The ancient surname Temple is indisputably associated with the Knight Templars, crusaders of the 12th century. For most name holders it is of early medieval English or French origin. Temple can apply to a horse soldier employed as a Templar, or someone who worked at the knights headquarters known as the Temple. In England the surname Temple was also given to foundlings baptized at the Temple Church, London, so called because it was built on land belonging to the Templars.
The surname may also be of Scottish locational origin, from the parish of Temple in Edinburgh, so called because it was the site of the local headquarters of the Knights Templar.
Variations: Temple, Tempel, Tempell, Temprell