McIntyre, or MacIntyre, is a Scottish surname derived from the Gaelic Mac an t-Saoir literally meaning "Son of the Carpenter".
Clan MacIntyre is a Scottish clan. The name MacIntyre, means "son of the carpenter." Although no documented history of the clan exists, it is most commonly said to descend from Maurice Mac Neil a nephew of Somerled, the great 12th century leader of the Scottish Gaels. Through an ingenious strategy, Maurice secured the marriage of Somerled to the daughter of the King of Mann and the Isles, thus greatly increasing Somerled’s territories. At an unknown date the clan journeyed from the Hebrides to the Scottish mainland where the chiefs established their home at Glen Noe on Loch Etive.
The earliest recorded clan chiefs do not emerge until the 17th century. According to tradition, they had held the land at Glen Noe for centuries, although subject to a feudal tenure converted to money rent in later years. In 1806, however, the chief was forced to relinquish the tenancy of Glen Noe due to inability to meet the payments. He and his family subsequently emigrated to the United States.
MacIntyres participated in military campaigns during the civil war in Scotland and the Jacobite rising of 1745-46 but they did not operate as an independent body. Clan members served as hereditary foresters to the Lords of Lorne and as hereditary pipers to the chiefs of Clan Menzies and the MacDonalds of Clanranald. Perhaps the clan's most illustrious member, Duncan Ban MacIntyre is regarded as one of the finest Gaelic poets.
Current Variations (After 1750)
Ancient Variations (Before 1750)
Septs are family names associated with a particular clan. In the case of MacIntyre, the surname Wright, when of Scottish origin, is considered an anglicized form of the name. Other family names associated with the clan include Tyre and MacTear.