Erica Howton suggested that we start with "research resources to load up in the project overview and documentation module... [and] a "timeline" document so I can see how the war came about, where it was fought (battles etc)., the political "players" and so on."
Thank you so much for the getting this started. The "overview" you did was quite fascinating and gave me lots of food for thought! (I kept going "wow ... did not know that!" at the screen. :>)
For my own "to do" list:
- I have Gardiners / Gardners somehow .... not sure of the exact relationship but I was cleaning up that line a week or so ago. So maybe I'll start there, see if I can find participants.
- I am totally fascinated by the "Praying Indians." So I'll look into that more.
I would suggest we progress to some sectioning in the Project Overview that goes something like this:
Links (on line resources)
- American Indian history
- settler / native conflicts / history
Supplemental reading (online / offline resources)
Timeline for the war itself (I could swear I've seen something on line to copy & paste)
Great project idea, thank you so much for getting it going.
November 7 (October 28 Julian Calendar, Wednesday), 1646, New England: In the Massachusetts Bay Colony, under the “Act for the Propagation of the Gospel Amongst the Indians” (passed under Governor John Winthrop), the first Protestant church assembly specifically for North American tribesmen is held in the wigwam of the first Nipmuck Algonquin convert, Waban (age 42), at Nonantum (present Newton) by missionary Reverend John Eliot. This took place after Reverend Eliot won a lengthy court battle for his “Praying Indians” to occupy 2,000 acres of land in present Natick.
Hette found your project on King Philip's War very interesting! Even more interesting I noticed in the list you provided was a Timothy Bake. This peeked my interest since there is bake in my line.Checked out Timothy Baker's profile and low and behold his father Edward baker is in fact my line. Also James Grant who was the descendant n one of the Scot prisoners was also involved with King Philip's War. Anyway nothing to add at this moment but wanted to commend you on your project. Judy
I love the revised overview. My only suggestion would be to encourage people to add links and documents and bring on over their ancestors profiles.
We've been working on individual profiles ... then family lines ... then towns for "original planters." This Project is bringing it together for me, particularly when I can visualize those older Connecticut towns, which as I imagine Ashley can attest to, some of which seem "suspended in time."
Isn't it amazing? Just when you're pretty sure your ancestor was "an ordinary Joe Farmer" (early days for "Joe Six Pack"?) it turns out they lived these important historical events!
So cool that it relates to the Scots Prisoners. Are you saying the same guy was sent to prison, deported, and fought Indians? Dang!
Erica the Scots not only fought in this war they were they some of the most furious ones there. Supposedly there was gruesome poem written about Grants explodes in this King Philips War,. I wish I could remember the name of the poem. Never read it, Didn't want to but it might be useful now. Maybe someone out there will know what I am talking about and add it to the project.
Hatte it looked like it was long. Like I said I never read it . I was afraid it would be too gruesome. Maybe I will give it another look see! Plus poems are not my thing but this appears be more interesting then the average poem! Hope it's helpful to you. I usually avoid reading unless it's newspapers, or good magazine articles, craft books , historical books both stories and facts filled one., like books on the Knights, Kings and Queens ete and the Old West. Love anything on Indians and cowboys, not necessarily together. , Colonial history, ( I have the attention span of a nat!)I did make it through Centennial. Loved that book and the mini series was just as good. It's not that I can't read . I just don't like to.
Hatte Blejer, I'm having the same experience -- I guess it's a war I just never thought to look into much before -- but I'm trying to make sure I source information before adding profiles. Can anyone suggest some strong resources for verified lists of participants? I've found a bunch of sites but I'm not sure which ones are best.
I cannot tell you which sources are best. What I can say is that so many New England men fought in it or somehow participated in it that there should be many sources. I did list some I found at the end of the project but going to Google eBooks would be in order. I also looked on Amazon at one point, but modern books are less likely to list fighters.
@ Hatte Blejer
Maybe this may help you..
SOLDIERS of KING PHILIP'S WAR
Lists of the Soldiers of Massachusetts Colony,
who served in the Indian War of
Sketches of the Principal Officers, and Copies of
Ancient Documents and Records
Relating to the War.
GEORGE M. BODGE. (1891)
It is a free e-book...a real nice read...have fun !!!
A summary by Bodge of King Philip's War is here
A couple more references to sources / ancestors here
Index to names in Bodge starts page 487
Has anyone read "Mayflower" by Nathaniel Philbrick? I just finished it yesterday as part of my campaign to self-educate about our early American colonial ancestors. It begins with the Separatists in England and Holland, and the last half is devoted to King Philip's War. It includes wonderful maps and a 30-page bibliography. Fascinating!
He calls it "one of the most horrendous wars ever fought in North America" and says "the fourteen months between June 1675 and August 1676 had a vast, disturbing impact on the development of New England, and with it, all of America."
A few interesting quotes:
"In terms of the percentage of population killed, the English had suffered casualties that are difficult for us to comprehend today. During the forty-five months of WWII, the United States lost just under 1% of its adult male population; during the Civil War the casualty rate was somewhere between 4 and 5%; during the fourteen months of King Philip's War, Plymouth Colony lost close to 8% of its men... But the English losses appear almost inconsequential when compared to those of the Indians. Of a total Native population of approximately 20,000, at least 2,000 had been killed in battle or died of their injuries; 3,000 had died of sickness and starvation, 1,000 had been shipped out of the country as slaves, while an estimated 2,000 eventually fled to either the Iroquois to the west or the Abenakis to the north. Overall the Native American population of southern New England had sustained a loss of somewhere between 60 and 80%."
"But if the English had succeeded in asserting their demographic dominance, the war was, at best,a Pyrrhic victory for the colonists. The crushing tax burden required to pay for the conflict stifled the region's economy... Not for another hundred years would the average per capita income in New England return to what it had been before King Philip's War."
Thanks Jen! Sobering stats indeed.
As a digression, I read an amusing book on our Puritan forefathers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony recently, non historian Sarah Vowel's "The Wordy Shipmates," 2008. Talks about the Pequod Wars more than King Philip's .. . But sets the stage perhaps.
Metacom's/King Philip's War is indeed the worst known war in American history in terms of percentage of population killed. What's truly sobering is that it is absolutely nothing compared to the Huron campaign of the Beaver Wars in Canada, during which the Huron population went from about 30,000 to about 500 due to the combined effects of the Five Nations invasion of the area and the outbreak of European-brought diseases that made the Huron incapable of fighting back.