Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, "Ktav Sofer"

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Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, "Ktav Sofer"

Hebrew: רבי אברהם שמואל בנימין סופר, ה״כתב סופר״
Also Known As: "Ksav Soifer", "Keszav-Sofer", "Ktav Sofer"
Birthdate: (56)
Birthplace: Bratislava, Bratislava, Bratislava Region, Slovakia
Death: December 31, 1871 (56)
Bratislava, Bratislavský kraj, Slovakia
Place of Burial: Bratislava, Bratislavský kraj, Slovakia
Immediate Family:

Son of Chasam Sofer and Sorel-Sarah Schreiber-Sofer Kalischer (Eger) [2nd wife]
Husband of Chava Leah Shreiber Sofer
Father of Hindel Hinda Hirsch; Sarel Strasser (Sofer); Rachel Deutsch; Yaakov Akiva Sofer/Schreiber; Moshe Schreiber and 7 others
Brother of Rebbetzen Hindel Ehrenfeld; Gittel Kornitzer Spitzer (Sofer Schreiber); Chana Yittel Geiger; R' Shimon Schreiber - Sofer, "Michtav Sofer"; Simcha Lehmann and 6 others
Half brother of Gleuckchen Kalischer and Fadel Rodisch Gins-Schlesinger

Occupation: Rabbi in Pressburg, Rabbi, כתב סופר
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, "Ktav Sofer"

Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyomin Sofer, (German: Abraham Samuel Benjamin Schreiber), also known by his main work Ksav Sofer (trans. Writ of the Scribe), (1815 - 1871), was one of the leading rabbis of Hungarian Jewry in the second half of the nineteenth century and rosh yeshiva of the famed Pressburg Yeshiva.

Early years

Shmuel Binyomin Sofer was born in Pressburg (now Bratislava) on March 13, 1815. His father, the famed Chasam Sofer, Rabbi of Pressburg, was the leader of Hungarian Jewry and one of the leading Rabbi's of European Jewry. His mother Sarel (1790-1832) was the daughter of Rabbi Akiva Eger, Rabbi of Posen, one the greatest Talmudic scholars of his time.

When he was six years old, his family fell ill and among them little Shmuel Volf, as he was called. The doctors had already given up on him. As a segulah they added "Avraham" to his name, but to no avail. They already called the Chevra Kadisha and lit candles as was the custom of the time and they said the last rites. Then the doctors approached his father the Chasam Sofer and said "We know that you are a G-dly and holy man; if with your prayers you cannot help your son; on our part, all hope is lost". After hearing this; the Chasam Sofer went to a corner where all his manuscripts were; and said a short prayer. At that time the sick child Avraham Shmuel Binyomin in his great weakness started screaming the Shema, and their prayers were answered; Shmuel Binyomin's condition took a turn for the better. The doctors bewildered said to the Chasam Sofer; now we truly know that you are a G-dly man; for which he answered I hadn't given up hope, not even for a second. The great pupils of the Chasam Sofer later testified that the Chasam Sofer said at the time that "for one Jubilee, I begged him out"; as Shmuel Binyomin lived for another fifty years and died at age fifty six.

His first teacher was Rabbi Mordechai Ephraim Fishel Sofer (not a relation, that we know); then he entered his fathers famous Yeshiva; and became one of its outstanding students.

At age eighteen in 1833 he married his Rebbetzin Chavah Leah who was the daughter of a Tzadik Rabbi Yitzchok Weiss from Görlitz who gave a dowry and promised to support them for six years. The wedding was held in the town of Kamaren then they settled in Pressburg where he continued his studies and helped his father with the Yeshiva.

Pressburg (Bratislava)

On October 3, 1839 his father, the Chasam Sofer, died and the mantle as Rabbi of Pressburg passed to him. As the Chasam Sofer was on his deathbed he blessed his son with an extremely long blessing in which he mentioned every single blessing found in Tanach. Everyone in attendance stood in awe at the sight of him writhing in pain and at the same time he was able to remember and say all these blessings. Then he closed it by saying "Your grandfather Akiva will stand to your right hand; Your grandfather the Maharsheshach will stand on your left side; and a certain angel will stand over your head; and I will be close behind to fulfill your wishes".

Death & Legacy

On December 31, 1871 the Ksav Sofer died in Bratislava and the mantle as Rabbi of Pressburg passed to his son, Rabbi Simcha Bunim Sofer known as the Shevet Sofer.

Another son, Rabbi Shimon Sofer was apponited as Rabbi of Erlau (Eger). Shimons grandson Rabbi Yochanan Sofer has established numerous Synagogues in Israel and one in the USA, naming them Kehila Kdosha (trans. Holy Congregation) Ksav Sofer.

1913--1996- The Eger Family Association- pg 18

1913--1990- The Eger Family Association- אילן ז

Redundant, recently duplicate profile with no added information. Should not have been created in the first place!
Redundant, recently duplicated profile with no added information. Should not have been created in the first place! Better be eliminated!!!

Redundant, recently duplicated profile with no added information! Should not have been created in the first place. Better be deleted!!!

About רבי אברהם שמואל בנימין סופר, ה״כתב סופר״ (עברית)

ר' אברהם שמואל בנימין סופר

נולד: ר"ח אדר ה'תקע"ה, יארצייט: י"ט טבת ה'תרל"ב

יום: יט טבת אזור: הונגריה

אביו: ר' משה - החתם סופר

אחיו: ר' שמעון

אשתו: מרת חוה לאה

בניו: ר' יצחק לייב, ר' יעקב עקיבא, ר' משה מוומש, ר' שלמה (בעל "חוט המשולש"), ר' שמחה בונם (בעל "שבט סופר") ור' שמעון, בעל "התעוררות תשובה" י

בנותיו: הינדל (בעלה ר' אברהם יעקב הירש), רוזה (בעלה ר' יצחק צבי פרי מסרדהל), רחל (בעלה בזיווג ראשון ר' רפאל דייטש ובזיווג שני ר' צבי הירש וייס) ושרל'ה - בעלה ר' יעקב יהודה הכהן שטרסר

סבא: ר' שמואל - מצד אביו

סבתא: מרת רייזיל - מצד אביו

בנו הבכור של ה"חתם סופר" נולד בראש חודש אדר ה'תקע"ה בעיר פרשבורג (הונגריה) ונקרא שמואל בנימין. אביו לימדו תורה, השקיע רבות בחינוכו ובגיל 5 ר' אברהם שמואל בנימין כבר הותיר מאחור את חבריו בבקיאותו בתורה ובידיעותיו. בהגיעו לגיל 6 נתקף במחלה קשה ומצבו החמיר מיום ליום, יהודי פרשבורג התפללו מידי יום על חייו ובהסכמת אביו ערכו תפילה מיוחדת והוסיפו לשמואל בנימין את השם אברהם. כאשר הרופאים רמזו כי אפסה כל תקווה התחנן ר' משה שימשיכו לטפל בילד אך למחרת החל לגסוס והרופאים סרבו להמשיך בטיפול. ר' משה נכנס לחדר בו כתב את חידושיו ובדמעות העתיר בתפילה לקב"ה לעשות נס ולהציל את בנו, לפתע החל הילד להניע את אבריו, פקח את עיניו ותוך פרק זמן קצר נרפא ממחלתו. בהתאם לצוואת אביו מילא את מקומו ובגיל 25 החל לכהן כרב העיר פרשבורג, עמד בראש הישיבה שהקים אביו ותחת הנהגתו הוסיפה הישיבה לגדול ולשגשג. נמנה על הרבנים הראשונים באירופה אשר התירו לאכול בפסח מצות שנאפו במכונה. בשנת ה'תרכ"ב ייסד את כולל שומרי החומות בירושלים

הסתלק בשנת ה'תרל"ב

• מספריו: כתב סופר: שו"ת, כתב סופר: על התורה

רב ור"מ, פרעשבורג; נשיא, כולל שומרי החומות בא"י

בעמח"ס כתב סופר

יארצייט יט' טבת ה'תרלב

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Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, "Ktav Sofer"'s Timeline

March 13, 1815
Bratislava, Bratislava, Bratislava Region, Slovakia
January 25, 1835
Age 19
Age 19
June 29, 1836
Age 21
Bratislava, Bratislava Region, Slovakia
August 11, 1839
Age 24
April 6, 1841
Age 26
November 28, 1842
Age 27
Bratislava, Bratislava, Bratislava Region, Slovakia
September 22, 1848
Age 33
May 10, 1850
Age 35