The ruling family claim descent from an ancient family of khwajas from Bokhara, in Central Asia. They migrated to India during the middle of the eighteenth century and took service under the Mughals. They rose to rank amongst the principal nobles of the Delhi court but sided with the British during after the Marathas took control of the capital.
The state was founded by Nawab Ahmad Baksh Khan in 1803, after he received Loharu from the ruler of Alwar, and Ferozepur Jhirka from Lord Lake. Both forming his reward for services rendered during the Maratha Wars. However, most of the lands so granted were confiscated after his son and successor, Nawab Shams ud-din Ahmad Khan, was deposed and executed for the murder of the British Resident, Simon Fraser, in 1835. Thereafter, the family territories were restricted to Loharu and some property in the City of Delhi.
Despite their loss of territory, the family continued to play and important part in public affairs throughout the period of British rule, and beyond. Several members of the family have been amongst the finest poets and literary figures of the Urdu language. Amongst them, Dagh Dehlvi, the son of Nawab Shams ud-din, and Mirza Ghalib and Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, both connected by marriage to the family.
1) H.E. Dilawar ul-Mulk, Fakhr ud-Daula, Nawab Mirza Shams ud-din Ahmad Khan Bahadur, Rustam Jang, Nawab of Firuzpur Jhirka. b. at Loharu House, Delhi, 1809 (s/o Bahu Khanum), educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent and became Administrator of the states when his father transferred his ruling powers to him, October 1822. Assigned Loharu to his younger half-brother, Amin ud-din, at his father's behest in February 1825. Invested with the management of Firuzpur Jirka by his father, October 1826. Succeeded on his death as and granted the personal titles of Dilawar ul-Mulk, Fakhr ud-Daula, Nawab and Rustam Jang October 1827. Deposed for his part in the murder of the British Resident at Delhi, and his principality of Firuzpur Jhirka confiscated, 8th September 1835. m. (first) 1826, Wazir Begum Sahiba (b. 1811; m. second, at the Red Fort, Delhi, 1844, H.R.H. Shahzada Mirza Fakhr ud-din Muhammad Sultan, Fath ul-Mulk Shah Bahadur, Wali Ahad of Delhi; and d. at Rampur after 1856), styled Shaukat Mahal Sahiba after her second marriage, daughter of Muhammad Yusuf Kashmiri. m. (second) Jani Begum Sahiba. m. (third) Afzal uz-Zamani Begum (d. after 1835). He was k. (hanged for his part in the murder of Amir ud-Daula, Nawab Simon Fraser Bahadur, Diler Jang), at Kashmir Gate, Delhi, 3rd October 1835 (bur. there at the Loharu enclosure, Dargah of Qutb Sahib, Mahrauli), having had issue, one son by his first wife, and two daughters by his second:
•a) Dabir ud-Daula, Fasih ul-Mulk, Nawab Mirza Khan, Bahadur Nazim Yar Jang. b. at Loharu House, Delhi, 25th May 1830 (or 1831?) (s/o Wazir Begum). A noted poet under the nom de plume 'Dagh Dehlvi', who became tutor to Nizam Mahbub 'Ali Khan of Hyderabad, later ADC to Nawab Kalb 'Ali Khan of Rampur, and Supt. of Stables at Rampur. Some authorities claim that he received the following titles from the Nizam, but this is doubtful: Sipah Salar, Yar-e-Wafadar, Muqrib-us-Sultan, Bulbul-e-Hindustan, Jahan Ustad, Nazim. He d.s.p. at Hyderabad, 16th February 1905, having adopted a daughter. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
•a) Sahibzadi Ahmad un-nisa Begum Sahiba (d/o Jani Begum). m. (first) Nawab Sa'adat 'Ali Khan. m. (second) Mirza Sajjid Beg, third son of Mirza Mughal Beg. She had issue, one son and two daughters by her first husband, and four daughters by her second husband: