About Élisabeth Charlotte de Bourbon d'Orléans, duchesse de Lorraine
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Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
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Elisabeth Charlotte of Orléans or in its french form Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, styled Mademoiselle de Chartres (Saint-Cloud, September 13, 1676 - Commercy, December 23, 1744), was a French princess and regent of the sovereign duchy of Lorraine.
Élisabeth Charlotte was the only daughter of Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans, (1640-1701), younger brother of King Louis XIV by his second wife, Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine(1652-1722). Her mother was a daughter of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine. As a granddaughter of Louis XIII of France, she was a petite-fille de France. She was born at the Château de Saint-Cloud outside of Paris on September 13, 1676. She was one of three children. The other two were:
Alexandre Louis d'Orléans, duc de Valois. (2 June 1673 – 16 March 1676)
Died before Élisabeth was born.
Philippe II d'Orléans (August 2 1674 – 2 December 1723).
He would become the Regent of France during Louis XV's childhood.
Male-line ancestor of Philippe Egalité, Louis Philippe I, King of the French, and of the modern Orléanist pretenders to the crown of France.
Mademoiselle de Chartres
As was customary for unmarried young ladies at the French court, she was given an honorary style, Mademoiselle de Chartres, taken from the name of one of her father's appanages. Her half siblings by her father and his first wife, Princess Henrietta-Anne of England, were:
Marie Louise d'Orléans (March 27 1662 – 12 February 1689)
Known as Mademoiselle before her marriage to Charles II of Spain.
Philippe Charles, duc de Valois (July 16 1664 – 8 December 1666)
A daughter born July 9, 1665 ; died after.
Anne Marie d'Orléans (August 27 1669 – 26 August 1728)
Known as Madame Royale before her marriage to Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, first King of Sardinia, in 1684.
maternal grandmother of Louis XV of France
ancestress of the Kings of Sardinia and Kings of Italy
through her derives the post-Stuart legitimist claim of the Jacobites to the English and Scottish thrones.
As a child, Élisabeth-Charlotte was described by her mother as 'so terribly wild' and 'rough as a boy'. 
Her mother hoped to marry her daughter to her first cousin, the widowed Monseigneur or even to his son Louis Duke de Bourgogne, but neither marriage was to be.
As her elder half-sisters had all married into prominent reigning families in Europe, she expected the same. When her cousin's wife, Dauphine Victoire said she should marry one of her younger brothers, Élisabeth said:
I am not made, madame, for a younger son[unreliable source?]
It was also suggested by some that she should marry her first cousin, Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine, the eldest legitimated son of Louis XIV and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. As her mother despised the king's illegitimate children, the chances of such an alliance were remote. Although spared from the 'horror' of such a mismatch in rank, her brother, the duc de Chartres was not. He married the duc du Maine's younger sister, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon, in 1692. Élisabeth Charlotte married six years after her elder brother. Before then, her ambitious mother even thought of trying to get her brother-in-law Louis XIV to secure for her daughter a marriage to the King of England, William III, who was rumoured to be homosexual (though this is contested) like her own father.
Marriage and children
She married on October 13, 1698 at Fontainebleau Leopold, Duke of Lorraine (1679-1729), son of Charles V, Duke of Lorraine and Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria.
The ducal couple had thirteen children:
Léopold (26 Aug 1699 - 2 April 1700)
Elisabeth Charlotte (21 Oct 1700 - 4 May 1711)
Louise Christine (13 Nov 1701 - 18 Nov 1701)
Marie Gabrièle Charlotte (30 Dec 1702 - 11 May 1711)
Louis (28 Jan 1704 - 10 May 1711)
Josepha Gabrièle (16 Feb 1705 - 25 Mar 1708)
Gabrièle Louise (4 Mar 1706 - 13 June 1710)
Léopold Clement Charles (25 April 1707 - 4 June 1723)
Francis Stephen (8 Dec 1708 - 18 Aug 1765)
The heir to the House of Lorraine who later married Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and became Holy Roman Emperor. They were the parents of Queen Marie Antoinette of France.
Eléonore (4 June 1710 - 28 July 1710)
Elisabeth Therese (15 Oct 1711 - 3 July 1741), married in 1737 Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia.
Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (12 Dec 1712 - 4 July 1780), governor of the Austrian Netherlands and army commander.
Anne Charlotte (1714 - 1773), abbess at Essen.
As a surprise to all, what had been expected to be an unhappy union turned out to be marriage of love and happiness. After ten years, however, her husband turned his attentions to another, Anne-Marguerite de Lignéville, princesse de Beauvau-Craon. Embarrassed, the duchess remained silent and continued to live in the Château de Lunéville, the main residence of the House of Lorraine. After her husband's liaison ended, the couple had five more children, one of whom would become the father of Marie Antoinette.
The Regency to 1737
On the death of her uncle Louis XIV in 1715, her elder brother, now the duc d'Orléans, became the Regent of France for the five year old King Louis XV, and the era of his rule is known as the Regency. Louis XV was crowned in October, 1722, two months before the death of her mother in December of the same year. Her brother died in December of the next year. Seven years later, in 1729 her husband died, leaving his wife regent of Lorraine for her son, François Stephen of Lorraine. After being educated in Vienna, he returned to Lorraine in 1737, ending his mother's tenure as regent.
Unable to prevent her son from giving up the duchy of Lorraine (to Stanisław Leszczyński) when he married the Habsburg heiress, Maria Theresa of Austria, she moved into the château d’Harou in nearby Commercy, which was erected into a sovereign principality for her to enjoy during her dowager years.
Élisabeth Charlotte died, at the age of sixty, following a stroke on December 23, 1744. She was the last of her siblings to die and outlived ten of her thirteen children. Nine months after her death, her son François-Stephen became the Holy Roman Emperor.
As the mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, she was an ancestor of the entire 18th and 19th century Habsburg family, as they all descended from Francis I and Maria Theresa. Amongst them are Queen Marie Antoinette and Marie-Louise of Austria, the wife of Napoleon Bonaparte.
 Titles and styles
Élisabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Lorraine as consort
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Madame
* 13 September 1676 – 10 April 1684 Mademoiselle de Chartres
* 10 April 1684 – 13 October 1698 Her Royal Highness Mademoiselle
* 13 October 1698 – 27 March 1729 Her Royal Highness the "Duchess of Lorraine", Bar and Teschen (Son Altesse Royale Madame la duchesse de Lorraine, Bar et Cieszyn)
* 27 March 1729 – 23 December 1744 Her Royal Highness the "Dowager Duchess of Lorraine", Bar and Teschen (Son Altesse Royale Madame la duchesse de Lorraine, Bar et Cieszyn Douairière)
o 1737 - 23 December 1744 Her Royal Highness the Princess of Commercy (son Altesse Royale Madame la princesse de Commercy)
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1. ^ Nancy Nicholas Barker, Brother to the Sun king:Philippe, Duke of Orléans, p. 1.
2. ^ Antonia Fraser: Love and Louis XIV, p.189
3. ^ je ne suis pas faite, madame, pour un cadet.
4. ^ Joseph was suggested by Pope Innocent XII himself
5. ^ Léopold Joseph Charles Dominique Agapet Hyacinthe de Lorraine was his full name
6. ^ Louis Constantin de Bourbon, prince de Dombes (17 November 1695 – 28 September 1698)
7. ^ Dufresne, Claude, les d'Orléans, CRITERION, Paris, 1991, p. 85, ISBN 2-903702-57-8.
8. ^ http://www.xs4all.nl/~kvenjb/madmonarchs/marielouise/marielouise_bio.htm Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
House of Orléans
Born: 13 September 1676 Died: 23 December 1744
Marie Anne d'Orléans 'Mademoiselle de Chartres
1676–1698 Succeeded by
Louise Adélaïde d'Orléans'
Archduchess Eleonora Maria of Austria Duchess of Lorraine and Bar
1698–1729 Succeeded by
Maria Theresa of Austria
New Creation Princess of Commercy
1737–1744 Succeeded by
 See also
v • d • e
Princesses of France
The first generation are the children of Henri IV; these females held the rank of Daughter of France or Grand daughter of France;
Élisabeth, Queen of Spain · Christine Marie, Duchess of Savoy · Henriette Marie, Queen of England
Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg
Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier* · Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany · Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angoulême* · Françoise Madeleine, Duchess of Savoy* · Princess Marie Anne*
Princess Anne Élisabeth* · Princess Marie Anne* · Princess Marie Therèse, Madame Royale* · Marie Louise, Queen of Spain* · Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia · Élisabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Lorraine
Marie Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma · Princess Henriette Anne* · Princess Marie Louise* · Marie Adélaïde, Duchess of Louvois* · Princess Victoire* · Sophie, Duchess of Louvois* · Princess Thérèse* · Princess Louise Marie*
Princess Marie Therèse, Madame Royale* · Princess Marie Zéphyrine* · Clothilde, Queen of Sardinia* · Princess Élisabeth*
Marie Thérèse, Duchess of Angoulême* · Princess Sophie Hélène* · Princess Sophie* · Marie Thérèse, Mademoiselle d'Angoulême*
- died without surviving issue
v • d • e
Princesses of Orléans
The first generation are the children of Gaston d'Orléans, son of Henri IV; the second is from Philippe de France, son of Louis XIII;
Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier^ · Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany^ · Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angôuleme^ · Françoise Madeleine, Duchess of Savoy^ · Princess Marie Anne^
Orléans Female Arms Tbharding.png
Marie Louise, Queen of Spain^ · Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia^ · Élisabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Lorraine^
Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Berry^ · Adélaïde, Abbess of Chelles^ · Charlotte Aglaé, Duchess of Modena and Reggio^ · Élisabeth, Queen of Spain^ · Philippine Élisabeth, Mademoiselle de Beaujolais^ · Louise, Princess of Conti^
Princess Louise Marie^
Mademoiselle d'Orléans^ · Bathilde, Princess of Condé^
Françoise, Mademoiselle de Chartres^ · Princess Adélaïde
Marie Louise, Queen of the Belgians · Marie, Duchess of Württemberg · Princess Françoise · Clémentine, Princess of Kohary
Marguerite Adelaide, Princess Czartoryska · Princess Blanche · Françoise, Duchess of Chartres · Maria Isabella, Countess of Paris · Princess Amalia · Princess Cristina · Princess Maria de la Regla · Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Amélie, Queen of Portugal · Hélène, Duchess of Aosta · Isabelle, Duchess of Guise · Louise, Princess Carlos of the Two Sicilies · Marie, Princess Valdemar of Denmark · Margherite, Duchess of Magenta · Louise, Princess Alfons of Bavaria
Isabelle, Princess Pierre Murat · Françoise, Princess Cristopher of Greece and Denmark · Anne, Duchess of Aosta · Marie Louise, Princess Philip of the Two Sicilies · Princess Sophie · Genieviève, Marchioness of Chaponay
Isabelle, Countess of Schönborn-Buchheim · Hélène, Countess Evrard of Limburg-Stirum · Anne, Duchess of Calabria · Diane, Duchess of Württemberg · Claude, Duchess of Aosta · Chantal, Baroness François Xavier de Sambucy de Sorgue · Gerarda, Marchioness of Marchelina · Beatriz, Countess Tomasso Farini
Isabelle, Princess Gundakar of Liechtenstein · Princess Blanche · Princess Clothilde, Mrs. Edouard Crépy · Princess Adélaïde, Mrs. Pierre-Louis Dailly · Diane, Viscountess Alexis of Noailles · Princess Pilar, Mrs. Nicholas Henderson-Stewart · Princess Eulalia
Princess Thérèse Isabelle · Princess Louise Marie · Princesse Hélène · Princess Isabelle
^never styled Princess of Orléans
v • d • e
House of Bourbon
Henry IV of France
HH Margaret of Valois · Lady Marie de' Medici
Louis XIII · Elisabeth, Queen of Spain · Christine Marie, Duchess of Savoy · Nicolas Henri, Duke of Orléans · Gaston, Duke of Orléans · Henriette Marie, Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland
Henri, Duke of Beaumont (1551–1553) · Louis, Count of Marle (1555–1557) · Madeleine (1556) · Catherine, Duchess of Lorraine
César, Duke of Vendôme · Catherine Henriette, Duchess of Elbeuf · Alexandre, Chevalier de Vendôme · Henri, Duke of Verneuil · Gabrielle Angelique, Duchess of La Valette and Epernon · Antoine, Count of Moret · Jeanne Baptiste, Abess of Fontevraud · Marie Henriette, Abess of Chelles
Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier · Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany · Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angoulême · Françoise Madeleine, Duchess of Savoy · Princess Marie Anne · Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois · Louis XIV of France · Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Louis XIII of France
HRH Infanta Ana Maria Mauricia of Spain***
Louis XIV of France · Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Louis, Dauphin of France · Princess Anne Élisabeth · Princess Marie Anne · Princess Marie Therèse, Madame Royale · Philippe Charles, Duke of Anjou · Louis François, Duke of Anjou · Marie Louise, Queen of Spain · Philippe Charles, Duke of Valois · Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia · Alexandre Louis, Duke of Valois · Philippe Charles, Duke of Orléans · Élisabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Lorraine
Louis, Duke of Burgundy · King Felipe of Spain · Charles, Duke of Berry · Louis, Duke of Orléans
Louis XIV of France
HRH Infanta María Teresa of Spain*** · Françoise d'Aubigné, Marchioness of Maintenon
Louis, Dauphin of France · Princess Anne Élisabeth · Princess Marie Anne · Princess Marie Therèse, Madame Royale · Philippe Charles, Duke of Anjou · Louis François, Duke of Anjou
Charles · Philippe · Marie Anne, Princess of Conti · Louis, Count of Vermandois · Louis Auguste, Duke of Maine · Louis César, Count of Vexin · Louise Françoise, Princess of Condé · Louise Marie Anne, Mademoiselle de Tours · Françoise Marie, Duchess of Orléans · Louis Alexandre, Count of Toulouse · Louise, Baroness of La Queue
Louis, Duke of Burgundy · King Felipe of Spain+ · Charles, Duke of Berry · Louis Auguste, Prince of Dombes · Louis Charles, Count of Eu · Louise Françoise, Mademoiselle du Maine · Louis Jean Marie, Duke of Penthièvre
Louis, Duke of Brittany · Louis, Duke of Brittany · Louis XV of France · Louis I of Spain* · Felipe of Spain* · Felipe of Spain* · Ferdinand VI of Spain* · Charles III of Spain* · Francisco of Spain* · Mariana Víctoria, Queen of Portugal* · Philip, Duke of Parma* · Maria Teresa Rafaela, Dauphine of France* · Luis, Count of Chinchón* · Maria Antonietta, Queen of Sardinia* · X d'Alençon · Charles, Duke of Alençon · Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Alençon · Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe
Louis XV of France
Maria Carolina Sophia Felicity Leszczyńska
Marie Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma · Princess Henriette Anne · Princess Marie Louise · Louis, Dauphin of France · Philippe, Duke of Anjou · Marie Adélaïde, Duchess of Louvois · Princess Victoire · Sophie, Duchess of Louvois · Princess Félicité · Princess Louise Marie
Princess Marie Therèse, Madame Royale · Princess Marie Zéphyrine · Louis, Duke of Burgundy · Xavier, Duke of Aquitaine · Louis XVI of France · Louis XVIII of France · Charles X of France · Clothilde, Queen of Sardinia · Princess Élisabeth
Charles de Vintimille · Agathe Louise de Saint-Antoine · Philippe, Duke of Narbonne-Lara · Louis, Count of Narbonne-Lara
Louis XVI of France
HRH Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria**
Marie Thérèse, Duchess of Angoulême · Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France · Louis XVII of France · Princess Sophie Hélène
Louis XVII of France
Louis had no children; he died aged 10 in 1795. His uncle, future Louis XVIII of France proclaimed himself regent but both titles were disputed. See Bourbon Restoration.
Louis XVIII of France
HRH Princess Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy
Charles X of France
HRH Princess Maria Teresa of Savoy
Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême · Sophie, Mademoiselle · Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry · Marie Thérèse, Mademoiselle d'Angoulême
Princess Louise Élisabeth · Prince Louis · Louise Marie Thérèse, Duchess of Parma · Henri, Count of Chambord
Notes: *also an Infante or Infanta of Spain · **also an Archduchess of Austria · ***both · +Philip was the first Bourbon king of Spain, the country's present ruling house
This page was last modified on 11 June 2010 at 21:45.
Acte de déces (Death certificate)
Le vingt trois decembre mil sept cent quarante quatre environ les huit heures du matin, est decedée en son chasteau, tres haute, tres puissante et tres excellente princesse Elisabeth – Charlotte de Bourbon d’Orleans, duchesse douairiere de Lorraine et de Bar, souveraine de Commercy et Euville, après avoir reçu l’extreme onction le vingt et un à trois heures après midy, et le saint Viatique le vingt deux à neuf heures du matin […] Les entrailles ont eté enterrées par le mesme dans le sanctuaire de l’eglise de l’hospital. […] Le cœur a aussy esté reçu par le mesme à la tête de son chapitre et deposé dans la sacristie […] Le corps de S.A.R. est demeuré en dépôt dans la chapelle du château jusqu’au dix sept février 1745 […] et demeura jusqu’au dix huit, auquel jour le service et les obsèques ayant été faits par Monseigneur l’Evêque […] le conduisit dans le carrosse […] et le mit en depôt à sept heures du soir (à Toul), entre les mains du R.P. prieur de St Epvre et toute la communauté pour passer la nuit dans son église. Le dix neuf, après les services faits […] le corps de ladite A.R. fut remis par led. R.P. prieur au sus dit P. Doyen qui le conduisit […] à la porte de l’église des Cordeliers de Nancy, […] fut deposé dans le caveau, sepulcre ordinaire de la maison royale de Lorraiue. […] Fait au retour de Nancy, à Commercy, ce vingt quatre février mil sept cent quarante cinq. Signé : J.F. Simonin, doyen et curé.
Élisabeth Charlotte de Bourbon d'Orléans, duchesse de Lorraine's Timeline
September 13, 1676
Saint-Cloud, Paris, le-de-France, France
September 13, 1676
- April 10, 1684
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
November 8, 1676
Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
October 13, 1698
- March 27, 1729
Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lorraine, France
August 26, 1699
Ducal Palace of Lorraine, Nancy, France
October 21, 1700
November 13, 1701
December 30, 1702