American Civil War Records and Genealogy
If you have ancestors who fought in the American Civil War (1861-1865), finding their military records may provide you with valuable genealogical information. Let’s take a look at how military records can help further your genealogy research as you build your family tree:
Finding your ancestor’s service records can provide you with some helpful information, however, they can be a bit limited. You will likely find your ancestor’s name, their rank and unit, muster rolls, a brief biography, and possibly some medical information.
In these files, you will be able to see the pension application and the payment records for veterans, widows and their heirs. This may provide you with the location which your ancestors lived after the war, as well as the name of their wives and children. Often these files include a number of supporting documents, such as discharge papers, witness depositions, affidavits, birth records, death certificates, marriage records and even pages from the family bible. You may even find narratives of events during their service.
If your relative served for the Union army, you may be able to locate your ancestor’s pension records in the National Archives. If your ancestor served for the Confederate army, you will not find their pension records in the federal archives. Pensions were granted to Confederate soldiers by the state in which they lived after the war. You can look here for information on which states provided pensions to Confederate soldiers.
How do I locate these records?
You will need to gather a few pieces of information about your ancestor, including their name, whether they served for the Union or the Confederate Army and the state from which your ancestor served. To find this information, you can try asking relatives and looking through old photographs or old family documents. If you know where your ancestor is buried, a trip to the cemetery would be a great start. You will most likely to be able to find all this information as well as their unit number on their gravestone.
Once you have this information, there are a wide variety of online resources you can check out. A great place to start is the National Archives, which holds millions of federal military records. You can also try the Civil War and Sailors System whose database holds Civil War military records for both the Union and Confederate armies.