Kemp Surname Facts
KEMP(E) - In Old English, the term "Kemp" designated a soldier engaged in single combat. The name Kemp is derived from the Saxon word "To Kemp" or combat, which in Norfolk [County, England] is retained to this day; a foot-ball match being called a camping or kemping; and thus in saxon a Kamper signifies a combatant, a champion, a man-at-arms. In some parts of Scotland, the striving of reapers in the harvest-fields is still called Kemping." Source: Kemp Family Association
English, Scottish, Dutch, and North German: Status name for a champion, Middle English and Middle Low German kempe. In the Middle Ages a champion was a professional fighter on behalf of others; for example the King's Champion, at the coronation, had the duty of issuing a general challenge to battle to anyone who denied the king's right to the throne. The Middle English word corresponds to Old English cempa and Old Norse kempa ‘warrior’; both these go back to Germanic campo ‘warrior’, which is the source of the Dutch and North German name, corresponding to High German Kampf. WhitePages.com
KEMP derived from CEMPA which means "ordinary warrior (or foot soldier to us nowadays) or soldier."
Kemp is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a champion at jousting or wrestling. In medieval England, the joust was used to train feudal knights for battle. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Middle English word kempe, which is a derivative of the Old English word cempa, which means warrior or champion. House of Names: Kemp Family Crest and Name History
Dutch: Metonymic occupational name for someone who grew or processed hemp, from Middle Dutch canep ‘hemp’. WhitePages.com
Recorded in several spellings including Cemp, Kemp, Kempe, Kemppe, Kempt, the patronymic Kempson, and possibly others, this interesting surname is English. It originates from the pre 7th century word 'cempa' meaning a champion, a title bestowed upon a champion of jousting or wrestling. The name is derived from the Roman word "campus", meaning a battlefield. The name development since the First Millenium includes the following recordings: Edmund Kempe of the county of Norfolk in 1099, Alan Kempe in the Hundred Rolls of Suffolk in 1273, Ralph le Kemp of Sussex in 1296 and Ricardus Kempe of Yorkshire in the Poll Tax rolls of 1379. Early examples of recordings taken from the surviving church registers of Greater London include the christening of Abiell Kemp on December 14th 1590, at St. Margaret's Westminster; the christening of Mary Kempt, the daughter of Joseph Kempt at St Giles Cripplegate, on May 21st 1667, and the marriage of Mary Cempe, to James Asskins as spelt, at St James Clerkenwell on June 20th 1667. A coat of arms granted to the nameholders has the blazon of a red shield, charged with three gold garbs and a gold border engrailed. The motto "Lucem spero", translates as "I hope for light". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Eadulf Cempa,. This was dated 902 a.d, in the list of Old English Bynames for the county of Wiltshire", during the reign of King Edward the Elder, of England, 899 - 924. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.<ref>Internet Surname Database: Kemp Surname. Read more: http://www.surnamedb.com/surname.aspx?name=Kemp#ixzz0mcLeK5GY. Another meaning, quite similar to this is "ancient warrior"... One of the most famous early members of this clan was William Kempe an actor and jester who worked with William Shakespeare. He was famous for Morris Dancing from Norwich to London around 1600. Parish records record the death of "Kempe, a man" in St. Savior, Southwark, late in 1603; while this is not clearly the comedian, the record fits his departure from the documentary record.</ref>
First found in Kent where where one of the first records of the name was Edmund Kempe c. 1100. Years later, Ralph le Kemp was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of 1296 in Sussex.
The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Kemp arrived in North America very early: Edmund Kemp settled in Virginia in 1653; Evan Kemp settled in Virginia in 1637; Humfrey Kemp settled in Bermuda in 1635; Thomas Kemp settled in Virginia in 1636 along with William.<ref>House of Names: Kemp Family Crest and Name History</ref>
Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Kemp were recorded, including Kemp, Kempe and others.<ref>House of Names: Kemp Family Crest and Name History</ref>
Motto Translated: I hope for light.
From the book A Dictionary of Surnames by Patrick Hanks and Flavia Hodges (Oxford University Press 1988) p 292:
- Kemp English: occupational name for a champion at jousting or wrestling, Middle English kempe [a weakened sense of Old English cempa warrior, champion, from camp battle, Latin campus plain, field (of battle);cf. Campion]
- Variations : Kempe.
- Cognates: German: Kampf, Kempf; Kompf (Bavaria); Kempner (also Jewish, presumably an adoption of the German surname). Low German: Kempe. Dutch: Kemper.
- Diminutives: German: Kampfl, Kempfle.
- Patronyms: English: Kempson. Dutch: Kempers. Finnish: Kemppainen. (Patronyms are names developed from proper names.)
- Kempa Polish: topographical name for someone who lived on a small island or by an isolated clump of trees and tufts of grass.
- Variations: Kepa; Kempski, Kepski.
- Cognates: Jewish (E. Ashkenazic): Kempe (from kempe, the Yiddish reflexitive of the Polish vocabulary word); Kempinski.
- Diminutive: Polish: Kepka
- Habitation names: Polish: Kempinski; Kepinski, Kepczynski.
Sir Allan Kempe of Suffolk arms
The oldest Kemp Family Arms and Crest found comes down through Sir Allan KEMPE, born about 1270/1314 in Weston, Suffolk, England of Norfolk, England s/o William KEMPE 1228 Norfolk, England.<ref>Kemp/Kempe surname website</ref>
- ARMS,-Quarterly of eight:
- Kempe, Gules, tree garbs within a bordure engrailed or;
- Azure, a lion rampant argent;
- Sable, three bars....,on a canton gules a saltire argent;
- Or, a maunch gules;
- Azure, a chevron between three birds argent, beaked and legged gules;
- Argent, three crescents gules;
- Azure, three cinquefoils or;
- Azure, two chevrons sable.
- CREST.- An eagle with wings endorsed standing on a garb lying fessways,all or.
These eight coats and this crest is set out in the Visitation Of Norfolk
Crests identified so far on Allan Kempe's Arms:
- Roger de Mohaut Roger de Monthaut: Azure a lion rampant argent
- John de Hastings Joan de Hastings: Or a maunch gules
- Clark or Cheke: argent three crescents gules
- 1476 Robert Botevilein: Argent three crescents gules
- William BARDOLF: d'azur a trois quite feuiles d'or
Sir William Kempe II 1487- 1539
- Married: Lady Eleanor Browne
- ARMS.-Gules, a fesse between three garbs or, all within a bordure engrailed of the last.
Edward Kemp of Dover arms
The next in line comes down from Edward Kemp of Dover s/o Edward KEMPE (1520) & Elizabeth WILMOT
- ARMS.-Gules, a fesse between three garbs or, all within a bordure engrailed of the last.
- CREST.-A demi-griffin or, wings endorsed gules, holding a garb bendwise of the first.
- A letter Patents of these Armes vnder the hand and seale of William Seger Garetr Anno 16..Visitation Of Kent 1619, pg 3
James Kempe of Cornwall arms
The next KEMPE found is from James Kempe 1637 of Saint Gerrans, Cornwall, England s/o Nicholas KEMPE and Joanna BUDGE.
DESCRIPTION: Three Garbs
- Arms found on merchant tokens issued in England between 1644 and 1673. "James Kempe 1668" Penryn, Cornwall (Kemp, of Crugsillick and Truro; C. S. Gilbert 2:171) i557
- At the time, a scarcity of small change and the absence of any contrary regulation led many merchants to issue their own coins, for values ranging from a farthing to a penny. These were made of copper and were redeemable on demand, when presented in sufficient quantity, by the issuer whose name was on the token. This phenomenon was widespread. Over 12,700 different tokens from 1,700 different English towns have been catalogued. it was ended when the royal government asserted a monopoly on the coinage of small denominations and proceeded to issue its own pennies and half-pennies.
Kemp family tree and history-related websites
- KEMP one-name study site
- Family Tree of Kara Noble: This RootsWeb-hosted site created by Kara Noble is a personal family tree. Descendant charts have been created for Jorg Burckhardt, Thomas Couch, Lawrence Franklin, John Garner, John Hidle, William Keeble, Robert Kemp, Christian Rudloff, James Joseph Warner, John Woodrome and Adam Zumwalt.
- Kemp Family Chronicles: This site is dedicated to the memory of Nathan L. Kemp and for family looking for their branch of this tree.
- Kempe surname
- Tim Kemp's KEMP Menu Page
- Genealogy Info of Families of Moses Kemp of Allegany County, NY
Other External Links to On-Line Kemp Resources
- About.com: KEMP Name Meaning & Origin
- Ancestor Search: Kemp Surname Origin & Last Name Meaning
- Internet Surname Database: Kemp Surname
- Linkpendium Kemp Family: Surname Genealogy, Family History, Family Tree, Family Crest
- Ancestry.com: Kemp Surname
- CousinConnect: KEMP Genealogy Queries
- GenForum: Kemp Family Genealogy Forum
- DistantCousin: KEMP Genealogy and Family History
- GenealogyWise: Kemp Genealogy - Group for worldwide researchers of the KEMP surname and variants
- Kemp Genealogy Search