the menu at the top right of the page, and then add a link to the document in the text under the heading below. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you.

Please do not add the profiles off all your Northumberland born ancestors to this project or the People connected to Northumberland project. Rather add the earliest known person of a Northumberland family to the Northumberland - Family Heads project.

Parish Map

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from The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers 1984.

See http://www.geni.com/photo/view/4560155096930045739?photo_id=6000000019137547009 - open full view.

Resources