Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Heschel Berlin Loewenstamm, (Rabbi Hart Lion)

Is your surname Berlin Loewenstamm?

Research the Berlin Loewenstamm family

Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Heschel Berlin Loewenstamm, (Rabbi Hart Lion)'s Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Heschel Berlin Loewenstamm (Levin), (Rabbi Hart Lion)

Hebrew: הג"ר צבי הירש טעביל ברלינר לוונשטאם, אב"ד ברלין
Also Known As: "Zvi Hirsch Berlin", "Hirschel Levin", "Rabbi Hart Lion", ""Rabbi Hart Lion"", "Reveren Hart /Lyon/", "Rabbi Hart Lyon"
Birthdate: (79)
Birthplace: Rzeszow, Poland
Death: August 26, 1800 (79)
Berlin, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of R' Aryeh Leib Lowenstam, [Chacham Tzvi son-in-law] and Miriam Lowenstam, d#2
Husband of Golda Rahel Berliner Loewenstamm and Sprinze Israel
Father of Rabbi Saul Hirschel Berliner-Lewin; R' Abraham David Tebele Berliner of Piotrkow; Reizel Ginzburg; Sara Herschel Löwenstamm; Dr and Rabbi Dr. & Rabbi Solomon Hershel Herschel Lewin and 4 others
Brother of R' Shaul Amsterdam, Binyan Ariel; Haim Heschel Loewenstam; Sarah Leah Löwenstamm; Nitashi (Nechama) Ashkenazi (Lowenstam); Dina Esther Loeb and 1 other

Occupation: Rabbi of the Kollel of Berlin and Prussia for approximately thirty years, Gaon, Rav in London, Halberstadt, Mannheim, Berkin, Chief Rabbi of England 1758-1764
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Heschel Berlin Loewenstamm, (Rabbi Hart Lion)

Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Berlin (also known as Hirschel Levin or the Reverend Hart Lyon). He was born in Rzeszow in 1721. In his youth he studied under his father and went with him to Amsterdam in 1740 when he was 19 years old. He developed knowledge of the Talmud, Hebrew Grammar, Jewish History, Philosophy, Physics and Geometry. He also took part in the Emden-Eybeschutz controversy, siding with Rabbi Emden, his maternal uncle.

After his father died in 1755, he was elected to the post of Chief Rabbi of the Great and Hambro Synagogues of the Ashkenazi community in London, and accepted in 1758.

In London he became known as the Rev. Hart Lyon and was painted by the famous artist Turner. He remained in London for 7 years and left because he was prevented from publishing a defense of Shechitah (Ritual Slaughtering). He became A.B.D. Halberstadt, and also head of the Yeshiva there until 1770, when he became A.B.D. Mannheim, and 3 years later A.B.D. Berlin.

He was a close friend of Moses Mendelssohn and even wrote an approbation to his German translation of the Bible.

He married

1.  Golda, daughter of Rabbi David Tebele HaKohen, who died in Berlin in 1794
2.  Shprintze (in 1797) when he was 78 years old. She was thedaughter of R. Abraham (of the family of the Chacham Zvi). After his death, some three years later, she remarried R. Zobel Eger A.B.D. Braunsweig.

Levin supported and defended his son, Saul Berlin in the dispute in which he was involved, especially with the forged Responsa Besamim Rosh, published in Berlin in 1793.

He was the author of : Ateret Zekeinim, only in manuscript; Hagahot, in manuscript on Sefer Yochasin, Sefer Hachinuch, Kaftor ve-Perach, Sefatei Yeshamim;Minchat Ahava, published in Rotterdam in 1811; and a commentary on Mishna Lechem Shnaiyim(on Pirkei Avot), published together with his uncle R. Emden in Berlin 1834.

A poem written by him can be found in the Binyan Ariel, by his brother R. Saul Lowenstam.


The Unbroken Chain by Neil Rosenstein. Volume 11 G 8.2 p 821-822. http://www.loebtree.com/kloizner.html

ראה http://www.bil-is.com/story%20of%20a%20tombstone.html

LYON, HART (more correctly Hirsch Löbel or Lewin) (1721–1800), chief rabbi, born at Resha, Poland, in 1721, was son of Rabbi Arjeh Löb (1690–1755), by his wife, a daughter of Rabbi Lewi Ashkenasi, called Chacham Lewi. His father, a well-known Jewish theologian, was rabbi successively of Resha, Glogau, and Amsterdam. At an early age the son distinguished himself by his knowledge of rabbinical literature, and wrote in 1751 with much vigour against Rabbi Jonathan Eybeschütz, who was regarded as an adherent of the Polish Pseudo-Messiah, Sabbathai Zewi. After the death of Aaron Hart [q. v.] in 1756 he was elected chief rabbi of the London congregation of German and Polish Jews, and assumed office in the next year. He was known in this country as Hart Lyon. In 1760 there was published at Altona a Hebrew work by Jacob Kimchi, entitled ‘Shaalah-u-Theshouvah,’ in which the officers of Lyon's synagogue entrusted with the duty of superintending the slaughter of animals by Jewish butchers were charged with neglecting the strict scriptural law. Lyon defended the orthodoxy of his officers, but the wardens of his synagogue refused him permission to make a public reply to Kimchi's charges. Lyon consequently resigned his post in 1763, and accepted an offer of the rabbinate of Halberstadt. He was afterwards called to Mannheim, and ultimately to Berlin, where he was the friend of Moses Mendelssohn, and where he died in 1800. He was both learned and witty. His name figures with that of his father and his son in ‘The Memorial of the Dead,’ which still forms part of the ritual of the chief London synagogue. A manuscript containing the commentary of Gersonides (Ralbag) on Averroes, which Mendelssohn gave him in 1773, is preserved in the London Beth Hammidrash (Neubauer, Cat. No. 43), together with three manuscript volumes of rabbinical ‘Responsa’ by himself (ib. Nos. 24–6). A portrait by Turner was engraved by Fisher.

The son, called Rabbi Saul Berlin (d. 1790), published at Berlin ‘Mizpah yokteel,’ an attack on a learned Talmudical work by Rabbi Raphael Cohen, and a collection of rabbinical ‘Responsa,’ which he falsely pretended to print from the manuscript of an early rabbi, Asher ben Jechiel. The fraud caused him to leave Berlin for London, where he died 19 June 1790 (Steinschneider, Catalogue, p. 2505).

About הג"ר צבי הירש טעביל ברלינר לוונשטאם, אב"ד ברלין (עברית)

הרב צבי הירש לוין ברלינר רב בברלין לונדון ומנהיים, היה נכדו

של החכם צבי הירש אשכנזי

אב"ד ברלין בעמח"ס "צבי לצדיק" ו"צבא רב" על הש"ס

view all 17

Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Heschel Berlin Loewenstamm, (Rabbi Hart Lion)'s Timeline

Rzeszow, Poland
Age 19
Age 24
Age 24
Age 27
Amersfoort, Amersfoort, Utrecht, The Netherlands
February 12, 1762
Age 41
London, United Kingdom
Age 52
ABD of Berlin
August 26, 1800
Age 79
Berlin, Germany
Age 79