RAVELLA DYNASTY : They ruled the area between Udayagiri and Podili between 1350 AD and 1650 AD as provincial governers (Ravella Tippa Nayakudu, Ravella Timma Nayakudu) under Vijayanagar Kingdom. They were one of the battle forces of Vijayanagar Army. They fought with Golkonda kings and Velama kings of Telangana onbehalf of Vijayanagar Empire.
Some of the prominent Kamma Zamindaris in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu are: Ilavarasanandanan (Tirunelveli Dt) – Ravella clan.
The Ravella clan can be traced from Malla Nayaka (1495 CE) who served as a commander in Saluva Narasimha Raya’s army. Malla vanquished the army of Qutb Shah (Bahmani General) at Gudipadu and cut the general into pieces. He was known by his title Rajahridayabhalla Pratapaprabhava. Poet Ratnakaram Gopalakavi described the exploits of Malla in detail. Ravella clan had a large camping ground of 1260 Kuntas in the city of Vijayanagar. Malla used to maintain an army of 6,000 soldiers and 400 horses. His annual income was 13,000 Varahas (gold coins) out of which one third was paid to the king. Malla assisted Vasireddy Mallikarjuna in his battle with Haider Jung and died in 1527 CE (Vasireddy Clan). Malla’s son Tippa participated in the expedition of Krishnadevaraya to defeat the Gajapatis (1513-1515 CE).
The king decorated Tippa with many laurels and presented many gifts. Tippa’s son Papa defeated the Muslim army and captured Kurnool fort for Rama Raya (1506 CE). Papa’s son Tippa II and grandson Linga I were also great warriors. Konda (son of Linga I) who served Saluva Timmaraya conquered Adoni fort by defeating Naudul Khan at Manavapuri.
Tippa II’s son Ayyappa was a decorated commander in the army of Rama Raya. He ruled from Tirumanikota. He recovered Penukonda and Adoni forts from Abdullah Qutbshah of Golkonda in 1611 CE. He was decorated with many titles such as Aswarevanta, Parabalabhima, Chalamartivaraganda, Adavanidurgagarvavibhala, Hattumuvvraganda etc., Later, Linga II, grandson of Ayyappa, commanded the Vijayanagar army and captured the forts of Kurnool, Gandikota and Adoni. Gopala Kavi who described the exploits of Linga II was patronized by him. Inscriptions in Nellore district showed that during the rule of Araviti kings, Ravella/Ravilla clan controlled Podili (Tippa Nayudu), Udayagiri (Koneti Nayudu) and Kocherlakota (Timma Nayudu).
Families of Ravella/Ravilla clan are currently distributed in Krishna, Guntur, Chittoor and Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh in addition to a Zamindari (Ilayarasanendal in Tirunelveli Dt) in Tamil Nadu.
Ravella clan which won laurels in Vijayanagar Empire were the Ravella Nayaks. Many commanders of this clan fought and protected the honour of Telugu country