Alexander Menshikov

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Alexander Menshikov

Russian: Александр Сергеевич кн. Меншиков
Birthdate: (81)
Birthplace: Санкт-Петербург
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Сергей Алексадрович Меншиков and Ekaterina Nikolaevna Menschikoff
Husband of Анна Александровна графиня Протасова
Father of Vladimir Alexandrovich Menshikov and Александра Александровна Вадковская
Brother of Nikolay Menshikov; Elisabeth Menshikova and Варвара Сергеевна кн. Меншикова
Half brother of Catharine Princess Gagarin and Nikolai Menschikov

Occupation: Светлейший князь
Managed by: Peter Trefilov
Last Updated:

About Alexander Menshikov

( "Александр родился в 1787 году в семье генерал-поручика князя Сергея Александровича Меншикова (1746—1815) и княжны Екатерины Николаевны Голицыной, одной из первых красавиц своего времени. По утверждению Долгорукова, его биологическим отцом был граф Армфельд. У него был младший брат Николай и сёстры Елизавета и Екатерина. Получил домашнее воспитание. Образование он получил в Дрездене."),_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%80_%D0%A1%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%B5%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87 (,_%D0%93%D1%83%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%B2_%D0%9C%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%86) Prince Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Ме́ншиков; August 26, 1787 – May 2, 1869) was a Finnish-Russian nobleman, military commander and statesman. He was made adjutant general in 1817 and admiral in 1833.

A great-grandson of Alexander Danilovich Menshikov, Duke of Ingria, and a cognatic descendant of the Princely House of Golitsyn (another of his great-grandfathers was Prince Mikhail Golitsyn, the military governor of Åbo during the Russian occupation in the Great Northern War). Menshikov entered the Russian service as attaché to the embassy at Vienna in 1809. He became close with Tsar Alexander I and accompanied him throughout his campaigns against Napoleon. In 1817 Menshikov was appointed acting Quartermaster general of the General Staff. In 1823, he was transferred to the ministry of foreign affairs. Menshikov retired from army service in 1824.

During the initiation of the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28 and the prevail of Abbas Mirza's initiative in Tehran, Menshikov was placed under house arrest. He was appointed head of the Naval Headquarters and cabinet minister by Tsar Nicholas I. He distinguished himself at the Siege of Varna and in 1830 became a member of the State Council. In 1831 Menshikov held the post of Governor-General of Finland. He mainly devoted himself to naval matters. His bad influence on the development of the Russian Navy stalled its technical progress and combat training.

In 1853, Menshikov was sent on a special mission to Constantinople,[1] and when the Crimean War broke out he was appointed commander-in-chief on land and sea. He commanded the Russian army at Alma and Inkerman and showed incompetence and lack of military talent. On February 15, 1855, Menshikov was removed from command, and replaced by Prince Mikhail Dmitrievich Gorchakov. Between December 1855 and April 1856, he held the post of Governor General of Kronstadt and then retired. He died in St. Petersburg.

He was created Prince (Fürst) in the Finnish nobility, being the only person of the rank of prince to be registered in the Finnish House of Nobility.

The first Finnish steamship Furst Menschikoff was named after him.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Aleksandr Sergejevitš Menšikov tai Aleksanteri Menshikov (ven. Александр Сергеевич Меншиков, suom. Aleksanteri Sergeinpoika M., ruots. Alexander Menschikoff , saks. Alexander Reichsfürst Menschikoff, Suomen ritarihuoneeseen introdusoituna Menschikoff (26. elokuuta 1787 – 2. toukokuuta 1869 Pietari) oli Suomen kenraalikuvernööri, Venäjän meriministeri ja ruhtinas.[

  • В сентябре 2011 г. в селе Воздвиженское в рамках проекта «Аллея Российской Славы» был установлен его бюст, а также памятная доска во вновь построенном Крестовоздвиженском храме, на месте где он был ранее погребен.
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Alexander Menshikov's Timeline

August 26, 1787
Age 28
Age 29
May 1, 1869
Age 81